NCERT Solutions For Class 12 English Kailedoscope Non-Fiction Ch-2 the mark on the wall summary

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The mark on the wall summary: Virginia Woolf was a great novelist and essayist of English literature. In this non-fiction, the renowned novelist and essayist have exhibited nuance and macrocosm of the human thoughts that come in torrents or streams. 

A flood of references, dictums, events, macro and micro subtle and sublime; is gathered aptly in this style of writing. It is popularly known as stream of consciousness. 

The Mark On The Wall is a simple thing for a man having ordinary wit but it has here taken a number of shapes, figures, sizes, logic, fallacy etc. 

Sometimes, it is burning coal, a crimson flag, a cavalcade of red knights, old fancy, an automatic fancy, a miniature of a lady, an old picture of an old room, an art supported by ideas, the mystery of life, inaccuracy of thought and ignorance of humanity. 

She has drawn a variety of pictures, thoughts, imaginations and acts of historical persons, medium-class people as also of the rabble. 

She can see a mere mark or line drawn on the wall in numerous ways and says “I want to think quietly, calmly, spaciously, never to be interrupted, never to have to rise from my chair, to slip easily from one thing to another, without any sense of hostility or obstacle”.

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 English Kailedoscope Non-Fiction Ch-2 the mark on the wall summary

Chapter TypeNon-Fiction
Chapter Namethe mark on the wall
AuthorVirginia Woolf (1882-1941)
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Kaleidoscope)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer
Download PDFCLICK HERE- the mark on the wall PDF

the mark on the wall summary

Learned novelist and essayist, Virginia Woolf appears here with her stream of conscious revolving round the mark on the wall. She says it was middle of January as she remembers fire place, Chrysanthemums blossomed and pale sunlight of winter season when she first saw that mark. 

She looks it across smoke of cigarette as burning coal. She visions it as a flag unfurled on castle tower. Her intellect takes it as cavalcade of red krights. Only her fancy was interrupted because the mark for her was an automatic fancy.

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 English Kailedoscope Non Fiction Ch 2 the mark on the wall summary

Flashing thoughs-She tells our thoughts flash on a new object momentarily as ants carry half-way a blade of straw. In her thoughts, calculation and count goes unbarred on the thing/tool used while the line was drawn. She imagines its being miniature of a lady. 

She again under a trance that without strong support of ideas, and ant succumbs to temporal pains and problems as the earlier occupants of the house with a mark on the wall, were ultra-modern type who sold their house so that they could change their style of furniture. 

Here, she states that the past and present should go together in an art of living. It is art that assists at the crucial moments of life – she lays stress upon this topic.

Reminiscence: An Introduction-She says past cannot be recalled with all certainty. Events are remembered but the factors bringing them in existence are forgotton while review, retrospection, revision of past is always necessary for living a human life. 

She says that in order to manage human impulses, she is fond of finding mystery of life, inaccuracy of the thought and the ignorance of humanity. She states that human age is lost in caring for children, pets. residence, store etc. 

However, she has now attained equanimous state of consciousness and these physical things are forgotten. Comparison of ones life with another is the blunder as every individual has born with unique potentials She expects citizen with fortitude and patience or forebearing. 

She tells the process how concentration on topics is made. She tells that commotion free and comfortable environment is necessary while nursing. She opposes tendency of blind faith as the major hurdle to contemplation on topics or issues properly.

An Introduction of Stream of Conscious-She tells self-praise or ostentation deplets the essence of morality from the man. Idolatry is also a means of creating one’s false image for nothing as it is not permanent. 

She says when mirror is broken, the image disappears and romantic figure so formed, is dead at once. She condemns people who develop the glassy image of Self, not original. 

Stream of conscious is realised when inner sparks are honoured. The people with self-realisation will receive numerous reflections even from the minuscule events/pictures/scene. 

She says description of reflection is not impressive and the military sound of the word is enough. One can in precise way render reflections with brevity and even a sentence may contain many reflections in a flash light. 

She says that the real things of the past have been messed up therefore, people at present, consider them all, mere stretch of imagination or false in themselves, Such travesty is condemned by the novelist here.

