Ncert Kaleidoscope Class 12 Chapter 7 time and time again Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF

WhatsApp Group (Join Now) Join Now
Telegram Group (Join Now) Join Now

time and time again Summary: The poet, A.K. Ramanujan was a great poet of English literature. The learned poet A.K. Ramanujam has aptly drawn a picture of modern disturbed and distorted society in its largest form i.e. nation. 

The city merely symbolises the nation. Clocktowers are symbols of diverse-religion, rites, traditions and cultures. 

These clocktowers, the poet says; are only responsible for accidents, incidents, riots, terror tactics and crimes. He refers to these subversive activities as manifestations of different times nonetheless these are different routes to attain cosmos-consciousness.


Class 12 Chapter 7 time and time again Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF


Class12th 
Chapter07
Chapter TypePoem
Chapter Nametime and time again
AuthorA. K. Ramanujan (1929-1993)
BoardCBSE
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Kaleidoscope)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer
Download PDFCLICK HERE- time and time again PDF

time and time again summary class 12


The poet says that clock towers of a well-managed city do zero error for minuscule differences in time telling. One can listen to that difference when these are sounded. 

Ncert Kaleidoscope Class 12 Chapter 7 time and time again Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF

He says that this difference is due to some technical defects left unrectified by the watchmaker. Mislocation, imbalanced fixing of their shaking hands etc. are those technical errors. 

These errors gradually distort the rhythm and chaos is created viz. Bronze alloy cut-off sometimes by a change of wind. He refers Hindu, Christians and Muslims getting inspiration from the clocktowers of a city, i.e. the preceptors, priests, prophets, bishops etc. including all missionaries. 

He refers to them as responsible for bringing a cruel night of lightning to the city. These simple people, do whatever their religious leaders preach in their whims (self-interests). 

Thus, the poet says differences are developed and these end in riots, bloodshed, violence and internal conflicts, When these followers of religions so diverse, would anyhow reach at the state of Enlightenment, the tricky error in time revelation of these clocktowers shall be disclosed-says the poet. 

The cosmos-consciousness will then reverberate or commemorates the Almighty without any duality but one exclusive. Thus, the poet refers to these clocktowers as pathogens to riot, unrest, violence, murder, loot etc. malaises/ailments in society alias the nation itself.


time and time again summary In hindi


कवि कहता है कि सुव्यवस्थित नगर की घड़ी मीनारें ( भिन्न-भिन्न घड़ियाँ) समय बताने में थोड़ी गलती करती हैं । जब वे बजती हैं तो कोई उस अन्तर को सुन सकता है। वह कहता है कि यह अन्तर घड़ीसाज द्वारा कुछ तकनीकी त्रुटियों को छोड़ दिये जाने के कारण है। 

ये तकनीकी त्रुटियों पुत्रों का गलत सेटिंग, उनकी सूइयों को असंतुलित रखना है ये त्रुटियाँ धीरे-धीरे लय को बिगाड़ देती हैं और उपाय को जन्म देती है अर्थात् अशुद्ध कौसा कभी-कभी हवा के परिवर्तन से अलग हो जाता है। 

वह हिन्दू, ईसाई और गुगलमान को इन मीनारों से प्रेरणा लेने वाले के रूप में उल्लेख करता है यानि उपदेशक, पुजारी, पैगम्बर, बड़े पादरी तथा धर्म कार्य में लगी सभी संख्याएँ इसमें शामिल हैं। कवि इन लोगों को नगर में निर्दयतापूर्ण स्थिति पैदा करने के लिए उत्तरदायी मानता है । 

ये साधारण लोग अपने धार्मिक नेताओं के स्वार्थपूर्ण उपदेशों के अनुसार कार्य करते हैं । इस प्रकार कवि कहता है कि विभेद पनपते हैं और इनका समाप्ति दंगा, खून-खराबा, हिंसा और आन्तरिक संपयों में होती है । 

कवि कहता है कि धर्म के ये अनुयायी जब इतने विभिन्न तरह के हैं तो क्या कोई किसी तरह की संस्कारित हो सकता 8, इन धर्माचायों द्वारा गुमराह करने की नीति को बंद किया जाएगा। तभी विश्व ज्ञान गूंजेगा या परमात्मा की स्तुति बिना किसी द्विघा के एक लता के रूप में करेगा । 

