Ncert Class 12 Chapter 4 kubla khan Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF

WhatsApp Group (Join Now) Join Now
Telegram Group (Join Now) Join Now

kubla khan Summary: The poet S.T. Coleridge was a great poet of English literature. As the poet S.T. Coleridge was imaginative even as a child, his mature sense has here referred to Kubla Khan as a representative to excitant temperament (Rajas) and he himself, as that of equanimous or equipoise temperament. 

He says that cosmos-consciousness is polluted when seeds of passions for ruling, not serving others are sown by the environment (i.e. the status of family in terms of temporal and corporeal pleasures). 

It gradually generates slant attitude among the mass and sooner or later, the kings or representative to passions here, are overthroned or wiped. The poet then takes within him, Kubla Khan’s ruling in an emotional perspect. 

Here his trance will bring deformity in face, the toughest meditation pose. People cannot raise tumult in that state of enlightenment and any rabble hardly may reach there.


Ncert Class 12 Chapter 4 kubla khan summary Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF


Class12th 
Chapter04
Chapter TypePoem
Chapter NameKubla khan
AuthorS.T. Coleridge (1772-1834)
BoardCBSE
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Kaleidoscope)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer
Download PDFCLICK HERE- kubla khan PDF

kubla khan summary


The poet says that Kubla Khan’s conquests were attached to his inner passions of ruling the mass under an autocratic system of governance. He or his persons could establish, a giant nomadic empire. 

Ncert Class 12 Chapter 4 kubla khan Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF

It was actually decay of sacred river in caverns, numerous and uncountable and ultimate fall of these divided streams through caverns (temporatory urges) in the sunless sea viz. barbarity and massacre. 

He uses pathetic fallacy in revealing passions as pleasure domedecree. Since Genghis Khan, his ancestor was ruling on masses with tyranny, such ruling has created a chasm or emotional outburst from the masses because since long in past, mass grievances were kindling the fire of uprising or protest. 

That passion of ruling on masses under the barbarous doctrine of “Might is Right”, brought out a fountain of protest and finally, the masses overthrown and wiped the Mongol kingdom.

He describes the emotional frame-work with every step of gathering passions, motive, urges, their setting up on motor, sympathetic, para- sympathetic, psyche (psychosomatic nerves) nerves, pollution in perception i.e. 

gathering influence from observation of things and manifestation after blue-print drawn by contemplation, several time in obsession. He ascribes the family and society environment including education system and its application in teaching institution.

The poet describes passion as shadow of the dome of pleasure. He says sacred river, the productive and benevolent blue print drawn and acted upon real life situations accepting things as raw material to inter-action and experiments with them. 

Its influences, the poet refers by taking himself representative to-“activities driven by positive thinking” and Kubla Khan, representative to despotism in the similar situations. 

Difference is merely that of formation of poets mind, an imaginative since childhood and that of Kubla Khan’s blind ambition to wage, war, led to massacre, extermination, wiping of people, tumult, reverberations of sigh and cry and thus, establishment of an empire, i.e. Nomadic Empires. 

Poet’s imagination has risen up to, clairvoyance or intuition so mammoth as it set an empire in-the air – It’s sunny dome! those I caves of ice! viz. Enlightened emotional built up and realm of peace everywhere.

However, the poet says Kubla Khan’s dome is also sunny but it was only heat/thermal energy part of sun. It does not give light but heat and seethy. 

This negative outburst of emotion, we see in “Yasa” the Constitution drafted by Genghis Khan and later on declared Gandhis Khan’s Code of Law by his successors. 

Mass killing, arson, deceit, fraud, tetroristic / subversive all acts were the inspiration of so-called Genghis Khan’s Code of Law. Herein, it has been referred to as-“Ancestral voices prophesying war!”. Poet’s “dome in” air” is obtained only when a man is dedicated to intuition to the extent, an equipoise is obtained. 

