CBSE Class 12 History Sample Paper with Solutions PDF Download

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In This article, we cover CBSE Class 12 History Sample Paper 2024 with Solutions PDF Download, history sample paper class 12 cbse with Solution and class 12 history sample paper with solution

CBSE Class 12 History Sample Paper 2024

Years2024 (Based on latest Syllabus)
Class 12th
Provides Mcqs, Verry shorts, Shorts, Long answer and map works
SectionsA, B, C, D, E
Max. Marks80
Times3 hrs
PapersCBSE Sample paper

Section A

CBSE Class 12 History Sample Paper with Solutions PDF Download

Section A consists of 21 questions of 1 mark each

1. Which one of the following was the main demand of the Khilafat Movement?

(a) Dominion status for India 

(b) Self-rule to India

(c) Restoration of the caliphate of Turkey 

(d) Revival of the orthodox culture of Islam

2. Which of the following issues did not contribute to the spread of the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Issue of cartridges

(b) Conversion of Indians to Christianity

(c) Mixing of bone dust in flour

(d) Dishonouring the Hindu woman

3. Who among the following was the best-known ruler of the Satavahana Dynasty?

(a) Yagnasri Satakarni

(b) Simuka Satakarni

(c) Gotami-puta Siri- Satakarni

(d) Vashisthaputra Satakarni

4. Identify the picture below from the given options.

(a) Terracotta figure of a Sathavahana ruler

(b) Ashoka fighting Kalinga war.

(c) Terracotta figure depicting a scene from Mahabharata.

(d) A sculpture depicting Krishna advising Arjuna.

5. Fill in the blank. Ashoka erected a pillar at that he had visited that place. ……….to mark

(a) Sarnath 

(b) Sanchi

(c) Bodh Gaya

(d) Lumbini

6. Consider the following statements regarding Harappan culture and choose the correct option. 

(i) The most unique feature was the development of urban centres.

(ii) The settlements were divided into two sections i.e. the citadel and the lower town.

(iii) The drainage system was ordinary and unplanned.

(iv) Roads were not laid out along a grid pattern.


(a) Only (i) is correct.

(b) Only (i) and (ii) are correct. 

(c) Only (ii) and (iii) are correct. 

(d) Only (iii) and (iv) are correct.

7. There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R), mark your answer as per the codes given below. 

Assertion (A) Ashoka inscribed his messages to his subjects and officials on stone surfaces.

Reason (R) He wanted to proclaim what religion should be followed by all. Codes

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

(c) A is true, but R is false

(d) A is false, but R is true

8. Identify the craft centres related to the Harapan civilisation with the help of the given information. 

  • Both are near the coast.
  • They were specialised for making shell objects.
  • Options

(a) Chanhudaro and Mohenjodaro 

(b) Nageshwar and Balakot

(C) Harappa and Lothal

(d) Bharuch and Dholavira

9. Who wrote the book Kitab-ul-Hind?

(a) Ibn Battuta

(b) Al-Biruni

(c) Francois Bernier

(d) Abdur Razzaq

10. Choose the correct option from the following statements concerning the Magadha empire.

(a) Initially Pataliputra was the capital of Magadha

(b) Chandra Gupta was one of the early rulers of Magadha who ruled in 6 BCE.

(c) Magadha became the most powerful Mahajanapada in 6 BCE. 

(d) Ashoka was the founder of the Mauryan dynasty

11. Read the following statements carefully and identify the place where this Dargah is located from the given options.

(i) It is a Dargah of the Shaikh Moinuddi Chishti.

(ii) Akbar visited this place many times.

