Ncert Class 12 Chapter 3 Poems by Blake Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF

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Poems by blake Summary: William Blake was a famous and great poet of English literature.

I. In the poem, “The Divine mage’, the renowned poet William Blake has recited the magnificence of human qualities known or addressed as mercy, pity, peace and love in this poem. 

He advocates these qualities beyond the reach of casteism, regionalism, Nationalism and even beyond from discrimination any types at the levels of mind and the emotions. He states a man equipped with these qualities is God himself in human form.

II. The poem, the Human Abstract is the another poem of William Blake, the renowned poet. 

In this poem, he highlights human abstract viz. a state of human tendency in which virtues of humanity like pity, mercy etc. are left aside and not brought to conation or use in behaviour. 

He says categorically that had these virtues practised in real life situations by all people, there would, have left no poor to pity and no miscreant to make subject of mercy. He tells poverty as the main factor for genesis of offences.


Ncert Class 12 Chapter 3 Poems by blake class 12 Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF


Class12th 
Chapter03
Chapter TypePoem
Chapter NamePoems by blake
AuthorWilliam Blake (1757-1827)
BoardCBSE
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Kaleidoscope)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer
Download PDFCLICK HERE- Poems by blake PDF

poems by blake class 12 summary


1.THE DIVINE EMAGE


It is return of investment made by four virtues as capital, spontaneous and not anyway artificial manner, that rescues the man in his distress. These are- mercy, pity, peace and love shown for entire ecosystem consisting of all active and inert, living and non living things. 

He wants to state that all activities done under these stimulants of emotional personality, come and withstand the human distresses or adversities. 

The poet introduces here there virtues duly personified. He states that the term “pray” a verb is actually composed of call for mercy, pity, peace and love. He says God himself dwells where these four virtues enter in conation of the man.

Ncert Class 12 Chapter 3 Poems by Blake Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF

2.THE HUMAN ABSTRACT


The poet says that revelation of pity and mercy is required or heard about, only when nobody in the society remains poor i.e. if equitable distribution of wealth is assumed of. 

Similarly, in case; all people are happy with the system and manners, there would no need of revelation of mercy viz. no offences shall be committed. 

He says that mutual fear brings temporary or superficial peace as oppression and repression tactics, do no good but give birth to conspiracy, forgery, fraud, collusion for their subsequent explosion or sudden burst.

Humility when crushed, is seen, taking reversion in subversive activities. From here, the tree of mystery starts bearing the fruit of deceit and conceits. 

He says that tree of mystery (viz. collusion, conspiracy, pry, espionage, forgery. enbezzlement, misappropriation) is not rooted in the human nature but, these are circumstances in which equal distribution of income and wealth, Doctrine of peaceful co-existence, the principle of natural justice etc. are dodged or violated.

poems by blake class 12 summary in Hindi


1.THE DIVINE EMAGE


यह चार सद्गुणों द्वारा पूँजी के रूप में निवेश का कृत्रिम नहीं, बल्कि स्वाभाविक प्रतिफल है जो मनुष्य को उसको विपत्ति में मिलता है । ये गुण है- दया, करुणा, शान्ति और प्रेम जो सम्पूर्ण सृष्टि के सक्रिय-निष्क्रिय तथा सजीव-निर्जीव वस्तुओं के प्रति दिखाया जाता है । 

वह कहना चाहता है कि भावनात्मक व्यक्तित्व के उत्तेजक पदार्थ के अधीन किये गये क्रिया-कलाप मनुष्य की विपत्तियों और विषम परिस्थितियों को आकर रोकते हैं । कवि इन सद्गुणों का उचित व्यक्तिकरण करता है । 

वह कहता है कि ‘pray’ शब्द जो एक क्रिया है, को वास्तव में दया, करुणा, शान्ति एवं प्रेम के लिए रचित है। वह कहता है कि जहाँ ये चार सद्गुण किसी मनुष्य में प्रवेश करते हैं वहाँ परमात्मा निवास करते हैं ।


