NCERT Class 12 Chapter 2 Eveline summary question answers Kaleidoscope English Elective

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NCERT Class 12 Chapter 2 Eveline summary question answers Kaleidoscope English Elective


James Joyce was a famous short-story writer of the English language. This section highlights the mental conflict of a spinster who sees herself as uncomfortable during her pre-marital phase of life after puberty in general and a domestic Incongrous environment in particular. The title is also indicative and dept. 

It dissects what a spinster does at her mental level, at a stage; when her present is not left as pleasing as the past was and when she starts weighing in the balance, her boyfriend and her home, the liabilities etc. 

This fiction is written by a major literary figure of the first quarter of the 20th century-James Joyce. His craft of narration is praiseworthy because, in this fiction, he has proved how a topic invisible and in the form of mental conflict can be converted in fiction, 

so tasty as every individual at his/her pre-marital stage of life, can see himself/herself in the mirror of the plot of this fiction. 

“Eveline” the term indicates a stage of trance when the mind dwindles at an eleventh hour of important decision but cannot gather the courage to plunge upon the course of action, so decided. This indicates his prejudiced mind and attachment to the past.


eveline summary


Class12th 
Chapter02
Chapter NameEveline
AuthorJames Joyce (1882-1941)
BoardCBSE & All Others boards
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Kaleidoscope)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer
Download PDFCLICK HERE- Eveline PDF

The virgin’s name is Miss Hill or somewhere Eveline. She had lost her mother before she could see her prime and her father was incongruous to her outlook and choices. 

Her playmates were Derines, Waters, the Dunns, Keogh (perhaps a dog) and her brothers and sisters. This complete fiction is a recollection in a state of trance. She was gradually separated from Tizzie Dunn because he was dead and Waters had gone back to England. 

NCERT Class 12 Chapter 2 Eveline summary question answers Kaleidoscope English Elective

The field in which she played was also bought by a man from Belfast and a building multistorey was constructed there. 

She describes or thinks about the items kept in the house, her acquaintance with her father and everything including the avenue and the land. She handles domestic liability in full, after the death of her mother and visits Stores where perhaps she works as a sales girl. 

She hands over the whole money she earns monthly basis from the Stores and her brother Harry also sends his monthly earning but, her father criticises her when she asks for some money as a pocket expense. Earnest, her other brother is dead premature. 

In these circumstances, she feels uneasy and wants to close with her boyfriend Frank, who is a sailor in the Allan Line ship that takes a departure from Ireland to Canada. 

This she thinks to do when even on indirect telling about Frank, her father scolds her and forbids his daughter to have anything to say to him. The native country of that sailor was in Buenos Aires i.e. a

port city in Argentina (South America). That port falls near La Plata, Thor she feels unsafe at home and has decided to elope with Frank from Duba in Ireland to Buenos Aires i.c. South America.

She observes all qualities in Frank as he was an expert in music, genero manly and open-hearted. They had decided to ship from Dublin on a and she had already reached North Wall i.c. at Deck. 

In the meantime, he conscience resists her from stepping out of her own country with a boyfriend She is frightened of a social enigma, and rumours; worried about her father’s health, her responsibility as sole guardian to her two younger siblings and worries about her service in Stores. 

These all things start rotating in her conscious and she gives up the idea to elope with Frank. She heard Frank calling her by name in the station, the mournful whistle of the boat but she watched helplessly, the black mass of the boat lying in beside the quay wall, with illumined portholes. 

She feels as if Frank has held her hand and pulling towards station but she could not leave her grip on the railing. However, she finally; declined to go, with Frank in his native land at Buenos Aires (South America). night


eveline summary In hindi


वह पूरी कहानी अति हर्षावस्था की स्मृति है । मिस हिल या इवलिन नाम की एक लड़की है। किशोर उम्र में उसकी माँ की मृत्यु हो गयी थी । पिता उसके विचार और पसंद के प्रतिकूल थे। 

डेरिन्स, वाटर्स, डंस, क्यॉफ (संभवत: उसका कुत्ता) और उसके भाई-बहन उसके खेल के साथी थे। वह टिज्जी, डन और वाटर्स से क्रमशः अलग हो गयी चूँकि उन की अकाल मृत्यु हो गयी और वाटर्स इंगलैंड वापस चला गया था। 

जिस मैदान में वह खेलती थी उसे भी बेलफास्ट के एक आदमी ने खरीद लिया और उसमें एक बहुमंजिली इमारत बनवायी । यह घर की वस्तुओं के बारे में, पिता से लगाव तथा उस जगह की गलियों सहित प्रत्येक वस्तु के बारे में सोचती है। 