Hence, people avert to contemplation, introspection, review, check and balances anywhere in their action plans. This tracks have been called by the poet as. “Five miles meandering with mazy motion”. 

Thus, nobody can see chasm to espionage or spy or pry into them, to see if duality lies there, but always found perserverant to stand unmoved in worldly winds/ tornadoes/turbulence, to blue-print (the life/ career-line).

How sweet is the vision of poet when he sees an Abyssinian (Ethiopian) maid with musical instrument (dulcimer) playing a song of patriotism (Mount Abora, the topography). There is sunny pleasure dome with caves of ice, ie, peace and harmony everywhere throughout the Abyssinia (the state of trance).


kubla khan summary in hindi


कवि कहता है कि कुबला खाँ की अन्य देशों पर जीत उसकी निरंकुश शासन के अधीन लोगों पर शासन करने की लालसा से जुड़ी थीं । 

उसने या उसके आदमियों ने एक विशाल अस्थायी साम्राज्य की स्थापना की थी यह वास्तव में पवित्र नदी आल्फ का असंख्य एवं अनगिनत कन्दराओं के रूप में बंटना था और इन विभाजित धाराओं का कन्दराओं से हुए असीम समुद्र में अन्ततः गिरना था यानि क्रूरता और नरसंहार । वह राजाज्ञा की तरह मद्यपान में कारुणिक भ्रान्ति का उपयोग करता है ।

चूंकि उसका पूर्वज चंगेज खाँ अत्याचारपूर्वक शासन करता था, अतः ऐसे शासन ने मतभेद और लोगों के विस्फोट को जन्म दिया है चूंकि अति प्राचीन काल से ही लोगों के कष्ट उत्थान और विरोध की मशाल जलाते रहे थे । 

‘जिसकी लाठी उसकी भैंस’ के बर्बरतापूर्ण सिद्धांत के तहत शासन की उत्कंठा के विरोध की धारा खड़ी कर दी और अन्ततः लोगों ने मंगोल राज्य को उखाड़ फेंका और धो-पोछ डाला । गुजरते

उत्कंठा पैदा करने वाले प्रत्येक पहलू नीयत प्रवृत्ति, उत्तेजक, सहानुभूति, असहानुभूतियुक्त ज्ञान-तंतुओं पर उसकी स्थापना के साथ वह भावनात्मक ढाँचे का वर्णन करता है । यानि कई बार भ्रम में चिन्तन द्वारा बनायी गयी छाया-प्रति के बाद स्पष्टता और वस्तुओं के पर्यवेक्षण के बाद प्रभाव ग्रहण करना । 

शिक्षण पद्धति तथा शिक्षण संस्थाओं में उसके प्रयोग सहित पारिवारिक और सामाजिक पर्याविश पर कवि आरोपण करता है । कवि उत्कंठा को गुम्बद रूपी आनंद की छाया के रूप में वर्णन करता है। 

वह पवित्र नदी को उपजाऊ और हितैषी की छाया प्रति कहता है जो वास्तविक जीवन की परिस्थितियों से खींची गयी और जो उन परिस्थितियों में क्रियाशील थीं और परिस्थितियाँ वस्तुओं का प्रयोग और अर्न्तसम्बन्ध के प्रति भौतिक रूप में स्वीकार करती हैं । 

समान परिस्थितियों में अपने को सकारात्मक विचारों से चलाये गये क्रिया-कलापों का तथा कुबला खाँ को निरंकुशवाद का प्रतिनिधि मानकर कवि इसके प्रभावों का जिक्र करता है । 

अन्तर सिर्फ कवि की दिमागी रचना का है जो बचपन से कल्पनाशील है और कुबला खाँ की बचपन में अंधी महत्वाकांक्षा थी युद्ध करना, नरसंहार करना, विनाश, लोगों को उजाड़ना, बलवा करना, आबाद क्षेत्र को निर्जन करना और इस प्रकार एक साम्राज्य एक अस्थायी साम्राज्य की स्थापना । 

