Ncert Kaleidoscope Class 12 Chapter 8 Blood Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF

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Blood Summary: The poet, Kamala Das is one of the famous Indian poets of English literature. This poem has been composed by Kamala Das from Kerala state in India. 

She is best known for her feminist writings and for her focus on womanhood. She describes that the younger generation can not carry physical possessions, structures, and buildings any long irrespective of their natural attachment to them. 

However, the virtues inculcated by ancestors are illuminative because of their being invisible entities. In this poem, the poetess could not repair her ancestral home, dilapidated and finally fell on the ground, i.e. collapsed. 

However, she still keeps the sweet memories of the days, she passed in acquaintance with her grandmother. Here, the poetess wants to say that material possession is mortal while possession of culture is immortal.


Ncert Kaleidoscope Class 12 Chapter 8 Blood Summary & Question Answers Easy PDF


Class12th 
Chapter08
Chapter TypePoem
Chapter NameBlood
AuthorKamala Das (1934-……)
BoardCBSE
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Kaleidoscope)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer
Download PDFCLICK HERE- BLOOD PDF

Blood Summary


Blood Summary: The poetess reveals a scenario of her childhood when her grandmother, her brother and she herself were living together. 

Grandmother once says that the house in which they live is as old as three hundred years. It is dilapidated with cracked walls, moistened by the rains, scattered tiles and infested by mice. 

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This condition of the old home attracts empathy from the grandmother. The poetess assures her grandmother of getting repair or retrofitting of that house when she would grow up. 

Her grandmother was a religious lady who will first offer food to god and then the rest is taken by her. She used to visit the temple of Lord Shiva on an elephant when she was ten or eleven. She had told all about her personal life in the past to her grandchildren. 

She tells that their’s is a noble family still they suffer from poverty. She tells that rich men are cruel and selfish people because their blood is as thick as gruel and as muddy as a ditch. She was dead at her eight-six.

The poetess till then duly understood that it was very tough to become a rich man. The poetess says that she left that dilapidated house and migrated to another town after the death of her grandmother. She still has an obsession with the house in her imagination. 

She thinks the rats would run freely around the deserted rooms of that house. She imagines the collapse of the crouched building always, wherever since then she lived. 

She repents for not being able to repair that dilapidated house for which she had once assured her grandmother when she was on her deathbed. 

In order to secure escape from that guilty feeling, she says that all virtues told by her grandmother are duly followed by her and she always remembers her in her absolutely private musings. 

Thus, she derives complacency telling that she has given proper maintenance to the abode or house of her character.


Blood Summary in Hindi


Blood Summary in hindi: कवयित्री अपने बचपन की कहानी को प्रकट करती है जब उसकी दादी, उसका भाई और वह स्वयं एक साथ रहते थे। दादी एक बार कहती है जिस घर में वे रहते हैं वह लगभग तीन सी वर्ष पुराना है। 

यह जीर्ण-शीर्ण है और दीवारों में दरारें पड़ गयी हैं, वर्षा के कारण उनमें सीलन आ गया है, खपड़े बिखरे हुए हैं और चूहों से भरा हुआ है । पुराने घर की दशा दादी के मोह को, आकर्षित करती है । कवयित्री दादी को आश्वासन देती है कि जब वह बड़ी हो जायेगी तब इस घर की मरम्मत करा देगी या पीछे से बनवा देगी । 

उसकी दादी एक धार्मिक महिला थी जो देवता को भोग लगाने के बाद बचा हुआ खाती थी । जब वह (दादी) दस ग्यारह वर्ष की थी तब हाथी पर शिवालय जाया करती थी। उसने अपने पोते-पोतियों को अपने विगत जीवन की कहानी कह दी थी। वह बताती है उनका एक भला परिवार था फिर भी वे गरीबी अति है। 

वह कहती है कि धनी लोग निर्दय और स्वार्थी होते हैं चूंकि उनका खून मोड़ हे तरह गाढ़ा और गड्ढे की तरह कीचड़दार है। वह छियासी वर्ष की आयु में परलोक सिधार कवयित्री समय आने पर समझ गयी कि अमीर बनना बहुत मुश्किल काम है । 

कवयित्री है कि उसने दादी की मृत्यु के बाद उस जीर्ण-शीर्ण मकान को छोड़ दिया और दूसरे शहर कर बस गया । वह कहती है कि अभी भी उसकी कल्पना में उस घर का भ्रम है। वह संत है कि उस निर्जन घर में चूहे चारों ओर दौड़ते होंगे। वह हमेशा उस झुके हुए मकान हेयंसने की कल्पना करती है। 

वह उस जीर्ण-शीर्ण मकान की मरम्मत न करवाने के लिए उस्सोस करती है जिसका उसने अपनी को मृत्यु-शय्या पर आश्वासन दिया था । 

आहत भावना से बचने के लिए वह कहती है कि दादी द्वारा बताये सभी सद्गुणों का वह उचित ढंग से अनुसरण हरती है और उसे हमेशा अपने काव्य में याद करती है । इस प्रकार यह कहकर वह संतोष प्राप्त करती है कि उसने उस प्रकार मकान का उचित रख-रखाव किया है ।


