NCERT Solutions for Kaliedoscope Class 12 Ch 5 one centimetre summary questions answers

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one centimetre summary questions answers: The authoress of this fiction is Bi Shu-min, a Chinese lady. It highlights the need of mother’s sublime attitude towards character building of her son. 

There’s a wage earner family in which husband and wife both work in private concerns. The lady is a chef in nearby inn. Being a poor family of her’s, she manages anyhow the pretty income could meet to all requirements. 

She would not hesitate boarding the bus without ticket, if conducter is carefree and she would not mind visiting temples on ticket offered as gift by some generous fellows in the list of her liasons. 

However, she does not resort to so-called astute if her son is with her. A guard in Buddha temple prevent’s the boy as the inaccuracy of the scale at the gate measures him 1.11 mt. 

He therefore, insists on ticket but the lady has not money to buy a ticket for her son. She has full confidence that her son is not more than 1.10 mt. to get the exemption. 

She is depressed because her son may take it otherwise, and he will defy the civilized manners, continuously under her strict survillance. 

She returns home, measures again the height of her son, finds it all accurate, writes a report to dailies and then waits for the outcome. 

Two offices perhaps from temple come at her home after a month, they express regret before her son and thus, a good manner teaching mother is satisfied.

one centimetre Summary

There is a lady Tao Ying. She is a poor lady. She and her husband both, work is private concems. She works as a chef innearby inn. 

Chapter Nameone centimetre
AuthorBi Shu-min (1952-…..
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Kaleidoscope)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer
Download PDFCLICK HERE- one centimetre PDF

Owing to poverty, she does not feel any hesitation if she could enjoy a travel by bus without ticket. 

She however, teaches courteous manners to her son and gives extra- head to manage herself as per lessons given by to her son, expecially when she takes him for any feat, picnic and likewise other social functions. She assumes her son as a delicate creature to whom she has brought into the world. 

NCERT Solutions for Kaliedoscope Class 12 Ch 4 one centimetre summary questions answers
one centimetre Summary

She also realises that to this little boy, she is the centre of the universe and she must try to be the most perfect, flawless mother as much as possible. 

Once she was boarded with her son on a bus. She measure his height at the scale and declared that he might enjoy the exemption. However, the conductor did not accede to her opinion and asked for one more ticket. 

Although she was all right but she did not like passing harsh words with conductor hence, paid for the ticket. She once saw, gnawing her son Xiao Ye at a melon. 

She objected immediately and since then realised that if she wants her son to behave as if he were the product of a cultured home, then she must concentrate and never fail in her own example.

Once she got a ticket for temple as gift from Lao Chiang who used to come in the canteen frequently for lunch and dinner. 

As she was known the fact that her son was as per his stature or height, exempted; she took him also there. 

The guard at the gate, prevented the boy saying that he must come with ticket as his height is abofe the exempted limit. She forwards her please on the boy’s falling under exempted limit but for positive result. 

She then thinks better if she should leave the gate in order to avoid taunts from public. She has no money to buy a ticket. Her son is hurt. 

She on the way gets him re-measured by an old woman but she also ears speculating balance/ scale. In order to keep at high spirit of her customer, she and her scale tell it always more than actual. 

She anyhow again measures the height of her son when he is in snoring sleep, as he was annoyed and bewildered at the practical side of his mothers’s teachings. Hark! it was again 1.10mt. 

instead of 1.11 mt as measured at entrance get of the temple and that at market place. She thinks when she is innocent still the society has made her pygmy and culprit like character in the eye of her own son; 

she should write a letter to the editors of certain dailies because the mass operations can be successfully conducted by media with its knife of journalism-and-it is mass not she – must be laid on the operation table-witnessed so corrupted as to rot the future generation, the nation builders. 

Thus, an uprooting law and order situation violation of Constitution must be prevented. 

a gross As it was an amazing spark of a mother’s bewildered heart at the ailing symptoms, so heinous grown; the editor honoured the same in the box at front page of his daily. 

A month late, two temple staff came at her home, apologise in the presence of her son as she wished. 

She even did not receive five dolars or a ticket by way of compensation for inconvenience tantamounted to violation of ethical and Constitutional canon/laws, 

being the cause of action related to the gate of Lord Buddha’s temple pardon is the greatest punishment and her son has already seen how the hands cooking at canteen can plead her issues and able to nip the evil at its bud.

one centimetre Summary in hindi

ताओ चिंग नाम की एक गरीब महिला है । वह और उसके पति दोनों प्राइवेट संस्थानों में काम करते हैं। वह नजदीक के एक सराय में रसोइया है। दरिद्रता के कारण बिना टिकट बस यात्रा करने में वह कोई झिझक महसूस नहीं करती है। 

फिर भी, वह अपने बेटे को शिष्टाचार का ढंग बताती है और बेटे को दिये गये उपदेश पर स्वयं चलने पर अतिरिक्त बल देती है । 

विशेषकर तब, जब वह अपने बेटे को भोज, पिकनिक जैसे सामाजिक समारोहों में ले जाती है। वह अपने बेटे को एक कोमल जीव समझती है जिसे उसने दुनिया में पैदा किया है। 

वह यह भी महसूस करती है कि वह बेटे की दुनिया का केन्द्र है और उसे यथासंभव सर्वाधिक पूर्ण एवं निर्दोष माँ बनने की अवश्य कोशिश करनी चाहिए ।