कवि की कल्पना परोक्षर्दिशता या अन्तर्ज्ञान से इतना अधिक ऊपर उठ गयी है कि उसने हवा में एक साम्राज्य स्थापित कर दिया यह सूरज के समान चमकता हुआ साम्राज्य है । वे श्वेत गुफाएँ अर्थात् भावात्मक रूप से प्रकाशित बनायी गयीं और हर जगह शान्ति का साम्राज्य है ।

फिर भी, कवि कहता है कि कुबला खाँ का साम्राज्य भी सूरज के समान चमकीला है किन्तु इसमें केवल ताप था । यह प्रकाश नहीं देता है बल्कि केवल ताप और उबाल देता है । 

उत्तेजना का यह नकारात्मक विस्फोट हम ‘यासा’ में देखते हैं जो चंगेज खाँ द्वारा बनाया गया संविधान है जिसे बाद में उसके उत्तराधिकारियों ने चंगेज खाँ की कानून संहिता घोषित कर दिया गया। सामूहिक संहार, आगजनी, छत, फरेब आतंकपूर्ण कार्य ये सभी तथाकथित चंगेज खाँ की कानून संहिता की उपज थे । 

यहाँ ‘पूर्वजों की आवाज ! युद्ध की भविष्यवाणी’ के रूप में इसकी चर्चा की गयी है । कवि का ‘हवा महल’ तभी प्राप्त किया जाता है जब मनुष्य हद तक अन्तर्ज्ञान ॐ प्रति समर्पित होता है और संतुलन प्राप्त होता है। 

इसीलिए मनुष्य चिन्तन, आत्मनिरीक्षण, पुनर्विचार, संतुलन और रोष से अपने जीवन की कार्य-योजना में कहीं भी बहुत दूर रहता है। को कवि द्वारा घबराहट

उनके मार्ग भरा भूल भूलैया कहा गया है। कवि का विचार कितना मधुर है जब वह एक इथोपियन लड़की को राष्ट्रगीत वाद्ययंत्र पर है बजाते हुए देखता है। यह सूर्य के समान चमकीला आनंद का राज्य है । यानि अबीसिनिया में हर जगह शान्ति और एकता है


WORD-MEANINGS 


Stately pleasure = शाही ठाट-बाट, संप्रभुता, Cavern = खड्डा, गुफा, Sunless Sea= घोर अज्ञान, Twice miles of fertile ground दश इन्द्रियों सहित एक पुष्ट शरीर, Walls and towers = नियंत्रण एवं चौकसी, 

Sinuous rills = दुष्कर्म की ओर बढ़ने वाली सरिताएँ, जलधाराएँ, Where blossomed many a incense Bearning tree = शासनतंत्र, Forests ancient = रूढ़ि, विभेद, प्रतिकूलताओं के घने वृक्ष, Greenary = ऐश्वर्य, वृक्षों के नीचे उगनेवाली घासें, Chasm = दरार, विरोध, Slanted = तिरछा, तिर्यक करना, 

Cedarn cover = देवदार का घना वन, Waning moon क्षीणकाय चन्द्रमा, अशान्ति, अलगाव, Woman wailing for her demon lover = शासक के प्रति जन आक्रोश, Hynted: आश्चर्यचकित होना, Turmoil = जनआंदोलन, Seething = मानसिक असहाय अवस्था से उत्पन्न घृणा, अंतः विद्रोह बनना, Fountain = क्रांतिकारी संगठन, Half-intermitted burst = यदा-कदा होनेवाले विद्रोह, दंगे, 

Rebounding hail = प्रतिक्रिया, Huge fragments = समाज/राष्ट्र के दलों में टुकड़े, Chaffy grain = भूसे सहित खाद्यान्न, Thresher’s fail = भूसा अलग करनेवाला मसूज, A gross struggle = घोर संघर्ष, Dancing rocks = उपद्रव, Mazy motion = जटिल गति, Five miles = पाँच ज्ञानेन्द्रियाँ, 

