NCERT A Thing of Beauty summary Class 12 English Flamingo Ch-4 & Question Answers PDF

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If are you a student of class 12th and you are looking for important notes on the subject of English (NCERT A thing of beauty summary Class 12 English Flamingo Ch-4 & Question Answers PDF) then this website is for you.

This website tells you the question and answers which are very important for the exam and for the last few years it gives you the same questions, by reading these questions you can get very good marks in your exam.

I myself have been a topper of class 12th and I know what type of questions are asked in class 12th exam. At present, I am also playing the role of a teacher, and also make my students practice important information and topics of class 12th. I have written the MCQs article here with my experience of more than 5 years. With the help of this post, you will be able to get very good marks in history from this chapter in the exam.

NCERT A Thing of Beauty summary Class 12 English Flamingo Ch-4 & Question Answers PDF

Class12th 
Chapter04
Chapter NameA Thing of Beauty
BoardCBSE & All Others boards
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Flamingo)
Medium English
Study Materialspoem Very important question to answer

Summary in English | a thing of Beauty is a joy forever poem appreciation 

John Keats was a British Romantic poet. He was born in London in 1795. His parents died when he was only 15. He became an apprentice to a surgeon. But he was interested in poetry. He died before he was 26. But within four years of his life (1817-1820) he produced his best poetical works. His poems, especially the odes, are the precious treasures of English Poetry.

A Thing of Beauty is an excerpt from his longer poem Endymion. It was Keats’s firm conviction that a thing of beauty is a joy forever. The sun, the moon, trees, musk roses, and daffodils are all objects of beauty. In addition to these objects of nature, man also produces objects of beauty. Art, poetry, stories, mythology, etc. are all sources of eternal joy to us. Therefore Keats was a worshipper of beauty.

A thing of beauty is a constant source of joy. Its beauty keeps on increasing. It never fades. Nor will a thing of beauty ever pass into nothingness. It gives us peace and a sleep full of sweet dreams. We are bound to the beauties of the earth. We suffer from malice and disappointment. We lack good human qualities and ‘noble natures’. 

These things make our life ‘gloomy’. We also develop ‘unhealthy’ and evil ways that cause us sufferings and pain. In spite of all these sufferings, mankind has hope. A thing of beauty

never disappoints us. It is never devalued. ‘Some shape of beauty’ removes that pall of sadness and suffering that covers our spirits. The sun, the moon, trees old and young, 

the beautiful daffodil flowers, small streams of clear water, forest ferns, thickets, and musk roses are constant sources of happiness. These beautiful things of nature make our lives sweet,

soothing, and happy. These beauties of nature are lovelier than all lovely tales that we have heard or read. Nature is an endless fountain pouring into us a heavenly immortal drink.

a thing of Beauty summary in Hindi | A Thing of Beauty Central idea

एक सुन्दर चीज सदा के लिए आनन्द का स्रोत है। इसकी सुन्दरता बढ़ती जाती है। वह कभी मंद नहीं पड़ती। न ही कोई सुन्दर चीज की नगण्यता में परिवर्ति होती है। यह हमें शांति और मधुर सपनों से भरी नींद प्रदान करती है। हम पृथ्वी की सुन्दरता से जुड़े हुए हैं। हम द्वेष और निराशा से पीड़ित रहते हैं। हम में अच्छे मानवीय गुणों और नेक स्वभावों की कमी है। ये हमारे जीवन को ‘उदास’ बना देते हैं। हम ‘अस्वस्थ’ और बुरे रास्तों का भी विकास कर लेते हैं जो हमारे कष्टों और दुखों को पैदा करते हैं।

इन सभी कष्टों के बावजूद, मानवता को एक आशा है। एक सुन्दर चीज हमें कभी निराश नहीं करती। इसका कभी अवमूल्यन नहीं होता। ‘सुन्दरता का कोई रूप’ उदासी और को उस आवरण को हटा देता है जो हमारी भावनाओं को ढके हुए है ।