अपनी माँ की मृत्यु के पश्चात् वह घरेलू दायित्व को पूरी तरह संभालती है। वह एक स्टोर्स (दुकान) में भी जाती है जहाँ वह सेल्स गर्ल का काम करती है। स्टोर्स से प्राप्त सारा वेतन वह पिता को सौंप देती है और उसका भाई हैरी भी अपनी मासिक आय भेज देता है, 

किन्तु जब वह अपने पॉकेट खर्च के लिए कुछ पैसे माँगती है तो उसके पिता उसकी आलोचना करने लगता है। उसका दूसरा भाई अर्नेस्ट की अकाल मृत्यु हो जाती है

इन परिस्थितियों में वह अकुलाहट महसूस करती है और अपने एक ब्वाय फ्रेंड फ्रैंक के साथ भाग जाना चाहती है। फ्रैंक आयरलैंड से कनाडा जाने वाले एक जहान में जहाजी था। 

वह ऐसा करने के लिए जब भी अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से फ्रँक की चर्चा करती है तो उसका पिता उसे डाँटता है और फ्रैंक से कोई बात करने से मना करता है । वह जहाजी ब्यूनस आयर्स का रहने वाला था। ब्यूनस एयर्स दक्षिण अमेरिका में अर्जेन्टिना में एक बंदरगाह है जो ला प्लेट (एक जगह) के नजदीक है । 

इस प्रकार घर में वह असुरिक्षत महसूस करती है और फ्रैंक के साथ डब्लिन (आयरलैंड) से ब्यूनस एवर्स भाग जाने का निर्णय कर लेती है । “यह फ्रैंक में सभी गुण पाती है। 

(क) संगीत में निपुण, उदर, हष्ट-पुष्ट और दिल का था । वे दोनों एक रात को डब्लिन से प्रस्थान करने का निश्चय कर चुके थे और वह पहले हो  पर पहुँच गयी थी।  इसी बीच उसको चेतना उसे बालमित्र के साथ अपने देश से बाहर कदम रखने से रोकती है। 

वह सामाजिक बातों, पिता के स्वास्थ्य की चिन्ता, अपने दो छोटे-छोटे भाई-बहनों के अभिभावकत्व की पूरी जवाबदेही तथा स्टोर्स में अपनी सेवा हो बिन्ता आदि से भयभीत हो जाती है । ये सभी बातें उसके जेहन में घूमती रहती हैं और वह फेंक के साथ भागने का विचार छोड़ देती है । 

उसने फ्रैंक को स्टेशन पर अपना नाम पुकारते सुना तथा नाव का दुःखपूर्ण सीटी भी सुनी, किन्तु वह असहाय रूप से क्वे वाला (डेक) के ) इगल में खड़े प्रकाशित पोर्टहोल युक्त जहाज के काले रूप को देखा। उसे लगता है कि फ्रैंक उसका हाथ पकड़े हुए हैं और स्टेशन की ओर चलने के लिए उसे खींच रहा है, लेकिन वह घेरे (रेलिंग) को नहीं छोड़ सकी। अंततः उसने फ्रैंक के साथ उसके घर ब्यूनस एयर्स जाने से इनकार कर दिया।

WORD-MEANINGS


Dublin = आयरलैंड की राजधानी, Dusty Cretone = घुटन महसूस करना, Clacking = खट-खट की आवाज, Crunching = चमड़े के जूतों से चलने की आवाज, चरमराहट, Cinder path = बंगले की ड्योढ़ी के नजदीक रास्ते पर गिरायी गयी लाल रेत, Belfast = ब्रिटेन का एक शहर, 

Avenue = छायादार वृक्षों से घिरा हुआ एक चौड़ा रास्ता, The children of the avenue एक बस्ती में रहनेवाले बच्चे, Blackthorn = स्लोज नामक झाडोदार पेड़, Nix = गुप्तचर, Blessed = पवित्र, ईश्वर एवं संतों के लिए प्रयुक्त शब्द, Consented = स्वीकृति दी, An edge on = व्यंग्य वचनों का प्रयोग करना,

Palpitations काँपना, कंपन रोग, Invariable squabble = गृह कलह का अनिवार्यतः होना, Unspeakably = अवर्णनीय Squander अपव्ययिता, फिजूलखर्ची, Elbowed her way = धकियाते हुए आगे बढ़ना, Provisions = खाद्यान्न, उपभोक्ता सामान, 