Meandering = विघटन, Dale = घाटी, Wood = वन, सामान्य-जन, Sank in tumult = उपद्रयों के कारण साम्राज्य का पतन, Lifeless ocean = ब्रह्मांड, Ancestral voices = चंगेज खान द्वारा प्रथित ‘यश’ के नियम, वंश / परिवार प्रभाव, Tumult = उपद्रव, 

Fast thick pants = परेशानी, दुःख, Prophesying युद्ध की भविष्यवाणी, Meandering सर्पिल प्रवाह क्षेत्र बनना, Mingled measure = निरंकुश शासन, Miracle = जादू, Dome in air = अदृश्य आत्मा, 

Sunny dome = ज्ञान का शासन या आक्रोश का शासन, fashing eyes = अन्तर्ज्ञान से विश्लेषित ध्यान, Floating hair = अव्यवस्थित बाह्य चेतना, Milk of Paradise = अमृतपान, सुधापान ।

CLASS 12 NCERT SOLUTION IN ENGLISHCLASS12 NCERT SOLUTION IN HINDI
Historyइतिहास
Geography भूगोल
Political science राजनीति विज्ञान
English SubjectResult
Hindi SubjectHistory answer keys

STANZAS FOR COMPREHENSION


STANZA NO.1


Read the given stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

In Xanadu did Kubla Khan

A stately pleasure-dome decree: 

Where Alph, the sacred river, ran

Through caverns measureless to man Down to a sunless sea.

So twice five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round:

And there were forests ancient as the hills,

Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.

Questions:

(i) What is Xandu?

(ii) What do you understand by measureless to man’? 

(iii) Why are gardens bright with sinuous rills?

(iv) Which spots of greenery were trapped by forests ancient ? 

(v) Which were forests ancient?

(vi) What is twice five miles of fertile ground? 

Answers:

(1) Xanadu is abmigous. It’s a state of trance or meditation or the throne. One leads to inner conscience, intuition and clairvoyance while the other to autocratic or tyranny ruling. 

(ii) Infinite or uncountable.

(iii) Inner impulses irrigated or fastened in intrigous water or environment. Here the poet tells that irrespective of qualification and skills acquired, man is nothing if his family environment is not enlightened. He will do only misuse of powers, prowess and intuition whatsoever he is trained with.

(iv) These were sunny spot, i.e. the way that leads to enlightenment like Gautam Buddha. As in dense forest, the undergrowth hardly receives the sunlight because of shadow, a mind filled with passions urges etc. for physical accomplishments cannot perform benevolent acts or efforts to do any good to society,

(v) These were prejudices, stereotypes, discrimination, inequality etc. which descend down from the forefathers or ancestors to future generation. These trees are always tall and exuberant.

(vi) Fertile ground is the mind influenced by sensory and executive organs, each in five number, referred to as “twice five miles”.


STANZA NO.2

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

A savage place! as holy and enchanted As e’er beneath a waning moon was haunted

But oh! that deep, romantic chasm which slanted Down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover! 

By woman wailing for her demon-lover! And from this chasm, with ceaseless turmoil seething, As if this earth in fast thick pants were breathing, 

A mighty fountain momently was forced; Amid whose swift half-intermitted burst Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail, Or chaffy grain beneath the thresher’s flail; And ‘mid these dancing rocks at once and ever It flung up momently the sacred river.

Questions:

(i) What is romantic chasm?

(ii) How does the chasm athwart a cedarn cover? 

(iii) Where is a savage place?

(iv) Who is the woman wailing for her demon low r?

(v) How does the poet compare turmoil seething with swift half i termittedburst? (vi) Which are huge fragments shown as vaulting? 

(vii) What is the relevance of chaffy grain beneath the thresher’s flail ? 

(viii) Which are dancing rocks?

Answers:

(i) Romantic chasm is an idea and action that does discrimination betweenpeople on the basis of religion, caste, race and colour. 

