Class 12 Political Science Book-II Ch-2 MCQs With Answers Pdf Download Era of One Party Dominance Notes

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Are you a Class 12 student looking for Class 12 Political Science Book-II Ch-2 MCQs? Because this chapter is very important for the exam. Many questions from this chapter have come in the exam. Due to this, it is very important to know the question answer of this chapter.

So students, after reading this article, you will get a lot of marks from this chapter in the exam, because the questions related to all the exams have been described in it, so definitely read it completely.

I myself have been a topper of class 12th and I know what type of questions are asked in class 12th exam. At present, I am also playing the role of a teacher, and also make my students practice important information and topics of class 12th. I have written the MCQs article here with my experience of more than 5 years. With the help of this post, you will be able to get very good marks in history from this chapter in the exam.

Class 12 Political Science Book-II Ch-2 MCQs With Answers Pdf Download Era of One Party Dominance Notes

Chapter NameEra of One Party Dominance Notes
Medium English / History
Study MaterialsMCQ

Points to Remember

  • The constitution has established indirect democracy or representative government in India. Therefore, of the Parliament and Legislative Assemblies. There are periodic elections in which many parties participate and can come to power after getting success. The first general election was held in 1952. This election was held in A, B, C class states. The Indian National Congress achieved huge success in these elections. States were reorganized in 1956. Now elections were held in 14 states.
  • Jammu and Kashmir also came under the jurisdiction of the Election Commission of India. In 1960, a part of Bombay State was carved out to form Gujarat, Bombay’s name became Maharashtra. Now elections were held in 15 states. The National Conference remained in power in Jammu and Kashmir, but the Communist Party got an opportunity to form the government in Kerala. Yet the dominant position of the Congress continued.
  • India can be called a country with a multi-party system. There have been dozens of parties here, but the Congress remained the only ruling party. Other parties did not get success in the struggle for power. By passing the resolution of the socialist pattern of the society, the Congress should remove the luster of the socialist parties. All the opposition parties together could not challenge the power of the Congress.
  • This was named as single dominant party system. The dominance of the Congress at the center and in the states continued, but the states witnessed unequal levels of this dominance. The central leaders coordinated with the influential leaders of the state.
  • The hegemonic position of the Congress maintained the democratic system. All the opposition parties continued to do their work. Opposition or dissent was recognized. Many factions kept working within the Congress which maintained their invisible coordination with the outside parties. This maintained the condition of Political Pluralism. This was also called the Congress System.
  • Congress is not dependent on any particular ideology. Within it are people of all religions, classes, castes, regions, languages ​​etc. who have diverse interests. Rural or urban, industrialist or laborer, landowner or farmer, all can get its membership and by staying within this party all can protect their own interests. This is called the mixed nature of the Congress.

Multiple Choice Questions | Class 12 Political Science Book-II Ch-2 MCQs With Answers

Class 12 Political Science Book-II Ch-2 MCQs With Answers
Class 12 Political Science Book-II Ch-2 MCQs With Answers

1, What type of party system was there in India till 1967?

(a) One-party system

(b) two-party system

(c) Multiparty system

(d) Single dominant party system

2. What type of socialism was adopted by the Indian National Congress?

(a) Scientific Socialism of Marx

(b) Democratic Socialism of Britain

(c) Sarvodaya of Gandhi

(d) Communism of Lenin

3. Who said that after independence Congress is not just a party but it has become like a government, a state and even a country?

(a) Stanley Koshneck

(b) Myron Weiner

(c) Morris-Jones

(d) Giovanni Sartori

4. In which category has the Indian political party system been placed?

(a) One party system

(b) two-party system

(c) Multiparty system

(d) Single party dominance system

5. Who is known among the Young Turks of the Congress? 

(a) Lal Bahadur Shastri

(b) Kamaraj

(c) Nijalingappa

(d) Chandrashekhar

6, Which leader of the Indian National Congress broke and rebuilt his party twice?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Lal Bahadur Shastri

