Cbse Board class 12 Sociology important questions and answers  

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class 12 Sociology important questions and answers 

Class12th 
ChapterImportant Model Question Paper
BoardCbse board
Book NCERT
SubjectSociology
Medium English 
Study MaterialsFree Study Materials

Sociology Objective Questions And Answers Pdf

Q.1. year of establishment of sociology

(a) 1820

(d) 1828

(c) 1797

(b) 1838

Ans.(b)

Q.2. Who gave the theory of class struggle? (Who gave the theory of class struggle?)

(a) Karl Marx

(b) Cooley

(c) Sorokin

(d) Maclver 

Ans.(a)

Q.3. A Joint family system is found in

(a) In urban society 

(b) In Industrial Society

(c) In rural society

(d) None of these 

Ans.(a) 

Q.4. Which of the following is a speciality of the family? (Which among the following is/are the feature(s) of family?)

(a) Limited size

(b) Universality

(c) Emotional basis

(d) All of these

Ans.(a)

Q.5. Who is the largest tribal group in India? (Which is the largest tribal community in India?)

(a) Munda 

(b) Bhil

(c) Sanchal (Santhal)

(d) Gond

Ans.(b) 

Q.6. Which problem is not related to tribal life? (Which problem is not related to tribal life?)

(a) Youth dormitory

(b) Untouchability

(c) Development of caste stratification

(d) Land expulsion

Ans.(b)

Q.7. Caste system is-

(a) Religious Institution

(b) Economic Institution

(c) Social Institution

(d) Political System

Ans.(a)

Q8. Who ranks first in the world in terms of population? (Which country has the highest population in the world?)

(a) China

(b) Pakistan

(c) India

(d) Nepal 

Ans.(a)

Q.9. The history of Indian society spans how many years? is the period of the history of Indian society in years?)

(a) 3000 years 

(b) 4000 years

(c) 5000 years 

(d) 6000 many (6000 years) 

Ans.(c)

Q.10.G.P. How many types of secondary kin did Murdock mention? (How many types of secondary kinship are there according to the GP? Murdock?)

(a) 45 

(b) 33 

(c) 133 

(d) 142

Ans.(b)

Q.11. ‘The state is a committee.’ Who said?

(a) Garner

(c) MacIver

(b) Ogburn

(d) Wilson

Ans.(a) 

Q.12. In which year did the riots against Sikhs take place in Delhi? 

(a) 1984 

(b) 1992 

(c) 1990 

(d) 1994 

Ans.(a)

Q.13. Sarhul is a famous festival of which state? (Sarhul is a famous festival of which state?)

(a) Assam

(b) Punjab

(c) Jharkhand

(d) Tamil Nadu 

Ans.(c) 

Q.14. Who gave the principle of division of labour? (Who gave the theory of Division of Labour?) 

(a) Durkheim

(c) Karl Marx

(b) Max Weber

(d) D.N. Majumdar (D. N. Majumdar) 

Ans.(c)

Q.15. How many types of kinship are there? (How many types of Kinship are there?)

(a) One

(b) दो (Two)

(c) Three

(d) Four

Ans.(b)

Q.16. Who gave the concept of ‘mirrorism of the soul’? (Who gave the concept of ‘looking glass self?)

(a) C.H. C.H. Cooley

(b) Max Weber 

(c) Karl Marx

(d) Maclver

Ans.(a)

Q.17. The Tana Bhagat movement is related to 

(a) From backward class

(b) Tribes

(d) All of these

(c) Dalit

Ans.(b)

Q.18. Who is the founder of ‘Arya Samaj’? (Who is the founder of ‘Arya Samaj’?) 

(a) Dayanand Saraswati

(b) Vivekananda

(c) Raja Rammohan Roy 

(d) Sahajananda Saraswati

Ans.(a) 

Q.19. What is ‘Article 334’ related to in the Indian Constitution? (‘Article 334’ in the Constitution of India is related to)

(a) Fundamental Rights

(b) Right to Education

(c) Crime

(d) Reservation for SC/ST 

Ans.(d)

Q.20. What is planned industrialization? (What is planned industrialization?

(a) A System 

(b) A Planning 

(c) A Phenomenon

(d) None of these

Ans.(a)

Class 12 Sociology Important Questions And Answers

Q.21. Sex Ratio

Ans. According to the data of 2011, the number of men in the country is 62.37 crore while the number of women is 58.64 crore. There are 993 females for every 1000 males. In the state of Kerala, women outnumber men. The average number of women in the state of Haryana is lowest i.e. 879 women for every 1000 men.