(ii) A chasm takes place when an even land due to converging motions in the core is split and clefts are formed. The poet refers here that the discrimination which first had risen within Kubla Khan for his subjects, neighbouring countries etc. and then the upthrust of land from both side made the commoner able to see that injustice was being done.

(iii) It refers to the conditions that seethe the commoners to raise their voice against atrocity inflicted upon them by the concerned ruler. It has been called a savage place viz. polluted state of temperament.

(iv) Woman represents the territory i.e. the area covered by the empire of Kubla Khan. However, its husband or king or demon or lover is Kubla Khan himself because he was a despot-king. 

(v) The poet tells that hate, anger etc. vices start forming their nests in minds of rabble and when such seethe is grown up, it is manifested in riots, mutiny, uprise etc. emotional outbursts.

(vi) These are the revelations of fury by the public or subject. As the boulders slip down from a fountain cause injuries to nearby places/ spots or people, these commit subversive acts.

(vii) When the flail hits hard, in process to remove fodder/chaff from the food grain; the chaff starts scattering all around due to pressure and wind that blows while continuous threshing is given to the foodgrain. 

(viii) These are splashes of vices in the conscious mind. Irritation, revelation of annoyance with harsh words, duel and fight etc. take place when an inner conflict is generated.


STANZA NO.3

Read the given stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow

Five miles meandering with a mary motion Through wood and dale the sacred river ran, Then reached the caverns measureless to man, And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean;

And mid this tumult Kubla heard from far Ancestral voices prophesying war!

Questions:

(i) What are mary motions?

(ii) What is five miles meandering?

(iii) What do you understand by sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean? 

(iv) What is the sacred river and why does it run through wood and dale?

(V) What are caverns measureless to man? 

(vi) Why does Kubla Khan hear ancestral voices?

Answers:

(i) These are inner conflicts. A man calculates the risks and benefits at all moment and for the minutest work. It denotes the concentration on any worldly object wherein it is difficult to find a straight route. It’s a complex process of thinking,

(ii) These are our five senses, i.e. ear, eyes, nose, tongue and skin that bars a man from thinking sublime way. Sometimes, these confuse, daze, pry, criticise and excite the man concerned hence, he is misdirected if there is lack of check and balances by the cosmos-consciousness or clairvoyance. 

(iii) As rivers or fountains finally fall in the sea and so their personal identities are merged or vanished with harmony to infinite sea, the same way, tumults end with loss of lives and damage to public property. 

(iv) Sacred river is referred to as the living soul bound in worldly ties due to varied passions, i.e. forests and depressed grounds i.e., valleys. Thus, living soul is astrayed.

(v) These are crooks, tricks teries, tactics, defraud, forgery etc. uncountable evilpractices adopted by an astrayed person. Here the poet reveals pollution of living soul when it starts plotting or knitting intrigues.

(vi) The poet says that when passions make so blind the man as he is astrayed, his traditions, prejudices and stereotypes portray a role of strong stimulants. Here Kubla Khan recalls within him the “Yasa” or Genghis Khan’s Code of Law and involves his sublime powers to siege and seize of other kingdoms, ruled by rulers, not of his own race. Therefore, he ricochets the self- conscience frequently.


STANZA NO.4

Read the stanza given below and answer carefully the questions that follow:

The shadow of the dome of pleasure Floated midway on the waves; Where was heard the mingled measure

From the fountain and the caves.

Questions:

(i) What is the shadow of the dome of pleasure?

(ii) Why does that shadow float on the waves? 

(iii) Do you think reverberation of a fountain and that of caves while the water rushing inside them, is equal? 

Answers:

(1) It’s mirage like that of desert. Human beings like Kubla Khan are bind to run a race for meeting to their passions or ambitions but they don’t care the means fair or unfair. Its hedonism which can not be satisfied. 

(ii) Passions generate a hunger inside the human beings and they are obsessed or hallucinated to their desires. They commit even heinous offences under their brain vagary. It makes them fenzy or fanatic.