(c) Indira Gandhi

(d) Rajiv Gandhi

7. Which was not the reason for the decline of the hegemonic position of Congress after 1967?

(a) the end of the old image

(b) Lack of capable and effective leadership

(c) Rise of regional parties

(d) Absence of timely ideology

class 12th NotesMCQ
HistoryPolitical Science

8. When did the Communist Party get the first opportunity to come to power in India?

(a) after the first election of 1952

(b) after the second election in 1957

(c) after the third election of 1962

(d) After the fourth election of 1967

9. Which party of India can be kept in the category of right wing parties?

(a) Bahujan Samaj Party

(b) party

(c) Bharatiya Janata Party

(d) Revolutionary Samajwadi Party

10. Which factor has played a dominant role in the rapid decline of Congress hegemony after the fourth election of 1967? 

(a) Political pluralism

(b) Political party-change

(c) Rise of regional alliances

(d) Lack of discipline in the parties

11. What was the objective of the ‘Grand Alliance’ formed in 1971? 

(a) remove poverty

(B) remove Indira

(c) strengthen the opposition

(d) Stop political defections

12. When did the Indian National Congress take a resolution regarding the socialist pattern of the society?

(a) In the Jaipur session of 1948

(b) In the Avadi session of 1955

(c) In the Bangalore session of 1960

(d) In the Bhubaneswar session of 1964

13. Who was the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India?

(a) Atal Bihari Vajpayee

(b) – Morarji Desai

(c) Deve Gowda

(d) Chaudhary Charan Singh

14. Who was the founder of Indian National Congress?

(a) Liaquat Ali

(b) A.O. Hume

(c) S. N. Banerjee

(d) G.S. K.S. Gokhale

15. In which year did the Congress split?

(a) 1967

(b) 1969

(c) 1968

(d) 1970

16. When was the Indian National Congress established?

(a) In 1885

(b) in 1905

(c) 1916

(d) in 1947

17. In which of the following provinces did the Congress not get absolute majority in the first general election?

(a) Orissa (Odisha)

(b) Bihar

(c) Uttar Pradesh

(d) Madhya Pradesh

18. What was the rank of the President of India, Pratibha Devi Singh Patil?

(a) 12

(b) 13th

(c) 14th

(d) 11th

19. Article 370 is related to which state?

(a) Uttar Pradesh


(b) Bihar

(d) Jammu and Kashmir

20. By whom was the five point program started?

(a) Pandit Nehru

(b) Rajiv Gandhi

(c) Sanjay Gandhi

(d) Lal Bahadur Shastri

21. Who is known by the name of Frontier Gandhi

(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose

(c) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

(d) Sardar Patel

22. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?

(a) Sonia Gandhi-Congress

(b) Mayawati – Bahujan Samaj Party

(c) Lalu Prasad Yadav – Rashtriya Janata Dal

(d) Nitish Kumar – Bharatiya Janata Party

23. Who was the first Governor General of independent India?

(a) Lord Curzon

(b) C. Rajagopalachari

(c) Lord Mountbatten

(d) B.R. Ambedkar

24. Who was the first Prime Minister of India?

(a) Rajendra Prasad

(b) Sardar Patel

(c) V.R. Ambedkar

(d) none of these

25. How many national parties are there in India at present?

(a) 4

(c) 6

(b) 5

(d) 7

26. When was the second general election held in India?

(a) 1955

(b) 1956

(c) 1957

(d) none of these

27. Who was the first education minister of India

(a) Dr. B.S. R.S. Ambedkar

(b) Abul Kalam Azad

(c) Sucheta Kriplani

(d) K. M. Munshi

28. Which political party ruled India from 1952 to 1967?was dominated?

(a) B.J.P.

(b) Janata Dal

(c) Congress

(d) Shiv Sena

29. When were the first general elections held in independent India?

(a) 1950

(b) 1952

(c) 1955

(d) 1957

30. On 26th January we believe-

(a) As Republic Day

(b) as Independence Day

(c) as a teacher’s day

(d) as Flag Day

31. Which party system exists in India at present?

(a) One-party system

(b) Bipartite system

(c) Multiparty system

(d) none of these

32. Which political party got the majority in the 1977 general election in India?

(a) Congress

(b) Janata Party

(c) public

(d) b. which. P.S.

33. Political parties are allotted election symbols by which constitutional body?

(a) Election Commission

(b) Policy Commission

(c) Planning Commission

(d) Parliament

34. When was the Janata Party established?

(a) 1977

(b) 1978

(c) 1979

(d) 1980

[Answers- 1. (d), 2. (b), 3. (a), 4. (c), 5. (d), 6. (c), 7. (d), 8. (b) , 9. (c), 10. (b), 11. (b), 12. (b), 13. (b), 14. (b), 15.(a), 16. (a), .(a), 18. (b), 19. (d), 20. (a), 21. (c), 22. (d), 23. (b), 24. (d), 25. ( d), 26. (c), 27. (b), 28. (c), 29. (b), 30. (a), 31. (c), 32. (b), 33. (a) , 34. (a)]


1. What is one party dominance system?

Answer – There are parties in the country. But one very big party has power, so other parties cannot share in power.

2. What is meant by a leftist party? Or, what is the ideology of the parties called Leftists in India?

Answer- Communist Party of India, Samajwadi Party, etc. are called leftist parties. Such a party wants to change the present situation and bring a new situation so that the weak, backward, exploited, downtrodden, and poor sections of society can be benefited.

3, Why is democracy called representative government? 

Answer- In this, the people hand over their power to their elected representatives who protect the interests of their constituents and are responsible to them.

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