इस प्रकार कवि घड़ी की इन मीनारों का उल्लेख दंगा, उपद्रव, हिंसा, हत्या और लूट जैसी घटनाओं रूपी रोग को समाज या राष्ट्र में पैदा करने वाले के रूप में करता है ।


time and time again summary Word meanings


Clocktowers कई तरह की बुद्धियाँ, अक्ल, धारणाएँ और समाज पर उनकी पकड़, Switzerland = घड़ी निर्माता स्थान और मानक समय मध्यमान, Alloy = मिलवाँध तु (यहाँ काँस्य पीतल + ताँबा ), 

Commemorating = महिमागान, स्तुति, Whim = सनक, पदोपदर्शन दृष्टि, उमंग, मौज, लहर, उर्मि, भावावेश (असंतुलित), Perennial feuds= कुटिल स्वभाव, कलहप्रियता, द्वंद्वप्रियता, Seasonal alliance = स्वार्थ लोलुपता, चापलूसी, मतलबी संबंध / संधियों, 

Backstreet-quarrel सारहीन बात पर झगड़े, Siren = समाज की अव्यवस्थित दशा, Eyeless, silent, Zigzag Sky = पड्यंत्र रचने में बर्बाद मस्तिष्क, Time Bomb = पूर्वनियोजित हिंसा, विरोध आदि, 

Nature of lightning = विनाशकारी प्रभाव, Knocked-out ‘clockwork = दंगे, संघर्ष में पराजित पक्ष का मुखिया, Night of lightening = अज्ञानवश होनेवाला कुकृत्य या विनाशकारी भाव-लीला, Peace march time bomb = मानव में देवत्व का सृजन करने के नाम पर विनाशकारी कार्य की पूर्वयोजना बनाना या विनाशकारी षड्यंत्र रचना ।

CLASS 12 NCERT SOLUTION IN ENGLISHCLASS12 NCERT SOLUTION IN HINDI
Historyइतिहास
Geography भूगोल
Political science राजनीति विज्ञान
English SubjectResult
Hindi SubjectHistory answer keys

time and time again summary stanza comprehension


STANZA NO.1 

Read the given stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

Or listen to the clocktowers of any old well-managed city

beating their gongs round the clock, each slightly

off the others’ time, deeper or lighter

in its bronze, beating out a different

sequence each half-hour, out of the accidents of alloy, a maker’s shaking hand

in Switzerland, or the mutual distances commemorating a donor’s whim, the perennial feuds and seasonal alliance

of Hindu, Christian, and Muslim- cut off sometimes by a change of wind,

a change of mind, or a siren between the pieces of a backstreet quarrel.

Questions:

(i) Do you think that city is well managed as the poet states? 

(ii) What is the different sequence the clocktowers are beating out? in Switzerland or the mutual

(iii) Which have been called accident distances?

(iv) What is the whim of the donor? 

(v) Who is a donor?

(vi) What are perennial feuds and seasonal alliances? 

(vii) What is a well-managed city of alloy? 

(vii) How does the maker’s shaking hand cut off sometimes wind?

(ix) Which have been told pieces of a back-street quarrel? 

Answers:

(1) No, the city is in chaos because of different beating out of the clocktower bells.

(ii) Controversies conspiracies, discrimination etc. illusions are the different sequences of clocktower’s beating out.

(iii) Peoples’ disputes on the basis of regionalism or petty interests. Basically, the poet tells some apples of discord here. Differences based on location/situation/position etc. have been shown by Switzerland, a country

(iv) Its futile ego of one in his own religion or sect. It develops a superiority complex among followers and they look down upon other religions. 

(v) Donors are the religion-Heads, preceptors, prophets, and Bishops. Granthies, priest-including all missionaries. Here, this word implies the authority of instructions. 

(vi) The term “perennial” implies here unchecked, spontaneous, regular or continuous feeds. People start quarrelling in trifle matters against their neighbours the persons, followers of any other religions and devotees. 

(vii) Well-managed city of the alloy is a nation with diverse cultures, races, religions and traditions. 

(viii) The events in which so-called missionaries are beaten. It generally happens when the mass is Enlightened and understood the instructions given

by them, are false and malign. 

