Ncert Cbse Board class 12 History important questions with answers and pdf Download

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Ncert Cbse Board class 12 History important questions with answers and pdf Download, History Class 12 Important Questions, History Class 12 Important Objective Questions 

Ncert Cbse Board class 12 History important questions

Class12th 
ChapterImportant Model Question Paper
BoardCbse board
Book NCERT
SubjectHistory
Medium English
Study MaterialsFree Study Materials

History Class 12 Important Objective Questions 

Ncert Cbse Board class 12 History important questions with answers and pdf Download

Q.1. Which place of the Indus Valley Civilization is famous as the ‘Mound of the Dead’?

(a) Chanhudaro

(c) Harappa

(b) Mohenjodaro

(d) Kalibangan

Ans.(b)

Q.2. For how many days did the Mahabharata war last?

(a) 14 दिन (14 days) 

(b) 15 days

(c) 18 days

(d) 20 days 

Ans.(c)

Q.3. Mahatma Buddha was born at

(a) In Bodh Gaya

(b) in Lumbini (Lumbini)

(c) in Sarnath (Sarnath)

(d) In Kushinagar 

Ans.(b)

Q.4. Who was the third ruler of the Maurya Empire?

(a) Ashoka

(b) Bindusar

(c) Chandragupta Maurya

(d) Mahendra

Ans.(b)

Q.5. Which ruler of the Gupta dynasty is called the ‘Napoleon of India’?

(a) Chandragupta

(c) Skandagupta

(b) Samudragupta

(d) Kumargupta

Ans.(b)

Q.6. With whom did Alberuni come to India?

(a) Mahmud Ghazni

(b) Muhammad Ghori

(c) Mohammad-bin-Qasim

(d) Nadir Shah

Ans.(a)

Q.7. Whose teachings are stored in ‘Bijak’?

 (a) Kabir

(c) Chaitanya

(b) Guru Nanak

(d) Ramananda

Ans.(a)

Q.8. Who was the author of the book ‘Amuktamalyad’?

(a) Devaray I 

(b) Devaraya II

(c) Krishnadevaraya

(d) Achyutdevaraya (Achyutdevaraya)

Ans.(b)

Q.9. Which Mughal ruler removed the Jaziya tax from Hindus?

(a) Babar

(c) Jahangir

(b) Akbar

(d) Shah Jahan

Ans.(b)

Q.10. Where is Buland Darwaza?

(a) Fatehpur Sikri

(b) Delhi (Delhi)

(c) Laheer

(d) Ajmer 

Ans.(a)

Q.11. Who started permanent settlements in Bengal and Bihar?

(a) Lord Cornwallis

(b) Lord Wellesley

(c) Lord Ripon

(d) Lord Curzon

Ans.(a)

Q.12. In which year was the Indian National Congress established?

(a) In 1881 A.D.

(b) In 1885 A.D.

(c) In 1886 A.D.

(D) In ​​1893 A.D.

Ans.(b)

Q.13. Who was the founder of the Swaraj Party?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Motilal Nehru

(c) C.R. Das (C.R. Das)

(d) b and both (Both band c)

Ans.(d)

Q.14. Who started the non-cooperation movement?

(a) Subhash Chandra Bose

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale 

Ans.(b)

Q.15. On which date and in which year did the Indian Constitution come into force?

(a) 26th November, 1949

(b) 26th January, 1950

(c) 26th January, 1951

(d) 26th January, 1952

Ans.(b)

Class 12 History Important Questions And Answers 

Q. 16. What are the sources of study of Ancient Indian History?

Ans. (i) Archaeological sources, (b) Literary sources.

Q. 17. When and where was Akbar born? (When and where was Akbar born?) 

Ans. On 23 November, 1542 AD in Amarkot.

Q. 18. Write the names of four men who played major roles in the Indian independence movement. (Name four men who played important

role in the Indian freedom movement.) 

Years. 

(i) Mahatma Gandhi, 

(ii) B.R. Ambedkar, 

(iii) Jawaharlal Nehru,

(iv) Subhash Chandra Bose.

Q. 19. What do you know about the Great Bath of Mohenjodaro? (What do you know about the Great Bath of Mohen-jo Daro?)

Ans. Do it yourself

Q. 20. What do you understand by Mahajanapada? (What do you understand by Mahajanapada?)

Ans. Sixth century BC In India, 16 Mahajanapadas are mentioned in Buddhist and Jain texts. Some of these states were monarchical and some were republics. The sixteen Mahajanapadas in this era were as follows –

1. Jang, 2. Magadha, 3. Kashi, 4. Kosal, 5. Vajji, 6. Malla, 7. Chedi, 8. Vatsa, 9. Kuru, 10. Panchal, 11. Matsya, 12. Surasena, 13. Ashyam Asaka, 14. Avanti, 15. Gandhara, 16. Kamboja.