Thoughts meet to wholesome form: An Investigation-She in contemplation, watches the mark on the wall as drawn by finger and takes it as if it is a tomb or camp. 

She discusses the taxonomy of naming process in the past to the things ab-initio. She describes the work done by scientists engaged with research of utility of things newly invented. 

The thoughts gradually expand and accumulate evidence to decide something in absolute terms. The common topics can be described in detail provided that an investigation in depth is done. 

It may disclose the mark on the wall pertaining to two hundred years ago and drawn by the gigantic nail of a primitive man. Such investigation in depth provides the investigator with knowledge and this way, the man attains to civilization-the novelist says. 

Perusal of books and the inventory on the literature, tell the man sequence of persons and events come into existence. However, one should take care of meshing up of irrelevant thoughts and avoid giving essence less details.

Formula for being thoughful-She reveals a number of things of the world on which a thinker can do concentration and extract salient features vested in them. 

These are E. G wood, cow, rivers, fish, water, beetle etc. She says what requires here is an intelligent mind to see an unimportant thing of our daily life as living, talking, doing interaction and a number of other phenomenon.

the mark on the wall summary In hindi

विदुषी उपन्यास एवं निबंध-लेखिका विर्जिनिया वूल्फ दीवार पर चिह्न के बारे में सोचती हुई विचारों के प्रवाह के बीच मालूम पड़ती है । वह कहती है कि मध्य जनवरी का समय था, चूँकि वह अंगीठी, खिले हुए गुलदाऊदी और शीत ऋतु की पीली धूप को याद करती है जब उसने पहली बार उस चिह्न को देखा। 

वह उसे सिगरेट के धुएँ के बीच से जलते हुए कोयले के रूप में देखती है । उसने उसे लाल योद्धाओं के घुड़सवारों का जुलूस समझा । उसकी कल्पना बाधित हो गयी क्योंकि उसके लिए यह चिह्न स्वकल्पित था ।

चलायमान विचार-लेखिका कहती है कि हमारे विचार नयी वस्तु पर क्षण भर के लिए चले जाते हैं जैसे चीटियों आधे रास्ते में अपना काम छोड़ देती हैं। उसके विचार में गणना और अनुमान अबाधित चलता है कि किस चीज से पंक्ति खींची गयी थी। 

वह उसे एक महिला का लघु रूप होने की कल्पना करती है। वह पुनः ध्यानस्थ होकर सोचती है कि बिना किसी विचार के सहारे चींटी तो दर्द और समस्याओं के घरों में हो जाती है जैसे कि इस घर के पूर्व अधिकारियों ने इस चिह्न को पसन्द नहीं किया क्योंकि वे अति आधुनिक किस्म के थे और उन्होंने अपने पर बेच दिये ताकि वे फर्नीचर की शैली को बदल सकें । 

यह वह कहती है कि जीवन फला में भूत और वर्तमान को साथ-साथ चलना चाहिए । वह इस विषय पर जोर देकर कहती है कि कला जीवन के सोचनीय भागों में सहयोग करती है ।

स्मृति : एक भूमिका-लेखिका कहती है कि पूरी निश्चितता के साथ अतीत का स्मरण नहीं किया जा सकता है । घटनाएँ याद रहती हैं किन्तु जिन कारकों के कारण वे होती हैं, उन्हें भुला दिया जाता है जबकि मानव जीवन में अतीत का पुनर्वलोकन, दर्शन एवं पुनर्विचार हमेशा आवश्यक है । 

वह अशुद्धता तथा मानवमात्र की अज्ञानता ढूँढने की शौकीन है । वह कहती है कि मनुष्य की आयु बच्चों, पालतुओं, आवास एवं संग्रह आदि पर ध्यान देने में समाप्त हो जाती है । फिर भी उसने अब चेतना की स्थिरता प्राप्त कर ली है और भौतिक वस्तुएँ भुला गयी हैं। 

किसी के जीवन की दूसरे से तुलना करना भारी भूल है चूंकि प्रत्येक व्यक्ति अनूठी क्षमता के साथ पैदा हुआ है । वह नागरिकों में सहनशीलता और धैर्य की आशा करती है । विषयों पर एकाग्रचित्त होने की वह विधि बतलाती है । 