(ix) These are trifle matters like – “my religion! manner etc. is better than his”, “I have the power to suppress or extort others” etc.


Stanza 2

Read the given stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

One day you look up and see one of them

eyeless, silent, a zigzag sky showing

through the knocked-out clockwork, after a riot,

a peace-march time bomb, or a precise act Of nature in a night of lightning.

Questions:

(i) Who are eyeless, silent and zig-zag sky showing? 

(ii) How can one, look up the misdemeanants?

(iii) What is Zig-Zag sky?

(iv) What is a peace march time bomb? (v) What is a night of lightning?

Answers:

(i) These are people seated in religious positions and misguide the masses/ commoners. These have no eyes to see the real route leading to public welfare. These are conspirators, therefore, seen in their reticence. They misdirect people or show a zig-zag sky viz. argue on baseless issues and thus, throw mass- minds in illusions.

(ii) It’s possible only when human emotions are duly trained on yogic practices and the ideal way of living. This is a state of “Enlightenment” or “Cosmos- Conscious” in which due contemplation is made on all issues seen and noticed. The curtains on issues are thus, removed and reality comes to the surface. 

(iii) Sky is never zig-zag and so is religion because of its acceptance after self-realisation. However, there are authorities in holy places, temples, mosques, gurudwaras, churches etc. 

(iv) A peace march time bomb is an effort of hiding the real state of things. Religion or any type of persuasion is understood as a peace-maker and like a thread that intertwines flowers in order to make a garland of unity and integration cut a few astute, for their petty interests try to sow the seeds of discrimination in the mass minds and turn it into a time bomb as referred to by the poet here.

(v) It is the event when discrimination is reached at the climax and people start killing each other. It’s therefore, the night of emotions but burst at the mass level.


time and time again poem questions and answers


Q.1. What did you think the poem was about when you read the first few lines?

Ans. It is a complex distillation of a lifetime made by the learned port A study on the first few lines discloses the mystery of the unbreakable wall of misunderstood religion and its propagators or Heads (priests, prophets, bishops etc.). 

It seems that mankind will perhaps, never see her sun (viz enlightenment) in the sky (environment) so cloudy made by these people in order to cater or meet to their pretty interests.

Q.2. From which line does the import of the title strike the reader? 

Ans. It is the first line-or listening to the clock towers of any old well-managed city. 

Q.3. What makes for the differences between the timekeeping of the various clocks? What is the implicit comparison?

Ans. These differences are created by variations left uncured in composition or the structurization of clock towers (viz. variation in architecture), the metallurgy of gong (viz. smelting and blending of copper and tin), setting of frequency and variation in length, thickness and moulding of the shaking hand. 

Q.4. Why is the act of nature described as “precise”?

Ans. The term precise is meant by clear and accurate viz. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). It’s International Standard Time referred to here as the time fixed in Switzerland. 

Nature in itself is equal for all. Herein, nature’s precise act or the reality of the gong beaters (viz. the religious heads or missionaries) is seen when inner conflict or introspection or back street quarrel takes place in the consciousness of the masses. 

Q.5. Which of the following reflects the poet’s attitude towards communal disharmony?

(1) Critical condemnation 

(ii) Helpless acceptance 

(iii) Wistful lament. 

Ans. It’s a wistful lament because nature’s precise act is understood when Hindus, Christians and Muslims are cut off sometimes by a change of wind and consequent riots have had gotten till then the toll of many lives and irreparable damage to public and private properties. 

The poet has specifically used the adverbial phrase after a riot in the last stanza in order to show the wistful lament. Here the conscience is attained only when something wrong has already taken place or given effect. 

Q.6. Is the poet’s attitude a representation of how the average Indian feels both towards human violence and nature’s fury?

Ans. Yes, it is so because the average is worked out when several amounts are added and then divided by their number supposing that these were 20,000 Hindus, 15000 Muslims and 10,000 Christians, their total is -20000+ 15000+ 45000

10000 = 45000. It is worked out after dividing by three = 15,000 3 people. 

The rest 30,000 still are left intact or in their gross fanaticism. This is the reason, communal riots take place frequently and in a series like the fission and fusion of nuclear bombs. Perhaps, this is the reason, the learned poet has used the compound word “time bomb” in order to refer to this chain reaction. Indeed here “peace march” refers to the intermission in which these people seethe 


SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


Q.1. Why does the poet state the city as an old-managed city? 