Buenos Aires= दक्षिण अमेरिका के अर्जेन्टीना राज्य का एक बंदरगाह नगर, Peaked cap = नुकीली टोपी, Tumbled स्वच्छंद आहार-विहार करनेवाला, Unaccustomed = प्रतिकूल, अनभ्यस्त कार्य, Awfully = बहुत अधिक तीव्र संवेदना से, Deck boy = नौचालक, 

Straits of Magellan = मैगलन की खाड़ी, समूचे विश्व का भ्रमण करनेवाला नौचालक जिनकी पूर्वी चीन में पड़ने वाले उत्तरी प्रशांत महासागर में 1521 सा. यु. में मृत्यु हुई थी, Patagonians = मैगेलिन की 1521 सा.यु. में हत्या करनेवाली जनजाति के लोग, Chaps = सखा भाव, अति-परिचय से संबोधित करनेवाले शब्द, Indistinct एक जैसा, 

Bonnet – = ठोड़ी के नीचे एक डोरी से बँधा हुआ कनटोप ( यात्रियों का) Melancholy air of Italy = निर्धनता की चीत्कार, Shrutting back = शरीर के अंगों से मिध्या दंभ का प्रदर्शन, Mused = चिन्तन किया, Pititual vision = दयनीय दशा का अनुस्मरण, Craziness = एक तीव्र भावुकता का प्रदर्शन, 

Gaelic Derevaun… Seraune = स्काटलैंड की भाषा, = सुख के बाद दुःख की आवृत्ति होती है, Escape = महिला (किशोरी) का अपने प्रेमी के साथ प्रच्छन्नतः भाग जाना, Swaying crowd = शोरगुल, भीड़-भाड़, Quay = बंदरगाह की गोदी, Maze of distress = मस्तिष्क की प्रांत स्थिति, Nausea = उबकाई, मिचली, Clang= घंटी बजने की आवाज, 

Tumble = गिरना, ढहना, Port holes = झरोखा, Clutched = कसकर पकड़ना, Frenzy = उन्माद, Anguish तीव्र वेदना, Barrier = रॉक, शल्कद्वार, Passive = निश्चेष्ट, To set white face = अस्वीकार करना ।


Class 12 Chapter 2 English elective Eveline question answers


Q. 1. Why did Eveline review all the familiar objects at home? 

Ans. It was because she had decided to elope with her boy friend Frank, a sailor under Allan Line (shipping company). Thus, she would start living in Buenos Aires (A port city in Argentian, South America) instead of Dublin (capital city of Ireland in Europe). 

This sea-change in life, she was going to bring clandestinely in and not with consent of her parent and the society. It was therefore usual for her to review all familiar objects at an eveline ie. in evening before the day, she had decided for elope.

Q.2. Where was Eveline planning to go? 

Ans. She was going Buenos Aires, a port city in Argentina of South America with her boy-friend Frank, a sailor in a Shipping Company. It was a secret plan. 

Q. 3. Who was Frank? Why did Eveline’s father quarrel with him? 

Ans. Frank was sailor in a shipping compnay. He was earning Eight Pounds monthly. His native country was Argentina in South America at a port-city Buenos Aires. 

He was talkative and took Eveline as granted without prior meeting with her father. He allured her to elope with him hence, we are uncertain on being his good character. 

Her father, being a sole guardian after the death of Eveline’s mother; would have taken Frank’s approach to love making just a cheat as he had not first tried to see him. He perhaps had presumption about the behaviour of sailors becuase he states-“I know these sailor chaps”.

CLASS 12 NCERT SOLUTION IN ENGLISHCLASS12 NCERT SOLUTION IN HINDI
Historyइतिहास
Geography भूगोल
Political science राजनीति विज्ञान
English SubjectResult
Hindi SubjectHistory answer keys

Q. 4. What significance does Eveline find in the organ-player’s appearance on the day when she had decided to leave? 

Ans. She finds how people are neglected and deserve no honour in a country, which is not their own. She hears her father cursing upon him with- “Damned Italians! Coming ‘over here” ! and ordered to go away by someone- in, her colony. She is understood, a foreign land and its people condemn the migrants severely.

Q.5.Describe the conflict of emotions felt by Eveline on the day she had decided to elope with Frank. 

Ans. We can describe the conflict of her emotion in the following headlines:

(i) Conflict of emotion for home: She reviews all familiar objects in the home including portrait of a priest hung on the wall which name she could not find out. She feels pain saying “she would never see again those objects”.

(ii) For family members: She recalls the promise to her mother when she was on death-bed that she shall look after her younger siblings motherly. 

