Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 9 International Trade

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If are you looking for questions and answers To the Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 9 then this website is for you.

So students, after reading this article, you will get very high marks in the exam from this chapter because all the exam-related questions are described in it, so read it completely.

I have been a 12th topper myself and I know what kind of questions are asked in the 12th exam. Presently, I am also playing the role of a teacher, and also make my students practice important information and topics of class 12th. I have written this article with my experience of more than 5 years. With the help of this post, you will be able to score very good marks in Geography from this chapter in the exam.

Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 9 International Trade

Chapter No06
ProvidingVvi questions & answers
Chapter NameInternational Organization
Medium English / Political Science
Study MaterialsFree VVI Study Materials are Available

key points of the lesson | Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 5 Primary Activities

During the Second World War itself, the need for the establishment of a more powerful and effective world organization was felt more to prevent wars, settle disputes between states by peaceful means, and maintain world peace and security, and efforts were made for this. Began As a result, on October 24, 1945, the United Nations was born.

Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 9 International Trade
International Trade

Today’s era is the era of internationalism and every country has to walk in harmony with other nations and determine and conduct its internal and foreign policy without considering other nations’ happiness-sorrow, convenience-inconvenience, even world opinion, or world outlook. It has to be done keeping in mind.

Today, any country, no matter how powerful it may be, looking at the loss of life and property in the great wars, it was realized that human welfare and development are possible only by maintaining world peace and it is necessary for every nation to cooperate in it. Is.

The United Nations was established for the same purpose, which has made a commendable contribution in the last 60 years to the establishment of world peace, prevention of wars, peaceful settlement of disputes between nations, and social and economic development of the world.

India is a charter member of the United Nations Organization and has played an active role in achieving the goals of the United Nations Organization and making it strong and successful.

The achievement and development of the objectives of the United Nations is also mentioned in the Indian Constitution in Article 51, in which it has been said that India should make its policy so that international disputes are resolved peacefully and through negotiations, international peace and security are promoted, nations Maintain a proper and respectful relationship between. It is clear that the Constitution of India is also a supporter of the United Nations Organization and its purpose.


Class 12th geography
Class 12th geography

Q. 1. Why is international organization needed?

Ans. 1. International organizations help in matters of war and peace.

2. These organizations help in solving problems of the international level. In such a situation, organizations inspire countries for this work. For example, global warming requires the combined cooperation of countries.

3. International organizations can help in gathering information and ways to cooperate.

Q. 2. What is the role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)?

  • Ans. 1. The International Monetary Fund oversees the global financial system.
  • 2. It provides financial and technical assistance on the demand of various countries.
  • 3. 184 countries are members of this fund.

Q.3. When was the Declaration of the United Nations signed?

  • Ans. 1. 26 Allies fighting against the All Powers met in Washington in support of the Atlantic Charter.
  • 2. At the same time, in December 1943, the Declaration of the United Nations was signed.

Q.4. Write the objectives of the United Nations Organization.

Ans. purpose of the united nations

  • 1. Establishment of international peace and security
  • 2. To increase relations and cooperation between different nations.
  • 3. Resolving international disputes by peaceful means 4. To obtain international cooperation for the solution of human problems like economic, social and cultural etc. of the world.
  • 5. To act as a coordinating center in the work of various nations engaged in the fulfillment of these common objectives.

Q.5. What are the principles of the United Nations?

  • Ans. 1. The United Nations believes in the principle of sovereignty and equality of all its members.
  • 2. It is the duty of all Member States to faithfully fulfill the responsibilities assigned to them in accordance with this Charter.
  • 3. All member nations should settle their disputes by peaceful means.
  • 4. Respect the integrity and political independence of other nations.
  • 5. If the United Nations takes any action in accordance with this Charter, then all the member states should assist it.
  • 6. The United Nations shall not interfere in matters which essentially fall within the internal jurisdiction of any State.