एक बार वह बेटे के साथ एक बस पर सवार हुई। उसने बेटे की लम्बाई मापी और बोली कि वह छूट का लाभ ले सकता है। 

फिर भी, कंडक्टर उसके विचार से सहमत नहीं हुआ और एक टिकट की माँग को यद्यपि यह सही भी किन्तु कंडक्टर से रूखे शब्दों में बात करना पसंद नहीं किया, इसलिए एक और टिकट के लिए भुगतान कर दिया। एक बार उसने बेटे एक्सिओ ये को दाँत से तरबूज काटते हुए देखा। 

उसने तुरंत टोका और महसूस किया कि यदि वह अपने बेटे से एक सभ्य पर में पैदा हुए समान व्यवहार चाहती है तो उसे आगे संयमित होना चाहिए और स्वयं को उदाहरण पेश करने से कभी चूकना नहीं चाहिए ।

एक दिन उसे उपहारस्वरूप लाओ शियांग से एक मंदिर के लिए एक टिकट मिली। लाओ शिआंग अक्सर कँटीन में दोपहर का भोजन करने आता था। सही बात थी कि उसका बेटा उसका ही लम्बाई का था और भाई से निर्मुक्त था, उसने उसे भी साथ ले लिया। 

फाटक पर के गार्ड ने लड़के को यह कहकर रोक दिया कि उसे टिकट अवश्य लेकर आना चाहिए चूँकि उसकी लम्बाई छूट की सीमा से अधिक है। उसने बेटे को छूट की सीमा के अंदर होने की दलील दी किन्तु सकारात्मक परिणाम नहीं निकला । 

वह लोगों के मजाक से बचने के लिए फाटक छोड़ देना हो ज्यादा अच्छा समझती है । उसके पास टिकट खरीदने के पैसे नहीं है। उसका बेटा दुःखी है । रास्ते में बेटे का वह एक महिला द्वारा पुनः माप करवाती है, किन्तु उसकी माप काल्पनिक है । 

अपने ग्राहकों का मन बढ़ाये रखने के विचार से वह तथा उसको तुलना हमेशा वास्तविक से कुछ ज्यादा बताती है। किसी तरह वह अपने बेटे की लम्बाई पुनः उसकी गहरी नींद में मापती है चूंकि यह (बेटा) अपनी माँ के उपदेश की व्यावहारिकता से ऊब गया था । सुनो ! 1.11 मीटर हो गया। 

वह सोचती है कि वह इतनी निर्दोष है फिर भी समाज ने उसके बेटे की नजर में उसे छोटी और अपराधी जैसा बना दिया है। उसे कुछ दैनिक (समाचारपत्रों) के संपादकों को लिखना चाहिए। 

चूँकि जनसमूह की प्रवृत्ति को समाचारपत्रों द्वारा पत्रकारिता रूपी चाकू से सफलतापूर्वक संचालित किया जा सकता है और जनसमूह को न कि उसको आपरेशन टेबुल पर अवश्य लाया जाना चाहिए जिसे इतना भ्रष्ट देखा जाता है कि भावी पीढ़ी, राष्ट्र निर्माताओं को सड़ा देगा । 

इस प्रकार कानून-व्यवस्था को उखाड़ फेंकने की स्थिति संविधान का पूर्ण उल्लंघन को अवश्य रोका जाना चाहिए ।

“चूंकि यह बीमार व्यवस्था जो बहुत निन्दनीय थी, पर एक माँ के व्यग्र हृदय की आश्चर्यजनक चिनगारी थी, अतः संपादक ने अपने दैनिक के मुख पृष्ठ पर स्थान देकर उसका सम्मान किया। 

एक महीने बाद मंदिर के दो कर्मचारी उसके घर आये और उसने बेटे के सामने क्षमा माँगी, जैसा कि वह चाहती थी । उसे असुविधा जो नैतिक और संवैधानिक नियमों के उल्लंघन के तुल्य थी, उसके मुआवजे के रूप में एक टिकट या पाँच डॉलर भी मिले। 

भगवान बुद्ध के मंदिर के प्रवेश-द्वार से संबंधित व्यवहार के कारण क्षमा-याचना ही सबसे बड़ी सजा है। उसके बेटे ने देखा कि कैसे कैंटीन में खाना बनाने वाली एक महिला अपने मुद्दों को उठा सकती है और उन्हें पनपने से पहले ही कुचल देने में समर्थ हो सकती है।


Innumerable = असंख्य, Astute = धूर्त, Casual and careless असावधान, Screw Chaped = क्रीमरोल की तरह लम्बी, टेढ़ी-मेढ़ी खाद्य वस्तु (व्यंजन), Peeling paint = दीवार पर नटका हुआ सीमेंट, Fluffy = मुलायम बाल, Lustre = दीप्ति, चमक, 

Geography भूगोल
Political science राजनीति विज्ञान
English SubjectResult
Hindi SubjectHistory answer keys

Skimped = रोक लगाना, कृपणता दिखाना, Mess = अव्यवस्थित, उलझे हुए, Gaping Mouth = मुँह का खुला रहना, Hemisphere गोलार्द्ध, Slit = दरार, विदर, Flawless = विशुद्ध, निर्मल, Glistening = कांतिमान, उत्फुल्ल, Stainping = छापा लगाना, अंकित करे =

one centimetre class 12 question answer

Q. 1. What made Tho Ying decide whother to buy a ticket or not when she rode a bus alone? 

Ans. She while boarding on bus used to apply her economic sense to save, if possible, the money as charge mandatory to pay for commuter. There were two factors giving birth to such nuisance. 