(a) Delhi

(c) Ajmer

(b) Mehrauli

(d) Fatehpur Sikri

12. Which one of the following countries was the source of cotton after the break of the American Civil War in 1861?

(a) America

(b) Africa

(c) India

(d) Sri Lanka

13. Match the following.

List I.List II
A. Lord Cornwallis 1. Observer
B. Augustus Cleveland 2. Economist
C. Francis Buchanan  3. Governor General of Bengal
D. David Ricardo 4. Policy of Pacification



(a) 2 1 4 3

(b) 3 1 2 4

(c) 3 4 1 2

(d) 2 4 3 1

14. Who among the following led the Flag of the Revolt 1857 against the British in Bihar? 

(b) Maulvi Ahmadullah

(a) Nana Sahib

(c) Kunwar Singh

(d) Birjis Qadr

15. The____was the amount assessed and_____ was the amount collected by the Mughal Kings as land revenue. 

Choose the correct answer from the given options.

(a) Iqta and Jagir

(b) Jama and Hasil

(c) Naqdi and Iqta

(d) Zabti and Jama

16. Who among the following travelled in the Vijayanagar empire in the 15th century and was greatly impressed by the fortification of the empire? 


(a) Duarte Barbosa

(b) Colin Mackenzie

(c) Abdur Razzaq

(d) Domingo Paes

17. Abu’l Fazl was a court historian of which of the following Mughal emperors? 

(a) Humayun

(b) Akbar

(c) Babur

(d) Jahangir

18. Fill in the blank from the given options. Dussehra festival was held with great prestige and power in ___

(a) Hazara Rama Temple

(b) Virupaksha Temple

(c) Lotus Mahal

(d) Mahanavami Dibba

19. Why was the task of defining minority rights in the Constituent Assembly difficult?

Choose the correct option.

(a) Different groups had different demands regarding rights.

(b) The British did not want to include it in the constitutional framework.

(c) Gandhiji opposed the idea of special rights for some sections.

(d) Rights of people in Princely states were ambiguous.

20. Identify the name of the person from the information given below.

(a) He was born in Tangier in one of the most respectable and educated families.

(b) He considered experience gained through travel as a source of knowledge rather than books.

(c) He had travelled extensively in the Middle East and a few trading ports on the coast of East Africa.

(d) He wrote a book named Rihla


(a) Ibn Battuta

(b) Francois Bernier

(c) Al-Biruni

(d) Domingo Paes

21. Gandhiji asked for the remission of taxes for the peasants in which of the following movements? 

(a) Rowlatt Satyagraha

(b) Champaran Satyagraha

(c) Kheda Satyagraha

(d) Salt Satyagraha

Section B

Section B consists of 6 questions of 3 marks each

22. Describe any three features of the burial sites in Haraрра.

Or Describe any three features of the ‘Great Bath’ used in the Harappan settlements. 

23. Critically examine the limitations of the inscriptional evidence in understanding the political and economic history of India. 

24. “India had a unique system of communication during the 14th century”. Examine the statement made by Ibn Battuta.

25. Analyse the main features of the Amara-Nayaka system which was introduced in the Vijayanagar Empire. 

26. The Burdwan auction had a strange twist and was considered as a big public event in 1797. Explain the statement. 

27. The relationship of the sepoys with the superior white officers underwent a significant change in the years preceding the uprising of 1857. Support the statement with examples. 


“A cherry that will drop into our mouth one day”, who made this remark? Explain the series of events that eventually led the cherry to fall into the mouth of the British.

Section C

Section C consists of 3 questions of 8 marks each

28. The Mahabharata is an invaluable source available to historians to study social practices and norms in early societies. Justify the statement.


Mahabharata is considered one of the richest texts of the subcontinent. In this context, what elements do historians consider when they analyse texts? Explain this concerning the text of Mahabharata. 

29. Examine the evidence that suggests land revenue was important for the Mughal Fiscal system. 

Or Explain the condition of zamindars in Mughal agrarian society. 

30. ‘The Quit India Movement genuinely was a mass movement’. Justify the statement. 

Or Examine the different kinds of sources from which the political career of Gandhiji and the history of the National movement could be reconstructed. 

Section D

Section D consists of 3 Source based questions of 4 marks each

31. Read the following source carefully and answer the questions that follow.

The world beyond the palace 

Just as the Buddha’s teachings were compiled by his followers, the teachings of Mahavira were also recorded by his disciples. These were often in the form of stories, which could appeal to ordinary people. 