वह कहती है कि सेवा करते समय क्षोभमुक्त और आनंददायक वातावरण आवश्यक है । आँख मूँद कर विश्वास करने व वह उचित ढंग से विषयों चिन्तन के रास्ते में बहुत बड़ी कमजोरी के रूप में विरोध करती है।

चेतना के प्रवाह की भूमिका लेखिका कहती है कि आत्म-स्तुति या आडम्बर मनुष्य से नैतिकता के सारतत्व को हटा देती है । मूर्तिपूजा भी व्यर्थ में किसी की चलायमान छवि बनाने का एक साधन है चूंकि वह स्थायी नहीं होती है । 

वह कहती है कि जब दर्पण टूट जाता है तो प्रतिबिम्ब गायब हो जाता है और इस प्रकार निर्मित काल्पनिक प्रतिविम्ब तुरंत निरर्थक हो जाता है । वह उनलोगों की भर्त्सना करती है जो शीशे के समान स्व (निज) की छवि विकसित करते हैं, न कि मौलिक । ज्ञान का प्रवाह तब महसूस किया जाता है जब आन्तरिक स्फूरण का सम्मान किया जाता है । 

आत्मानुभूति वाले लोग छोटी-छोटी घटनाओं / तस्वीरों / दृश्यों से भी अनेक तरह के प्रतिबिम्ब प्राप्त करेंगे। वह कहती है कि प्रतिबिम्ब का वर्णन प्रभावशाली नहीं होता है और सशक्त आवाज पर्याप्त होती है । 

कोई यथार्थ रूप में छोटे रूप में प्रतिबिम्ब बना सकता है और एक वाक्य में भी बहुत से प्रतिविम्व समाहित हो सकते हैं। वह कहती है कि अतीत की वस्तुओं को मिला दिया गया है, इसलिए वर्तमान में लोग उन सबों को कल्पना का विस्तार मात्र या अपने आप में मिथ्या समझते हैं। इस तरह के हास्यास्पद लेख का वह निंदा करती है ।

विचारों का स्वस्थ रूप एक अनुसंधान-चिन्तन में लेखिका ऊँगली द्वारा दीवार पर बनाये गये चिह्न को गौर से देखती है और उसे गुम्बद या खेमा समझती है। वह अतीत की प्रारंभिक पशु-पौधों को वर्गीकृत करने की विधि पर चर्चा करती है । 

वह नयी आविष्कृत वस्तुओं के उपयोग के अनुसंधान में लगे वैज्ञानिकों के कामों का वर्णन करती है । सामान्य विषयों का विस्तारपूर्वक वर्णन किया जा सकता है बशर्ते गहराई से अनुसंधान किया जाता है । यह दो सी वर्ष पहले के आदिम मानव के बड़े नाखून से दीवार पर खींचे गये चिह्न का भेद खोल सकता है । 

निबंध-लेखिका कहती है कि इस तरह का गहराई से किया गया अनुसंधान, अनुसंधानकर्ता को ज्ञान प्रदान करता है और मनुष्य सभ्यता को प्राप्त करता है । पुस्तकों का अध्ययन और साहित्य की तालिका मनुष्यों को व्यक्तियों के क्रम और अस्तित्व में आगे की घटनाओं के बारे में बताते हैं । फिर भी, असंगत विचारों के जाल में फँसने और सारभूत वस्तुओं का विस्तार कम करने से बचना चाहिए ।


Fleeing Impression = स्वत: वाही विचारों का संकलन, Chrysanthemums = गुलदाउदी का फूल, Mantel Piece अंगीठी की कार्निस, Old fancy of crimson = Mag= चिन्तन प्रक्रिया का अचानक शुरु होना, Lodging = ठहरना, Cavalcade जुलूस, Swarm= समूह, 

Carnation = गुलाबी रंग, Feverishly = अनिच्छा से, Asunder = निराश, Cannister ढक्कन वाला वर्तन, Iron loop = खटी, Coal Scuttle= कोयले की बल्टी, Pave = कतरना, Opal = स्फटिक, Emerald = मरकत पन्ना, Bagatelle Board = तकड़ों का गोलाकार तख्ता जिसपर रोटियाँ बनाई जाती हैं, 