THE HUMAN ABSTRACT


कवि कहता है कि देवी दया और करुणा की तब आवश्यकता होती है या सुनी जाती है जब समाज में कोई व्यक्ति गरीब नहीं रहता है यानि धन के समान वितरण की कल्पना की जाती है । 

उसी प्रकार, यदि सभी लोग व्यवस्था और तौर-तरीके से खुश हैं तो ईश्वरीय दया की कोई जरूरत नहीं है । यानि कोई अपराध नहीं किया जाएगा । वह कहता है कि पारस्परिक भय क्षणिक या बाह्य शान्ति लाता है। 

चूँकि उत्पीड़न और दबाव की युक्ति कोई भला नहीं करती बल्कि उनके आगामी विस्फोट या अचानक धमाके के लिए षडयंत्र, जालसासी, फरेब तथा दलबंदी को जन्म देती है । 

विनम्रता को जब कुचला जाता है तो उसे ध्वंसात्मक क्रिया-कलाप का रूप लेते देखा जाता है । यहाँ से प्रछन्नता के वृक्ष में छल-कपट और अहंकार के फल लगने लगते हैं । 

वह कहता है कि प्रछन्नता के वृक्ष (यानि दलबंदी, षड़यंत्र, जासूसी, जासूस रखने की विधि, जालसाजी, संपत्ति का अपहरण, गवन) की जड़ मनुष्य के स्वभाव में नहीं है, बल्कि विभिन्न परिस्थितिवश धन और आय का समान वितरण शान्तिपूर्ण सह-अस्तित्व के सिद्धान्त, प्राकृतिक न्याय आदि को उनसे दूर रखा जाता है या उनका उल्लंघन किया जाता है ।


WORD-MEANINGS


I. Distress = संकट, विपत्ति, Thankfulness = आशीष, अभयदान, Clime = जलवायु, Human form divine = दैवी मनुष्य, अवतार, Heathen = नास्तिक, रहस्यवाद, Turk = इस्लाम पंथ ।

II. Selfish love = छलयुक्त प्रेम, निष्क्रिय प्रेमभाव, Mutual fear = घृणा, ईर्ष्या, द्वेष, Holy fears = ईश्वर का भय, Ground = आधार, भूमि, Humility = विनीत, अभिवृत्ति, Underneath his foot = उल्टी दिशा से, Caterpillar and fly = षड्यंत्र, प्रतिशोध जैसे दुर्गुण, Raven = षड्यंत्र और धोखे को कार्य रूप देनेवाला बल ।

CLASS 12 NCERT SOLUTION IN ENGLISHCLASS12 NCERT SOLUTION IN HINDI
Historyइतिहास
Geography भूगोल
Political science राजनीति विज्ञान
English SubjectResult
Hindi SubjectHistory answer keys

STANZAS FOR COMPREHENSION 1. THE DIVINE IMAGE


STANZA NO.1


Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

To Mercy, Pity, Peace, and Love

And to these virtues of delight Return their thankfulness.

Questions:

All pray in their distress:

(1) Why do people pray to mercy in distress? 

(ii) What is the distinction between mercy and pity?

(iii) What is the nexus between love and peace?

(iv) What does the word thankfulness refer to ?

Answers:

(i) It is because distress cannot be tackled by individual alone. It cripples the man to face upon him.

(ii) Pity is stimulant while mercy is realised from the action done under influence of pity i.e. stimulant. Cognition and conceive of pity get the merciful act done by its subject (i.e. man concerned). 

(iii) Love is a spark that unites all units of ecosystem active and inert, living and non-living or in other words, a stimulant while peace is manifestation of love or end product. We can state that love is like cognition and peace is like conation with due manifestation.. 

(iv) The word thankfulness refers to savouring/receiving efforts or the

manifested part of the virtues/qualities precedent to this term. 


STANZA NO.2

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow

For Mercy, Pity, Peace, and Love

Is God our father dear,

And Mercy, Pity, Peace, and Love

Is Man, his child and care.

