Cbse Class 12 History Important Questions and Answers and pdf

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Cbse class 12 History important questions with answers and pdf, Class 12 History Important Questions and Answers, Class 12th History important mcq

Class 12 History Important Questions and Answers 

ChapterImportant Model Question Paper
BoardCbse board 
Medium English
Study MaterialsFree Study Materials

Class 12th History important mcq

Cbse Class 12 History Important Questions and Answers and pdf

Q.1. Twin capital of the Indus Valley Civilization was 

(a) Mohenjodaro-Chanhudaro

(b) Harappa-Lothal 

(c) Harappa-Mohenjodaro

(d) Lothal-Kalibanga


Q.2. How many types of marriages are mentioned in Mahabharata?

(a) Four

(b) Six

(c) आठ (Eight)

(d) Nine 


Q.3. Who among the following first issued gold coins in India?

(a) Mauryans

(b) The Indo-Greeks

(c) Kushanas

(d) Guptas 


Q.4. The first Tirthankar of Jain Dharma was-

(a) Mahavira

(c) Parshwanath

(b) Rishabdev 

(d) Ajitnath. 


Q.5. Sanchi is located in which district of Madhya Pradesh?

(a) Vidisha 

(b) Raysen

(c) Sagar

(d) Bhopal


Q.6. In which language did Al-Biruni compose Kitab-ul-Hind?

(a) in Arabic

(b) In Persian

(c) in Urdu

(d) In Sanskrit 


Q.7. Where is the Dargah of Sheikh Moinuddin Chishti located?

(a) Delhi (Delhi)

(b) Agra

(c) Ajmer

(d) Lucknow 


Q.8. Land grant by the Vijayanagar empire for civil and military services was known as

(a) Jagir

(b) Bishti

(c) Iqta

(d) अमरम (They loved) 


Q.9. Which Mughal emperor banned tobacco?

(a) Akbar

(c) Jahangir

(b) Babar

(d) Shah Jahan 


Q.10. Ain-e-Akbari is divided into how many parts?

(a) Two

(b) Three 

(c) Four

(d) Five


Q.11. When was the British East India Company established?

(a) 1600 AD 

(b) 1605 AD. (1605 AD)

(c) 1610 ई. (1610 AD)

(d) 1615 AD


Q.12. Who was the Governor General of India at the time of the rebellion of 1857?

(a) Wellesley

(c) Dalhousie

(b) Bentinck

(c) Canning 


Q.13. Who was the founder of the Indian National Congress?

(a) W.C. W.C. Banerjee 

(b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

(c) A.O. Hume (A.O. Hume)

(d) Mahatma Gandhi


Q.14. When did British Prime Minister Attlee announce the handing over of power to India?

(a) 25th June, 1945

(b) 16th August, 1946 

(c) 20th February, 1947

(d) 24th March, 1947


Q.15. Who was the President of the Constituent Assembly?

(a) Rajendra Prasad

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) B.R. Ambedkar (B.R. Ambedkar)

(d) Vallabhbhai Patel


Q. 16. Write the names of two scripts used in the inscriptions of Ashoka.

Ans. In the inscriptions of Emperor Ashoka 

(a) Brahmi and 

(b) Kharosthi scripts have been used. 

History Class 12 Important Questions 

Q. 17. What was the difference between ‘Nirgun’ and ‘Sagun’ devotion? (What was the difference between ‘Nirguna’ and ‘Saguna’ bhakti?)  

Ans. Saguna Bhakti tradition – In this, Shiva, Vishnu and their incarnations and goddesses were worshipped in tangible form. Nirguna Bhakti tradition – In this, abstract, formless God was worshipped.

Q. 18. When and by whom was the Quit India Movement started? (By whom and when the Quit India Movement was started?) 

Ans. Quit India Movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942 AD.

Q. 19. Indus Valley Civilization was an urban civilization – how? be mentioned. (Indus Valley Civilization was an urban civilization. How? Discuss.)

Ans. The Indus Valley Civilization was an urban civilization. This is clear from the following points-

(i) In this culture, roads were built in the cities which intersected each other at right angles and formed intersections. 

(ii) The arrangement of the house is like that of nets. These houses had all the arrangements for comfort. The houses were made of baked bricks. 

(iii) Arrangements of paved, banked drains were made to remove the dirty water of the cities. 

(iv) Wells have been found in many houses for storage etc. 

(v) Public baths were built for special occasions.

Q. 20. What impact did the Kalinga war have on Ashoka? (What were the impacts of the Kalinga War on Ashoka?) 

Ans. Ashoka was heartbroken after seeing the horrific bloodshed in the Kalinga war.

He was disgusted by the name of war and took an oath not to fight in future. He changed his entire lifestyle. The Kalinga War had the following effects – 1. Victory of Religion: Ashoka broke his dream and vow of conquering the world and took steps towards victory of religion. it now seems to him

It was said that the greatest victory over the world is to conquer human hearts. 2. To adopt the Buddha Religion – The Kalinga war opened Ashoka’s eyes. He accepted Buddhism. It is possible that if there had been no Kalinga war, he would not have accepted Buddhism.

3. lifestyle change – Before the Kalinga war, Ashoka, like his ancestors, fought wars, hunted, ate non-vegetarian food and lived a life of luxury, but this war changed his lifestyle. He became a priest of non-violence and a protector of the destitute.