(i)These were her poverty i.e. the debit of previous account. 

(ii) the cascading effect on her culture (i.e. habit) that mis-directs her learning, understanding and discretion so that her poverty should continue all along her life. 

Q. 2. Why did she insist on buying tickets both for horsely and her son that day?

Ans. She is educated and understood to human pulses but her poverty (at least sense of thinking that she is poor) and culture lead her to mis-use and abuse her so sound knowledge. 

Its return also is not far to seek, as she was resisted at the temple gate of lord 

Buddha, who in his corporal life had even abandoned kingdom, his parent, a son and even his wife also and so obtained enlightenment. 

Q. 3. Did Tao Ying really intend to cheat at the temple? 

Ans. No, she is not in abnormal/speculative behaviour here. Her son’s height is little less than 1.10 mt., she is confident. She felt panic within. tempted to pick a ticket out from the box but dare not, suspicious eyes of public at her and anger enough to land her hand on her son’s head. 

Q.4. Why did Tho Ying change her intention to buy another ticket? 

Ans. It was because she was fully extinct and afraid of another tussle of the same type with others. In that case, she would have tarnished completely the image of a mother for her son. Another fact was that she had not sufficient money to buy author ticket.

Q. 5. Were the old lady’s scales a reliable measure of height and weight? What convoluted logic were her measurement based on ? 

Ans. She mesures it one metre eleven i.e. his being exempted from the charge at temple gate. She says she has adjusted the scale to make her customers seem taller than actual. 

It is because people want to see them long and lean even at the level of their fancy. 

Thus, she reveals categorically her attempt to measure more height than actual of her customers and mostly, that of children. She does so false representation only to get in increased income.

Q.6. What was the conflict between the mother and the son? 

Ans. It is because he has acknowledged/understood the double deal or cheat of his mother. When he get scaled him by an old lady in the market, he was convinced of being his height 1.11 mt. instead of 1.10 mt. 

Thus, an image of liar, swindler, argumentative, rude, rustic and quarrelsome had put its crown in his innocent mind for his mother. He raised brows, tripped and started racing away from his mother.

Q. 7. How did Tao Ying’s son influence the way she led her life?

Ans. Tao Ying is ambivalent in dealing with her son. She wanted to conceal her real approach of thinking before her son. 

She used to give lessons of sublime nature to her son but actually, she was a swindler or an astute. 

She would not brother to buy a ticket and cheat the conductor in the bus if it is found that he is not careful enough to his duty. 

However, this she would do when her son is not with her. It was just, a false image, she was trying to make herself in her son’s eyes but her son was very rigid to his approach. 

He had finally, brought sea-change in his mother’s approach just after the temple episode. 

He did not satisfy unless his mother had proved her being innocent in the presence of temple officials. She has left that issue to be decided by her son.

Q. 2. Pick out instances from the story to show that official rules are often arbitrary.

Ans. Instances showing official rules arbitrary :

(i) The conductor knows that the child Xiao Ye falls in the exemption limit as per height criterion but he does not bother to convince him of reality. Instead, he cuts two ticket off to give Tao Ying. It has happened because Xiao Ye is rigid in his approach to buy one more ticket for him otherwise, his mother is an astute and she would have instead cheated the conductor.

(ii) The guard at the temple gate insists on a mark drawn on the wall without giving a reconsideration or verification to see if it is any how manipulated. We see, him an uncivilized employee who does not the least know, how should an employee in the temple behave with devotees.

(iii) Had the management in the temple been good and loyal to their duty, a delay more than a month would have not done after that event in disposal of the issue and that too when an acute news was got published in Dailies by Tao Ying.

The above instances make it ex-facie that on account of arbitrary official rules, a number of persons like Tao Ying and her son have to suffer but for any fault on their part. It cause tensions, frustrations and agony among people.

Q.3. Tao Ying was very careful about spending money. What were her reason for refusing the compensation offered by the temple officials? 

Ans. There is no doubt that Tao Ying violates the well established norms of society as also that of laws of the land in order to save money and bifurcate it buying vegetable and nutritious diet/food for her son. 

She does not feel a little shy in getting things free or as gift from persons like a butcher. However, she does not accept compensation from temple officials because she does not want to annoy her son at any cost. 

She calls her son in and request the official to satisfy him and abide by the decision taken by him. Xiao Ye says- “Dear leaders, please take back the money, and the tickets. Kindly do not punish the guards on duty, he was only doing his job …”

Q. 4. Why does her final vindication important to Tao Ying? 

Ans. This was because she did not want to remain any long a culprit or offender lake in the eyes of her son Xiao Ye. She expects from the officials to explain her son that his mother has not done anything wrong at the temple gate.



Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: 

When Tao Ying rides on the bus alone, quite often she does not bother o buy a ticket. Why should she? Without her, the bus would still be stopping at every stop, a driver and a conductor would still have to be employed, and the same amount of petrol used.