Q.22. Green Revolution

Ans. The Green Revolution means a rapid increase in various types of crops or agricultural production.

Q.23. Discuss the characteristics of the caste system. (Discuss the characteristics of the Caste system.)

Ans. Caste includes a system of several castes combined in hierarchical status. Every person belongs to some caste. Caste

The membership adopted in the IAS also includes the rules for eating and drinking. Every person has to adopt the caste adopted by his parents and ancestors. He cannot abandon his caste nor can he change it. On the other hand, caste can also expel that person from the caste.

Each caste also includes strict rules regarding marriage. Marriage can be done only among the members of the caste and not with any other caste. 

Q.24. Regionalism

Ans. The ideology committed to a particular regional identity, which is based on characteristics other than geographical area, language, ethnicity, etc., is called regionalism.

Q.25. Population Policy

Ans. Population mobility is an important topic. The population of a country affects its development prospects. India has been following an official population policy for more than fifty years. India was the first country in the world to announce its population policy in 1952.

The population of a country determines the health and welfare of its people. In highly populated countries, there are serious problems in providing medical facilities and food etc. for the health of the people, whereas less populated countries do not have to face these problems. Our population policy took a concrete form in the form of the National Family Planning Programme. This program had some objectives which remain the same to date. This objective is-

(i) To try to move in a socially desirable direction by influencing the rate and pattern of population growth.

(ii) To reduce the rate of population growth through various birth control measures.

(iii) To improve population levels and provide information about population and health-related issues.

Therefore, it can be said that India has achieved many achievements in the last 50 years.

Q.26. Explain the difference between caste and varna. (Discuss the differences between caste and class.) 

Ans. Do it yourself

Q.27. What efforts have been made in India related to women’s welfare? (What efforts have been made regarding women’s welfare in India?)

Ans. Main objectives of the National Policy for Women Empowerment in India, 2001

(1) Women should get a chance to recognize their full potential. The objective of this policy is to create such an environment through positive, economic and social policies in which women get a chance to recognize their full potential, as well as their full development.

(ii) Equal status for women in all fields – Women should get equal opportunities like men in all political, economic, social, cultural and civil fields.

(iii) Women in public positions should get equal facilities, care, advanced education at every level, career and professional guidance, equal remuneration, and equal social facilities.

(iv) Elimination of all types of discrimination against women – To eliminate all types of discrimination against women by strengthening the justice system.

Q. 28. What is our involvement as a student of sociology? (What is our sharing as students of sociology?)

Ans. Knowledge of sociology towards social participation gives us a different view

. This participation can take many forms. For example – acquisition of practical knowledge, awareness of culture and social values, opposition to disruptive conditions, scientificity in decisions, opposition to modernity, struggle for justice and equality encouragement of rational change etc. It is through these works that we can contribute constructively to social life.

Q. 29. What are human rights? (What are human rights?)

Ans. Human rights mean “the fundamental rights and freedoms to which all living beings are entitled.” As an example of rights and freedoms

Those enumerated in the Constitution include civil and political rights, such as the right to life and liberty, freedom of expression and equality before the law, and economic, social and cultural rights, as well as the right to participate in cultural activities. Right to food, right to work, right to education etc.

Q. 30. What is the tribal problem? (What is the tribal problem?)

Ans. The condition of tribal areas and people was not respectable after independence. There was a lot of pressure on these people. Due to deforestation and the establishment of factories etc. in these areas, the people had to leave their shelters. But after a long struggle, the interests of these castes have been considered. Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh get the status of separate states

Has gone. However, due to earlier failures, these successes have not had much impact. Many states in the Northeastern region have been living for decades under special laws that have limited the civil liberties of their residents. Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh got their newly declared statehood.

It has yet to be fully utilized. The political system of these states has not become autonomous from the clutches of big structures.

Apart from this, states like Manipur or Nagaland have been declared as ‘disturbed areas’. Citizens of these states do not have rights like other citizens of India. The armed rebellion, the harsh measures taken by the government to suppress the people of these castes and the subsequent outbreak of rebellions

The vicious cycle has caused huge damage to the economy and culture of the North-Eastern states. However, due to the gradual promotion of education by the government in these areas, people of these classes and castes are developing.

