Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

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Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download, Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper, Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

Years2024 (Based on the latest Syllabus)
Class 12th
Provides Mcqs, Verry shorts, Shorts, Long answer and map works
SectionsA, B, C, D, E
Max. Marks80
Times3 hrs
PapersCBSE Sample paper

Section A consists of 17 questions of 1 mark each

Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper

1. Military Science is associated with which of the following fields of Human Geography?

(a) Social Geography

(b) Economic Geography

(c) Political Geography

(d) Settlement Geography

2. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched? 

List I (Period)

List II (World Population)

(a) Administrative towns – Imphal

(b) Commercial towns Satna

(c) Mining towns Modinagar

(d) Transport cities Katni

3. Which of the following schools of thought employed Marxian theory?

(a) Behavioural School of Thought

(b) Radical School of Thought

(c) Dualism in Geography

(d) None of the above

4. Identify the agriculture developed by European colonialists.

(a) Subsistence agriculture

(b) Cooperative farming

(c) Market gardening

(d) Plantation agriculture

5. Giving work to an outside agency to improve efficiency is known as

(a) BPO service

(b) Outsourcing

(c) Data processing

(d) IT services

6. Where are clustered settlements found in India?

(a) Chhattisgarh

(b) Nagaland

(c) Gujarat plains

(d) Himalayas

7. Match the following.

List IList II
A. Kandla Port1. Maharashtra
B. Jawaharlal Nehru Port2. Gujarat
C. Marmagao Port3. Karnataka
D. Paradwip Port4. Odisha


(a) 2 1 3 4

(b) 1 2 4 3

(c) 3 2 1 4

(d) 2 1 4 3

8. Semi-clustered settlements are formed in India at which of these places? 

(a) Bundelkhand region

(b) Gujarat plains

(c) Nagaland

(d) Himalayan slopes

9. Yamuna River is the most polluted river in the country between and 

(a) Delhi and Etawah

(b) Delhi and Ahmedabad

(c) Jaipur and Ajmer

(d) Kanpur and Gohati

10. Which of the following is an artificial port/harbour? 

(a) Mumbai Port

(b) Kochchi Port

(c) Chennai Port

(d) Marmagao port

11. Arrange the following approaches to Human Geography as per their period of origin. 

1. Possibilism

II. Neo-determinism

III. Environmental determinism

IV. Post-modernism


(b) 4, 3, 2, 1

(a) 1,2,3,4 (c) 3,1,2,4

(d) 3, 4, 2, 1

12. Consider the following statements.

I. Development is dynamic and complex.

II. The objective of planning is to utilise resources in a sustainable manner. 


(a) Only statements I is correct

(b) Only statement II is correct

(c) Both the statements are correct and statement II correctly explains statement I

(d) Both statements are true, but not related to each other.

13. There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Mark your answer as per the codes given below.

Assertion (A) About 90 per cent of the solid waste is collected and disposed of in metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Kolkata, etc. Reason (R) In most cities of the country about 30 to 50 per cent of waste generated is left uncollected and untreated. Codes (2)

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and Rare are true, but R is not the correct explanation of А

(c) A is true, but R is false

(d) A is false, but R is true

14. Consider the following statements.

1. Trade liberalisation encourages competition between goods and services of foreign countries with domestic products.

II. Trade liberalisation is the act of opening up economics for trading by bringing down trade barriers. 


(a) Only statement I is true

(b) Only statement II is true

(c) Both the statements are true

(d) Both the statements are false

Section B consists of 2 Source based questions

18. Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Rice is a staple food for the overwhelming majority of the population in India. Though it is considered to be a crop of tropical humid areas, it has about 3,000 varieties which are grown in different agro-climatic regions. 

These are successfully grown from sea level to about 2,000 m altitude and from humid areas in Eastern India to dry but irrigated areas of Punjab, Haryana, Western U.P. and Northern Rajasthan. In Southern states and West Bengal, the climatic conditions allow the cultivation of two or three crops of rice in an agricultural year.

In West Bengal farmers grow three crops of rice called ‘aus’, ‘aman’ and ‘boro’. But in the Himalayas and North-Western parts of the country, it is grown as a kharif crop during the southwest monsoon season. India contributes 21.6 per cent of rice production in the world and ranked second after China in 2016. 

About one-fourth of the total cropped area in the country is under rice cultivation. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Punjab are the leading rice-producing states in the country. The yield level of rice is high in Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, West Bengal and Kerala. In the first four of these states, almost

the entire land under rice cultivation is irrigated. Punjab and Haryana are not traditional rice-growing areas. Rice cultivation in the irrigated areas of Punjab and Haryana was introduced in the 1970s following the Green Revolution. 

Genetically improved varieties of seed, relatively high usage of fertilizers and pesticides and lower levels of susceptibility of the crop to pests due to dry climatic conditions are responsible for higher yield of rice in this region. The yield of this crop is very low in rainfed areas of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha.

(i) The rank of India in terms of rice production in the world is 

(a) 1st

(b) 2nd

(c) 3rd

(d) 4th

(ii) The yield of rice is high in which of the following states? 

(a) Chhattisgarh

(b) Odisha

(c) Punjab

(d) Madhya Pradesh

(iii) Which inputs can significantly increase the production of rice in India? 

(a) HIV seeds

(b) Fertilisers

(c) Irrigation

(d) All of these

19. Observe the given table and answer the questions that follow.

(i) What is the formula used to calculate the growth rate of the population? 

(ii) Name the continent with highest growth rate of population in 2010-15. 

(iii) What is the population growth rate of Oceania in 1990-95?

Section C consists of 4 questions of 3 marks each

20. The Ganga and Yamuna rivers are among the most polluted rivers in India. State the sources of pollution of these rivers and also mention their polluted stretches.


Define the term air pollution. Explain any two harmful effects of air pollution.

21. “Conservation of mineral resources is essential for sustained development.” Explain. economic 

22. Why is the demand for water increasing day by day in India? Give any three reasons. 

23. What are the reasons behind the increasing popularity of air transport in recent times?


What are the major advantages of the Internet? 

Section D consists of 5 questions of 5 marks each

24. “Services are a very important aspect of economic development of a country.” Analyse the statement by explaining five components of a service sector. 


 “Modern economic development in the world is mainly the result of the development of quaternary services”. Justify the statement with five suitable arguments.

25. How are countries classified under different categories under the HDI? 

26. “The spatial distribution of religious communities in India is quite uneven.” Support the statement with examples of different religious communities. (5)

27. Define the Kolkhoz Farming Model.

Or Differentiate between mixed farming and subsistence agriculture.

28. What is trade liberalisation? What role does WTO play in international trade? 12-3

Or “Despite the setback caused by the partition, Indian ports continued to grow after the independence.” Support the statement with examples.

Section E consists of 2 Map based questions of 5 marks each

29. On the political map of India, locate and label any five of the following with appropriate symbols

(i) Hazaribagh copper mine

(ii) A bauxite mine

(iii) A leading producing state of tea

(iv) Largest producer of jute in India (v) A leading cotton-producing state

(vi) An international Airport in Thiruvananthapuram.

(vii) An oil refinery

30. On the given political map of the world, the following seven features are shown. Identify any life of these features and write their correct names on the lines marked near each feature.

(i) An area of nomadic herding

(ii) West Terminal Station of Trans-Siberian Railway

(iii) An area of mixed farming

(iv) Major seaport in South America

(v) An area of extensive commercial grain farming

(vi) A major airport

(vii) A major seaport


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