Here is one example, from a Prakrit text known as the Uttaradhyayana Sutta, describing how a queen named Kamalavati tried to persuade her husband to renounce the world: If the whole world and all its treasures were yours, you would not be satisfied, nor would all this be able to save you. 

When you die, O king and leave all things behind, dhamma alone, and nothing else, will save you. As a bird dislikes the cage, so do I dislike (the world).

I shall live as a nun without offspring, without desire, without the love of gain, and hatred. Those who have enjoyed pleasures and renounced them, move about like the wind, and go wherever they please, unchecked like birds in their flight. 

Leave your large kingdom abandon what pleases the senses, be without attachment and property, then practise severe penance, being firm of energy.

(i) Identify the person who persuaded the king to renounce the world.

(ii) “Oh king, Dhamma alone and nothing else will save you”. What does the word “Dhamma” signify and whose teachings were followed by the disciple? 

(iii) Under which context is the following statement “unchecked like birds in their flight. Mahavira? 

32. Read the source carefully and answer the questions that follow 

A demon?

This is an excerpt from a poem by Karaikkal Ammaiyar in which she describes herself. The female Pey (demoness) with bulging veins, protruding eyes, white teeth and shrunken stomach, red-haired and jutting teeth lengthy shins extending to the ankles, shouts and wails while wandering in the forest. 

This is the forest of Alankatu, which is the home of our father (Shiva) who dances with his matted hair thrown on in all eight directions and with cool limbs.

(i) How beauty has been personified by Karaikal Ammaiyar? 

(ii) “Bulging veins, protruding eyes, white teeth and shrunken stomach”, “shouts and wails”. State the reason behind the poet’s condition in the excerpt given. 

(iii) Examine the phrase. “With his matted hair thrown in all eight directions.” 

33. Read the following source carefully and answer the questions that follow:

“The British element is gone, but they have left the mischief behind”.

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel said: It is no use saying that we ask for separate electorates because it is good for us. We have heard it long enough. We have heard it for years and as a result of this agitation, we are now a separate nation. 

Can you show me one free country where there are separate electorates? If so, I shall be prepared to accept it. 

But in this unfortunate country if this separate electorate is going to be persisted in, even after the division of the country, woe betide the country; it is not worth living in. Therefore, I say, it is not for my good alone, it is for your good that 

says it, forget the past. One day, we may be united. 

The British element is gone, but they have left the mischief behind. We do not want to perpetuate that mischief. (Hear, hear). When the British introduced this element, they had not expected that they would have to go so soon. They wanted it for their easy administration. That is all right. But they have left the legacy behind. Are we to get out of it or not?

(i) “They have left a legacy behind “which is referred to as’ They’ ‘in this statement. 

(ii) What do you infer from the statement ‘they have left the legacy behind are we to get out of it or not? 

(iii) Identify the ultimate message stressed by Sardar Valla Bhai Patel in his speech.

Section E

Section E consists of Map based questions of 5 marks

34. (a) On the given political map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols 


(i) Kalibangan, a Harappan site

(ii) Agra, a territory under Babur, Akbar and Aurangzeb

(iii) Sanchi, a Buddhist site

(iv) Ajanta, a Buddhist site

(b) On the same outline map, two places have been marked as A and B, which are centres of the National movement. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them. 


1. (c) Restoration of the caliphate of Turkey

2. (d) Dishonouring the Hindu woman

3. (c) Gotami-puta Siri-Satakarni

4. (c) Terracotta figure depicting a scene from Mahabharata

5. (d) Lumbini

6. (b) Only (i) and (ii) are correct

7. (c) A is true, but R is false

8. (b) Nageshwar and Balakot

9. (b) Al-Biruni

10. (c) Magadha became Mahajanapada in 6 BCE. the most powerful

11. (c) Ajmer

12. (c) India

13. (c)

14. (c) Kunwar Singh

15. (b) Jama, Hasil

16. (c) Abdur Razzaq

17. (b) Akbar

18. (d) Mahanavami Dibba

19. (a) Different groups had different demands regarding rights

20. (a) Ibn Battuta

21. (c) Kheda Satyagraha

22. The three features of the burial sites in Harappa were

(1) Burial sites in Harappa were not so elaborate, generally they were laid in pits.