Clearly Tao Ying has to be astute. When the bus conductor looked like the responsible type, she would buy a ticket as soon as she got on board. 

But if he appeared to be casual and careless, she would not dream of paying, considering it a small punishment for him and a little saving for herself. 

Tao Ying works as a cook in the canteen of a factory. She spends all day next to an open fire, baking screw-shaped wheat cakes with sesame butter.

Today she is with her son Xiao Ye. She follows him onto the bus. As the doors shut her jacket is caught, ballooning up like a tent behind her. 

She twists this way and that, finally wrenching herself free. ‘Mama, tickets!’ Xiao Ye says. Children are often more conscious of rituals than adults. Without a ticket in his hand, the ride doesn’t count as a proper ride. 


(i) Why does Tao Ying not bother to buy a ticket?

(ii) What does Tao Ying do? 

(iii) What do you understand by ballooning up of jacket ?

(iv) What do the children more conscious to rituals than elders ? 


(1) She is a gentle lady but in a grip of poverty. She wants to save money if it could be at the careless duty of others i e. conductor here. 

(ii) She works as a cook in a canteen and she has to near stove/tandoor all the day.

(iii) It happens when jacket is caught to anything while travelling by bus, train etc. It is air filled state of jacket. 

(iv) It is because children are generally taught social rules and disciplines at home by mother and at school (Nursery) by teachers at their early adolescence. Moreover, irrespective of parent being law-breaker/violator, they never teach so to their children.


Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: 

Toa Ying tries to smooth it down, as if she was brushing away top soil to get to a firm foundation. She can feel the softness of her son’s skull, rubbery and elastic to the touch. 

Apparently there is a gap on the top of everyone’s head, where the two halves meet. If they don’t meet properly, a person can end up with a permanently gaping mouth. 

Even when the hemispheres area perfect match, it still takes a while for them to seal. This is the door to life itself – if it remains open, the world outside will feel like water, flowing into the body through this slit. 

Every time Tao Ying happens upon this aperture on her son’s head, she would be overwhelmed by a sense of responsibility. It was she who had brought this delicate creature into the world after all. 

Although she senses her own insignificance in the world, that her existence makes no difference to anyone else, she also realises that to this little boy she is the centre of the universe and she must try to be the most perfect, flawless mother possible.


(i) What is topsoil to brush away here?

(ii) What is softness of skull ?

(iii) What do you understand by perfect match of hemispheres require time to seal?

(iv) Do you think mother is the centre of universe for her child? 


(i) Topsoil refers here the question whether Tao Ying’s so: tands for intelligence. exempted category of journey by bus as per the mark drawn at the gate. She is in mood to confirm about. 

(ii) It has been referred to genius category of wisdom or Such an individual can grasp the things even before their manifestation,

(iii) Two hemispheres here are those of Tao Ying and her son Xiao Ye’s reconciliation of thoughts. 

There is an aperture between two skulls and it is filled when speech and action are duly demonstrated in one without the least

loophole or difference. 

(iv) Yes, it is mother that feeds milk to baby with the pace of palpitation in her heart. She is the first teacher, progenitor, soul-mate and everything to her child.


Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: 

The tickets cost five dollars a piece – these days even temples are run like businesses. Tao Ying’s ticket was a gift from Lao Chiang, who worked at the meat counter. The ticket was valid for a month, and today was the last day. 

Lao Chiang was one of those people who seemed to know everybody. Occasionally, he would produce a battered coverless month-old magazine and say: ‘Seen this before? 

This is called the Big Refernce, not meant for the eyes of the common people.’ Tao Ying had never seen anything like this before and wondered how such a small rag, smaller even than a regular newspaper, could be called a Big Reference. 

She asked Lao Chiang but he seemed confused. He said everybody called it that – perhaps if you were to take out the pages and laid them flat they would end up bigger that a nomal newspaper. It seemed to make sense. 

Studying this publication written in large print, Tao Ying could see that it was full of speculation about the war in the Middle East. Foremost on everyone’s mind seemed to be whether the export of dates from Iraq to China would continue as it did in the sixties during the famine. 

In any case, Tao Ying was full of admiration for Lao Chiang. In return for her indiscriminate respect, Lao Chiang decided to reward her with a ticket for the temple. ‘Is there just the one’ ? Tao asked, not without gratitude but with some uncertainty. 

Forget your husband, take your son and open his eyes! Children under 110 centimeters do not need a ticket. If you don’t want to do, sell it at the door and you’ll earn enough to buy a couple of watermelons !’Lao Chiang had always been a practical man. 


(i) Why does Tao Ying consider temples run like businesses? 

(ii) What thing does reveal here that Tao Ying was educated and contemplative? 

(iii) What do you consider “indiscriminate respect” ?

(iv) Which contents do reveal resemblance to the title of magazine i.e. Big Reference ?


(i) It is because five dollars were charge for gate-pass in temples. 

(ii) She had gone over the magazine and saw that there were speculation about the war in the Middle East and possibility of increase in export of dates. On the basis of this fact, we can say that she was educated. Her’s peeping into the title and content analysis reveal that she was contemplative.

(iii) It is respect shown for other in general interest and beyond partiality or bias. Lao Chiang says here – “Forget your husband take your son and open his eyes! children under 110 centimeters do not need a ticket. If you do not want to do, sell it at the door and you’ll earn enough to buy a couple of water melon !” It is the glaring manifestation of indiscriminate respect. It is of the most informal type.