(iii) No, there is always a sheer difference in both processes. The water gurgles while entering in caves but it sparkles, growls and grumbles, while flowing from a fountain. 


STANZA NO. 5

Read the stanza below carefully and answer the questions that follow:

It was a miracle of rare device,

A sunny pleasure dome with caves of ice!

A damsel with a dulcimer

In a vision once I saw:

It was an Abyssinian maid,

And on her dulcimer she played,

Singing of Mount Abora.

Questions:

(i) What is a rare device?

(ii) What is a sunny pleasure dome with caves of ice? 

(iii) Who is damsel here?

(iv) Imagine why an Abyssinian maid has been selected by poet for presentation of his vision? 

(v) What does the phrase singing of Mount Abora imply?

Answers:

(i) It’s clairvoyance or institution obtained through continuous practice. on meditation. It is based on positive and philanthropic way of thinking that

can see things differ than their external appearance.

(ii) It’s realm of enlightenment/self realisation and that of peace. 

(iii) Damsel is a group of commoner or common people including wage earners, serfs, factory workers and slaves.

(iv) Abyssinia is ancient name of Ethiopia in African continent. It was a poor country but ruled by a just ruler. The term “maid” represents all commoner people in a country. All were patriot-say the poet.

(v) It implies patriotism or a spirit of nationalism among masses. People satisfied with the system of governance, can only think of bringing out their artistic and at talents. They live in complete harmony and in divine pleasure


STANZA NO. 6

Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow:

Could I revive within me Her symphony and song.

To such a deep delight, it would win me.

I would build that dome in air That sunny dome! those caves of ice! And all who heard should see them there,

That with music loud and long: And all should cry, Beware! Beware! His flashing eyes, his floating hair! Weave a circle round him thrice. And close your eyes with holy dread For he on honeydew hath fed And drunk the milk of Paradise.

Questions:

(1) Why does the poet say-“Could I revive”? 

(ii) What does the term sympathy refer to here? 

(iii) What is poet’s loud and long music? 

(iv) What do you understand by the dome in air? 

(v) Why does the poet think, people will say beware! beware?

(vi) What is holy dread? 

(vii) What is milk of paradise?

Answers:

(1) Poets are clairvoyant people who only can feel different than the worldly people do feel. They are endowed with prowess and flair for expression whatever in their trance, they observe and watch. Hence the poet here imagines Kubla Khan not with animal instincts but with a man considerate to equity and justice.

(ii) It’s streamlining and balance which only a considerate man can maintain. It reveals coordination between physiological, intellectual and emotional/ spiritual aspect of health, which masses enjoy under a conscious ruling system, ie, democracy – not dictatorship. 

(iii) It’s the divine song that unites all units of diverse society into integration. Nobody, feels humiliated and hurt in the state of abiding by rules of peaceful coexistence, natural justice and that of substainable development. This harmony maintains the extant empire, unhurt and intact from protests. demonstration and emotional outburst of the public in common.

(iv) It is meant by an administration in which people abide by laws not under intimidation or fear tactics but in the air of free consent. Every citizen with all others irrespective of their diverse faith, belief, manners, rituals and rites. They are tolerant, suave and civilised. feels “oneness” 

(v) It is because the path of penance or austerity and perservance is the toughest. A number of restraints, continence, sacrifice are required in order to introduce with things in their perspects, absolutely different than they are understood by the commoners. 

(vi) It’s austerity or penance. Its mentality at which noble deeds are performed therefore, it is holy but it demands sacrifice, pains numerous to attain such disposition. Therefore, it has been stated as dread by the learned poet. 

(vii) The term milk of paradise is divine pleasure which is felt just after any act in benevolence is done. The poet says it a nectar that makes the man immortal in this all mortal world.


kubla khan questions and answers short answer


Q.1. Who is Kubla Khan with reference to the theme of the poem? 