(ii) Sometimes there were hollowed-out spaces lined with bricks.

(iii) Some graves contained pottery and ornaments perhaps indicating life after death.

The three features of the ‘Great Bath’ used in Harappan settlements were

(i) The Great Bath was a large rectangular tank in a courtyard surrounded by a corridor on all four sides. There were two flights of steps on the North and South leading into the tank, which was made watertight by setting bricks on the edge and using a gypsum mortar.

(ii) There were rooms on three sides, in one of which was a large well. Water from the tank flowed into a huge drain.

(ii) Across a lane to the North lay a smaller building with eight bathrooms, four on each side of a corridor, with drains from each, bathroom connecting to a drain that ran along the corridor

23. The limitations of the inscriptional evidence in understanding the political and economic history of India are

  • Although several thousand inscriptions have been discovered, not all have been deciphered, published and translated
  • The content of inscriptions almost invariably projects the perspective of the person(s) who commissioned them
  • Routine agricultural practices and the joys and sorrows of daily existence find no mention in inscriptions.

24. Ibn Battuta was amazed by the efficiency of the communication system present in the fourteenth century in India. He described that the postal system allowed merchants to not only send information and remit credit across long distances but also to dispatch goods required at short notice.

According to him, the Indian postal system is of two kinds. The horse post, called Uluq, is run by royal horses stationed at a short distance of every four miles and the other was the foot post which has three stations per mile; it is called Dawa

The postal system was so efficient that while it took fifty days to reach Delhi from Sind, the news reports of spies would reach the Sultan through the postal system in just five days

25. The main features of the Amara-nayaka system which was introduced in the Vijayanagar empire were The Amara-kayaks military commanders who were given territories to govern by the Raya. They collected taxes and other dues from peasants, craftspersons and traders in the area. They retained part of the revenue for personal use and for maintaining a stipulated contingent of horses and elephants

These contingents provided the Vijayanagara kings with an effective fighting force with which they brought the entire southern peninsula under their control. Some of the revenue was also used for the maintenance of temples and irrigation works. 

The Amara-nayakas sent tribute to the king annually and personally appeared in the royal court with gifts to express their loyalty. Kings occasionally asserted their control over them by transferring them from one place to another to prove their control over the Amara-kayaks.

26. The East India Company had fixed the revenue that each zamindar in their territories in India had to pay. The estates of those who failed to pay the revenue were auctioned. 

Raja of Burdwan had failed to pay the revenue. His estates had been put up for auction. Numerous purchasers came to the auction and the estates were sold to the highest bidder. But the Collector soon discovered a strange twist to the tale.

A British collector soon discovered that many of the purchasers were servants and agents of Raja who had bought the land on behalf of their master.

Over 95 per cent of the sales at the auction was fictitious. The Raja’s estates had been publicly sold, but he remained in control of his zamindari. This incident was a strange twist in the auction of the estates of the Raja of Burdwan.

27. The relationship of the sepoys with their superior white officers underwent a significant change in the years preceding the uprising of 1857.

In the 1820s, white officers made it a point to maintain friendly relations with the sepoys. They would take part in their leisure activities i.e. they wrestled with them, fenced with them and went out hawking with them. Many of them were fluent in Hindustani and were familiar with the customs and culture of the country. These officers were disciplinarian and father figure rolled into one.

In the 1840s, this began to change. The officers developed a sense of superiority and started treating the sepoys as their racial inferiors, riding roughshod over their sensibilities. Abuse and physical violence became common and thus the distance between sepoys and officers grew.

Trust was replaced by suspicion. The fears of the sepoys about the new cartridge, their grievances about leave, and their grouse about the increasing misbehaviour and racial abuse on the part of their white officers were communicated back to the villages


In 1851, Governor General Lord Dalhousie described the kingdom of Awadh as “a cherry that will drop into our mouth one day”.