Questions:

(i) How is God our dear father?

(ii) How is mercy a man? 

(iii) How is pity a child of the man?

(iv) How are peace and love a child’s care?

Answers:

(1) God is our dear father because His grace and care, we realise everywhere and for all without any bias.

(ii) It is man endowed with discretion and true realisation / cognition hence, he can only forgive the miscreants to whom; he is capable to punish for their offence committed. 

(iii) As the child stimulates the man to act something that favours] propitiates him; the pity does. It is pity that stimulates a man to forgive even the offender and thus, mercy comes in existence. It’s a spirit to help the needy.

(iv) “Care” or protection, we all receive from our parent and teachers because they love us and teach us discipline so that we may pass our life in peace.


STANZA NO.3

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

For Mercy has a human heart, 

Pity a human face,

And Love, the human form divine,

And Peace, the human dress.

Questions:

(i) Which figure of speech has been used in this stanza? 

(ii) How does pity resemble to or understand as human face?

(iii) How is love a symbol of humanity? (iv) Why does the poet say peace as human dress?

Answers:

(i) It’s personification of inner instincts as all visible forms of human body.

(ii) It’s face at which the inner feelings are first appeared. 

(iii) The love brings in unity, sense of co-existence, gregarious instincts and keeps the man ready to serve others. It gives ever broad horizon to human sublime acts.

(iv) As peace covers in itself, a number of good qualities of human heart viz. peace is seen in a family or nation when its member/citizens are suave, sober, kind, compassionate, co-operative, philanthropic; benevolent and tolerant. 


STANZA NO. 4 

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

Then every man, of every clime, That prays in his distress,

Prays to the human form divine, Love, Mercy, Pity, Peace.

And all must love the human form,

In heathen, turk, or jew Where Mercy, Love, and Pity dwell

There God is dwelling too.

Questions:

(1) How does a man in distress give a call to humanity? 

(ii) What do you understand by the human form divine?

(iii) Why is it necessary to maintain human form?

(iv) How does God dwell in company of these virtues?

Answers:

(i) He prays-‘Please, have mercy upon me, have a pity please, for the sake of your love for humanity, please, pardon me’. Please maintain the peace. 

(ii) God is an embodiment of mercy, pity, peace and love and people pray to God for these virtues to be endowed with them. 

(iii) Otherwise, this entire world with its governing ‘systems and administration shall meet to distortions and a’ gross lawlessness may create havoc for human living. 

(iv) It can be presumed that God is the Governor of Drama that takes place in this entire ecosystem or ecology whatever we name it, consisting of all biotic, abiotic, active, inert, all organisms and objects. 

II. THE HUMAN ABSTRACT


STANZA NO.1 

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

Pity would be no more If we did not make somebody Poor:

And Mercy no more could be

If all were as happy as we.

Questions:

(1) Are ye agree to poet’s statement that poor are made not self generated ? 

(ii) How can all be happy as we ?

(iii) Why do some people among us are made poor?

(iv) What is poverty?

Answers:

(1) Yes, it happens when equal distribution of income and wealth or doctrine of equity in distribution of wages/share with project is violated and realised merely in abstract.

(ii) It will happen when all citizen of a nation turn to give honour the doctrine of equity and justice in terms of social norms, economy management and representation in terms of political right.

(iii) A conflict between haves and haven’ts i.e. powerful and weak takes place due to suppression and oppression as also exploitation tactics and thus, certain people (i.e. weaker) among us are made poor.

(iv) A condition or situation in which basic needs of food, shelter and apparel are objectly fallen short or in other words, human beings are denied basic needs due to presence of one or other circumstances is called poverty. It may appear as poverty of thoughts, poverty of employment, poverty of qualities etc.


STANZA NO.2

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow- 

And mutual fear brings peace,

Till the selfish loves increase;

Then Cruelty knits a snare,

And spreads his baits with care.

Questions:

(i) What is mutual fear?

(ii) How does mutual fear gear up selfish love? 