(iv) It is the reference of war in Middle East and prediction of increase in date export much alike in sixties. It shots simultaneously at political situation 


The guard at the gate is a young man dressed in a red top and black trousers. Tao Ying feels somehow that he ought to have been in yellow. This uniform makes him look somewhat like a waiter.

Xiao Ye knows exactly what he has to do. Moving amongst the crowd, he seems like a tiny drop of water in the current of a large river. The young man takes the ticket from his mouth, plucking a leaf from a spring branch. 

Tao Ying’s gaze softly evelopes her son, a strand of silk unwinding towards him, following his every gesture. “Ticket’. The youth in red bars her way with one arm, his voice as pithy as if he was spitting out a date stone. Tao Ying points at her son with infinite tenderness. She feels that

everybody should see how lovely he is.

I am asking for your ticket.’ The red youth does not budge. ‘Didn’t the child just give it to you?’ Tao Ying’s voice is peaceful. This boy is too young, years away from being a father, she thinks. Tao Ying is not working today and is in a really good mood. She is happy to be patient. ‘That was his ticket, now I need to see yours.’ The youth remains

unmoved. Tao Ying has to pause for a moment before it sinks in- there are two of them and they need a ticket each.

I thought that children were exempt ?’ She is confused. ‘Mama, hurry up!’ Ziao Ye shouts to her from inside the doors.

‘Mama is coming!’ Tao Ying shouts back. A crowd is beginning to gather, so many fishes awarming towards a bright light. Tao Ying starts to panic. She wants this fracas to end, her child is waiting for her.

“Who told you he doesn’t need a ticket ?’ The guard tilts his head-the more outlookers the better. “It says so on the back of the ticket.’

‘Exactly what does it say? This boy is obviously not a professional. “It says that children under 110 centimetres do not have to pay. Tao Ying is full of confidence. She moves to pick up one of the tickets from a box next to the guard and reads out what is printed on the back for all to hear.


(1) Why does Tao Ying feel need of certain change in guards uniform? 

(ii) What action has been addressed here as strand of silk unwinding?

(iii) What is infinite tenderness? 

(iv) Which kind of speech can be said as pithy as if spitting out a date some?


(i) The guard as per description of his uniform in this passage is worn black pant and red shirt. Perhaps, Tao Ying was known to effect of colours on human beings. The red is excitant, evoking and reflexive. Its presence on diaphragm, navel, arms and neck regions therefore, susceptible to outburst of anger, harsh words, fighting impulse etc. She suggests yellow as it keep cool there sensitive organs of the body.

(ii) It’s enveloping action by Tao Ying in survillance. As her son was stamping, jumping, parading and it was looked just as someone is pulling silk strand. It means her eyes are straightly upon her son.

(iii) Its is mother’s care which is always infinitesimal and purely reserved for her son. (iv) It’s a cacophonous, rough or harsh speech. It is felt as if stone is pelted on the individual concerned.


Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: 

Something moist begins to glisten in Xiao Ye’s eyes. Leaving his mother behind and without a backward glance, he starts to run away. He trips. One moment he is in the air, taking flight like a bird, another and he has dropped to the ground with a heavy thud. 

Tao Ying rushes over to lend a hand but just as she is about to reach him Xiao Ye has picked himself up and is off again. Tao Ying stops in her tracks. 

If she gives chase Xino Ye will only keep feeling Watching her son’s vanishing silhouette, her heart begins to break; Xiao Ye, aren’t you going to look back at your mother?


(i) Which event had caused a blow upon emotion for Xiao Ye?

(ii) What at conation side of Xiao Ye, do you see as reaction? 

(iii) Why does Tao Ying restrict her from chase to Xiao Ye? 

(iv) What does cause inpatience to Tao Ying?


(i) The event at which he heard the gate-keeper inflicted insults his mother for not buying a ticket for entrance of Xiao Ye in the temple. He took it just opposite to manners taught by his mother. His sentiments got a severe blow at this event.

(ii) It was his tripping in the air and frequent fall on the ground. 

(iii) She understood that her tracks would evoke for more tripping and racing to her son.

(iv) She had maintained the distance in accordance to the shadow, Xiao Ye behind him but sudden lapse of the glimpse of shadow caused her impatience.

one centimetre class 12 question answer Short answer

Q. 1. What is the theme of this fiction? 

Ans. It theme is an introduction with ambivalence an its dire consequences.

Q. 2. What is ambivalence?

Ans. Ambivalence means living both good and bad feelings about something or some body. In other words, it is a state of mind in confusion and mirage. 

Two aspects of everything start weighing in mind at the same point of time which result in emotional out burst, fury, gloom and upset disposition. It can also be said an inner conflict.

Q.3. What do you understand by the term ‘astute’? 

Ans. It implies the tendency of mind experienced to read even the body language of people and sharp to exploit emotionally, not for any noble purpose but to fuel his body. 

Ignition or spark of astute tendency and its humiliatory effects-when a mother finds her pygmy and guilty before her own son- learned author has aptly explained in this fiction.