The series of events that led them to fall into the mouth of the cherry British were

• In 1856, the kingdom of Awadh was formally annexed to the British Empire. The conquest happened in stages.

• The Subsidiary Alliance had been imposed on Awadh in 1801. As per the terms of this alliance the Nawab had to disband his military force allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act on the advice of the British Resident.

• Deprived of his armed forces the Nawab became increasingly dependent on the British to maintain law and order within the kingdom. Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was dethroned and exiled to Calcutta on the plea that the region was being misgoverned,

28. The Mahabharata is an invaluable source available to historians to study social practices and norms in early societies in the following ways 

  • Mahabharat is a dynamic epic that contains vivid descriptions of battles, forests, palaces and settlements.
  • Its growth was not hindered by its language.
  • Over the centuries, it has been written in many languages of the world
  • It depicts an ongoing dialogue between the people and communities on the one hand and the authors on the other hand.
  • It incorporated many stories that originated in different regions.
  • The main story of the epic was often retold in different ways
  • Many episodes of this text have been depicted in sculptures and paintings
  • They also provide a wide range of themes and performing arts like plays, dances and narratives.


Historians use the following elements when they analyse texts

  • Historians often use textual traditions or content of text to understand the processes. Some texts lay down norms of social behaviour, others describe and occasionally comment on a wide range of social situations and practices.
  • They can also catch a glimpse of some social actors from the inscriptions, As each text and inscription was written from the perspective of specific social categories, they need to keep in mind who composed what for whom and when (the authors, the time and period).
  • They also need to consider the language used, and how the text circulated
  • There were several common elements in the Sanskrit versions of the Mahabharata story which is evident in manuscripts found all over the subcontinent. There were also enormous regional variations in how the text had been transmitted over the centuries. 
  • These variations were documented in footnotes and appendices to the main text. The understanding of these processes is derived primarily from texts written in Sanskrit

When issues of social history were explored for the first time by historians in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, they tended to take these texts at face value, believing that everything that was laid down in these texts was practised.

Subsequently, scholars began to study other traditions, from works in Pali, Prakrit and Tamil. These studies indicated that the ideas contained in normative Sanskrit texts were overall recognised as authoritative and important.

29. The evidence that suggests land revenue was Important for the Mughal Fiscal system was Revenue was vital for the state to create an administrative apparatus to ensure control over agricultural production and to fix and collect revenue from across the length and breadth of the rapidly expanding empire. This apparatus included the office (daftar) of the diwan who was responsible for supervising the fiscal system of the empire.

The Mughal state tried to first acquire specific information about the extent of the agricultural lands in the empire and what these lands produced, before foxing the burden of taxes on people.

The land revenue arrangements consisted of two stages first assessment and then actual collection. The JAMA was the amount assessed, as opposed to Hasil, the amount collected

• The revenue collector was directed to give the choice of cultivators to pay in cash or kind. While fixing revenue, the state attempted to maximise its claims

Both cultivated and cultivable lands were measured In each province. The Ain compiled the aggregates of such lands during Akbar’s rule.

Aurangzeb instructed his revenue officials to prepare annual records of the number of cultivators in each village. Yet not all areas were measured successfully,


The condition of Zamindars in Mughal agrarian society was

  • The zamindars who were landed proprietors enjoyed certain social and economic privileges of their superior status in rural society.
  • Caste was one factor that accounted for the elevated status of zamindars. Another factor was that they performed certain services (khidmat) for the state.
  • The zamindars held extensive personal lands termed milky, meaning property. Milkiyat lands were cultivated for the private use of zamindars, often with the help of hired or servile labour
  • The zamindars could sell, bequeath, or mortgage these lands at will. Zamindars also derived their power from the fact that they could often collect revenue on behalf of the state, a service for which they were compensated financially.
  • Control over military resources was another source of power. Most zamindars had fortresses (qilachas) as well as an armed contingent comprising units of cavalry, artillery, and infantry.
  • Contemporary documents give the impression that conquest may have been the source of the origin of some zamindaris. The dispossession of weaker people by a powerful military chieftain was quite often a way of expanding a zamindari.
  • • The slow processes of zamindari consolidation are also documented in sources. This involved colonisation of new lands, by transfer of rights, by order of the state and by purchase. These were the processes that perhaps permitted people belonging to the relatively lower castes to enter the rank of zamindars as zamindaris were bought and sold quite briskly in this period.