She remembers the days when her father used to take them all upon picnic, his strict discipline, scolding, neglecting during her childhood because of her’s being a girl. 

She mourns on the death of Earnest, her brother and another brother Harry, who was away from home. She remembers her father’s care during her sickness, the playmates, the colony, playground etc.

(iii) Emotional conflict for Nation: She hears her father cursing upon a Roman who was playing/piping mouth-organ in the street of Dublin in Ireland i.e. her own country. She saw a neighbour rebuking him and giving merely six pence. Thus, she fears as if she would be disrespected in Buenos Aires (Argentina).

(iv) Emotional conflict for Stores where she worked: She also thinks about her workplace and feels what would her colleagues say of her when they found she had run away with a fellow. They would certainly say her fool. She remembers Miss Gagan’s envy of her.

Thus, we see that Eveline renews one and all things, persons, places, peeps into their contribution to her career but finally, tries to thwart her attachment and affiliation at the some time by calling things which she found negative and worth criticism in them so as she could gather courage to plunge into her new life as better half of foreign national i.e. Frank. However, these

ties were so strong as she could not shatter them and declined the offer of her boy friend, Frank and that too when the ship was ready to board for the voyage of Buenos Aires. 

Q. 3. Why do you think Eveline let go of the opportunity to escape?

Ans. It was because-

(1) She was a conscious spinster. 

(ii) Her father’s persuasion had acted however, late in her brain. 

(iii) She had understood that a foreigner would not deserve honour and respect as she saw her father and neighbour insulted a Roman when he visited at their doors. 

(iv) She had honour for the words, she gave to her mother while she was dying. 

(v) She was dutiful and loyal to her family, the office as also to entire Ireland i.e; her nation. 

(vi) She was duly understood, the significance of social norms, the traditions and the law, time being in force in Ireland (Dublin). we see as the hour

Q. 4. What are the signs of Eveline’s indecision that of her departure with Frank neared?

Ans. These signs are as follows- 

(i) Her vision made her to listen her mother’s voice in which she had to that every pleasure ends in pail or when the course of pleasure ends, that of the pain starts.

(ii) We see her merely sitting and musing by the window side. 

(iii) In her vision, she had reached in the station (dock) and the ship was heard whistling but actually, she, was still seated besides the window.

(iv) She was in trance so much as she started omitting. 

(v) “Her eyes gave him no sign of love or farewell or recognition”-This line reveals that she would have fainted under the sheer influence of trance.

Q. 5 Deciding between filial duty and the right to personal happiness is problematic-Discuss.

Ans. The filial duty includes obedience, loyalty and service spirit among children for their parent. 

It requires self-less and selfsacrifice attitude and aptitude the same way as a farmer does not counts the grains of seed while sowing them on the field, duly ploughed and prepared. 

However, the right to personal happiness demands an eye-shut for filial duty and enjoy life in an arbitrary manner. 

For an instance, someone has bought a ticket for movie in advance for Sunday, but he sees, his mother in the grip of fever the same day. 

His filial duty demands here to throw aside movie and provide.suitable cure to mother by calling the services of a physicians, offering her tea, milk, fruit and medicines as per prescription and consoling her with sweet words that she will soon enjoy convalescence.

Therefore, we see here, the filial duty has devoured his personal enjoyment and recreation, he would have in movie programme. 

Likewise decision is made only when someone recollects/calls in mind, the days of his childhood when parent usually put at stake, their comforts and amenities for

the happiness of their children/wards. This decision has been stated as problematic in this statement because sense of understanding duty first and right thereafter, is rarely seen among the ultra-modern generation. 

Audio-Visual media discloses daily, the feuds, clashes and conflicts in families where young- chaps i.e. children grown-up, are found involved in breach of trust, duty and even, lack of common sense of obedience for their parent. 

There would hardly a few who understand that it is compliance with duty that only bestows automatically with fair share of right to a person.

For an instance, right of selling grains is automatically devolved to a peasant if he has compiled his duty of growing them with sheer diligence. 

Again, the quantum of selling foodgrain shall also depend on quantum of inputs (i.e. labour, quality of seed including ploughing, weeding, watering, harvesting, piling in granary and transportation up to Co-operative Societies or market etc.) employed or in other words, duty begets right. 

We, all people; get return for our every act/deed proportionately i.e. not less nor much. Selfsacrifice is the precedent notion for adequate discharge of one’s duty. 

A farmer keeps at bay, all his personal rights of happiness in course of his farming operations and bumper yield of foodgrain is his right of happiness that automatically, he enjoys in proportion to the quantum, it was kept aside during farming operations. 