Q. 21. Explain the difference between Hinayana and Mahayana. (Specify the difference between Hinayana and Mahayana.) 

Ans. Do it yourself

Q.22. What do you know about ‘Kitab-ul-Hind’? (What do you know about ‘Kitab-ul-Hind’?)

Ans. Kitab-ul-Hind-This book was composed in the Arabic language by the Uzbekistani traveller Al-Biruni. Its language is simple and clear. It has a total of 80 chapters whose main topics are religion and philosophy, festivals, astronomy, chemistry, and customs.

There are customs, social life, India, measurement methods, sculpture, law, metrology, science etc. 

He has used a distinctive style in each chapter. In the beginning, there is a question, then a description based on Sanskrit traditions and finally a comparison with other cultures. Alberuni was also a lover of mathematics, hence mathematics is also mentioned. He has used the Arabic language in his writings. His works are dedicated to the people living in the marginal areas of the subcontinent.

Q. 23 Who was Amar Nayak? What was his contribution to the Vijayanagara administration? (Who were Amar Nayakas? What was their contribution to the Vijayanagar administration?)

Ans. Do it yourself 

Q. 24. What do you know about Navratna in Akbar’s court? (What do you know about Navaratna of Akbar’s court?) 

Ans. The following Navratnas were in Akbar’s court – Abul Fazal, Birbal, Todarmal, Bhagwandas, Mansingh, Tansen, Abdurrahim, Khankhana, Mulla Do Pyaza, Faizi and Hakim Hukam. All of them were very proficient and talented people in their field. He made a great contribution to the Mughal court. Abul Fazal was prominent among the courtiers and Navaratnas of Akbar. He was the one who composed the texts named ‘Akbarnama’ and ‘Aine-Akbari’. He was an excellent expert in history, religion, literature and philosophy. He had unprecedented creative talent.

Bibaral was a humorous person with a keen intellect. On his advice, Akbar was able to solve many problems easily.

Todar Mal was the Finance Minister (Diwan-e-Ashraf) of Akbar. Akbar had assigned him the job of measuring the land of the empire. The land survey conducted by him became the basis for the subsequent rulers.

Tansen was a great musician. He composed many ragas. It was during that time that Dhrupad’s singing style developed. Faizi was the elder brother of Abul Fazal. He was a staunch supporter and follower of ‘Din-Elahi’. He held the post of royal poet in Akbar’s court.

Abdurrahim Khankhana was also a Mansabdar. He was a kind-hearted poet. Rahim was the son of Vairam Khan. He composed ‘Nayikabhed’ and couplets in Varvai verse. He had translated ‘Baburnama’ into Persian.

Q. 25. Main reasons for the face of the Santhal rebellion

Mention.

Ans. Do it yourself

Q. 26. To what extent was Dalhousie responsible for the rebellion of 1857? (How far Dalhousie was responsible for the Revolt of 1857)

Ans. Do it yourself 

Q. 27. Write a short note on the Roulette Act. 

Ans. During the Rowlatt Act of 1914-18, the authorities banned the press and allowed imprisonment without investigation. The Rowlatt Act was later passed despite opposition from Indians on the suggestion of a committee headed by Sir Sidney Shalett to continue the harsh measures. Under this, political powers were given to the government. Gandhiji decided to oppose this law. 

Q. 28. Dr. B. In the making of the Constitution of India. R. Describe the role of Ambedkar. (Describe the role of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in framing the Constitution of India.) 

And, do it yourself

Q. 29. Mention the main features of the city-building plan of Mohenjodaro. (Mention the salient features of the town planning of Mohenjodaro.)

Ans: It is clear from the evidence obtained from the excavations that the people of the Indus Valley Civilization were completely skilled in the art of city-building. His city-building plan had the following unique features:

(1) His city planning was well-organized and scientific.

(ii) Mohenjodaro city was spread over about 1 mile. A boundary wall was built around it for security. Such a system existed in Harappa also.

(iii) The road system in the cities was excellent. Roads and streets were made straight. They intersected each other at right angles. The streets merged into the main road.

(iv) Houses were built on both sides of the roads.

(V) A unique feature of Mohenjodaro city was its well-planned drainage system.

(vi) Like the modern era, the people of the Harappan civilization were also familiar with the use of the construction of drains. Were. The drain of each house flows into the main drain on the side of the road.

And it was available. The drains made of a special type of clay and lime were covered with bricks. This system is unique in the world.