Ans. Kubla Khan represents an individual misdirected by his passions, urges, temptations, commits massacre and bloodshed for expansion of his empire. Genghis Khan’s barbarity is in his blood and he is still known as emperor of “nomadic empire.” No doubt, he had managed his persona in concentration not less than an ascetic but all that he abused and misused. This poem does appreciate but flays the barbarity with mass killing during his life time. 

Q.2. What does the poet say miracle of rare device?

Ans. It’s clairvoyance or insight powerful enough to stand juxtapose Kubla Khan, the prominent and powerful ruler of Mongol Dynasty. Kubla Khan was misdirected at his adolescence, his ancestor Genghis Khan was the brutal ruler. 

It was the main reason we may quote for his being astrayed. Some other reasons attributed to transformation of his genius into murdering intentions to establish dictatorship or tyranny are his being over ambitious, all means ready to use as per independent decision, royal ostentations and habitual to pass decree etc. 

The poet is much more than Kubla Khan because he had established pleasure dome (empire) in the air i.e. fame earned immortal by virtue of his poem. 

All people (i.e. readers) in that empire (volume/work/ this poem) are sunny (enlightened) and living in ice caves (i.e. free from fatigues, stress, stain and frustrations to their minds – An equipoise or equanimity).

Q.3. “Gardens have been shown bright but irrigated by sinuous rills”. Why? 

Ans. Garden denotes the environment and in case of Kubla Khan, it was bright because of his being a member to royal family in his adolescence and again when he ascended to the throne. 

It says his environment in its implication because of his being genius. However, that genius was fed on evil-deeds, ie massacre committed by his parent. 

In other words, environment had sown evil seeds of negative or subversive thinking in the forms of varied streams if we presume it as garden in its physical existence. 

The poet says categorically that it is state of Self-Realisation achieved though introspection, review and reform in a continuous manner during adolescence and youth. 

Luxuries and comforts enslave us gradually and an enslaved to comforts cannot decide in a far way. Lord Buddha could attain to “Enlightenment” only when he abandoned palatial living and observed austerity for many years after he had abandoned his kingdom. Sinuous rills are the stereotypes that automatically descend from one generation down to another in a class or dynasty.

Q.4. Imagine how is the poet more praiseworthy character than Kubla Khan, a successor of Genghis Khan. 

Ans. We can affirm the poet’s being more praise worthy character than Kubla Khan on the following grounds:

 (i) Kubla Khan was a king made for achieving shadow of the dome of pleasure while poet was in his clairvoyance interested in setting up a sunny dome of pleasure.

(ii) Kubla Khan was stimulated by his sensory organs ten in number. While it was miracle of a rare device i.e. intuition or insight that stood as major stimulant to establish his empire in the air i.e. glory extended throughout the world and even beyond.

(iii) Kubla Khan had resorted to all physical means i.e. river, mountain, fertile ground, rivulets, streams, forests etc. while the poet took refuge in the nature itself with living people in gaiety represented by Abyssinian maid. 

(iv) Kubla Khan could construct a shadow of the dome of pleasure that too leading through massacre, tumult and turbulence causing disturb to ecosystem, while the poet has constructed a sunny pleasure dome with caves of ice, so catchy and touchy as it touched the objective of NCERT. Thus, his empire is extended from Europe to Asia continent. 

Q.5. “Chasm” the term is ambiguous and the poet has described how malign disposition of a ruler spreads like communicable disease in the people, the commoners”.

Ans. Majority of people are called rabble or commoner when confered with the elite/socialites, the feudatories, noblemen, the first order as per Three Orders classification of society. 

These are people with strong belief on system of governance adopted by the king or ruler. In case, the ruler is ailing psychosis or misdirected by the family environment particularly in wealthy and ruling families; the decrees passed, policy declared, discretionary powers applied and inflict atrocities upon society. 

