Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

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Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download, Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 Download, Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper

Years2024 (Based on the latest Syllabus)
Class 12th
Provides Mcqs, Verry shorts, Shorts, Long answer and map works
SectionsA, B, C, D, E
Max. Marks80
Times3 hrs
PapersCBSE Sample paper

Class 12th CBSE Board Geography sample paper 2024 PDF Download

Class 12 Geography Sample Paper 2023-24

Section A consists of 17 questions of 1 mark

1. Who among the following defines ‘human geography as the study of the changing relationship between the unresting man and the unstable Earth’?

(a) Ratzel

(b) Griffith Taylor

(c) Ellen C Semple

(d) Paul Vidal de la Blache

2. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

Types of TownsExamples
(a) Administrative townsImphal
(b) Commercial townsSatna
(c) Mining townSModinagar
(d) Transport CitiesKatni

3. Which of the following is the most important factor in the interaction between people and the environment?

(a) Human brotherhood

(b) Technology

(c) Human Intelligence

(d) Industrial development

4. Which of these is metallic mineral?

(a) Coal

(b) Bauxite

(c) Mica

(d) Graphite

5. Name the country with the highest ranking in ‘Human development’.

(a) Belgium

(b) Iceland

(c) Norway

(d) Canada

6. Which of the following business is conducted in bulk?

(a) Retail trading

(b) Urban marketing centres

(c) Wholesale trading

(d) Periodic markets

7. Match the following.

List IList II
A. Health1. Purchasing power parity
B. Education2. Life expectancy
C. Access to resources3. Adult literacy rate


(a) 2 3 1

(c) 1 2 3

(b) 13 2

(d) 3 2 1

8. Which of these is both water and air pollutant? 

(a) Sulphates

(c) Ammonia

(b) Carbon monoxide

(d) Mercury

9. Respiratory diseases are mainly caused by 

(a) land

(c) air

(b) water

(d) noise

10. Which of these is the formula for the natural growth of the population? 

(a) Birth Death

(b) Birth-Deaths-In-migration + Out-migration

(c) Birth Deaths-In-migration

(d) Birth-Deaths + In-migration-Out-migration

11. Arrange the following approaches in descending order based on time. 

I. Post-modernism in geography

II. Exploration and description

III. Areal differentiation

IV. Regional analysis


(a) I, III, IV, II

(b) III, IV, 1, II

(c) II, I, III, IV

(d) IV, I, III, II

12. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option.

1. The period from 1901-1921 is referred to as a period of stagnant or stationary phase of growth of population in India.

II. During this period both the birth and death rates were high.


(a) Only statement I is correct

(b) Only statement 11 is correct

(c) Both the statements are correct

(d) Both the statements are incorrect

13. Consider the following statements.

1. Nomadic herding is practised over vast horizontal distances.

11. Nomads migrate to plains during summer.


(a) Only statement I is correct

(b) Only statement II is correct

(c) Both the statements are correct and statement I correctly explains statement II 

(d) Both statements are correct, but not related to each other

14. There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Mark your answer as per the codes given below.

Assertion (A) Waterways are used for long-distance trade.

Reason (R) Waterways can provide door-to-door delivery. 


(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are explanations of А true, but R is not the correct

(c) A is true, but R is false

(d) A is false, but R is true

15. The Panama Canal connects which two bodies of water? 

(a) Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean

(b) Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexica

(c) Pacific Ocean and Mediterranean Sea

(d) North Sea and Baltic Sea

16. Which country is responsible for the construction of the Panama Canal?

(a) United States

(b) Panama

(c) France

(d) Colombia

17. How long approximately? is the Panama Canal D

(a) 80 km

(b) 72 km

(c) 160 km

(d) 85 km

Section B consists of 2 Source based question

18. Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Nomadic herding or pastoral nomadism is a primitive subsistence activity, in which the herders rely on animals for food, clothing, shelter, tools and transport. They move from one place to another along with their livestock, depending on the amount and quality of pastures and water.

Each nomadic community occupies a well-identified territory as a matter of tradition. A wide variety of animals is kept in different regions. In tropical Africa, cattle are the most important livestock, while in the Sahara and Asiatic deserts, sheep, goats and camel are reared. 

In the mountainous areas of Tibet and the Andes, yak and llamas, and the Arctic and sub-Arctic areas, reindeer are the most important animals. Pastoral nomadism is associated with three important regions.

The core region extends from the Atlantic shores of North Africa Eastwards across the Arabian peninsula into Mongolia and Central China. 

The second region extends over the tundra region of Eurasia. In the Southern Hemisphere, there are small areas in South-West Africa and on the island of Madagascar.

Movement in search of pastures is undertaken either over vast horizontal

distances or vertically from one elevation to another in the mountainous regions. The process of migration from plain areas to pastures on mountains during summers and again from mountain pastures to plain areas during winters is known as transhumance.

(i) What type of activity, nomadic herding is?

(ii) What is the most important resource for nomadic herdsmen?

(iii) What is the meaning of transhumance?

19. Study the given map carefully and answer the following questions.

(i) Define dairy farming.

(ii) Mention any one characteristic of dairy farming. 

(iii) Where dairy farming is practised?

Section C consists of 4 questions with 3 marks

20. Describe the features of urban settlement in India. 

Or What is dispersed settlement? What could be possible reasons for it in India?

21. How does Science and Technology lead to population growth?

22. What is noise pollution? Describe the main sources of noise pollution in India. 

Or How does the environment? migration affect the

23. Define the significance of the Mumbai Port.

Section D consists of 5 questions of 5 marks each

24. What is pastoral nomadism? Explain 

25. What are the concerns related to international trade? Describe briefly.

26. Why mineral conservation is essential for the development of India?


Briefly describe the distribution of minerals in India.

27. What are the major steps taken by the government of India to solve the problem of adolescence?

Or Discuss the population distribution in India.

28. What are the major factors that deplete water resources? What are the Legislative measures taken to control it in India? 

What are the major problems in the development of water resources in the country?

Section E consists of 2 Map based questions of 5 marks

29. On the political map of India, locate and label any five of the following with appropriate symbols. 

(i) State with the highest population density

(ii) An international airport in Andhra Pradesh

(iii) The leading producer of rice

(iv) Leading producer of cotton

(v) An oil refinery in Bihar

(vi) A Manganese region in South India

(vii) Jharia coal mine

30. On the given political map of the world, the following seven features are these features and write their correct names on the lines as marked near each figure.

(i) A country that practices commercial livestock rearing

(ii) An area of subsistence gathering

(lii) A major airport in Australia

(iv) An Inland waterway in Europe

(v) An area of extensive commercial grain farming

(vi) A Trans-Continental railway

(Vii) A major airport in South America


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