Ncert Solutions Home Science Class 12 Chapter 15 Notes In PDF

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Home Science Class 12 Chapter 15 Notes In PDF, Ncert Solutions Home Science Class 12 Chapter 15 Notes In PDF, Home Science Class 12 Chapter 15 Notes In PDF

Home Science Class 12 Chapter 15 Notes In PDF

Chapter NameSelection of clothes Selection of Fabric
Chapter number15
SubjectHome Science
Medium English
Study MaterialsImportant questions answers
Download PDFHome Science Class 12 Chapter 15 Notes PDF

Selection of clothes Selection of Fabric

5. In this chapter, things related to the selection of clothes have been discussed. There has been diversity in the textile industry due to man-made fibres, mixed and all types of natural fibres. The condition of superiority related to nature, type and class of cloth etc. is called quality.

The external appearance, durability, comfort, texture and finish are affected by the quality of the fabric. Desirable and undesirable properties are found in cotton, silk, woolen, nylon, terylene/dacron etc. fabrics. 

The purpose of buying clothes is that it should look good on the body, what kind of clothes should have minimum expenditure and permanent benefits. Special clothes should be required according to the weather. At the beginning of the season you will get fresh and different types of clothes.

Home Science Class 12 Chapter 15 Notes In PDF

If shopping is done in the morning instead of afternoon, it is easier and quicker. To make a successful purchase, it is important to buy wisely, know the quality of your clothes and understand your responsibility as a sensible consumer.

There are different types of stores for shopping, such as wholesale & retail stores, departmental stores, small shops. There are four types of retail stores – discount stores, neighbor stores, mail order stores, and stores with brand names. 

If the width of the cloth is less then more length is required to give proper joining of the cloth.


Q. 1. The quantity of cloth required depends on what?

Ans. The amount of fabric required depends on the width of the fabric, pattern, style and size of the wearer.

Q. 2. Which two main qualities should be paid special attention to while buying cloth? 

Ans. While buying cloth, one should check whether its quality is suitable for the purpose or not. If you want a pajama to wear at home, then cotton is comfortable. Could be cheaper. Low quality clothes are being sold at high prices hence

It is better to buy clothes of a reliable company from a reliable shop. 

Q.3. When is more clothes required?

Ans. More fabric is required to match the print, make stripes and create diagonal lines.

Q.4. What is the nature of the cloth?


1. Natural manufactured fibers

2. Man-made fibers

3. Mixed fibers.

Q.5. What is meant by suitable fabric construction?

Ans. The elasticity of the cloth, its irregularity, stretching, dryness or hanging etc. mostly depend on its texture. 

Q.6. What does durability of fabric mean?

Ans. Durability means that the fabric will last longer. The fabric should have the ability to withstand wear/tear, washing/cleaning. 

Q.7. What do you understand by campus level?

Ans. New methods like chemical methods like protection from whips, protection from fungi, protection from fire and protection from dampness etc. are being adopted. Therefore, before purchasing the clothes, one should check the level of finish. 

Q.8. What are the comfortable clothes?

Ans. Clothes which are cool, light in weight, beautiful to look at and nice to touch, provide great comfort to the wearer. 

Q.9. What is the meaning of the external appearance of clothes?

Ans. External appearance means how the fabric looks, such as fibre, thread, weave and finish.


Q. 1. Give two examples of choice of clothes, occasion. And depends on the weather. confirm this statement

Ans. Occasion: Different outfits look good on different occasions. The attire worn on a happy occasion is different from the attire worn at work. The dress worn to do yoga or jogging is always different from the dress worn to a dinner party.

Climate—–Environment has an impact on the expenditure of money on clothes, like families living in the South do not have to spend anything on woolen clothes, but woolen clothes are necessary to live in the North.

Q. 2. How does price influence the selection of clothes?

Ans. It is very important to keep the family budget in mind while selecting and purchasing clothes. If you get a good quality cloth by paying a little more, then you should buy only one cloth instead of many cheap, low quality clothes. 

Q. 3. Which points are helpful in selecting a reliable shop?


1. Experiences of myself and acquaintances. 

2. Registered shop.

3.Company specific show rooms.

4.Fair price shops (cooperative, stores, super markets etc.).

Q. 4. What is the importance of purpose while buying clothes? 

Ans. Before purchasing clothes, it is important to keep their usage in mind. If the garment is purchased for a specific purpose and it is able to perform that function satisfactorily. So the purchase is considered worthwhile.

Q.5. How do weather and seasons increase the utility of purchased goods? 

Ans. It is desirable to use warm colors (red, yellow, orange, etc.) in winter and cool colors (blue, greenish purple) in summer. Similarly, in winters, they should be thick and warm and dry easily. In summer, thin, light, absorbent and cooling clothes are best.