Q. 4. Are your feelers able to understand Tao Ying is not fictional character but the authoress herself?

Ans. Yes, we see the authoress has introduced initially with the profession of the lady Tao Ying (i.e: a cook in canteen) and this fact, she has at another place, substantiated by telling the lady had beautiful slender fingers because she was in contact with oil all day. 

She has compared Tao Ying’s nails with conch shell, so shiny. This deep insight reveals as if authoress herself is Tao Ying. 

However, when we read about her, this confusion is vanished. It was her twenty years experience as Physician (Dr.) in China which should have rendered her with so deep insight. 

Q.5. “Tao Ying is well-educated and knows the liability of a commuter still she wants diversion of the expense to purchase of vegetable”.-Discuss. 

Ans. It is difficult to find a man everytime alert to his duty and errors and mistakes somewhere cannot be ruled out. In case, conductor is new and unread astute faces, 

it is the duty of commuter that he or she should pay his fare and get ticket against journey. If we deliberately intend to take undue advantage of the situation, it ends in gross repent lateron as the vegetable bought from that saving is cooked and disgested by the son. 

It provides nutrition at this phase, but the same hand that abstains from buying a ticket, under a sudden outburst of emotion; blows a hard slap on the same child for which, that saving was made. It’s cruel return of investment made by an autute mind.

Q. 6. What do you understand by blue collar workers? 

Ans. It implies the class of labourers or grass root primary workers under secondary or tertiary structure/composition of the occupation viz. industry workers are called blue collar workers. 

The saline sweat gets tangled with the fibres of their collars (in shirts) while digging quarries, mining, shovelling of earth moving. Hence, that part of shirt appears blue in shade,

Q.7. Do you think discipline should also extend upto the eating manner of a water melon?

Ans. No, not at all however. Tao Ying used to scold her son even when he was eating water-melon. She was known to the fact even the rind of watermelon is more beneficial for health than its flesh still she values the manner of eating. 

It is her unbaked or raw knowledge that tends to copy others even after known to the fact. Imitating others is to suicide particularly, when the reality is duly known. The lady in this fiction, is more imitating the clites: 

Q. 8. Do you think the event caused at temple would have opened the eyes of Tao Ying?

Ans. Her response on the issue nowhere indicates, she would have changed herself. Had she come across that introspection (viz. her ambivalence had resulted in futile visit at temple), she would have not written a letter to editor by which she condemned the management of the temple. 

Again, she wished to listen from the two gentlemen, came from temple, telling her son that it was fault of temple and not of his mother that caused inconvenience that day. 

These things do not reveal any sign of confession and it is stated that reforms starts at the threshold of true confession. Hence, we can state that no change in her ambivalence and astute attribute would have come even after that event. 

Q.9. Do you consider Tao Ying a good mother?

Ans. No, not at all. Instead, her ambivalence would make him a psychopath with a number of neuro-disorders. 

Thanks to lord Buddha, the child could understand the personation of his mother. His self-realisation is praiseworthy when he says the temple officials, they should keep money and ticket with them and not try to punish anyway, the guard on duty for delinquency. 

A mother should instead bring the child up in real time situations so that he may excavate a firm foundation for the castle of his career.

Q. 10. Did Tao Ying love her son? What changes in behaviour did she adopt to win Xiao Ye’s approval ? 

Ans. It was actually not love but gross affection, not agape but attachment corporal. The changes she brought in behaviour were not better than dodging techniques to laws of the land or mere negative/self-destructive changes. 

Her obeisanceto Almighty also looks for chances when she would get the ticket in gift and then only visit at His memorial/temple sanctioned by the public consensus. 

She became an astute and began to show her polluted an astute and began to show her polluted mother heart, far from reality; to her son which finally lost its lustre at the temple gate. 

Q. 11. Did Tao Ying really intend to cheut at the temple?

Ans. No, she is not in abnormal/speculative behaviour here. Her son’s height is little less than 1.10 mt., she is confident. 

She felt panic within, tempted public to pick a ticket out from the box but draw not, suspicious eyes of at her and anger enough to land her hand on her son’s head. 

Q.12. What makes Xiao Ye dislike the mother after the temple episode?

How does he show what he feels? Ans. It is revealed ex-facie from his trips, racing, bouncing body up to fall sadden, leaving his mother behind, visiting at measuring scale in the market place, and looking at his mother as if she were a wolf and he, a meek sheep. 

His words are also harsh. He says – “Mama, did you really not buy a ticket His gesticulations reveal his dazzling bewilderment. 

Q. 13. How does the unpleasant experience of the temple episode affect Too Ying’s work?

Ans. Tensions and fatigues are staunch enemies a concentration hence. the temple episode tangled her badly in its cluthes. 

Her wit was founded on the basis of duality which she met at temple gate and again at the market place but true was it that her son was 1.10 mts. and not 1.11 mts, as she had again measured her son at home while he was sleeping. 

She burnt the cakes in canteen owing to the fight between truth and false within her contemplation. It was actually punishment at the intellectual level for her double-dealing with her son. 

She had felt herself dejected, defeated and perplexed within her. It’s a guilty conscious.

Q. 14. What does Tao Ying do to show her anger against the temple guard? Why does she seek the help of the writer for this?