(vii) Special attention was given to health and cleanliness in the city. 

(viii) A huge warehouse and a huge bathhouse have been found for public use in Mohenjodaro.

Or, describe the biography and teachings of Gautam Buddha. (Describe the life and teachings of Gautama Buddha.) 

Ans. Do it yourself

Q. 30. How many dynasties ruled in the Vijayanagara Empire? Evaluate the achievements of Krishnadevaraya. (How many dynasties ruled over Vijaynagar? From an estimate of the achievements of Krishnadevaraya.)

Ans. Four dynasties ruled Vijayanagara – (1) Sangam dynasty, (ii) Salu dynasty, (iii) Tuluva dynasty, (iv) Argavidu dynasty.

Krishnadevaraya chief ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire in South India, Krishnadeva Raya belongs to the Tuluk dynasty. He was a great warrior and brave commander. First of all, he suppressed his rebels. He established control over the Bahmani kingdom and the Ganapati rulers of Orissa. 

Krishnadev Rai not only curbed the growing power of the Portuguese but also curbed their trading activities in Goa. During his reign, the important region of Raichur Doab became a part of the Vijaynagar Empire. He defeated the Sultan of Bijapur. Krishnadev Rai’s reign is famous in history for cultural development. 

They are called Andhrabhoj. A gathering of eight great poets was present in his court. Among these, the name of Peddan, a renowned scholar of Telugu literature, is the most famous. The famous Tenali Ram was one of his royal jewels. Tenaliram is also compared to a bestial in the great Javaralas of Aalar. Deva Raya’s reign is considered golden for the development of Telugu literature. 

Uni Mahan Mu Amuktagalyadam is considered a great creation of Telugu literature. Dev Rai’s governance, architecture and development also hold an important place. By cutting the water, temples were built there. Vishyadha Temple and Vituthalaswami Temple are world famous among the temples built by Purudeva Raya.

Or, mention the life and main teachings of Qamir. (Discuss the life and main teachings of Kabir) 

Ans. Kabir is used to describe the ultimate truth as Allah, Khur, Hazrat and Paur. He was influenced by Vedanta philosophy. Gath: He used to satisfy the truth by becoming Atakh or Jaduray, formless Madan and Apna. Veer believed in monotheism. Kabir was against idol worship. Criticizing idol worship, he said that if “Power is worshipped, Hari Gite is worshipped, then Pahad is worshipped.” Kabir believed in the Hindu concept of ‘Naam Siman’. 

Kabir strongly criticized the hypocrisy and ostentation prevalent in the religious sphere, blind devotion to the religious scriptures of both Hindus and Muslims, idol worship, pilgrimage and other ostentation. Kabir described the ultimate truth through Ultayansi (utterances said in reverse)

Have done since. Under this, their everyday meaning was reversed. The purpose of these paradoxical creations is to show the difficulty of explaining the essence of the ultimate truth. Expressions like “Keval Ja Mulya Pool Vin” and “Samanwari Lagi Aag” reflect the mystical feelings of Kabir. 

Q.31 Mention the reasons for the failure of the rebellion of 1857 AD. (Mention the causes of the failure of the Revolt of 1857.)

Ans. Some important reasons for the failure of the rebellion of 1857 are as follows- 

(1) This rebellion was not inspired by any positive ideology. There was no ideology behind this to establish any higher political system. There was no well-planned program and there was no permanent system of water. The Viehios had only one objective – to end foreign rule.

(ii) The rebel leaders lacked political leadership, military experience and strategic foresight. None of their leaders was aware of the consequences of the fall of Delhi and no measures were taken by them for its joint security.

*(iii) There was a lack of discipline among the rebels and their loyalties were more towards the local powers. Intellectually he was nothing compared to his enemy. The British military technique was based on modern science and technology, while the rebels used traditional weapons like bow, arrow, spear, etc. In such a situation, the failure of the rebels was certain. The British used transport and new communication mediums like rail, road, post and telegraph, and telegraph as much as possible, which they

Get help in implementing your plans. The rebels lagged in using new means of communication. 

(iv) In terms of strategy and battle skills, the English armies were far ahead of the Indian armies. It worked under the orders of the then world’s best and most well-organized British government. The British government had ample resources as well as adequate sources of manpower.

(v) There was no single great leader in the rebellions who could organize the elements scattered here and there into a strong force that had a definite policy and a well-planned programme. The activities of the rebel leaders also remained limited due to their self-interests.

(vi) The big landlords and the intellectual middle class did not take any interest in this rebellion nor did they support them. His neutrality proved to be the cause of the rebellion.



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