Sacrifice of personal happiness for the good of children and that of children for the service of parent are like two pans of a balance.

Difference here is only that parent do sacrifice of their personal happiness at the state of sapling (i.e. when man is just born and innocent) while children discharge their filial duty at the state of the tree grown in full and under deterioration (i.e. old age). 

This difference may prove more beneficial to children (at this state grown-up) if they could comply their filial duty to the extent, parent are propitiated. 

Because only then, they shall receive ideas developed scientific way duly observed, experimented arid generalised by them throughout the course of their life and that all free of cost.

Conclusion: On the basis of above discussion, it can be stated that difficulty no doubt exists in decision making but its clue rests with a phrase- “Duty first-right next” and whosoever prefers filial duty on right of personal happiness, learns an art of living a real life in which regret and repent later on find no place hence, psychosomatic diseases are avoided for instance, decisism of Eveline is always admirabe as it is evident from its inclusion in curriculum.

Q. 6. Share with your partner any instance of your personal experience where you or the people you know had to make a difficult choice.

Ans. As this question pertains to the students’ own experience, they should recall like Eveline any opportunity which was the best in view of keeping their life flourished with material progress and prosperity but at the same time, filial duty would have ignored the worst. Describe how could you attain at that crucial point of time, an agreed situation at your physical, mental and emotional levels. 

Q. 7. The description in this story has symbolic touches. What dusk”, the dusty same. do you cretonne and its odour think the “window”, the “gathering 

Ans. It is an allegory style of writing in which each character or event is symbolise? described as a symbol representing a particular quality.

For an example: In John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s progress – “Christian escapes from the city of destruction, travels through the slough of despond, visits vanity far and finally, arrives at the celestial city. 

He meets characters such as the Giant Despair and Mr. Worldly Wiseman and is accompanied by Faithful and Hopeful”. 

We see all these places and people represent particular qualities in a disguised or symbolic manner.

The “window” herein symbolises the stage previous to draw a blue-print of the plan because calculations and measures all are generalised at this juncture in order to give the same finally approved shape and design. 

The gathering Dusk in context with the story denotes here a state of confusion throwing all previous preparations and plan in the dark and night or renunciation would very soon make the things forgotten. 

The dusty cretonne : The term cretin means a foolish act hence, it denotes absurdity in plans drawn by someone (Here Eveline). The term dust refers to an omission or foolish act committed under extrenuous influence. It is that of Frank herein this story. 

This compound word implies that in course of introspection or review of things; an influence from outside is get noticed by the protagonist.

An odour of cretonne implies the process of taking in notice and understanding the reality for a while, covered by curtains. The influence of Frank, a sailor from South America was like a curtain which had covered/ closed the eyes of discretion and that fact was realised in course of introspection/review made by Eveline.

Q.8. Note how the narrative proceeds through the consciousness of Eveline.

Ans. An erudition of the author knows that fresh thoughts appear in human mind when it is morning but a review of plan and act is done in the evening. Thus, we see unity of time in this fiction. 

Eveline’s being lonely in a room fulfils the second condition i.e. unity of place and her contemplation on an eve (an evening before an event) of her plan to run away with Frank, her lover fulfils the notion of unity of condition or circumstance. 

This fiction proceeds in an excellent order. It first exhibits Eveline’s contemplation on her childhood experience consisting of attitude of her family members, the peer

group and location of her home. 

As a second systematic step, it picturises the changes in location, attitude of family members (viz. death of Earnest and mother, father’s being old and strict disciplinarian), in age and career (viz. Eveline and Harry grown up and started working with Stores and a Church respectively) and also the changes which took place in the feelings of Eveline. 

As the fiction has upto this verge, brought Eveline at her prime, it arranges now her sudden meeting with Frank, a sailor from South America at the gate of a lodging house frequently visited by Eveline. 

IMPORTANT PASSAGES FOR COMPREHENSION


PASSAGE NO. 1

Read the passage carefully and the questions that follow: 

Few people passed. The man out of were on the shoulder of her mother as she the last house passed on his way home; was she heard his footsteps clacking along the concrete pavement and crunching on the cinder path before the new red houses. One time there used to be a field there in which they used to play every evening with other people’s children. 

Then a man from Belfast bought the field and built houses in it-not like their little brown houses but bright brick houses with shining roofs. 

The children of the avenue used to play together in that field-the Devines, the Waters, the Dunns, little Keogh the cripple, she and her brothers and sisters. Ernest, however, never

played: he was too grown up. Her father used often to hunt them in and out of the field with his blackthorn stick; but usually little Keogh used to keep going nix and call out when he saw her ather coming. 