Hand Organ = बेलन, Deluge = निमग्न करना, सराबोर करना, Groping = खोजना, Haphazard = अस्त-व्यस्त, Blots बे, Indistinct = सामान्य, अस्पष्ट, Fragment = खंड, टुकड़ा, Annihilation = विनाश, सहार, to think quietly, calmly, spaciously = ध्यानावस्था, समाधि अवस्था, अन्तर्भूतः अवस्था, Perpetually = सतत, निरंतर, Pleasantest thoughts = अल्हड़, प्रफुल्ल चित विचार, Tassel = अन्त:सज्जा की एक वस्तुः फुंदने, Instinctively = स्वतः, स्वभावगत, सहज ढंग से, 

Omnibuses = विचारों की प्रस्फुटित अवस्था, Vagueness निरर्थकता, Phantoms = आत्मरति (आत्म-मोह) के कारण उत्पन्न मनोदशा, Tapestry = चित्रपट Damanation = निन्दा, भर्त्सना, Illegitimate freedom स्वच्छंदता, Tumulus = मकबरा, समाधि, स्तूप, |url= घास की थिंगली ठूंठ, County towns = जनपद नगर, 

Indites = लिखता है, Attrition = घर्षण, मनोमंथन, Crouched = पालथी मारकर बैठना, Shrew-mice = अंतर्दृष्टि से उत्पन्न बोध, Brewing herbs = देशज बूटियों के अर्क से दवा तैयार करना, Question of the camp or the tomb in perpetual suspension = सरकारों का

परिवर्तन, Retd. Colonel = सैन्य अधिकारी, लेखक, Stroke lay him low = अपमान, वर्जना, तिरस्कार से पीड़ित, Whitaker’s Almanack = संदर्भ ग्रंथ, Train of thought = चेतना का प्रवाह, Grasped a plank in the sea कथानक, विषय, उद्देश्य, बिन्दु, Quiescent = शान्त, चुपचाप, Impersonal world = स्वर्ग, अलौकिक आध्यात्मिक, Awning = बितान, आच्छादिका, Antiquary = पुरातत्त्ववेत्ता ।

the mark on the wall question answer

Q. 1. What is the string of varied thoughts that the mark on the wall stimulates in the author’s mind ? 

Ans. The authoress could see the fire-place as castle tower, the burning coal as flapping flag, cavalcade of red knights (the coal pieces half burnt) and the gradual grip of fire (kindling process through air) 

from one end of coal piece to other end appeared her as if the red army was raiding on black rock (ie. unburnt portion of each coal piece). It was a fancy of a clairvoyant and prolific novelist. 

Q. 2. What change in the depiction of reality does the author foresee for future novelists?

Ans. The author foresee the following change in the depiction of reality for future novelists— 

(i) The future novelists will write giving in their mind, the most care for the people who leter-on peep into it. She refers to the example of Shakespeare who used to sit in an armchair and look into the fire and thus, a shower of ideas perpe etually from heaven down through his mind. 

(i) Reflections shall be preferred more by the future novelists. The reflections being in almost infinite number, those noveliste will pursue mors and more out of their stories. It will be as Cheeks did and Shakespeare in his historical fictions adopted. Such novels will receive condemnation from the people. These novelists would not do must labour to investigate the reality of their ideas.

Q. 3. What is the author’s perception of limitations of knowledge and Jearning?

Ans. It’s proliferation of man’s self study duly supported by institutions, risen up to contemplation (le at the state of decision making with perseverance) Learning according to novelist is to read, peruse and generalise the views of our predecessors who could not gather any facility except a shelter in caves but it is true that they had written down the language of stars. 

It’s light of that language of star that we could see and understand the scope of supersitions and our mental health and respect for beauty has increased. 

The novelist says that we are now in a quiet, spacious world with the flowers, so red and blue in the open fields none in caves yet obscene and overt language of bears and woolves is being written now. 

Its irony on writers for their espionage, ghosts, myths, erotics and literature exciting anyway sentiments of people that give birth to chaotic situations in the country.

Q. 4. Describe the unbroken flow of thoughts and perceptions of the narrator’s mind using the example of colonel and the clergy. 