(iii) Explain a snare knitted by the cruelty?

(iv) What is bait of cruelty?

Answers: 

(i) It’s double dealing or an ambivalence in speech and action. In such state of emotional dissatisfaction inverse direction is adopted for each other. 

(ii) Mutual fear denotes a condition in which both parties hate each-other but owing to presence of certain pressures, obligations, unwanted liabilities,

(iii) The suppressed envy/enmity develops in barbarous or unkind attitude known as cruelty. Such malign mind seeks plot or chances for revenge and thus, conspiracies a trap by the poet are made. 

(iv) The term “bait” refers to the food favourite to the game (i.e. tiger, deer, fish etc.) so as to allure it to sit there and trapped. As per this meaning of “bait”, we can state that collusion is the bait of cruelty. 


STANZA NO.3

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

He sits down with holy fears

And waters the ground with tears;

Then Humility takes its root Underneath his foot.

Questions:

(i) What is meant by “Sit down” here? 

(ii) What does “waters the ground” refer to ?

(iii) How is humility takes root beneath the sole?

Answers: 

(1) Here, sit down is meant by suppressed, defeated or submitted to atrocity.

(ii) It refers to knitting the plot of concoction. 

(iii) Humility generally takes root from the brain but its inversion gives birth to aggression. The man whose humility is crushed, starts practising cruelty. For example, he will now resort to offensive tactics.

STANZA NO.4

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

Soon spreads the dismal shade Of Mystery over his head;

And the Caterpillar and Fly Feed on the Mystery.

Questions:

(i) What does the term “mystery” refer to here?

(ii) Why is told the shade of mystery as dismal? 

(iii) Who are caterpillar and fly?

Answers: 

(1) It refers to hideous acts comprising conspiracy, misrepresentation of fact, fraud, intrigues etc.  

(ii) do no good to society and fight, murder, vandalism etc. are the outcome or ultimate results of such activities, the poet is all right in referring to their shade as dismal.

(iii) There are the anti-social elements who survive, on booty, loot etc, and generally, hired for committing murder of the opponents. 

STANZA NO.5

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow– 

And it bears the fruit of Deceit, Ruddy and sweet to eat;

And, the Raven his nest has made In its thickest shade.

Questions:

(1) What are fruit of deceit?. 

(ii) What is Raven here?

(iii) Why does the poet refer mystery as a tree?

(iv) What does the term “nest” refer to ?

Answers:

(i) These are the ultimate acts wrongly committed and cognizable offence of deceit or betray. 

(ii) Raven is the motive or urge that leads mental faculty to perpetration. In literal meaning Raven is black/dark colour or a crow.

(iii) It’s because conspiracy is made with several designs, pretexts and befooling devices/tricks referred to here as branches, leaves, stem, shoot and root of a tree. In other words, it’s a plotting.

(iv) The term nest refers to core portion of human brain occupied by collusions and conspiracy in a continuous manner. 

STANZA NO.6

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

The Gods of the earth and sea Sought thro’ Nature to find this Tree;

But their search was all in vain;

There grows one in the Human Brain.

Questions:

(i) What is meant by Gods of the earth and sea?

(ii) Why does the mystery tree grow only in human brain.

(iii) What does the term “nature” refer to here?

Answers:

(i) It means earthy institutions and espionage viz. the physical means which can be perceived or seen.

(ii) It’s because of emotional hurts and injustice caused upon the concerned individual. As the conspiracy or mystery tree is knitted in the most hideous

manner, it is only the brain that becomes the ground for the growth of this tree. 

(iii) It includes common behaviour pattern of the people at the surface. Conspirators at surface are appeared enlightened and sophisticate. Hence, it becomes tough to detect their malign-designs.


poems by blake class 12 question answer


Q.1. How are these two matched poems related to each other in content? How is the human being depicted in the song of innocence and how is he/she depicted in the song of experience? Do we find both aspects working in an average human being? 

Ans. 