Still they seemed to have been rather happy then. Her father was not so bad then; and besides, her was mother was alive. That was a long time ago; she and her brothers and sisters were all grown up; her mother was dead. 

Tizzie Dunn was dead, too, and the w she Waters and gone back to England. Everything changes. Now s to go away like the others, to leave her home.

Questions:

(i) What implication, does the sentence “Few people passed” bear?

(ii) Why does Miss Hill say that her father was not so bad then? 

(iii) How does the author set the changes which took place since childhood to prime of Miss Hill? 

(iv) Why was Miss Hill prepared to leave her home? 

Answers:

(i) It implies changes in locality, death of a few people, in age from childhood to prime as also the feelings of Miss Hill (Eveline).

(ii) Perhaps, it was so because she was till then merely an infant, her conscious not so developed and her present day responsibilities were on the shoulder of her mother as she was alive. 

(ii) The author very first refers to the pose c e of conter plation (i.c. sitting behind an opened window. He then refers to changes in location, the habits and existence of playmates behaviour of father, death of mother (i.e. changes in individual life) and finally, the change which Miss Hill was going to adopt for herself i.e. to elope with her lover Frank.

(iv) It is because of usual change in anatomy of a woman when she attains to puberty. She feels anxiety in living with present, wants to take a plunge on conjugal living, feels a new pleasure in passing more and more time with her boy friend and prefers him on the social norms, parent and all other relations. 

PASSAGE NO. 2


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: 

The evening deepened in the avenue. The white of two letters in her lap grew indistinct. 

One was to Harry; the other was to her father. Ernest had been her favourite but she liked Harry too. Her father was becoming old lately. she noticed; he would miss her. 

Sometimes, he could be very nice. Not long before, when she had been laid up for a day, he had read her out a ghost story and made toast for her at the fire. 

Another day, when their mother was alive they had all gone for a picnic to the Hill of Howth. She remembered her father putting on her mother’s bonnet to make the children laugh. 

Questions:

(i) How skilfully, the author has exhibited the effect of evening? 

(ii) Imagine what she would have written in two letters ? 

(iii) Why does Miss Hill (Eveline as pseudonym) think in a moment, she had decided to elope with her lover, her father’s becoming old?

(iv) Do you think there are sweet memories of father in the heart of Miss Hill (Eveline)? 

(v) Do you see any similarity in “Eveline” and “Evening” here.

Answers:

(i) The author has aptly proceeded theme of the story by saying about two letters and that of the effect of evening in which vision of letters has merged with darkness everywhere.

(ii) There would perhaps, a message about her eloping with Frank, her lover. The one, she has written to Harry who lives away from home in a church and the other, to her father to whom she can’t dare to inform straightway. 

(iii) It reflects an indecisive state of mind wherein the subject loves and hates simultaneously; his/her past. She/he swings between “what should do” and “not to do”.

(iv) Yes, at that crucial moment, she remembers the days when her father used to put on her mother’s bonnet to make her laugh.

(v) Yes, the term, “Eve” denotes the evening before an event and the “line” here denotes the plan of eloping in case of Miss Hill. It was evening before the day she had in conformity with her lover, chosen for elopement.

PASSAGE NO.3


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: She stood among the swaying crowd in the station at the North Wall. He held her hand and she knew that he was speaking to her, saying something about the passage over and over again. 

The station was full of soldiers with brown baggages. Through the wide doors of the sheds she caught a glimpse of the black mass of the boat, lying in beside the quay wall, with illumined portholes. She answered nothing. 

She felt her cheek pale and cold and, out of a maze of distress, she prayed to God to direct her, to show her what was her duty. The boat blew a long mournful whistle into the mist. If she went, tomorrow she would be on the sea with Frank, steaming toward Buenos Aires. 

Their passage had been booked. Could she still draw back after all he had done for her? Her distress awoke a nausea in her body and she kept moving her lips in silent fervent prayer. 

Questions:

(i) Do you think Miss Hill would have actually left her home? 

(ii) In which form you see nemesis affect in this passage? 

(iii) Do you see in this passage, a stream of consciousness i.e. a continuous flow of a character’s (Miss Hill) thoughts and feeling?

(iv) Will you take passage as soliloquy or something otherwise?