Ans. She wants to draft a report on the episode and get it be published in newspapers. She accumulates and recalls her pain felt in mind but finds it difficult to draft a news worth it could see sanction 

prima facie of the editors concerned. However, she writes it, submits before a Writer, not so distinguished; and when she detects a tone of his dissatisfaction; 

she wants to be dictated by him in catchy form. She herself is drawn in self-created duality, hence; she is not able to write a catchy report which could bear a Stunning originality. 

Q.15. Why does Tao Ying feel nervous and depressed when the temple officials visit her house?

Ans. It is because her astute mind saw them put on the same colour apparels as that of guard on the day, she felt humiliated at large. 

Secondly, she had anyhow tried to wipe the misunderstanding of her son out between an interval of more than a month and now she was watching glimpses of recovery in him. 

On this reason, in particular, she did not want to allow the reappearance of that very episode. This is the reason, she does not want the presence of her son there.

one centimetre class 12 question answer Long answer

Q. 1. “Throughout the fiction we find mis-use and abuse of one’s cognition and conation”-Discuss.

Ans. It is all true that we find mis-use of congnition and conation due to mis-conception of thins deliberately in order to satisfy one’s false ego. 

The learned authoress has made ex-facie the formation stage and stimulants of ambivalence, a compound of inferiority complex, frustration and astuteness including the impleasant consequences of the same. 

The protagonist of this fiction is a lady, well educated but working as a cook in a canteen. She is over-ambitious in the matter of providing good culture and manners with her son even at the cost of her involvement in violation of traffic norms and the norms of society. 

She takes undue advantage of casual and careless conductors in the bus and wants to board the bus without ticket. She never considers that act as offence but a saving that can be diverted to purchase of vegetable or any other provisions for her home. 

Conclusion: On the basis of above points, we can state that the learned authoress has conveyed a message to readers including students, not to develop ambivalence within them as it mis-directs career (Tao Ying in this fiction) and contrary to any fruitful results, it brings in gross regret and repent. Even a mother feels herself pygmy and guilty before her own son when reality is disclosed orveils are pierced.

Q. 2. Make an inventory of the things, the people like Tao Ying do under an influence of ambivalence. 

Ans. Things done under an influence of ambivalence-

(1) People of this tendency would money minded. They do not care for laws of the land, common etiquette and social norms yet these are eager to create a false impression on others.

(ii) These tell a lie fequently while chatting or dealing with others but sometimes, they are caught red handed and they have to bear with insults and humuliation. 

(iii) A dearth of patience, self-confidence, compassion and even common sympathy is prima-facie from their activities. 

(iv) These people even don’t care their blood relations like that of father and son, mother and daughter, brothers while concealing the facts. 

(v) Ambivalence does not allow them living in relaxation and complancence. These are anxious, restless and psychopath fellows. Germ so false ego and ostentation gnaw their inerself. 

(vi) Selfish these people are always resident of dreamy world where no realism but mere fickle imagination is in predominence. 

(vii) Frequent lapses and loss of memory, these people commit and suffer from. 

(viii) These people cheat others but in reality, these are cheated. For ar instance, Tao Ying was try about the height of her son but she had to bear with humiliation at the temple gate. 

Q.3. Comment on relationship between Tao Ying and her son, Xiao Ye. Would you say that Tao Ying is a devoted and an evolved mother? Elucidate.

Ans. She is neither devoted nor an evolved mother because she is an affectionate mother who does not know what love and loyalty, she should bear naturally with her son. 

Love and loyal attitude is attributed to devotion and not mere corporal affection. She does not appear a real and natural mother but a foster or surrogate mother. She is all artificial in he behaviour with the child. 

She moulds things so as to appear as a great mother for her son, She is victim of negative thinking and misappropriated her physical, mental and emotional personality. 

Conclusion: On the basis of above points, all cogent; we can state that the relationship between Tao Ying and her son was artificial, clandestine an betraying. We cannot say her a devoted and an evolved mother from any angles. 

Q. 4. “Twenty cents is not to be scoffed at”. Does this line the reader understand Tao Ying’s life and its priorities better?

Ans. Confining ourselves to this line as per the question, we would like to say that it reveals money conscious. Twenty cents is a charge fixed by the Deptt. 

of Transport as also ther is a ministry, the government with its Legislative, Executive and Judiciary components, all annexed and coordinated, In brief, it’s an entire system made and selected by nationals of a nation for their proper governance. 

This line gives smell of feeling her son as burden. Had she not accompanied his, she would have saved that money through manipulation or betrayel to the conductor. 

It shows her seer ignorance in taking human life merely on its physical or material health as she gives dodge to its intellectual and emotional aspects. 

Q. 5. The guard at the temple gate is a symbol of arrogance and oppression. Do you agree?

Ans. No, in my view, the guard is loyal to his duty. He is abide by the criterion for entrance in the temple. It was not his fault for inaccuracy in the scale there. 

There is rush in the temple and he is tackling with an important duty to sell the tickets and allow the devotees in. 

A guard is generally understood an individual not crossed above the Vth standard hence, if his behaviour, we see some rude and rustic; we should not form an opinion on as being an arrogant and oppressive. 

Conclusion: On the basis of above discussion, we can state categorically at the guard was neither arragant nor oppressive but was doing his duty with sheer loyalty.

Q. 6. Is Tao Ying gracious by nature? How would you explain the contrary tendencies that her behaviour shows?

Ans. The term gracious is meant by a person kind, polite and generous especially to somebody of a lower social position. In the light of this meaning. we find lack of grace in Tao Ying’s nature. 