Cruel behaviour of ruler to his subjects seethes within and subversive activities come on surface in the form of sudden blast or cleft/fissure like on the rock. It refers to dissolution of once organised

society, Herefrom, decline of a dynasty comes in effect. Thus, the term chat refers one side, a cleft in the rock while fracas and tumult on the others.

 Q.6. How does the shadow of the dome of pleasure float midway on the waves? Discuss.

Ans. Midway denotes the nucleus or an essence of the objective. It is shadow, not external dome or empire that is made by the poet. 

Shadow because it appears as an apparition or hallucination in the strategy of Kubla Khan’s mass killing and seizure of the other countries/states in Europe and East Asia It was dictatorship established at the edge of sword. 

It refers to the target of mere conquests devices by Kubla Khan or an individual, living with prejudices, stereotypes, discrimination and inequality. Considering that passion so strong. 

it hardly cares the tumult, grievances of masses and applied repressive measures which increase further, the pace of movement and protests. Thus, Mongol empire had to meet decline shortly.

Conclusion: Shadow floats midway on the waves thus, refers a situation when human conscious is completely given up and converted into malacious intentions. Such apparition neither listen to reverberation of a mighty fountain nor that of the water rushing in the caves.


kubla khan questions and answers long answer


Q.1. Describe the theme of poem and its apt presentation by imagery and pathetic fallacy?

Ans. The theme of poem is to introduce human beings with the vices or defects that develop at the emotional level of human health. 

The poet aptly describes degenerating points at certain circumstances and situations of the conscience. He systematically describes how viruses of cruelty, passions, possessiveness, timid or submissive ailments inject and either enter in the bosom or imprinted there. 

He describes himself as well-built personality while that of Kubla Khan’s ailing with psychosis. He first refers to caverns through which sacred water flows and get polluted. Sacred water is the conscience and cognition in real life situations. 

Kubla Khan was a cruel emperor because of his blind faith on strategies and plans made by his forefathers and he never tried to reform them or amend according to contemporary real situations. 

He maintained the tradition of conquests by the force of sword, not by winning the heart of masses by his benevolent acts. Our sensory organs i.e. eyes, ear, nose, skin and tongue observe the worldly things through their vision, audition, olfaction. kinaethesis and gesticulation faculties. 

Q. 2. Poet has beautifully described how and why sacrosanct human feelings are astrayed into subversive and antisocial activities? Discuss. 

Ans. The poet here has tried his best to interpret transformation of instincts inverse side due to the air of environment, ego, vanity etc. He picks nature and

its objects aptly as “pleasure dome decree”, Sacred river “Alph”, “Caverns “gardens”, “fertile ground”, “rills”, “incense-bearing tree”, “Spots of greenery” “meander”, “dale”, “woods”, “shadow of dome of pleasure”. 

“Mount Abora”, Abyssinia (Ethiopia in Africa) etc. It’s his marvelous imagination in the state of trance or meditation. 

We can say it S.T. Colleridge’s mastery in application of imagery. His reflections are cryptic still challenge readers warmly to peruse and see what you can derive in an authentic way.

He says human instincts in a fraction of 1/ 100 can be tentamounted or attributed to “carried over” account of deeds.

 It is all evident from a few persons which are found as intelligent at their teens as that of an adult (viz. a state after youth or prime). 

However, the family environment-comprising mode and manners of manifestation as Enlightened person through deeds or a notorious one-is mainly responsible for development of all round personality.

The poet says that it is important for a man to understand what are caverns of passions, frustrations, perplexions, bewilderment, intimidation, submission, suppression, oppression, extortions and misappropriations. 

Conclusion-Kubla Khan and the poet himself are the two characters. equal in genius or erudition however, the former was misdirected by family- royal and social environment and had established. “

A sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice” viz. kingdom occupied by sunny (brutal and barbarous) acts, the latter had also established a sunny pleasure kingdom (enlightenment) occupied by eternal peace everywhere. Indeed, Kubla Khan was a barbaric and curel king.



class12.in

Leave a Comment