4. Weak Military Administration – With the abandonment of the war policy, the morale of the army fell. The army is largely responsible for the decline of the Maurya Empire.

Q. 21. Describe the sources of the history of the Gupta period. (Explain the sources of the history of the Gupta Period.)

Ans. Following are the sources of the history of the Gupta period-

(1) Literary sources-Vishakhadutta wrote Devi Chandraguptam and Mudrarakshasam, which provide details about the rise of the Guptas. Social, economic and religious manuscripts were left by the Chinese traveller Fa-hien, who visited India during the reign of Chandragupta II.

(ii) Inscription- Mehrauli Iron Pillar Inscription, the achievements of Chandragupta are written in it. Personality and achievements of Samudragupta in Allahabad pillar inscription

Is described. 

(iii) Coins also have legends and figures of the Gupta period engraved on them. These coins (gold) give information about the titles and sacrifices made by the Guptas.

Q. 22. Examine Al-Wiruni’s description of the varna system and caste system. (Examine Al-Beruni’s account of the Varna system and Caste system.)

Ans. Do it yourself  

Q. 23. Describe the main teachings of Kabirdas. (Describe the main teachings of Kabirdas.) 

Ans. Do it yourself  

Q. 24. Describe the achievements of Krishnadevaraya. (Discuss the achievements of Krishnadevaraya.) 

Ans. Do it yourself  

Q. 25. Discuss the merits and demerits of permanent settlement. (Discuss the merits and demerits of the Permanent Settlement.)

Ans. Following are the merits and demerits of permanent settlement: Merits

(1) With the beginning of permanent settlement, the condition of farmers started improving and rich crops started growing in their fields. 

(ii) The development of agriculture affected the trade and commerce of the nation. As a result, Bengal became one of the most prosperous regions in India. 

(iii) It removed the problem of fixing the revenue every year. Moreover, fixed revenue protected the farmers from exploitation by the landlords. 


(1) Since the revenue was fixed it failed to adversely affect the company’s income.

(ii) This settlement adversely affected the landlords because if they sold their land. To enable the company to collect a fixed amount of revenue

Q. 26. Explain the difference between a black city and a white city. (Clarify the difference between Black Town and White Town.) 

And, do it yourself

Q. 27. What was the role of rumours in the rebellion of 1857? (What was the role of rumours in the Revolt of 1857?)

Ans. The Revolt of 1857 was led by Sepoy Mangal Pandey of Barrackpore Cantonment in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh on 10 May. Rumors played an important role in this rebellion which can be clarified by the following points-

(1) The rumor was that bullets were coated with the fat of cows and pigs and cutting those bullets would corrupt their caste and religion. 

(ii) Rumors said that the British had mixed the pools of bones of cows and pigs in the flour that was sold in the market. 

(iii) It was also rumoured that the British wanted to convert Indians to Christianity. 

Q. 28. What were the programs of the non-cooperation movement? (What were the programs of the Non-cooperation movement?)

Ans. The following were the programs of the non-cooperation movement: Boycott program 

(i) Boycott of government schools, colleges and courts.

(ii) Boycott of foreign goods. 

(iii) Boycott of council elections as suggested by the Morley-Minton reforms of 1914. 

(iv) Resignation of members of Indians from nominated seats in local bodies. 

(v) Surrender of titles and honorary offices. 

(vi) Refusal to participate in functions organized by the government. 

indigenous program 

(1) To increase the popularity of Swadeshi and Khadi by promoting hand spinning and hand weaving. 

(ii) To remove untouchability from Indian society and take complete measures for the welfare of Harijans. 

(iii) Emancipation and upliftment of women.

Q. 29. Describe the social, economic and religious stages of Harappan civilization. (Discuss the social, economic and religious conditions

Ans. Do it yourself

Or, discuss the life and teachings of Mahavir Jain. (Discuss the life and teachings of Mahavira Jain.) 

Ans. Do it yourself

Q.30. Review the importance and effects of the Bhakti movement. (Review the importance and effects of the Bhakti movement.)

Ans. Do it yourself

Or, Why is Akbar called the national emperor? (Why is Akbar called National Monarch?) 

Ans. Do it yourself

Q. 31. Describe the main causes of the Revolt of 1857. (Describe the main causes of the Revolt of 1857.) 

Ans. Do it yourself

What was the impact of Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha on the Indian national movement? (How did the Salt Satyagraha of Gandhi influence the Indian National Movement?)

Ans. Gandhiji had conducted various movements and Satyagraha to liberate the country from the slavery of the British, among which the Salt Satyagraha or Break the Salt Law Movement also has a prominent place. This Satyagraha took place on March 12, 1930. The Break the Salt Law movement is also called the Dandi March. It had a wide-ranging impact on the Indian national movement.

Dandi March had a greater impact on the Indian freedom struggle because the feeling of patriotism among the Indian people started awakening rapidly due to the Salt Satyagraha. Freedom fighters and patriots became very excited to liberate the country. There was a wave of enthusiasm in the country due to the Salt Law. After the Break the Salt Law Movement, the Quit India Movement was started in 1942 under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. 

Later, freedom fighters and patriots also sacrificed their lives and property to liberate India from the slavery of the British. As a result, the Indian national movement spread rapidly. This is the reason why India became independent from British slavery on August 15, 1947.

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