(v) Do you think over stress in brain causes nausea as has been stated

in this passage

Answers:

(i) No, her body is unmoved at the same place i.e. near window in her home. It was merely a stretch of her imagination. left alone at the stage and he or she suffers due to his/her past mistakes. We

see its effect depicted by writing “nausea awoke in her body and she set her

(ii) Nemesis is an art generally used in a Drama in which the character is white face to him” 

(ii) Yes, not only in this passage but throughout the fiction as Miss Hill’s body is unmoved but her thoughts have touched all things in the past, at present and which would take course on her elopement with Frank. This entire recollection is based on metal conflict and merely a fig of imagination has been aptly depicted here. 

(iv) Yes, this passage is based on soliloquy in protagonist’s mute contemplation and vision as well.

(v) Yes, excess stress in brain results in derangement of bowel functioning, irregularity in endocrine secretions, and finally: jammed metabolism is compensated by excess secretion of bile-juice that inverses the cycle of digestion. It thus, causes nausea. 

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


Q. I. Imagine why in Eveline interested in watching the evening?

Ans. Human emotions require stimulants or evoking factors congruent to them. Eveline has given words to her lover that she will elope with him the next morning and they will go Argentina in South America. 

It was an important decision hence, review afresh on the circumstances extent and the prospective, was essential. 

In order to attain a trance in the matter, she had chosen a room in solitude, evening time, a half-opened window and all dark in the room. These all things were stimulant to contemplation. 

Q.2. What message does the author wants to give his readers (now the students)?

Ans. The author wants to refer the magnificence of review of the acts/ plans all in an unbiased way. In technique, it exhibits the process of a thorough revision of the draft proposal before ordering for their blue-prints. In psychology, it is caped introspection prior to set on act upon the decision. 

An unbiased review or introspection of the things makes ex-facie the picture of the plan or decision taken in haste and the individual can duly amend or rectify the same. 

This action will leave no place for repent or regret in course of implementation. Hence, introspection is must for every individual. 

Q.3. Had the mother of Eveline been alive whether you imagine she would have moved through impasse ? 

Ars. No, she would have never moved through impasse because in that circumstance, mother would guide her just in the beginning of her love affair with Frank. The mental agony and frustration which Eveline had borne with at an eleventh hour would have never taken place in her life.

Q.4. What do you understand by the terms review and introspection? 

Ans. The term review denotes revision of the things we do physically or which is perceivable for an instance, chapter review, plan review etc. 

Another term “introspection” however, is the process in which an individual does a careful examination of his own thoughts, feelings and reasons for behaving in a particular way in the situation. 

In other words, physical errors i.e. clerical mistakes, omissions, and remissions are rectified under the process of review while mistakes committed by instincts, emotions, sentiments and vagaries are rectified or set aright again under the process of introspection. 

In a nutshell, review falls under the jurisdiction of the mind while introspection falls under the jurisdiction of the final authority i.e. brain. 

Q.5. What are the changes that occurred in and around Eveline’s home between her early childhood days and after she grew up?

Ans. Changes in home between childhood and prime days are mentained in the following- 

(i) The play-ground was bought by a British national and a giant building

was constructed. 

(ii) Her mother, Tizzie Dunn and Earnest were dead. 

(iii) Her outlook for father was changed from a jolly man to a strict disciplinarian. It changed her humour in palpitation.

(iv) Her playing instinct was vanished and it was substituted by an anxious girl/spinster.

(v) The baton of blackthorn was a topic of hunour for her but at her prime mere persuasion had become a cause for palpitations.

(vi) She had a deep attachment for her family members, friends and every

object in the home but at her prime, that all had bygone. 

(vii) She was depend in full on her parent but at her prime; she was a working spinster with a monthly income of seven shillings. 

Q. 6. Why did Eveline feel that she would not really miss or be missed in the place she worked in?

Ans. It was because the Stores where she was employed, had already several substitutes in the queue and an advertisement in newspapers would sufficient to get an employee in lieu of her. 
She also will forget the hard days of working under instructions of the management there when her boy-friend would take and fold her in his arms. 

Q.7. Did Eveline really think that life in her future home in a distant country would be happier that what it was then? What are her reasons? 

Ans. Yes, her review of the past and the disgust, for her present living she had exhibited; confirms this fact on the following reasons:

(i) Her boy-friend Frank is a sailor, handsome, eight Pound earner on monthly basis, interested in watching films and singing songs (i.e. interested in music). 

(ii) Her boy-friend lives in a distinct continent i.e. in South America viz. a rich and developed country.

(iii) His being a sailor, shall take her in voyage of distinct and different countries as he had already visited at the strait of Magllen. from the burden of working in home and outside for

(iv) She will escape an old father and school going siblings. 

(v) Instead of sitting alone beside a window, she will enjoy chatting and gossiping, with Frank, her lover.