Q.6. What are the main organs of the United Nations?


  • 1. Mahasabha or General Assembly
  • 2. Security Council
  • 3. Economic Social Council
  • 4. International Court of Justice
  • 5. Secretariat.

Q.7. When and why was the League of Nations established?  

  • Ans. 1. The United Nations is the successor of the League of Nations and was established in 1920 after the First World War.
  • 2. This organization was established for international peace and security and to prevent wars in the future.

Q.8. What is the symbol of the United Nations?

Ans. 1. The emblem of the United Nations has a map of the world surrounded by olive leaves.

2. Olive leaves indicate world peace.

class 12th NotesMCQ
HistoryPolitical Science

Q.9. How many members are there in the Security Council?

Ans. Security Council: The Security Council is like the executive of the United Nations. It consists of 15 members, out of which 5 are permanent members – America, England, France, China, and Russia. Earlier the Soviet Union was its permanent member, but after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in January 1992, this place was given to the Russian Republic. Its other 10 members are elected by the General Assembly for 2 years. India has been elected a member of the Security Council several times.

Q10. Has India been a member of the Security Council?

Ans. India has been elected a member of the Security Council 6 times. For the first time in 1950, for the second time in 1967 and for the third time in 1972, for the fourth time in 1977, for the fifth time in 1984, and for the sixth time in 1991, India was elected a member of the Security Council for two years each.


Class 12th geography
Class 12th geography

Q1. Why is international organization necessary?

Ans. Reasons for the need for an international organization:

International organizations and the United Nations are symbols of humanity’s hope for peace and progress. Dag Hammarskjold (Former Secretary-General of the United Nations) has said- “The United Nations was not formed to take humanity to heaven, but to save it from hell.”

Q. 2. Describe the powers and functions of the International Court of Justice.  

Ans. Powers and functions of the court: Only states can be parties to cases before the court, not individuals. All those states which are members of the United Nations will be able to go to the court. Such states can also take their cases to the court which are not members of the United Nations. In that case, that state will have to bear some part of the expenses of the court.

1. Compulsory or Compulsory Jurisdiction: The Court deals with disputes in which the question of interpretation of a treaty is involved. He interprets international law and decides the nature and amount of reparation in case of a breach of an international treaty.

2. Optional Jurisdiction: The Court has jurisdiction over all those matters which are brought before it by the States or the Security Council. When one State brings a dispute before the Court and the other State agrees to become a respondent in that case, it is presumed that both States seek settlement of their dispute by the Court.

3. Advisory Officer Area: The Court also gives advice on the request of the General Assembly or the Security Council. Specialized agencies of the United Nations may also request the Court to provide advisory opinions on legal matters.

Q.3. Discuss the role of the International Monetary Fund.

Ans. Role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • 1. This organization oversees the global day system.
  • 2. It provides financial and technical assistance on a demand basis.
  • 3. There are 184 member countries of this organization but the weight of each member’s advice is not equal.
  • 4. The top ten members have 55% of the votes. These countries are the USA, Japan, Germany, France, the UK, Italy, Canada, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and China.
  • 5. America alone has 174 percent voting rights.

Long Answer Type Questions

Class 12th geography
Class 12th geography

Q.1. What are the benefits of India’s membership in the United Nations?

Ans. Benefits to India from the membership of the United Nations: Membership of the United Nations has brought many benefits to India in various fields. Due to their membership in the World Health Organization, Indians got many facilities to protect their health. With its help, a factory for making penicillin was opened in India. T.B. For the prevention of B.C.G. Vaccines became available. Apart from this, assistance of about twenty thousand dollars was received for health-related work.

The special assistance received from UNESCO to make progress in the field of education, culture, and science has been especially helpful in furthering our progress in this field. With its help, Indian students have been given facilities to go abroad for education and for foreign students to come to India.

