Class 12 History MCQs Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning, and Architecture

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Are you a Class 12 student and looking for Class 12 History MCQs Chapter 12? Because this chapter is very important for the exam. Many questions from this chapter have come in the exam. Due to this, it is very important to know the question answer of this chapter.

So students, after reading this article, you will get a lot of marks from this chapter in the exam, because the questions related to all the exams have been described in it, so definitely read it completely.

I myself have been a topper of class 12th and I know what type of questions are asked in class 12th exam. At present, I am also playing the role of a teacher, and also make my students practice important information and topics of class 12th. I have written the mcqs article here with my experience of more than 5 years. With the help of this post, you will be able to get very good marks in history from this chapter in the exam.

Class 12 History MCQs Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning, and Architecture

Chapter NameColonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning, and Architecture
Medium English / History
Study MaterialsMCQ

facts to remember

Class 12 History MCQs Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning, and Architecture
Class 12 History MCQs CH-12 in Hindi
  • On December 31, 1600, one hundred merchants established the East India Company in London, which they named the Governor and Company of Merchants Tooting into the East India. As a representative of the English Company, Hawkins had reached the court of the Mughal Emperor Ardhgir in 1008 AD.
  • The English Company had sent Thomas Ree to the Mughal court in 1615 AD as the ambassador of King James I of England to conclude a trade treaty with the Mughal emperor.
  • In 1716-17 AD, the Company had received a trading farman from the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar. Historian ‘O’ called it the “Company’s Magnacarya (Great Charter)”. On June 23, 1757, the British won a decisive victory in the Battle of Plassey and became the de facto rulers of Bengal.
  • In 1766, the ‘Treaty of Allahabad’ took place in which the British got the Diwani rights of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Regulating Act was passed in 1773 AD. In the same year the ‘Supreme Court’ was established in Calcutta.
  • In 1803 AD, the famous ‘Minutes’ were written by Lord Wellesley on Calcutta Municipal Reforms.
  • In 1857 AD, the first Spinning and Weaving Mill was established in Bombay. In the 1870s, elected representatives were included in the municipalities.
  • In 1896 AD, the film was shown for the first time at Watsons Hotel in Yambai. In 1911 AD, the capital of India was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.
  • The present names of Calcutta, Bombay and Mahas are Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai respectively. ‘Peth’ is a Tamil word meaning ‘habitation’, while ‘puram’ is the word used for ‘village’.
  • Basti originally meant locality or habitation but the British narrowed the meaning of the word and it started being used for the kutcha huts of the poor. By the late 19th century, British documents began to refer to ‘shanties’ as squalid slums. From the beginning of the 20th century, the trend of pitched roofs in bungalows started to decline. Although the houses There was no change in the general plan.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The name of the British fortified settlement in Calcutta was-

(a) Fort St. George

(b) Fort St. David

(S)fort william

(d) none of these

2. When was the capital of India shifted from Kolkata to Delhi?

(a) In 1910 AD

(b) 1912 AD In

(c) 1909 AD In

(The)1911 AD

3. Victoria Terminal is an example of which architectural style?


(b) Indo-Saracenic

(c) Neoclassical

(d) none of these

4. Chawl buildings are the main feature of this city-

(a) Delhi


(c) Madras

(d) Kolkata

5. The Portuguese captured Goa

(a) 1509

(b) 1515


(d) 1512

6. Suez Canal was opened for trade-

(a) 1870


(c) 1878

(d) 1860

7. The city of seven islands is called-


(b) Shimla

(c) Kolkata

(d) Bangalore

8. When was the first census done at all India level?

(a) 1871


(c) 1891

(d) 1894

class 12th NotesMCQ
HistoryPolitical Science

9. What is a small permanent market called?

(a) town

(b) Civil Lines


(d) Height Town

10. The head officer of the city was called-


(b) Citizen

(c) Kotwal

(d) Principal

11. In which year did Vasco da Gama reach India?

(a) 17 May 1498

(b) 17 March 1498

(c) 17 May 1598

(d) 17 March 1598

12. When was the Supreme Court established in Calcutta

(a) 1885 AD

(b) 1573 AD.

(c) 1771


13. Railway was started in India-

(a) 1753

(b) 1973


(d) none of these

14. When was the Gateway of India built?

(a) 1910

(b) 1912


(d) 1914

15. When was India Gate built?

(a) 1911

(b) 1921


(d) 1941

16. Where is the Gateway of India located?


(b) Delhi

(c) Madras

(d) Kolkata

17. Who propounded the “Theory of Money Migration” in India during the British rule?

(a) R.S. C. Dutt

(B)Dadabhai Naroji

(c) MN Roy

(d) Adam Smith

Must Practice These very important questions

  • 1. In which civilization was the proper drainage system (drain system) seen for the first time?
  • 2. When and who discovered the new sea route to India?
  • 3. When was the first census done at all Indiann level??
  • 4. Write the names of three big cities which were systematically abandoned by the British.
  • 5. In which city was the fort of Fort St. George built?
  • 7. Who is considered the founder of the city of Calcutta7
  • 8. Which Indian city was given the name of Urbs Prima in Indis?
  • 9. Which city was made by the British as their summer capital in India?
  • 10. Who was Bellala?
  • 1. What was meant by the terms diet and black town during the colonial period?
  • 2. What was the impact of the disintegration of the Mughal Empire on the process of urbanization?
  • 3 What type of diplomacy was used by the colonial government in the making of maps?
  • 4. Differentiate between Fala town and Mota town. 5. How was the development of Civil Lines?
  • 6. Give a brief introduction to Neoclassical, Neo-Gobic and Indo-Saracenic architectural styles.
  • 7. What was the Lottery Committee? explain..
  • 8. Explain Chawl buildings.
  • 9. Explain the process of development of hill stations.
  • 10. Explain the process of urbanization in Delhi.
  • 1. Describe the major colonial strategies of urban development.
  • 2. Describe the main features of newly urbanized cities.
  • 3. Describe in detail the then prevalent architectural styles.
  • 4. Explain the process of establishment and development of Madras city.
  • 6. Describe in detail the process of Calcutta becoming a modern city.

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Chapter NoChapter SolutionMcq
1Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan CivilisationClick here
2Kings, Farmers and Towns Early States and EconomiesClick here
3Kinship, Caste and Class Early SocietiesClick here
4Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings Cultural DevelopmentsClick here
5Through the Eyes of Travellers Perceptions of SocietyClick here
6Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional TextsClick here
7An Imperial Capital: VijayanagaraClick here
8Peasants, Zamindars and the State Agrarian Society and the Mughal EmpireClick here
9Kings and Chronicles The Mughal CourtsClick here
10Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official ArchivesClick here
11Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its RepresentationsClick here
12Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and ArchitectureClick here
13Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and BeyondClick here
14Understanding Partition Politics, Memories, ExperiencesClick here
15Framing the Constitution The Beginning of a New EraClick here

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