(1) These two are like theory and practice. In theory: everything is imagined sublime but a number of flaws are emerged at the stage of implimentation. In the song of innocence, mercy, love and pity are told as divine form of mankind but the song of experience tells that if someone is not made poor, pity can not come into existence because all people and creatures will enjoy equal status.

(i) The divine spirit always disposes things good but it is man who proposes everything with his narrow mindedness. It’s human abstract, filled with malices 

(ii) Learned poet has with composition of his two contrary songs, told that it’s duality that runs parallel in this mortal world simultaneously. He wants eradication of such duality in order to see every individual illumining with cosmos-consciousness.

(iv) These poems tell that innocence is killed by the human abstracts because its tree with poisonous fruit grows in the land of human brain grossly polluted by conspiracies and intrigues, 

(v) The poet tells that human form which he says divine and that glitters with love, mercy, pity and peace like gems is maligned when repressive tactics are applied by the people who assume themselves more, powerful than certain others

(vi) These two poems explain that selfishness, cruelty and greed as the major stimlants to conflicts clashes and disputes.

Conclusion: Thus, it is concluded that poems are argumentative and explanatory in themselves. The former brings out the virtues while the other tells the conditions for their manifestation. 

A man is good only when there are certain people weighed as being theirs bad. This duality in itself is cause of discrimination says impliedly, the learned poet. 

Q.2. How would you explain the lines For Mercy has a human heart, Pity a human face, And Love, the human form divine, And Peace, the human dress.

Ans. Mercy denotes a forgiving attitude towards somebody. It is so understood when somebody has done anything wrong and the person who is harmed, has power to harm in return or right to punish him. It means the man who forgives other should be more powerful than him. 

Therefore, it is human heart that can do merely. Our face is like a mirror on which all types of feelings are imprinted or seen by others prima facie. 

Hence, a feeling of sympathy and sadness caused by the suffering and troubles of others is pity. The poet expects that it is human face that feels pity for suffering people. 

A strong feeling deep affection for family members or friends is called love. It should not be confined to merely one’s blood relations but for all creatures of this universe. 

It is therefore, divine love or agape as told by Burtrend Russell. It’s niskama Prema or disinterested love viz. without affection. To consider all creatures of this universe as one’s family members is divine love. 

The term peace exhibits a situation or a period of time in which there is no war or violence in a country or an area. 

The country or nation is therefore, told as dress here. Thus, the clairvoyant poet imagines humanity in its human form (or body) and by skill use of metaphor, invisible qualities are humanised by him here. It is personification of human qualities. 

Q.3. How do Mercy, Pity, Peace and Love get distorted in the human brain?

Ans. Deterioration of humility on account of seethe brings in conspiracy and thus, enimity is developed in the human mind. The poet tells it an inversion of positive thinking or human abstract. 

Despotism is the progenitor of mutual fear and it happens when freedom of expression is jeopardised by the tyrant or oppressor. The poet tells-“And mutual fear brings peace, till the selfish love increases and then cruelty knits a snare and spreads his baits with care”. 

He explains that every individual in a country should be given freedom of expression and due participation in the ruling process. 

Oppression tactics give birth to seethe and mystery is grown in the brain of concerned individual. It finally, mars the peace-says the learned poet.

Q.4. Blake’s poetry expresses one aspect of his multi-dimensional view of human experience of mankind once whole and happy, now fallen into discord and tyranny, from which it must be rescued. Explain with reference to these two poems.

Ans. The poet tells that in its innocent or unpolluted form human brain considers the magnificance of peaceful living and virtues like, love, mercy and pity all generate soothing effect to his bosom. 

Nobody is born with cruely and malice-the poet says. These are flaws in the process of socialisation as Alexender A. Schneider has truly stated-“Personality traits are constantly being moulded to that pattern set by social events and processes”. 

The factors affecting the socialization are-heredity, imitation and identification, the family school experiences. The flaws existing with these constituents are responsible for degeneration of human-brain at its innocent stage i.e. infancy to adolescence. 