Central Grid Zone Research Institute has been set up in Jodhpur with the help of UNESCO, in which work is being done to make barren land fertile. Similarly, many organizations are working in different fields with the help of UNESCO. The assistance of several hundred crore rupees has been received by the World Bank for development works.

International Monetary Fund arranges exchange in which our foreign trade gets a lot of encouragement. United Nations World Child Emergency Fund (UNICEF) received $ 77,300 as an aid in 1964 for child welfare in India.

Q.2. What criteria have come from the suggestions for the membership of the Security Council of the United Nations?

Ans. New criteria for membership of the Security Council

  • 1. A member nation should be established as a major economic power.
  • 2. He should be strong from a military point of view so that he can face the biggest of enemies.
  • 3. That country should be a leader in respecting democracy and human rights.
  • 4. He should have a maximum contribution to the budget of the United Nations.
  • 5. Its population should be huge.
  • 6. For membership in the Security Council, that country should lead the diversity of the world in terms of its geography, economy, and culture.

Q3. Mention the main functions of the World Bank.

Ans. Functions of the World Bank:

  • 1. After the Second World War, there was enough destruction in various countries of the world. For the revival of those countries, the World Bank was established in 1945 AD.
  • 2. The working area of ​​this bank is developing countries and it provides funds for their development.
  • 3. This bank works for human development (education, health), agriculture and rural development (irrigation and rural services).

Q. 4. What is India’s position in the United Nations?

Ans. India’s place in the United Nations – India’s contribution to the United Nations has earned it a lot of respect. India’s place in its various agencies and commissions has been important. SMT. VIJAY LAXMI PANDIT NO. Ra. The Mahasabha of the ‘General Assembly’ was elected as the President.

Mr. Ramaswami Mudaliar of India was elected as the President of the fifth session of its Economic and Social Council and in 1962 India was elected its member. In 1957, the President of the International Labor Organization, Mrs. Rajkumari Amritkaur Burney.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Sri Lakshmi Swami Mudaliar held the post of Chairman of the Working Committee of UNESCO and the ninth session of UNESCO was held in India which was presided over by Late. Abdul Kalam Azad did it. Finance Minister Shri Deshmukh has been appointed as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the International Monetary Fund. International.

Self in the post of judge of the court. Shri B. Rao was appointed. Was elected a member of the India Population Commission and Human Rights Commission. In addition, International Labor Organization no. Ra. UNCTAD’s Second Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) took place in the capital of India, New Delhi and we had the honor of organizing many other conferences in India.

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Geography Notes In English

MCQs Geography In English

  • Chapter 1 Data – Its Source and Compilation
  • Chapter 2 Data Processing
  • Chapter 3 Graphical Representation of Data
  • Chapter 4 Use of Computer in Data Processing and Mapping
  • Chapter 5 Field Surveys
  • Chapter 6 Spatial Information Technology

Geography Notes In Hindi

MCQs Geography In Hindi

  • अध्याय 1 डेटा – इसका स्रोत और संकलन
  • अध्याय 2 डाटा प्रोसेसिंग
  • अध्याय 3 डेटा का चित्रमय प्रतिनिधित्व
  • अध्याय 4 डाटा प्रोसेसिंग और मैपिंग में कंप्यूटर का उपयोग
  • अध्याय 5 फील्ड सर्वेक्षण
  • अध्याय 6 स्थानिक सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी


Q1. What is the International Court of Justice?

Ans. International Court of Justice – The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Its head office is in The Hague (Holland). There are 15 judges of the International Court of Justice. They are elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council for a term of 9 years. Only those persons who get the maximum number of votes in both the bodies (General Assembly and Security Council) will be elected judges. No two of these judges can be citizens of the same state. Any judge can be re-elected after a period of 9 years. Only those persons can become judges who have the qualifications to be appointed to the highest judicial positions in their respective countries.

Q.2. Name some specialized agencies of the United Nations.

1. International Labor Organization (ILO)
2. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
3. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO

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