Q. 31. Describe the characteristics of colonialism. (Discuss the features of colonialism.)

Ans. Colonialism has the following characteristics-

(1) Colonialism explains the expansionist nature of powerful nations.

(ii) Colonialism is a condition in which a powerful country exploits a weaker one.

He takes control of the country and establishes governance and law and order here. (iii) Colonialism is based on long-term exploitation policy.

(iv) In colonialism, various types of policies are implemented by the foreign government due to which the natives of the country become very weak from an economic point of view.

(v) In colonialism, the natives of the country are directly pressurized by the ruling country to bring changes in their culture, social values ​​and economic activities.

Q.32. Analyze the three main functions of the organization. (Analyze the three main functions of the Institution.)

do it yourself

Class 12 Sociology Important Questions And Answers 

Q. 33. Throw light on the types of kinship. (Throw light on the type of kinship.)

Ans. Types of kinship (1) Marital kinship – When a man When a girl is married, his relationship is established not only with the girl but also with her family members.

(ii) Consanguineous kinship-Relations of consanguineous kinship are based on blood. For example, there are consanguineous relationships between parents and children.

Q. 34. What is the meaning of project work? What is the meaning?

of project work?) Ans. Meaning of Project Work – Literally, project work is made up of two words project work. Project means planning and work means methodology or method, thus project work means the functioning of the plan. The notion of project work may not be clear from the literal meaning alone. From the sociological point of view, the concept of project work is adequate and comprehensive.

Project work involves going to the field and collecting facts about a real social problem by following different levels of scientific method. In collecting facts, one has to go through difficult levels of observation, classification, testing, comparison, conclusion etc. systematically.

Generally, the social survey method is followed for project work. The social survey is an important study method for social scholars. It is a scientific method of studying social problems.

Like social surveys, the ultimate goal of project work is also utilitarian or creative. The knowledge gained through project work is useful and practical. Probably while clarifying this point, Shri I.B. Verma has written, “Knowledge should be useful and practical.

Project work ensures this utility because it is not artificial but is implemented under natural conditions. It gives good results and has minimal wastage. It is completely satisfying and useful for children.

Gives training.” It is clear from the above description that under project work, any real social problem is surveyed by sociology students or surveyors by going to the field under the guidance of teachers or experts and in this process, everything from organizing the survey or project work to materials,

All the stages from analysis and selection, presentation of facts and preparation of report have to be passed systematically. Thus, at the end, the report of the project work is also prepared by the students under the guidance of the teacher. Since the project is the result of the worker’s fieldwork, he

At the practical level, real information is obtained about the changing environment of society and the dimension of problems.

Q. 35. Throw light on the nature of modernization. (Throw light on the nature of modernization.)

Ans. Do it yourself

Q. 36. Explain the difference between rural and urban communities. (Distinguish between rural and urban communities.)

Ans. The rural community is a community in which all the people are organized around a small centre and between whom there are common and primary relationships. On the contrary, an urban community is a community in which all the people are organized around a broad centre.

The general and primary relationship between them is effective. Rural communities use less organized facilities such as residential drinking water, electricity and transport compared to urban communities. The same thing can be seen in education and health.

Q. 37. Explain the role of the state in India. (Discuss the role of the state in India.)

Ans. In the context of the role of the state in a plural and unequal society like India, the following facts are noteworthy – (i) Bringing the princely states into the mainstream – in India after independence.

Success has been achieved in bringing the native states into the mainstream. In the federal governance system, the state has tried to connect people from every corner of the country.

(ii) Preservation of common culture – Well-organized government and democratic processes have special importance in the preservation of common culture. from social inequality

The role of the state in solving various related issues and problems has been remarkable. Considerable efforts have been made for the development of socially and educationally backward people.

(iii) Secularism – Secular thinking is necessary for the stability of the majority society. By analyzing the conditions of different countries of the world, it becomes clear that minorities are the most numerous in India.

(iv) Happiness-Bentham has said that it is safe. The role of the state is related to making as many people as possible happy. Rousseau said that the state exists to make the life of the individual beautiful. In India, protection has been provided to disadvantaged groups.

(v) Land Reforms – Through land reform programmes, the inequalities prevailing in the country can be eliminated to some extent. But this role is unsatisfactory. for the state in the area

(vi) In the field of agriculture – There has been an increase in production and production capacity in the field of agriculture, yet it cannot be called satisfactory because in some places the morale of the farmers is breaking due to floods, droughts or natural calamities.