Every child is like the song of innocence (i.e. the divine image) but due to flaws in socialization, he is developed in song of experience (i.e. The human abstract). This is the reason, 

poems by blake class 12 question answer


SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


Q. 1. What do you understand by the term “Pray”!?

 Ans. It’s catharsis i.e. positive side of emotional outburst. Likewise, outbur tends to intuition or insight of which, the foresight is mere shadow. Actually, intuition acts like a judge to rein the arbitrariness, 

despotism of execution (the physique, the body) and its apparatus, devices, shovels, spades, manufacturing, intending for manning (i.e. legislative alias intellectual or mental aspect of health. It is therefore, emotional aspect of health occupies two-third fraction i.e. 

major, while physical and mental combinedly; share its one-third part only hence, it is minor. For an instance, mens-rea starts building inside emotional zone much prior than the cause of action or when the event actually takes place.

Q.2. What is mercy?

Ans. The merfcy is an apparatus or device of well trained emotional aspect of health that gives a chance to miscreant for self-introspection to see if the act done by him was good. 

For an instance, a professor in a college, in a meeting. became furious and stamped the Chairman at his chest with toe. Here no doubi, he is physically hurt and a violent reaction is expected in this circumstance, 

He has power enough to expel him from college or dismiss his services to institution and even he can resort to law to ensure his rigorous punishment. 

However, if the chairman is well trained on emotional aspect of health, he should introspect where was wrong in the minutes of that meeting, so severe as it caused emotional collapse within a scholar (Guru). 

He should apologise and think not bad as Lord Vihou was also hurt same way by Bhagu, a leamed sage. In that way of thinking, it would definitely bring and store, more reputation to his Chair. Henry Ward Beecher has truly stated-“God pardons like a mother, who kisses the offense into everlasting forgetfulness”. 

Q.3. Discuss pity as an stimulant to noble-deeds? 

Ans. Pity is the sentiment part of sympathy and compassion. Sympathy is an emotion that acts with the mechanism of empathy. The act so done is called as stimulated by pity. Instinct of gregariousness is the container of this delicate sentiment. 

It increases cooperation and feeling of oneness. It’s preamble to equity and justice in manifestation on part of administration and representation as well. 

It is pity that inspires a an to rescue his brothers (i.c. all organisms) from danger, to act with selfless spirit for the welfare of mankind and all components that provide sustainable development to it. 

God i.e. the Governor of Drama, would no doubt gives his approval to that drama or network of pity wherein all creatures are at ease in their habitats without fear of extinction and extermination.

Q.4. Discuss “Peace” as manifestation of mercy and pity? 

Ans. Literally, peace reveals a situation or a period of time in which there is fought no war or any violence committed in a country or an area. 

This situation of period is actually manifested from of mercy and pity. These virtues make the citizen! member of a nation! society/family tolerant, forbearing, enduring, suave and compassionate to society. 

Harmony and coordination is established in society/Nation when these virtues without trickstery, crooks are inculcated in adolescents by two giant institutions i.e. family and teaching institutions. 

Q.5. Discuss love as synonym to God?

Ans. Pity, mercy and their manifestation in peace make the human living with divine approach in which every unit of ecosystem is given a place suffice to sustain and remain as bead of a garland in terms of food-webs or a cycle of existence. 

In brief, we can state that “sustainable development” in terms of economy, society, polity, ethics, politics and religion (viz. in its scientific meaning “realisation” or Realisation of Self or Atmajnana in Bhagvad Gita) considerations.

It gives birth to the exemplary and outstanding characters like Mahatma Gandhi, father of the Nation, Vivekanand, the giant orator, Dr. Radhakrishnan, the great statesman in the country. 

Their drama (viz. noble-deeds) was staged under self-realisation of the surveillance of God father at each moment who himself is an exclusive and unique Governor of Drama (GOD). 

It’s drama because nothing in this, blue planet is everlasting or of permanent nature. 

Love is therefore, synonym to God as it. is love that manages mercy, pity and peace at the single platform and this Earth is made heaven like when love containing these three virtues starts flowing like Ganges. 