सूर्य, चन्द्रमा, पुराने और युवा वृक्ष, डैफोडिल्स के सुन्दर फूल, स्वच्छ पानी की छोटी-छोटी सरिताएँ, जंगली फर्न, झाड़ियाँ और कूजे प्रसन्नता के लगातार स्रोत हैं। ये प्रकृति की सुन्दर हमारे जीवन को मधुर, शांत और प्रसन्नचित बनाती है। प्रकृति की ये सुन्दरताएँ उन सभी सुन्दर कहानियों से जो हमने सुनी या पढ़ी है सुन्दर है। प्रकृति एक अनन्त रूप से बहता फव्वारा है जो हमें एक स्वर्गीय अमर पेय को पिलाता रहता है।

class 12th NotesMCQ
HistoryPolitical Science
EnglishHindi

a thing of beauty is a joy forever meaning | a thing of beauty word meaning

  • Forever always, सदा; Loveliness beauty, सुन्दरता; Pass into-turn into परिवर्तित हो जाएगी, Nothingness – (here) a thing of no value, बेकार चीज, नगण्यता, जिसकी कोई कीमत न हो; Bower-a pleasant place in the shade under a tree, कु Quiet -silent, शांत Morrow-morning, next day, 
  • कल; Wreathing-weaving into a wreath, गूंथना। Band a narrow strip, पट्टी, Bind-attach, जोड़ना; Spite malice, द्वेष Despondence disappointment, निराशा, Inhuman against hu values, अमानवीय; Dearth-lack, कमी; Noble-lofty, great, उच्च, नेक; Natures qualities, स्वरूप, तत्व;
  • Gloomy-sad उदास; Unhealthy-not healthy, अस्वस्थ Darkened evil अशुभ Searching-looking for,  खोजना, In spite of all इन बावजूद; Shape-form, रूप, आकृति; Moves away-removes, हटा देती है; Pall covering, आवरण; Dark-sad, उदास, Spirites-inner souls, अन्तरात्माएँ;
  • Sproute ing-(here) producing, developing. पैदा कर रहा है; Boon-blessing, वरदान Dal fodils-daffodil flowers, डैफोडिल के फूल; 
  • Green world-world of green planto and trees, पेड़-पौधों का हरा संसार; Clear-transparent, स्पष्ट, स्वच्छ, Rills-small streams, छोटी-सरिताएँ; Covert-shelter of bushes, झाड़ियों का आश्रय; Mid-in the middle, बीच में; Brake thicket, झाड़ी; Rich-grand, शानदार,
  • Sprinkling-scat tered, बिखरे हुए हैं। Fair beautiful, सुन्दर, Musk-rose, कूजा; Blooms-flowering खिलता है, Grandeur magnificence, वैभव, Doems-ruins तबाही Mighty-po erful, शक्तिशाली; Dead-dead persons, मरे हुए, Tales-stories कहानियाँ; Immor- tal that lives for ever and never dics, अमर, Pouring unto-उड़ेलना, Heaves of paradise, स्वर्ग के, Brink-corner किनारा

Stanza a thing of beauty class 12 summary | a thing of beauty question answer

Read the stanzas given below and answer the questions that follow each:-

stanza 1.

A thing of beauty is a joy forever Its loveliness increases, it will never Pass into nothingness but will keep A bower quiet for us, and a sleep Full of sweet dreams, health, and quiet breathing.

Answer the following questions:

(a) Name the poem and the poet of these lines. 

Ans. The poem is ‘A Thing of Beauty’. The poet is John Keats.

(b) How is a thing of beauty a joy forever?

Ans. A thing of beauty is the source of constant joy. Its beauty goes on increasing. It will n pass into nothingness. 

(c) What do you understand by a ‘bower’?

Ans. A bower is a pleasant place in the shade under a tree. It protects persons/animals from the hot rays of the sun.

(d) What kind of sleep does it provide? 

Ans. It provides us with a night of sound sleep, full of sweet dreams, health, and peaceful breathing.

(e) Find words from the passage that mean: (i) beauty (ii) of no value (iii) still/silent

Ans. (i) loveliness, (ii) nothingness, (iii) quiet. Therefore, on every morrow, are we wreathing

Stanza 2.

A flowery band to bind us to the earth, Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth Of noble natures, of the gloomy days, Of all the unhealthy and o’er-darkened ways Made for our searching: yes, in spite of all,

(a) What are we doing every day? 

Ans. We are weaving a flowery wreath to bind us to the beauties of the earth. 

(b) Which evil things do we possess and suffer from?

Ans. We possess the evil qualities of malice and disappointment. We suffer from the lack of noble qualities and unhealthy and evil ways.

(c) Explain ‘In spite of all’. 