Q. 6. What will you keep in mind to check the quality of clothes? 


1. Fibers used in textiles 2. Type of structure of the fibres. 3. Refinement and finish 4. Functionality. 

Q. 7. Name the factors influencing the selection and purchase of clothes.

Ans. 1. Purpose, 2. Quality, 3. Cost, 4. Season, 5. Reliable shop, 6. Size.


Q. 1. How will you choose clothes for yourself from clothes of different quality?

Ans. (i) Quality: Today different levels of clothes are available in the market and we have to choose from different levels of clothes as per our need.

(ii) Durability: The cloth is considered to be of good quality which is strong and long lasting. Therefore, while purchasing cloth, it is very important to keep in mind its durability. The durability of a cloth depends on many things, like which fiber it is made of: cotton, linen, silk, wool, terylene, nylon, orlon, dacron etc. Is its texture thin or dense? Is its finish permanent or temporary, is the color of the cloth raw or solid.

(iii) Ability to absorb sweat – Only that cloth which can easily absorb sweat is considered to be of good quality because the cloth which does not absorb sweat causes restlessness in the person. Where cotton clothes absorb sweat easily, clothes made of artificial fibers cannot absorb sweat. Clothes made of mixed fibers are not only strong but also absorb sweat easily, hence are considered of good quality.

(iv) Easy to wash – Good quality clothes are easy to wash. Clothes that are difficult to wash require more expense to maintain them after purchase. Many times, out of ignorance, we buy such clothes which we cannot wash at home and getting them dry cleaned from outside etc. leads to higher expenses.

(v) Color fastness – It is also necessary for the color of the cloth to be firm. Often the color of cheap clothes of poor quality is not stable and they become unwearable even after one or two washes. On the contrary, solid colored clothes remain attractive for a longer period of time. Even if solid colored clothes are a bit expensive, the extra money spent on them does not go waste. Therefore, it is not always wise to choose cheap clothes.

(vi) Different types of finishes – Often shopkeepers boast about the quality of their clothes and nowadays clothes with different types of finishes are available in the market. Some good companies do many types of finishing to enhance the quality of the clothes but some companies do not do much finishing. 

Q.2. What are the things to be kept in mind before purchasing clothes?

Ans, Things to keep in mind before purchasing clothes: (i) What is the purpose of the clothes to be purchased? Is the garment suitable for the purpose? Does it fulfill the need for the purpose for which the clothes are being purchased?

(ii) Is this cloth suitable for any other purpose other than this one? 

(iii) Will this cloth last for some time in terms of quality and durability or will it tear soon?

(iv) Will the color of the clothes become lighter after washing?

(v) Will this cloth shrink? 

(vi) How is the structure of the cloth?

(vii) Is the maintenance of the clothes easy or not?

(viii) Is it of reasonable cost? Is it possible that by paying higher prices we are buying imitations?

(ix) Is it suitable for this season? Will this clothing keep you warm in summer and cool in winter?

Q.3. What things should be paid special attention to while purchasing clothes?

Ans. Points to be considered while purchasing fabrics: To ensure that no person gets irritated while purchasing clothes, he should keep the following things in mind – 

(1) Buying of fabrics from a reliable & good textile mill – to make clothes on a day-to-day basis.

The number of small and big mills is increasing rapidly due to which there is competition among them. In an effort to sell as much of their goods as possible, the mills bring low quality textiles to the market at low prices. The buyer should be careful about this.

(2) Buying of fabrics from a reliable shop – Clothes should always be bought from a reliable shop only so that there is no possibility of being cheated.

(3) To have complete knowledge of variety of clothes when intended to buy from sales – Many times there are very low quality clothes in the sale, Therefore, to buy clothes from SAIL, complete information about the varieties of clothes is necessary.

(4) Check the stamp of the mill on the cloth (Check the stamp of the mill before buying) – Every meter of the cloth is stamped and at the beginning of the lot, details of other characteristics of the cloth like percentage of composition etc. are also given. It is given. Before buying clothes, special attention should be paid to all these things. 

(5) Inspecting the stitching, size etc. in readymade clothes – While buying ready-made clothes, special care should be taken about the stitching of the clothes. It may happen that they unravel too soon or the threads used for stitching are raw. Apart from this, it is also necessary to pay attention to the size of the clothes, whether the clothes will be tight for the person for whom the clothes are being purchased or whether they will be too loose.

(6) Direction for care – How to wash the clothes, how to iron them, all these things should be known while buying the clothes. After keeping all this in mind, if the buyer gets cheated while buying clothes, then he should contact the following address and send his complaint. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Commerce Stream

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