Devotion is nothing else but love, a straight and the simplest way to realise almighty in each grain and particle of his earth and universe both.

Q.6. How does mercy possess human heart? 

Ans. The examples of great men in the history who pardoned even the miscreants who had slain a whole clan (viz. episode of Vashistha and Visvamitra) of them, are still reverberating in our India since the immemorial past. 

These all are so remembered because of the mercy they revealed and changed the hearts even of robbers like Angulimal. 

Hence, mercy is like a blade of surgeon that dissects the diaphragm and removes the inhuman blocks formed therein. It

brings a drastic change in the assumptions of society. It trains on what a human heart must be in adverse circumstances – an embodiment of forgiveness 

Q.7. How is love a human form divine?

Ans. Love is always ready for sacrifice at the altar of noble deeds viz. the deeds that do common good for society as a whole. The deeds performed under serene love instinct, never ask for or expect any return or gain from them. 

It is selfless spirit of the lovers like God, who, even removes for ever. our criminal or offensive instinct, not by lashing harsh punishment but by sweet kisses. 

It calls back the miscreants for self-review on the acts wrongly committed by them and thus, access to self-realisation i.e. precedent notion for each act work! project assignment. Thus, they all feel change of heart.

It’s phenomenon of love that makes possible, conversion of a demon in deity. Human nature sublime is a compound of sympathy, empathy, cooperation. coordination, harmony and fortitude and so sublime nature is synonym to God himself. Hence, love leads a man to divine form by his noble-deeds. 

Q.8. What does the title “The Human Abstract” refer to ?

Ans. The Human Abstract refers to the vices hidden in all invisible emotional aspect of human personality. 

These are found in the forms of conspiracy, conceit, deceit, mala-fides, malevolence etc. These are formed in the state of chaos and lawlessness environment in politics, administration and in the lack of benevolent and ideal pattern of education.

Q.9. What are the conditions that bring in poverty? 

Ans. There are different conditions that bring poverty. These conditions are as under. 

Despotic rule, revelation of dishonour to natural justice and inchoate system of education in which physical and mental growth and development is given heed while emotional aspect of health is neglected or ignored. 

An increase in population beyond available natural resources, a state of unemployment and social prejudices, stereotype and evils are some other major factors that bring in poverty. 

Q.10. Imagine the peace manifested in an environment of mutual fears?

Ans. It’s like cold war and period of anxiety and enmity at the level of emotions. The fire of protest kindles inside mind and brain is engaged with seeking chances for avenge or retaliation. Such peace at surface has a short life and it brings in mutincy, protest, murder, revolution, terrorism and militancy any time and thus, it is’ manifested in massacre, arson, assassination etc. subversive scene.

Q. 11. Is conspiracy an act of bravery? 

Ans. No, instead, it is cowardish, hatred, heinous and subversive activity This instrument is used only by the meek and cowards. People of this tendency are the most dangerous insect to the society as a whole. 

These spread fear, apprehensions and these are like a scar upon humanity. A meek or submissive nature initially, compromises with the adverse or congruous conditions b while moving with the course of that conditions, his unsatiated emotions stat

Q. 12. What is humility and how can it take its root underneath the foot of bravery. a man?

Ans. It’s a state of depression however, at its initial budding, individual of this tendency considers him not better than other people. This disposition is called quality of being humble. It does not do humbug. 

It’s a modest temperament. It’s a gem studded in sound and fair personality. When humility is crushed or hurt or humiliated in an environment of rude and astutes, it engages with setting a plot to destroy that entire environment.

The plot so made is called conspiracy or intrigue. Obedience, obeisance, respect and honour for elders, deep compassions for peer group, community and institutions are the manifested activities of humble attitude and aptitude. 

Humility’s inverse or reverse action is manifested in the form of conspiracy stimulated by objective of humiliation. Thus, the poet wants to say that humility bursts in tears when it feels hurt by any astute or shrewd, these tears water the ground and a tree of mystery (i.e. conspiracy) grows with its root below-1 underneath his sole bottom of the foot.


LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


Q.1. “Divine form of a man is reflected by his obeisance and loyalty to four virtues i.e. mercy, pity, peace and love.”–Discuss.

Ans. A blind race for western culture and manners all overt and obscene is presently draining out the emotions divine of human heart. Its glaring percussions are not far to see. 

The rate of crime is increasing year after year in multitude. It appears as if virtues like pity, mercy, peace and love are vanished in their entirety. 

Place of mercy has been taken by murders, massacre, paedophilia and pity is substituted by humiliation, ridicule, insults, assault on modesty etc. When this is the position, its result are unrest and severe disturbances to peace we people are compelled to live with.

Contrary to above, a human with his progenitor i.e. humanity and humanism always glitters with the illumination of these virtues. He lives for all and all live within him. 

He is universal man who treats the entire world and its people as his family and its members i.c. his brothers and sisters. His heart is brimmed with motives of doing merciful acts like, to help ailing persons, to honour elders and learned people and to prepare himself ready to sacrifice himself for the noble cause of defence of humanity and nation. 

Conclusion On the basis of above points, we can state that it is love with its three components discussed already, that gives a man a divine form.

Q.2. Do you think diversity of religion does any changes or distortion in the scope of human form illumining with gems of pity and mercy in an environment of love? Discuss. 

Ans. No, all religions are mere ways not the accomplishment in themselves.

Every religion advocates humanism and defence of humanity. 

The religions that evoke violence and hate are not religions in themselves but mere frenzy that gives birth to all types of discriminations and crimes. 

Actually, the term religion itself has been derived from realisation, i.e. knowledge or Brahma Realisation of Self or self-realisation is obtained only when everything about oneself is duly studie and understood. 

When an individual accepts him as an unit of so vast and varied ecosystem and understands that living with all and all within self or the doctrine of peaceful co-existence is only an ideal state of living: the human form divine glittering with mercy, pity, peace and love automatically comes in existence.

Conclusion – On the basis of above, it is concluded that numerous religions are mere ways to reach at the goal of humanity. Every religion advocates the human form divine. These are like character building courses and never come in the way or bar or mar the origin of these virtues i.e. mercy, pity, peace and love. Actually love itself is God.

Q.3. Do you think there may some little things that can prevent extinction of humility and the trend of its conversion into conspiracy? Discuss.

Ans. Humility is an ornament to personality. It is manifested in strict abiding by ethics, laws, canons all with genuine love for humanity. 

Humility sprouts in family, simple, enlightened and suave; not necessary that it would read on sections, clauses, provisions etc. 

of law as in books but play way being genuine and apparent approach to humanity in which entire blue planet with its organisms (biotic and abiotic) is considered as one’s own family. 

Q.4. Why has the poet told the fruit of deceit as ruddy and sweet to eat? Do you think it so in its plain meaning? Discuss.

Ans. The poet escribes here the fruit of deceit as red in hue and sweet in taste. He has also t Id that the fruit is eaten by Raven (viz. dark shade or a crow). It’s nest has been told formed / built in the densest shade of mystery tree. 

It’s prime-facie a sarcasm on sensitive but meek people who keep ambivalence and can’t dare to exhibit without curtain, in interviews with living as also non-living things of this blue planet; their cognitive, contemplative and conative aspects of personality along with physical appearance (including gait, poise etc.).

The submissive tendency indicates emotional exploitation by parent in particular and teachers in general under one pretext or other of the concerned adolescent when she/he at that phase of life; 

finds himself unable to protest because of attachment excess to his/her material body i.e. to save the skin but weeps and seethes and thus, fire of avenge kindles within him. 

As valves for the release of gas are clogged during seethe period; emotional outbursts take place suddenly and these cause irreparable loss of lives and damage to property. 

This is the reason, our Constitution endows us with freedom of expression, not obscene but modest and conscious of the genuine interest of the democratic public. Its demo should be duly sterilized. 



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