Ans. Colonels are told as administor or ruler. These are probably leading parties of aged labourers who rule as colonel Le. despot. 

Clods and stones exhibit the territorial area alongwith marine line in nautical miles of a country or nation, Neighbouring clergy is the Christianity with religion heads as Archbishop, Lord High Chancellor etc. 

Its shows the religion governed administration in England during ancient period of feudalism (viz. Three Orders system). 

Geography भूगोल
Political science राजनीति विज्ञान
English SubjectResult
Hindi SubjectHistory answer keys



Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow- 

But after life. The slow pulling down of thick green stalks so that the cup of the flower, as it turns over, deluges one with purple and red light. 

Why, after all, should one not be born there as one is born here, helpless, speechless, unable to focus one’s eyesight, grouping at the roots of the grass, at the toes of the Giants? 

As for saying which are trees and which are men and women, or whether there are such things, that one won’t be in a condition to do for fifty years or so. 

There will be nothing but spaces of light and dark, intersected by thick stalks, and rather higher up perhaps, rose-shaped blots of an indistinct colour-dim pinks and blues-which will, as time goes on, become more definite, become-I don’t know what….. 


(i) What is slow pulling down of thick green stalks?

(ii) Who have born here? 

(iii) Where are mere spaces of light and dark?

(iv) Which things become more definite with the flux of time.


(i) In preceding para, the novelist has talked about dry stalk pulled upto a little distance by an ant because there was a swarm of thoughts. Here again she talks about, but the stalks here are not dry but green. It indicates when theme is made like an arrow head. (viz. given weightage). 

(ii) These are restrictions and objections on the thoughts duly circumspected by author from bureaucracy, the system in its entirety. Therefore, an anxiety is felt by the author. 

(iii) In the society, the governing system, organisation, institutions. These are swindling, bias, prejudices, stereotypes, intrigues, deceit in imagery of dark while record of noble deeds in imagery of light here.

(iv) She wants to say that benevolent musings, contemplations of an author, due to environment being

repressive/suppressive are faded but these sprout again when environment turns in good side or when public is realised facts, either sooner or later.


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow- 

The tree outside the window taps very gently on the pane… I want to think quietly, calmly, spaciously, never to be interrupted, never to have rise from my chair, to slip easily from one thing to another, without any sense of hostility, or obstacle. 

I want to sink deeper and deeper, away from the surface, with its hard separate facts. To steady myself, let me catch hold of the first idea that passes… Shakespeare…. Well, he will do as well as another. 

A man who sat himself solidly in an armchair, and looked into the fire, so-a shower of ideas fell perpetually from some very high Heaven down through his mind. 

He leant his forehead on his hand, and people, looking in through the open door-for this scene is supposed to take place on a summer’s evening-but how dull this is, this historical fiction! It doesn’t interest me at all. 

I wish I could hit upon a pleasant track of thought, a track indirectly reflecting credit upon myself, for those are the pleasantest thoughts, and very frequent even in the minds of modest mouse-coloured people, who believe genuinely that they dislike to hear their own praises. 

They are not thoughts directly praising oneself; that is the beauty of them; they are thoughts like this: 


(i) What thing here does reveal the novelist’s being the most sensitive woman? 

(ii) Why is the sense of hostility or obstacle reflected here ?

(iii) What does the term “solidly” denote here? 

(iv) Why does he leant his forehead on his hand?

(v) Why were people looking in through (vi) What is historical fiction? the open door?

(vii) To which the novelist say a pleasant track of thought? 


(1) The bough of a tree hits f onrequently the closed window pane and the novelist is feeling it as a cause of disturbance, a commotion. 

(ii) In a state of meditation, the novelist can establish a consistency and harmony in her contemplation on the topics, she has chosen. 

(iii) It denotes “erudition”, “authority” of shakespeare which made him so popular.

(iv) It refers the poise of writing. The creative writers have to contemplate in depth and simultaneously, they quote the things on paper. 

(v) Here, it is Shakespeare who while writing has kept in his mind, the interests of public. 

(vi) In historical fictions, praise of the rulers, the patrons or the rich is made with all false imagery of the beautiful objects of this earth. 