30. After the failure of the Gripps Mission, Mahatma Gandhi decided to launch his third major movement the Out India campaign which began in August 1942. The Qur India Movement against British rule was a Mass Movement, bringing into its ambit hundreds of thousands of ordinary Indians. For example,

It especially energised the young who in very large numbers left their colleges to join the Congress leaders languishing in jails. Gandhiji was jailed at orice while organising the movement, but the young activists organised strikes and acts of sabotage all over the country.

There were socialist members of the Congress such as Jaya Prakash Narayan who were active in the underground resistance. Social activists organised strikes and protests.

Independent governments were proclaimed in several districts such as Satara in the West and Medinipur in the East Attacks were organised on government buildings or any other visible symbol of colonial authority Women across the country participated in the Quit India Movement. A great sense of unity and brotherhood emerged due to the Quit India Movement.


Private letters and autobiographies furnish us with significant information about an individual. With this help, we can make almost an accurate estimate of the concerned individual’s ideology and career. For instance, Gandhiji’s letters and his autobiography help us significantly in understanding Gandhiji and his ideology.

Different kinds of sources from the political career of Gandhiji are as follows

Autobiographies They give us an account of the past le rich in human detail. Autobiographies are retrospective accounts written very often from memory. They tell us what the author would be able to recollect, what he or she saw as important or was recounting or how a person wanted his or her life to be viewed by others.

Private Letters They give us a glimpse of the private thoughts of an individual. In letters we see people expressing their anger and pain, their dismay and anxiety, and their hopes and frustrations, in a way they may not express themselves publicly. Gandhiji regularly published in his journal Hanjan, letters written to him during the national movements. Nehru edited a collection of letters called Bunch of Old Letters.

Government Records The letters and reports written by policemen and other officials were secret at that time, but now they can be accessed in archives. One such source is the fortnightly report prepared by the home department from the early 20th century. 

These reports were based on the information given to the police by the localities, but often expressed what the officials saw or wanted to believe, e.g. in fortnightly reports for the period of the salt march, it is noticed that the home department was unwilling to accept that Mahatma Gandhiji’s actions had evolved any enthusiastic response from the masses.

Newspaper Records Both Indian and foreign newspapers played an important role in covering the news of the Indian National Movement and the political career of Gandhiji. Every detail given in the state reports cannot be accepted as factual statements of the events that had been happening. Often these details acquaint us with the anxieties and worries of the officials who had been finding themselves incapacitated in controlling the movement and who were much too worried about its getting momentum.

31. (i) The queen Kamalavati persuaded the king to renounce the world.

(ii) Dhamma refers to the ‘truth’ that can save one, nothing else. The disciple was following the preachings of Mahavira.

(iii) The disciple of Mahavira meant from the statement that one who has left the worldly pleasures, will flow like the wind and fly like a bird without any worries. He wanted people to detach from everything and renounce everything that gives pleasure and creates desire.

32. (i) Karaikal Ammaiyar personified beauty as “Pey” or “Demoness”.

(ii) The condition of the poet was that she was shouting and wailing in devotion to Lord Shiva and she was desperately searching for him in Alankadu hence her appearance features “bulging veins, protruding eyes, white teeth and shrunken stomach”.

(ii) The phrase infers Lord Shiva dancing in Alankadu where his matted hair was thrown in all eight directions while dancing with his limbs freely moving in the air.

33. (1) The British are referred to as ‘they in this statement.

(ii) The statement inferred that the British had left India but they had created a division which had affected the life of the people/ entire nation and hence, the need to get out of it was insisted.

(iii) Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was urging the people of our country not to adopt the legacy left behind by the British i.e. divide and rule policy.

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