(vii) Education- The role of the state in the field of India is important. Efforts are being made to raise the level of education. Education has been made compulsory yet a large number of people are illiterate. The distribution of technical institutions is also uneven.

(viii) Health-The condition of hospitals and other health centres in India is pathetic. The role of the state in the field of health is not satisfactory. It is clear from the above explanation that the importance of the state is very high in plural and unequal societies.

Q.38. Throw light on the environmental movement. (Throw light on environmental movement.)

And, do it yourself

Q. 39. Describe the characteristics of the caste system in India. (Discuss the features of the caste system in India.)

Ans. Do it yourself

Q. 40. Read the following passage and answer the following question – Sociology is often considered a discipline that studies society.

is defined as. It is not easy to mark the boundaries of society. The study of a village is not limited to different social groups and their societies; it also has to be seen how the society of that village is connected to the outside world.

That connection is more relevant today than ever before. No sociologist or social anthropologist can study a society in isolation. This change has happened due to the shrinking of distances of space and time. Sociologists will have to study society keeping these global interrelationships in mind.

(a) Define sociology. (Define sociology.)

(b) Why is it not easy to determine the boundaries of society? (Why is it not easy to restrict the limits of society?)

Ans. (a) Sociology as a discipline that studies ‘society’

is defined in. No sociologist or social anthropologist can study a society in isolation. Sociologists will have to study society keeping these global interrelationships in mind.

(b) It is not easy to mark the limits of society. The study of a village is not limited to different social groups and their societies but it also has to see how the society of that village is connected to the outside world. That connection is more relevant today than ever before.


NOTES & QUESTIONS ANSWER


  1. Introducing Indian Society
  2. The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society
  3. Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
  4. The Market as a Social Institution
  5. Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
  6. The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
  7. suggestions for projects work
  1. Structural Change
  2. Cultural Change
  3. The Story of Indian Democracy
  4. Change and Development in Rural Society
  5. Change and Development in Industrial Society
  6. Globalisation and Social Change
  7. Mass Media and Communications
  8. Social Movements

MCQS IN ENGLISH


  1. Introducing Indian Society
  2. The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society
  3. Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
  4. The Market as a Social Institution
  5. Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
  6. The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
  1. Structural Change
  2. Cultural Change
  3. The Story of Indian Democracy
  4. Change and Development in Rural Society
  5. Change and Development in Industrial Society
  6. Globalisation and Social Change
  7. Mass Media and Communications
  8. Social Movements

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कक्षा 12 समाजशास्त्र एनसीईआरटी नोट्स


  1. भारतीय समाज का परिचय
  2. भारतीय समाज की जनसांख्यिकीय संरचना
  3. सामाजिक संस्थाएँ: निरंतरता और परिवर्तन
  4. एक सामाजिक संस्था के रूप में बाजार
  5. सामाजिक विषमता एवं बहिष्कार के स्वरूप
  6. सांस्कृतिक विविधता की चुनौतियाँ
  7. परियोजना कार्य के लिए सुझाव
  1. भारत में सामाजिक परिवर्तन एवं विकास
  2. सांस्कृतिक परिवर्तन
  3. भारतीय लोकतंत्र की कहानी
  4. ग्रामीण समाज में परिवर्तन और विकास
  5. औद्योगिक समाज में परिवर्तन और विकास
  6. भूमण्डलीकरण और सामाजिक परिवर्तन 
  7. जनसंपर्क साधन और जनसंचार
  8. सामाजिक आंदोलन

वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न MCQs


  1. भारतीय समाज का परिचय
  2. भारतीय समाज की जनसांख्यिकीय संरचना
  3. सामाजिक संस्थाएँ: निरंतरता और परिवर्तन
  4. एक सामाजिक संस्था के रूप में बाजार
  5. सामाजिक विषमता एवं बहिष्कार के स्वरूप
  6. सांस्कृतिक विविधता की चुनौतियाँ
  1. भारत में सामाजिक परिवर्तन एवं विकास
  2. सांस्कृतिक परिवर्तन
  3. भारतीय लोकतंत्र की कहानी
  4. ग्रामीण समाज में परिवर्तन और विकास
  5. औद्योगिक समाज में परिवर्तन और विकास
  6. भूमण्डलीकरण और सामाजिक परिवर्तन 
  7. जनसंपर्क साधन और जनसंचार
  8. सामाजिक आंदोलन

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