(vii) This track of thought bears benevolent topics. It does not do self- She takes care of the minds of modest mouse-coloured people viz. 


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow- 

No, no, nothing is proved, nothing is known. And if I were to get up at this very moment and ascertain that the mark on the wall is really-what shall we say? 

the head of a gigantic old nail, driyen in two hundred years ago, which has now, owing to the patient attrition of many generations of housemaids, 

revealed its head above the coat of paint, and is taking its first view of modern life in the sight of a white walled fire-lit room, what should I gain ?-Knowledge? 

Matter for further speculation? I can think sitting still as well as standing up. And what is knowledge? 

What are our learned men save the descendants of witches and hermits who crouched in caves and in woods brewing herbs, interrogating shrew-mice and writing down the language of the stars? 

And the less we honour them as our superstitions dwindle and our respect for beauty and health of mind increases… Yes, one could imagine a very pleasant world. 

A quiet, spacious world, with the flowers so red and blue in the open fields. A world without professors or specialists or house-keepers with the profiles of policemen, a world which one could slice with one’s thought as a fish slices the water with his fin, grazing the stems of the waterlilies, hanging suspended over nests of white sea eggs… 

How peaceful it is down here, rooted in the centre of the world and gazing up through the grey waters, with their sudden gleams of light, and their reflections-if it were not for Whitaker’s Almanack-if it were not for the Table of Precedency!


(i) What would the novelist have done had the mark on the wall ascertained being nail driven?

(ii) What is white walled fire-lit room?

(ii) How does the novelist inspire writers to take care of the original writers and non to pollute their works with the dust of their passions? 

(iv) Why does the novelist define modern approach as prolific to beauty and health of mind, only when superstitions are dwindled?

(v) Who are house-keepers with the profiles of policemen ?

(vi) Which type of world has been described here?

(vii) What does the term “slice” refer to here?


(i) She would have supplied details like that of its dateline being two hundered years ago, a gigantic nail of primitive rabble, continuous friction caused by many generations that descended down and departed during intermission. 

(ii) It reveals mere direct perception of things through sensory organs and deterioration at the same time of contemplative disposition.

(iii) She counts the defects and their impact on society when an author shirks from review on references, proper analysis and grading of the things, he wants to bring out before public. 

(iv) Here is hidden irony. She refers only two aspects of human health i.e. body and mind but cryptic absence of the emotional aspect, the land in which crop of cosmos-consciousness is grown. 

(v) A watch-dog vigilance including enquiry of the people getting in the house by modern house-holds. Harsh words reverberate like conch-shells in almost all colonies or settlements. Such attitude and acts are condemned by the novelist here. 

(vi) The novelist imagines a world, free from fear of suppression, annihilation, war, feuds, disputes, controversies-smoothly attained to sustainable development in which ecosystems, biomes, biosphere, aquatic ecosystems, bio- geography etc. 

(vii) “Slice” implies here rudders like, which are used while rowing a boat. She reveals here a self-restraint state of mind in which mediators like rudders are not required.


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow- 

Here is Nature once more at her old game of self-preservation. This train of thought, she perceives, is threatening mere waste of energy, even some collision with reality, for who will ever be able to lift a finger against Whitaker’s Table of Precedency? 

The Archbishop of Canterbury is followed by the Lord High Chancellor; the Lord High Chancellor is followed by the Archbishop of York. Everybody follows somebody, such is the philosophy of Whitaker; and 

the great thing is to know who follows whom. Whitaker knows, and let that, so Nature counsels, comfort you, instead of enraging you; and if you can’t be comforted, if you must shatter this hour of peace, think of the mark on the wall. 


(i) What is self-preservation discussed here? 

(ii) What is the philosophy of Whitaker?

(iii) What does the reference of Archbishop etc. reveal here. 

(iv) Who are nature counsels?


(1) It consists of acts at intellectual level like pretend, pretext, procrastina- tion dereliction, derision, disparagement etc. 

(ii) It is based on hierarchical order i.e. a system of administration accepted by people themselves under democracy. 

(iii) It reveals administration in hierarchical order in the field of religion (ie. Christianity) in England. 