Ans. It’s mere sarcasm. The term “old” refers to vices like prejudices, inequality, discrimination, stereotypes etc. The city has been referred to as a society in its largest form i.e. Nation. 

The ailing society with infected by these malaises is because it does not want to accept reforms, amendments or measures from time to time felt necessary by contemporary scholars. 

Orthodox, these people are the poet says categorically. The missionaries, in that state of ignorance; adopt”divide and rule” tactics. 

Q.2. What is the donor’s whim?

Ans. It is the tampered or forged line of action suggested by the authorities at the helm especially, the religious heads and missionaries. 

They are donors of instructions in religious affairs including ethics, morals, etiquette etc. Their whim is the misdirection, they give to society. 

They generate differences and a futile superiority complex in the minds of the masses and disturb the peace of a nation.

Q.3. Why do the feuds and alliances seem as if commemorating the whims?

Ans. The term “whim” denotes a state of mass-mind, in which people wage mutual conflicts, duals, and tussles, all of a sudden and without any sound reason. 

It’s an unusual and unnecessary activity; they do in fanaticism or cynic mentality fuelled or, evoked by the religious heads. 

Commemoration is an action or a ceremony that makes people remember and show respect for an important person or events in the past. 

Hence, crowd gatherings, lectures, debates and arguments are common components of a commemoration. 

Q.4. What is symbolised by a change of wind, a change of mind or a siren here? 

Ans. The wind refers here to the arbitrary frenzy of people’s minds. It results in duels, tussles and conflict between followers of two religions, political parties etc. 

The groups fuelling the fire in the mass minds are called pressure groups Change in wind denotes a situation in which false rumours publicity, speech etc. make people of certain groups quarrelling and fight each other. 

The siren is blown only when any emergency situations take place. Here, the poet indicates the apprehension of violent fights, attacks and counter-attacks in riot-like situations Change of mind denotes conditions in which the cool and tranquil temperament of the masses is turned into aggression and protests,

Q.5. What is knocked-out clockwork? 

Ans. It denotes the chaotic situation of the society as a whole. Communal riots take a toll on many lives and damage public property. It has a breakdown effect on the economy of the concerned country. 

Hindus, Christians and Muslims are misdirected by their so-called seers and their peace march is turned into an explosion of a time bomb viz. devastation. A sudden breakdown in law and order situation is, therefore, said by the poet; as they knocked out clockwork.


LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


Q. 1. “The poet has referred to the mighty hands of time that cause sudden chaos and disruption in the society”, Discuss. 

Ans. “Time” is one but its duality resides in human beings and it is seen differently to them as per their prejudices, stereotypes and discrimination. 

He wants to say that religions are like different routes to attain “Cosmos- consciousness” or true knowledge (Brahma). Thus, their’s mission is one end beyond options. 

Every religion teaches harmony, brotherhood, natural justice, equity, kindness and sublime qualities in order to maintain unity in diversity. 

These are misdirected emotions, instincts sentiments, urges, appeals and motives, all corporeal and temporal that cause and raise differences. These are hidden selfish interests of missionaries, religious heads and also that of individuals. 

The poet has indirectly explained them as pollutants to the social environment and solidarity. 

Q.2. “Unmanned religious sentiments are poisonous to the health of society and these are like a self-killing approach”.Discuss.

Ans. In literal meaning, the term “religion” is the belief in the existence of a god or gods and activities that are connected with the worship of them. 

God is one and exclusive but there are a number of activities connected with His worship. Actually, the realization is God and religions assist people in their efforts to arrive at Self-Realization. Doubts, illusions, delusions, autism etc. 

are eliminated when the man is attained that sublime state of Self-Realisation. These are sparks of cosmos consciousness that handle religious fanaticism or sentiments with marvel care. 

Here is felt – “Don’t behave others which you think are harsh or rough for you”. “It’s mine and that’s others are impulses reside within people of stereotypes while this entire earth and the people living here are like family and family members to the genius and generous hearts.” 

“What you want to others, you should do the same before” etc. In such a universal living soul, love replaces hate, contest replaces jealousy, friendship replaces empty and this world with its all diversities ill become duly united. 



class12.in

Leave a Comment