Q.8. Are there any instances to show that Eveline’s father had a kinder

side to his nature? 

Ans. Yes, there is an instance of his going out for picnic to the Hill of Howth where he would put his wife’s bonnet to make the children laugh. Again, Eveline’s statement at a place “Sometimes, he could be very nice” reveals his kinder side of nature. He would look after all domestic affairs in case, Eveline falls ill, makes her to laugh on a ghost’s story, read by him and makes toast for her at the fire.

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. Discuss in detail, the fiction and allegory and distinguish between a narration and story?

Ans. Fiction is a type of literature that describes imaginary people and events which have no real existence. These are generally composed or written by clairvoyant or intuitive authors. 

These are the most sensitive fellows who generally investigate in depth, the plots for narration; from the fields invisible and intangible altogether. In brief, human feelings, instincts, ideas, thoughts etc. are made plot of the narration by these intuitive authors. 

Stimulants to such selection are generally related to the author’s own feeling, outlook and experience that embrace, palpitate, tickle and touch his common walks of life. Philanthropy and bevevolence are another twin qualities that lead his work to popularity. 

It has been observed that the ideal thoughts which such benevolent personalities see good for society but feel the environment hostile to their recognition; try to manifest in their works i.e. fiction, story, novel etc. Thus, they attain to catharsis in an indirect way.

In this fiction, the author has indirectly persuaded the readers (herein students) that instead of dealing serious matters’ like that of marriage merely with perception (i.e. at mental level); they should use and apply their conscience though introspection. 

He has exhibited here, the disastrous situation created by mere use of mind or in other words, the perception but it is introspection which has always made a true and genuine judgment on the issue. Thus, the author has tried to give a benevolent message to society.

Allegory is a style of writing in which each character or event is a symbol representing a particular quality. For an instance, we see an apt use of allegory in Pilgrim’s Progress of John Bunyan as-“A christian escapes from the city of Destruction, travels through. 

the slough of Despond, visits Vanity Fair and finally arrives at the Celestial City. 

He meets characters such as the Giant Despair and Mr. Worldly Wiseman and is accompanied by Faithful and Hopeful”. Thus, we can state that symbols are used in this style of writing in order to make ideas, thoughts so expressed; more impressive and touchy. 

For making things more clear, we can reproduce iere a few sentences bearing allegory in this fiction as under- “A bell clanged upon her heart”, “All the seas of the world tumbled upon her heart. 

Her hands clutched the iron in frenzy”, “she set her white face to him, passive, like a helpless animal”.

The act or process of telling a story in a novel or a play is generally called narration. 

It is a description of events much alike story but we cannot say a narration a story because narration governs telling a story or event while story is a description of events and people that the writer has invented in order to entertain people. E. M. 

Forster defines story as-“It is a narrative of events arranged in their time sequence i.e. sunday comes after saturday”. However narration is merely a part and parcel of the story. It provides length, curiosity and interest in story. 

There may be a number of narrations coherent to and in congruence of the story. Thus, narration and story are supplement

to each other. 

Q. 2. Eveline nauseates at the peak’ pressure of contemplation. Do you agree to accept disposition has direct effect on physical health? Explain.

Ans. Yes, I am agree to accept direct effects of mental disposition on the physical health. Moreover, I would like to state that it is mental health that determines the physical health of an individual.

 A physician has stated- “Every kind of fever first grips the mind and next the body”. An immediate effect of the happening can be seen easily in an individual’s day-to-day affairs. 

For an instance, someone while on lunch table, starts omitting when he sees a fly is dropped in the food, after failure in exams, a student abandons food for a couple of days and a harsh taunt suddenly converts friendship into scuffie and brawl. 

A mind in frustration sometimes, commits suicide viz. far to say about physical health, when a distortion in disposition even pushes an individual to eliminate his own existence.

We see that this entire fiction is a reverberation of contemplation. Eveline is exhibited unmoved and stable beside an opened window in a solitary and dark room. However, her CPU makes her reminiscent and it is her mind, not body that accesses to the longer past and the distant future. Her contemplation collects data since her birth comprising places, persons and time of auspicious or inauspicious events, compares tire orderly changes and then arrives at the final 

conclusion. It was time before evening when she posed meditation! introspection and it perhaps ended with the night. Her body, senses and behaviour in common, all remained stagnant or met to an inertia. Hence, it was natural if her endocrine glands (from Pituitary to gonads), the metabolism (combustion) and the neuromuscular system (barring para- sympathetic nerve) all would have stopped functioning. In such extreme trance, it was natural if she had felt omittinlr sensation.



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