(iv) Nature counsels are one’s own merits like, forbearing, generosity. kindness, tolerance, discretion and positive thinking.


Q. 1. In what perspective does the author tell that Shakespeare has leant his forhead on his hand?

Ans. Here the novelist distinguishes between real and unreal, original and duplicate. She says Shakespeare has acquired fame by virtue of his intellectual and spiritual faculties which we see poured down on his dramas, plays and sonnets. 

Hence, Shakespeare is original but the people who opt for copying him are all duplicate as they can mere peruse and get a touch with-no much, n less than this. 

They come in contact with books of Shakespeare and not whit his clairvoyance and foresight. She says them-modest mousecoloured people. They can mere nibble like rats to the publications of Shakespeare.

Q. 2. Why does the author dress up her figure in her mind lovingly and stealthily but not openly? 

Ans. When someone has his own ideas, analysed and X-rayed in contemplation through commotion free meditation, he or she does not need to do roving enquiry through the work done by others. 

It is true however, that self-study on a number of disciplines and decors is necessitated prior to dress up the figure of oneself in his mind. 

She recommends extensive study in order to invent tools facilitating one’s own creation or works whatsoever. 

Q.3. What sarcasm the learned author has blown on people dependent to the images of other people? Discuss.

Ans. The novelist states that people whose knowledge can only refer to a number of books, rules, laws etc., they have gone over, but for self-realisation to their own image; repent later on when that borrowed image is shattered. 

Instead of doing roving enquiry on volumes composed by others they should realise themselves and create their own image-all permanent and perseverant. She refers borrowed image is like a looking glass.

Q. 4. What illegitimate freedom does the author state here? Discuss. 

Ans. The author criticises here, the kind of narration in which the reader would remain aware of some outside voice telling him/her what’s going on. 

She says it the primary stage of concentration (Rupastha Dhyana). Here, an individual takes in notice, trifle things like how people in a group are dressing, cating, talking etc. and tries to copy them. 

However, in a stage of meditation. absolute vision is seen and temporal as also corporeal senses are forgotten. There is no need to remain aware of some outside voice. 

Q.7. The Narrator records strong but fleeing impression of a miniature painting, the former owner of the house and seem seen from a train. Describe the details of these impressions. 

Ans. In her trail of thought, she could impose a miniature or a mark on the wall seen by her. It was a miniature of a lady with white powdered curls, powder dusted cheeks and lips like red carnations. She could see in her trance that the previous occupant of the house would

have never imagined that mark on the wall as miniature of a lady but had seen it as dilapidated symptom of a house not retrofitted. She has expressed their thinking it as- “old picture for an old house”. 

Q. 8. From what perspective is the world seen in the paragraph containing the word “giants”? 

Ans. The world is seen in persepective of vicissitudes, gravity, gaiety, rose-shaped blots of an indistinct colour (i.e. consciousness) processed, trained, untrained, supported and refuted in the hue of dim, pink, blue etc. (Blue for noble, pink for excitant or miscreant). ‘Giants’ has been used here for the passions that bring in slavery for the worldly people. 

Q.9. Describe the table clothes of that particular period?

Ans. It reveals the vagary of mind mixed with envy and jealousy between the two classes of society i.e. rich and poor. The poor are envious of the carpet in the corridor of Royal palaces and they snatch design for their table clothes. 

She reveals here how a writer sometimes, commits blunder in his/her cynic to add references, not the least relevant to the theme or the plot. It’s false jealousy and sloth attitude if piracy is so done and deliration in and dereliction of duty to pursue, churn and digest the theme, topic or issue whatsoever is the pivot thereto. 

She says table cloths of a different kind were not real table clothes. It’s a mimicry or copious attitude that extincts one’s natural creativity. Carpet is after all a carpet. It is original because of its use in corridors. 

It will brush the dirt out when the in-comer is in process to reach at the drawing room. However, copying its design for table clothes viz. 

the table on which thoughts, all Benevolent are omitted on paper or things are eaten is ridiculous There’s much difference in their use and their shape also. Sensitive persons like this novelists. would see stamping feet on the table when the use that table because of its design, they have seen on carpet meant for corridor. 

