Class 12 History MCQs Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official ArchivesChallenges of Nation Building

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Are you a Class 12 student and looking for Class 12 History MCQs Chapter 10 ? Because this chapter is very important for the exam. Many questions from this chapter have come in the exam. Due to this, it is very important to know the question answer of this chapter.

So students, after reading this article, you will get a lot of marks from this chapter in the exam, because the questions related to all the exams have been described in it, so definitely read it completely.

I myself have been a topper of class 12th and I know what type of questions are asked in class 12th exam. At present, I am also playing the role of a teacher, and also make my students practice important information and topics of class 12th. I have written the mcqs article here with my experience of more than 5 years. With the help of this post, you will be able to get very good marks in history from this chapter in the exam.

Class 12 History MCQs Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official ArchivesChallenges of Nation Building

Chapter NameColonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official ArchivesChallenges of Nation Building
Medium English / History
Study MaterialsMCQ

facts to remember

Class 12 History MCQs Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official ArchivesChallenges of Nation Building
  • Bhagwat Jawahar Mal and Ramsingh Kuka had three objectives of the East India Company – to increase the company’s income, to make the territories profitable to England and
  • Consolidation of British rule in India.
  • East India Company was established in 1600 AD.
  • Before the Battle of Plassey in 1757, this company was a trading company. After the Buxar war of 1764, it started ruling in India. It became a political power from a trading company.
  • Lord Cornwallis implemented permanent settlement in Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, etc. in 1793 AD. In 1820, the Ryotwari system was implemented in Bombay and Madras. The fathers of this system were James Munro and Captain Rode.
  • The Mahalwadi system was implemented in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Punjab. It was implemented by Gubert Martin Word. It came into force in 1822 AD.
  • By the Allahabad Treaty of 1764, the Company obtained Diwani rights in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. The Company’s trade monopoly was ended by the Charter Act of 1833.
  • Warren Hastings was the first Governor General of Bengal.
  • A permanent 10-year census started in India in 1881 during the period of Lord Ripon.
  • The meaning of Raiyat is from the farming public.
  • The Lathaits of the landlord were called Lathiyal. Francis Buchanan was a physician. He has given the details of the hills of Rajmahal and the Santhal tribe in his diary.
  •  ‘Damin-i-Koh’ was the land that was given to the Santhals by the British.
  • The leaders of the Santhal rebellion were Siddha and Kanhu.
  • The Mahalwadi system is also called ‘Act-7’.
  • Permanent settlement is also called temporary settlement. The Cornwallis Code came into force on 1 May 1793.
  • At the beginning of the American Civil War (1861-65), India exported cotton to the British textile industry.
  • After the end of the American Civil War, cotton from America started coming to Britain again. Virsa Munda is known as Ulgulan (Great Movement) and Munda rebellion is known as Ulgulan rebellion.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who was Francis Buchanan?

(a) soldier

(b) Singer

(c) Engineer


2. With which school of history is Francis Mukanen’s account compared?


(b) salter

(c) Marxist

(d) imperialist

3. Which tribe is known from the description of French Buchanan?

(a) God


(c) call

(d) Hammar

4. Who was the leader of the Santhal rebellion?

(a)Sidhu Kanu

(b) Sevaram

(c) Gomdhar Kunar

(d) Chintan Singh

5, Which report is related to the activities of the East India Company in India?

(a) 11th report

(b) 21st report

(S)fifth report

(d) none of these 

6. The father of Ryotwari settlement was-

(a) Martin Bird

(b) Buchanan

(S)monroe and reed

(d) all of these

7. Mahalwadi settlement was implemented by

(a)martin word

(b) reed

(c) Munro

(d) Buchanan

8. After the victory in which war, the East India Company obtained the Diwani rights of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa-

(a) Plassey


(c) Panipat

(d) Haldighati

class 12th NotesMCQ
HistoryPolitical Science

9. What was ‘Damin-i-Koh’?

(a)the terrain

(b) degree

(c) sword

(d) Jagir

10. Cornwallis code made-

(a) in 1775

(B)in 1793

(c) since 1797

(d) in 1805

11. Permanent 10-year census was started in India in 1881 during the period of which Governor General?

(a) Clive

(b) Warren Hastings


(d) Mayo

12. When was the Deccan Riots Commission constituted?


(b) 1880

(c) 1885

(d) 1890

13. Which government report reveals the condition of Indian agricultural tribes? 

(a) Buchanan’s report

(b) Fifth Report

(c) Deccan Riots Commission Report

(The)from all of the above

Must Practice These very important questions

  • 1. When and where was the Permanent Settlement implemented?
  • 2. Where and when was the Mahalwadi settlement implemented? 3. When and where was the Ryotwari settlement implemented?
  • 4. Who was Buchanan?
  • 5. What is a rent agreement?
  • 6. What is the meaning of ryot?
  • 7. Give the meaning of Mahal.
  • 8. When did the Santhal rebellion happen?
  • 9. Who was the leader of the Santhal rebellion?
  • 10. In which area was the Permanent Settlement implemented?
  • 1. What do you understand by permanent settlement?
  • 2. Why did Sanchal rebel against the British rule?
  • 3. What do you understand by the Mahalwari settlement?
  • 4. What do you understand by Ryotwari Settlement? Throw light on its features.
  • 5. What do you know about Francis Buchanan?
  • 6. Why did Cornwallis implement the Permanent Settlement? 7. Why was the Deccan Riots Commission constituted?
  • 8. Critically examine the report of the Deccan Riots Commission.
  • 9. Who were the Pahadiyas of Rajmahal?
  • 10. What do you know about jhum cultivation?
  • 1. What were the reasons for the establishment of European colonies in India?
  • 2. What benefit did the Company get from the Permanent Settlement?
  • 3. How was the power of the jotedars more effective than the power of the zamindars in the village? Explain.
  • 4. Throw light on the background of the Peasants’ Revolt in the Deccan.
  • 5. What were the main features of the permanent land management of Bengal?
  • 6. Mention the major crops of western India in the 17th century. How did it come to India?
  • 7. Explain colonialism.
  • 8. Explain the place of land based kingdoms in India by the water based powerful by the end of 18th century.
  • 9. Prove that “the fight between Sambal and the hills was a fight between the plow and the hoe”.
  • 10. How was the livelihood of the Paharias different from that of the Santhals?

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Chapter NoChapter SolutionMcq
1Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan CivilisationClick here
2Kings, Farmers and Towns Early States and EconomiesClick here
3Kinship, Caste and Class Early SocietiesClick here
4Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings Cultural DevelopmentsClick here
5Through the Eyes of Travellers Perceptions of SocietyClick here
6Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional TextsClick here
7An Imperial Capital: VijayanagaraClick here
8Peasants, Zamindars and the State Agrarian Society and the Mughal EmpireClick here
9Kings and Chronicles The Mughal CourtsClick here
10Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official ArchivesClick here
11Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its RepresentationsClick here
12Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and ArchitectureClick here
13Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and BeyondClick here
14Understanding Partition Politics, Memories, ExperiencesClick here
15Framing the Constitution The Beginning of a New EraClick here

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