Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

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Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download, Class 12CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download, Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF

Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

Years2024 (Based on the latest Syllabus)
Class 12th
Provides Mcqs, Verry shorts, Shorts, Long answer and map works
SectionsA, B, C, D, E
Max. Marks80
Times3 hrs
PapersCBSE Sample paper

Section A consists of 17 questions of 1 mark

Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

1. Which of the following causes the pollution in Yamuna?

(a) Industrial pollution from Kanpur

(b) Domestic waste from Delhi

(c) Extraction of water by Haryana and Uttar Pradesh for irrigation.

(d) Both (b) and (c)

2. Which of the following pairs is not matched correctly?

List I (Cities)List II (Basis of Development)
(a) PrayagrajOn religious and cultural basis
(b) LucknowBased on the remnants of ancient cities.
(c) KolkataOn cultural basis
(d) MumbaiIn the form of commercial port

3. Which of these commodities constitute the imports of India from other countries? 

(a) Machines and equipments

(b) Edible oil

(c) Fertilisers

(d) All of the above

4. Which of the following best describes the features of gathering?

(a) Low capital/skill investment

(b) Low yield per person

(c) Non-surplus in production

(d) All of the above

5. The established cocoa and coffee plantations in Western Africa.

(a) French

(b) British

(c) Danes

(d) Portuguese

6. Which of these types of stores employ highly skilled specialists? 

(a) Consumer cooperatives

(b) Departmental stores

(c) Chain stores

(d) Permanent shops

7. Match column I with Column II & Choose the correct option 

List I (Cities)List II (Functional Specification)
A. Educational town1. Jodhpur
B. Tourist town2. Aligarh
C. Commercial town3. Kurukshetra
D. Religions and cultural town4. Saharanpur


(a) 2143

(b) 1 2 3 4

(c) 34 21

(d) 4 3 2 1

8. There has been a significant rise in India’s international trade. This is due to…….

(a) rapid growth in the manufacturing sector

(b) liberal policies of the government

(c) diversification of markets

(d) All of the above

9. What is the population density of India as per Census of 2011?

(a) 184 persons per sq km 

(b) 285 persons per sq km

(c) 382 persons per sq km

(d) 415 persons per sq km

10. Identify the administrative town.

(a) Bhilai

(b) Surat

(c) Chandigarh 

(d) Bhubaneshwar

11. Arrange the given states in a sequence of their position of wheat production. 

1. Haryana

II. Punjab

III. Madhya Pradesh

IV. Uttar Pradesh


(a) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)

(b) (iii), (iv), (i), (ii)

(c) (ii), (iii), (i), (iv)

(d) (iv), (iii), (ii), (1)

12. Consider the following statements and choose the correct answer from the given options. 

1. The spatial distribution of population in India is uneven.

II. The spatial distribution of a place is affected by the physical, socio-economic and historical factors of a region.


(a) Only statement I is correct

(b) Both statements are correct and statement II correctly explains statement I

(c) Only statement II is correct

(d) Both the statements are incorrect

13. There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Mark your answer as per the codes given below.

Assertion (A) Waste management problem is getting serious in India.

Reason (R) About 40 to 50 per cent of waste generated is left uncontrolled and untreated. Codes (1)

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

(c) A is true, but R is false

(d) A is false, but R is true

14. Consider the following statements.

I. The contribution of agriculture has declined over time but the pressure on land for agriculture has not declined.

II. The number of people in India is increasing day by day. Codes

(a) Both statements are true

(b) Only statement I is true

(c) Only statement II is true

(d) Both the statements are false

Section B consists of 2 Source based question

18. Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Based on the universal law “Polluter pays”, an effort to restore the ecology and safeguard human health with people’s participation has taken place in Daurala near Meerut. 

These efforts are now bearing fruits after three years when Meerut-based NGO developed a model for ecological restoration.

The meeting of the Daurala Industries officials, NGOs, Government officials and other stakeholders at Meerut has brought out results.

The powerful logic, authentic studies and the pressure of people have brought a new lease of life to the twelve thousand residents of this village. It was in the year 2003 that the pathetic condition of Dauralaites drew the attention of civil society.

The groundwater of this village was contaminated with heavy metals. The reason was that the untreated wastewater of Daurala Industries was leaching into the groundwater table. The NGO conducted a door-to-door survey of the health status of the residents and came out with a report.

The organisation, the village community and people’s representatives sat together to find sustainable solutions to the health problem. The industrialists showed a keen interest towards checking the deteriorating ecology. 

The overhead water tank’s capacity in the village was enhanced and a 900m extra pipeline was laid to supply potable water to the community.

The silted pond of the village was cleaned and recharged by desilting it. A large quantity of silt was removed paving the way for the large quantity of water that recharged the aquifers.

Rainwater harvesting structures have been constructed at different places, which has helped dilute groundwater contaminants after the monsoons. 1000 trees have also been planted which have improved the environment.

(i) Daurala is experiencing which kind of pollution? 

(ii) Which measure is to be taken by the people to dilute the harmful contaminants of groundwater? 

(iii) What is the largest source of water pollution in Daurala? 

Section C consists of 4 questions with 3 marks

20. “Watershed management can play an important role in sustainable development.” Explain.


Explain any three benefits of rainwater harvesting. 

21. Why is it necessary to develop bio-energy in India? 

22. What is the concept of gathering and why does it have limited potential for global significance? Give three reasons. 

23. What is the subject matter of the study of human geography? Explain any three. 


Explain the concept introduced by Griffith Taylor.

Section D consists of 5 questions of 5 mark

24. Differentiate between agro-based industries and mineral-based industries in the world. 

Or Distinguish between large-scale manufacturing industries and small-scale manufacturing industries by stating five points of each.

25. Analyse the importance of per capita income in human development.


“Gross National Happiness (GNH) measures the country’s progress.” Evaluate the statement. 

26. Explain three economic and two social and cultural factors influencing the distribution of population in the world. 

27. What is land degradation? What are the factors that cause land degradation and what are the methods to prevent it? 

28. Explain the demerits of road transport and rail transport in the world.


How water transportation is changing the course of world trade? Mention major sea routes of world trade.

Section E consists of 2 Map based questions

29. On the political map of India, locate and label any five of the following with appropriate symbols.

(i) The state has the highest population density

(ii) An iron ore mine in Odisha

(iii) An oil refinery in Gujarat

(iv) The leading cotton-producing state

(v) The leading wheat-producing state

(vi) An international Airport in Assam

(vii) A bauxite mine in Madhya Pradesh

30. On the given political map of the world, the following seven features are shown. Identify any five of these features and write their correct names on the lines marked near each feature.

(i) An area of nomadic herding

(ii) West Terminal Stations of Trans-Siberian Railway

(iii) An area of extensive commercial grain cultivation

(iv) A transcontinental railway

(v) A major airport in Australia

(vi) A major area of mixed farming

(vii) A major airport in North America


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