Q. 10. Discuss on whether men of action are men who don’t think with reference to theory and practice in any one of the sciences.

Ans. Theory and Practice Basis-Psychology, a science Theory-Excitements caused in a state the mind is unbridled by discretion

Practice-Run panting to a man and tell him loudly and in stiffen tone that his savage brother is dead at a roundabout in an accident. 

Observation-The listener’s body takes a sudden twist, forehead and chest incline forward, hands come in action and the reporter is slapped. Call a cow, show a loaf of bread to her, move your hand to and from in mischief and see, the cow will pounce up on you. 

Q. 11. “The author has taken within her contemplation, the month of January”-Can you find the symptoms of winter in other things and acts described by her?

Ans. Yes, people generally sit by the side of fire place during winter. The author says “So now I think of the fire”. Steady film of yellow light upon the page of book reveals mercury gone down in winter. Flower of Chrysanthemums also blossom in and around January month.


Q. 1. Why does the novelist compare tendency of an ant while in assessment of thoughts that swarm upon a new object? same. 

Ans:- Perhaps, these, by doing this, assess the utility of the same and it is dropped whenever, the essence is extracted out. Here, she imagines but never tells its being true, viz. 

it can not be a miniature of a lady with white powered curls still she imagines its being like that. It is a message to thinkers that they should become as positive as to see miniature of a lady within the mark on the wall. 

Its stream of conscious capable to become an essay, so cryptic on the most trifle or an unimportant thing, i.e. the mark on the wall.

Q. 2. Why does the novelist says “once a thing’s done, no one ever knows how it happened”?

Ans. The novelist Virginia Woolf blows hard an irony on the public awareness of the things. 

A majority of people, keep them away from the places of risk, if personal benefit, they do not see, in the acts of benevolence. Nobody. takes events, cues, indication for contemplation in his mind and try to find the cause, manner, method, technique which have brought anything in existence. 

There is no dearth of communication means particularly in democracy still crimes come into notice of peace making agencies, a long after its ghasty manifestation. Had the mens-rea investigated at the stage of its budding, heinous crimes would have never terrorised and threatened the society. Common people is eager to share bread but without bothering to learn how it is cooked.

Q. 3. Which are three pale blue cannisters of book-binding tools here? Discuss.

Ans. It is one of the most mysterious losses to human beings. She being an author counts these losses of power to perceive, to conceive and to express the thoughts that swarm upon a new object. 

These are book binding tools-says she. It is because a book is the output of these three inputs duly understood, analysed and make use in an elegant manner. 

She says that our passions have stretched a canopy of wants, desires in which our creative instincts are entrapped in full. 

Our insight and foresight are dimmed as it is witnessed by present global warming, green house effect of gases and depletion of ozone layer from the ozonosphere, a layer formed between the atmosphere and stratosphere. 

An author can concentrate on a trifle topics like the mark on the wall and thus diffuses all benevolent guidelines to authors, elites and commoners. It’s phenomenon of her stream of conscious, all resplendent and illustrious.

Q. 4. Discuss the ever-flourishing and proliferating stream of contemplation. 

Ans. She tells that wood is a fine thing. It comes from a tree. We don’t know how the trees grow. They grow their own way and human beings have nothing to think about their existence. 

They grow in meadows, forests, by the side of rivers. Cows swish their tails beneath trees on hot afternoons. Trees paint river green. 

A moorhen looks at her shadow on green water (due to lush green trees on both sides of a river or lake). She suffers deliration as if her wings have become green. She then imagines a lake and appreciates Pisce’s movement inside the water. 

She compares it with a flag unfurled. She also watches beetle, an insect busy with tomb making from the mud. 

She in her dry sensation looks tree in its wood form and imagines trees fighting for existence against the storm, the sap or blood oozing while fighting and finally, the tree is uprooted, cut into pieces by human beings, stored somewhere and then supplied to consumers who like novelist, think good and do good for mankind as a whole. 

Conclusion-Man is allured to visible and mortal objects including living as also non-living things hence, the process of his thinking is led to destruction. a self-billing approach causing danger to the sustainable development of entire ecosystems. One should live like a tree, a quiescent-the novelist says.

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