Ans. It means in spite of all the evils mentioned above.

(d) Who is the poet of these lines? What is the name of the poem? 

Ans. The poet is John Keats. The poem is ‘A Thing of Beauty’. It is an excerpt from Keats’ long poem ‘Endymion’. 

(e) Find words from the passage which mean. (i) malice, (ii) disappointment, (iii) sad. 

Ans. (i) spite, (ii) despondence, (iii) gloomy.

Stanza 3. 

Some shape of beauty moves away the pall From our dark spirits. Such the sun, the moon, Trees old, and young, sprouting a shady boon For simple sheep; and such are daffodils With the green world they live in; 

and clear rills That for themselves a cooling covert make ‘Gainst the hot season; the mid forest brake, Rich with a Sprinkling of fair musk-rose blooms;

Answer the following questions:

(a) What removes the pall from our dark spirits? 

Ans. Some beautiful shape or a thing of beauty removes the pall of sadness from our hearts or spirits. 

(b) What sprouts a shady boon for sheep and how? 

Ans. Old and young trees sprout to make a green covering. It proves a blessing for simple sheep as it serves as a shelter.

(c) How do ‘daffodils’ and ‘rills’ enrich the environment?

Ans. Daffodils bloom among the green surroundings. The rills or small streams of clear water make a cooling shelter for themselves against the hot season.

(d) What makes the mid-forest break rich? 

Ans. The mid-forest break is made rich by the blooming of beautiful musk roses.

(e) Find words from the passage that mean:

(i) covering 

(iii) small streams

(ii) blessing

(iv) shelter of thickets

Ans. (i) pall, (ii) boon, (Hi) rills, (iv) covert.

Stanza 4. 

And such too is the grandeur of the dooms We have imagined for the mighty dead; All lovely tales that we have heard or read; An endless fountain of immortal drink, Pouring unto us from the heaven’s brink

Answer the following questions:

(a) Name the poem and the poet of these lines. 

Ans. The poem is ‘A Thing of Beauty’. The poet is John Keats.

(b) Explain: ‘the grandeur of the dooms’. 

Ans. The magnificence that we imagine for our mighty dead forefathers on the doomsday.

(c) What is lovelier than “all lovely tales that we have heard or read”? 

Ans. The beauty of daffodils, rills, and musk-rose is more enchanting than all the lovely stories that we have heard or read.

(d) What is the source of the ‘endless fountain of immortal drink??

Ans. The endless fountain of nectar (immortal drink) pours into us from the heavenly bliss of nature. 

(e) What is the effect of that immortal drink on us? 

Ans. That immortal drink is poured into our hearts by nature. It is a source of immense joy.

(f) Find words from the passage which mean: 

(i) magnificence,

(ii) stories,

(iii) that never dies,

(iv) corner/ edge.

Ans. (i) grandeur, (ii) tales, (iii) immortal (iv) brink.

a thing of beauty question answer


Very short answer type questions

Class 12 English A Thing of Beauty summary
Class 12 English

1. List the things of beauty mentioned in the poem.

Ans. Every little or big thing in nature is a thing of beauty and a source f pleasure. The sun, the moon, trees old and young, daffodil flowers, small trees with clear water, the mass of ferns, and the blooming musk roses are all ings of beauty. They are constant sources of joy and pleasure.

2. List the things that cause suffering and pain. 

Ans. There are many things that cause human suffering and pain. The biggest source of suffering is our malice and disappointment. The lack of noble qualities is another. Our unhealthy and evil ways also give birth to so many troubles and sufferings. They depress our spirits. They are like a pall of madness over our lives. 

3. What does the line, “Therefore are we wreathing a flowery band to Kind us to earth’ suggest to you? 

Ans. John Keats is a sensuous poet. He is firmly attached to the endless beauty of the earth. The link between man with nature is constant and unbroken. The things of beauty are like wreaths of beautiful flowers. We seem to wreathe flowery band that keeps us attached to the beauties of this earth.

4. What makes human beings love life in spite of troubles and suffering?

Ans. So many things bring trouble and suffering. They depress our spirits. But ‘some shape of beauty brings love and happiness in spite of such unpleasant things. A thing of beauty removes away the pall of sadness and Sufferings from our lives. It makes human beings love.