She is impolite of conductors in bus, guard in the temple gate and even to her son who she outwardly considers as the dearest to her. Her contrary tendencies can be explained as under- 

(1) She applies astute in the matter of payment of ticket fare.

(ii) She buys tickets only when her son is with her. It’s nothing else but cheat and manipulation. It’s only to become an ideal mother before her son for time being.

(iii) She is money minded woman therefore, intends to save money through clandestine, unfair and mysterious activities.

(iv) She is oppressive and hits hard the body, mind and emotions of her son at her will. For an instance, she she slapped him when the defective scale measured him 1.11 mtrs. The crowd remarks – “What a way for a mother to behave! So what if you have to buy another ticket? This is a disgrace, hitting a child to cover up your own mistake!”

(v) She is shrewd enough to get her work done by others. For an examples, she got the report written by the Writer nearby her canteen.

Q.7. “Children are often more conscious of rituals than adult.” Discuss,

Ans. It is because every guardian irrespective of his occupation/ profession and concept, want to see generally his/her ward, a civilized,

cultured and enlightened citizen. They are told abiding by social norms, laws of the land and mode and manners of dealing with other. Like the protagonist of this fiction, they conceal the acts which their’s conscience and cognition Say unfair, unlawful and unjustified; from their own wards. 

The children always keep the things, told by parent in particular, within their mind and abide by them accordingly. 

Q. 8. Children are generally eager to appear more adult than they actually are. 

Ans. In order to discuss more clearly on this statement, we would like to reproduce herein the concerned extracts- 

(a) “Mama ! I am tall enough, I’m tall enough” (It has been said by the child when his mother considers him exempted)

(b) Mama, why are you taking so long? I thought I had lost you!

(c) Mama, did you really not buy a ticket? -In these statements of the son, we see the tone of an adult and not that of a child. It happens because children abreast with the things told to them. As every parent like the lady here, teaches always good manners; they feel eager to comply with them and suggest their parent in a tone as if not child but a guide/monitor to them.

Q.9. To be able to purchase self-esteem with twenty cents is something that can happen only in childhood. 

Ans. As per the standard of contemplation and impulses for material possession, we see in this fiction; reflected from the lady, 

this statement somewhat holds water as people of this category and calibre are mostly found involved and indulged in nefarious and nuisance acts e.g. dodging conductor, befooling clients with exaggeration of details, claiming invalid conveyance from their bosses etc. 

Conclusion: The children brought up in the light of reality by genuine, non-ostentatious and sincere parent, the community and the schools, do not like to pass their life in curtains. They act, talk and contemplate on genuine matters in broad daylight and always prepare themselves for trials in order to mature them in these kilns.

Q. 10. Can you think of similar episodes in your childhood when did not wish to be considered too small? you

Ans. I can recall the days when an was in earlies of my teens. I was one of the member of a joint family in Muketeshwar, a town renowned for Indian Veterinary Research Institute in Nainital. 

There was a small agricultural holding, my family owned with. There were some labourers around that town who used to plough the fields owned by the people like us. They were mostly landless people and owning only four or five fields in terrace cultivation only possible in hilly regions. 

They would ask for money to landlords in order to solemnise the marriages of their progeny and thus, accept the term to till their fields on priority and at the wage littleless than prevailing in the town for at least ten long years or more in accordance to terms dictated by landlords.

“One among such labourers was Anand Ram who had borrowed five hundred rupees from my father and employeed on the terms as I have stated above. I was studying in sixth standard and in the month of June that year, passing the days in leisure at home on vacation after annual examination. 

Q. 11. Would you have identified yourself with Xiao Ye when you were his age?

Ans. This question pulls the door of imagination to keep oneself at the place of Xiao Ye, to direct one’s mind around the event hence, it is difficult to see, what I would have done in conditions resembling to that appeared before that child. 

However, if I recall the event, just presuming myself at the first rung of the learning ladder viz. a child like a blank slate; I would have also annoyed at my mother’s ambivalent behaviour. 

I would have identified myself being a product of poor family, not only in terms of physical means but also pauper in terms of ethical values that train the mind and rein its fickle flight and moreover, outcome of unbridled mind is gross perlexion and outburst of anger to make things worse. 


Q.1. How does Tao Ying succeed in convincing the officials that she was in the right ? Why does she not accept the tickets offered by the officials? Why does she ask the officials to explains everything to Xia Ye? 

Ans. She allowed them re-measurement of her sun’s height. It was a little greater than 1.10 mts. She convinces the official that one month and nine days had already passed when that event took place. Hence, a little growth in height was all right and necessary. 
The tickets were like compensation for inconvenience, agony and mental stress, she borne with that day. She wanted her son to see that his mother was fair and not swindler. 
It would eliminate or erase the image so formed in his mind on that fateful day. She therefore, rejected their offer and wished they should explain the truth to her son, 

Q. 2. “In front of the child she would never lie.” What does this statement say about Tao Ying’s character?

Ans. It exhibits that she was suffering from duality in dealing with her all affairs. Perhaps, she considers her son a lomb like pet animal. She wants to see an ideal development of her son’s personality but under cover and not under the sun at its prime (i.e. 12 in noon). She is a swindler in reality.

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