5. Why is ‘grandeur’ associated with the ‘mighty dead’? 

Ans. The mighty dead were the people who were powerful and dominating in their own times. Their achievements made them ‘mighty’ and great. Their works dazzle our eyes. We imagine that such mighty dead forefathers will attain more grandeur at doomsday. Hence grandeur is associated with the ‘mighty dead’. 

6. Do we experience things of beauty only for short moments or do they make a last impression on us? 

Ans. John Keats makes it clear in the very first line of this excerpt that a thing of beauty is a joy forever. It is a constant source of joy. Nor does its beauty decrease. Its loveliness goes on increasing every moment. Its value remains undiminished. It never passes into nothingness. It always removes the pall of sadness that covers our dark spirits. 

7. What image does the poet use to describe the beautiful bounty of the earth?

Ans. John Keats uses various images to describe the beautiful bounty of the earth. The bounty of the earth is like an endless fountain. This endless fountain of immortal drink constantly pours from heaven into our hearts.।। 

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Class 12 English A Thing of Beauty summary
Class 12 English Question Answer

1. How is the pall of despondence moved away from our dark spirits? 

Ans. Man makes his life miserable by his own nature and actions. He faces miseries and pains. Amid these miseries and sufferings, a thing of beauty provides hope to man. Some shape of beauty works wonders and the pall of despondence and sadness from our ‘dark spirits’.

2. Name the things of nature that are constant sources of beauty. 

Ans. The beauties of nature are endless. The sun, the moon, trees old and young, beautiful daffodil flowers, and green surroundings are some of such beautiful things. Similarly, small streams of clear water, green ferns and thickets of the forest, and musk roses are some other things of beauty. All such things of beauty are a constant source of joy for us. 

3. What is the grandeur of the dooms? How does Keats link it with the ‘mighty dead’?

Ans. It is believed that on doomsday the dead will receive their due. Naturally, all our mighty dead forefathers who earned name and fame will be rewarded with rare magnificence and grandeur. But the beauty that nature provides excels all that grandeur. It is lovelier than all the tales of grandeur that we have heard or read. 

4. How does a thing of beauty keep a bower quiet for us? 

Ans. Keats is rich in sensuous imagery. Nature provides us with things of rare beauty. A pleasant place in the shade under a tree provides us with a quiet bower. Similarly, a thing of beauty transports us to peace and security. We enjoy a sleep full of dreams, health, and peace. 

5. How do we bind ourselves to the earth every morning? 

Ans. Like all Romantic poets, Keats stresses the unbreakable bond of a man with nature and the earth. The beauties of the earth fascinate man. Every object of nature is a source of beauty and happiness. Every day we are weaving a wreath through these beautiful things. This flowery band binds us with the earth.

6. What are the things that give suffering and sadness to man?

Ans. Man himself is the root cause of his woes. We suffer from malice and distress. Unfortunately, we lack human qualities and it makes us inhuman. Our life becomes gloomy. We cultivate unhealthy and evil ways. All such things bring misery and suffering to men.

7. What is the source of the endless fountain’ and what is its effect? 

Ans. The beauties of nature know no limits. Nature is an eternal source of joy to mankind. A fountain of eternal joy and immortality pours into the heart and soul of man. It flows and pours right from heaven’s brink. 

8. What is the message that John Keats wants to give through ‘A Thing of Beauty’? 

Ans. The very first line of the poem conveys the message of the poet. John Keats, a great English Romantic poet, was a Worshipper of beauty. A thing of beauty is a joy forever. Beauty never fades. Nor is it devalued. It never passes into nothingness. When we are amid sorrows and suffering, some form of beauty removes the pall of sadness and sorrows and gives us joy and pleasure.




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FAQs

Q. How is a thing of beauty a joy forever?

Ans: John Keats once said that the delight of beauty lasts forever. It is a never-ending source of joy and pleasure.

Q. What does a thing of beauty do for us?

Ans: A beautiful object makes us eternally happy and leaves a lasting effect on our minds.

Q. What increases continuously in a thing of beauty?

Ans: Every second, its beauty gets more beautiful. It won’t ever vanish into nothing.

Q. How does a thing of beauty provide shelter and comfort?

Ans: It is comparable to a bower, where we can relax in the protection of a tree.

Q. How is a thing of beauty a joy forever?

Ans: Our spirits are lifted by it, and we enjoy good health, restful sleep, and mental tranquility. It brings permanent delight into our lives and eliminates unhappiness.

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