WORD-MEANINGS


Cracked = सतह पर रेखाएँ पड़ना लेकिन पूर्णतः ध्वस्त न होना । Moistened = नम, पानी से तरबतर । Scamper = दौड़ना | Snake-Shrine = शेषनाग का मंदिर | Wiping = पोछना । 

Fed on God = ईश्वरभक्त । A blood thin and clear and fine = सुसम्य कुल, श्रेष्ठ वंश । Gruel = दलिया, निर्धनों का भोजन | Ditch = खाई, नहर, कुल्या | Wearied = ऊबा हुआ । 

Compromise = स्थिति के साथ समझौता करना । Bleary eyes = धुँधली दृष्टि | Feat = स्पर्धा, प्रतिस्पर्धा, कौशल का काम । Crouching = किसी चीज के ऊपर झुकना | 

Arthritis = संधिवात | Grieve = दुःख, चिंता । Pallid = मंद, कांतिहीन । 1 Grotesque = भद्दा | With shrine and sands = पूर्णतः | Ravid mouth = भयानक गर्जना करने वाला समुद्र तट | Totem = चिन्ह, स्मृति | Creak = चरचराना ।

CLASS 12 NCERT SOLUTION IN ENGLISHCLASS12 NCERT SOLUTION IN HINDI
Historyइतिहास
Geography भूगोल
Political science राजनीति विज्ञान
English SubjectResult
Hindi SubjectHistory answer keys

STANZAS FOR COMPREHENSION


STANZA NO.1

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

When we were children My brother and I

And always playing on the sands Drawing birds and animals

Our great grandmother said one day,

You see this house of ours Now three hundred years old,

It’s falling to little bits Before our very eyes

The walls are cracked and torn

And moistened by the rains, The tiles have fallen here and there

The windows whine and groan

And every night The rats come out of the holes

And scamper past our doors. The snake-shrine is dark with weeds And all the snake-gods in the shrine Have lichen on their hoods.

Questions:

(i) How does the poetess explain her childhood? 

(ii) Why does the grandmother express her concern for the old house? 

(iii) What does the old house imply?

(iv) How can the snake shrine become dark with weeds? 

(v) What does lichen on hoods of snake gods imply?

Answers:

(1) It is with imagery of playing on the sands, drawing birds and animals. It’s an innocent state of mind in which persuasive chats are imprinted in the heart of the poetess.

(ii) As the human body is also a compound of the five giant elements i.e. ether, fire, air, wind and water; a natural attachment is developed for the analogous compounds of the other organisms and objects. 

(iii) It implies old assumptions, idolatry, primitive ways of dealing with things-all unscientific or illogical, dilapidated – yet need repair and renovation. The poetess has understood her grandmother in its right implication. She has endowed her grandmother and her dilapidated house with immortality through this poem – a renovation that will reinforce both of them for ages to look anew.

(iv) Snake shrine denotes concentration on objects, a yogic practice. It is the nursery stage of concentration because till then, hedonism hovers in the ten senses of the human body. 

(v) It implies the prominence of idolatry in Kerala. People there are in their nursery standard in terms of concentration practices. It’s mere

concentration on objects (Ripustha Dhyana). It also refers that the temple in an inner portion of the building was also a part of her worry. Perhaps, she would have guessed the loss of that faith in future generations. 


STANZA NO.2

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

O, it hurts me she cried, Wiping a reddened eye

For I love this house, it hurts me much To watch it die.

When I grow old, I said,

And very very rich

I shall rebuild the fallen walls

And make new this ancient house.

My great grandmother

Touched my cheeks and smiled. She was really simple.

Fed on God for years

All her feasts were monotonous For the only dish was always God

And the rest mere condiments.

Questions:

(i) What does “a reddened eye” imply? 

(ii) Do you think the love for things hurt?

(iii) What does the sentence, “she was really simple” denote? 

(iv) Explain “For the only dish was always God”.

(v) What mute message does hide in a touch given to the cheek with one’s face smiling?

(vi) What is implied by “All her feasts were monotonous? 

Answers:

(1) Red is an excitant colour. It symbolises the passions that one bears in the core of his temperament (i.e. a product of wisdom, ego and mind). The first stanza reveals the passion of that old lady for getting her house retrofitted and repaired. However, she could not do this throughout her lifetime, as it was three hundred years old. A consolation and assurance given by the poetess, therefore, filled that old lady’s eyes with tears of gratitude for the poetess.

(ii) Yes, it is because things have a certain physical age as per their biological and geological classification. Their meeting no doubt, gives exhilaration and euphoria but at the same time, separation on account of death, enmity, controversy, partition, fraction, and conflict developed; enhances multiple pain to human beings. Time is infinite and uncertain. It is transitory. 

(iii) It denotes nursery stages of concentration power in grandmother even at her eighty-six. Here lies a passion for worldly things in spite of her being a regular devotee to icon gods. The term “simple” refers to a state of ignorance due to stereotypes and discrimination. 

(iv) This sentence has been used to refer exclusive devotion of the grandmother. It also reveals continuous recitation of God’s name.

(v) Such gesticulation is seen when a man/individual in his cognition is propitiated. He or she, therefore, expresses gratitude infinitesimal/ subtle through body language or cues.

(vi) A continuous recitation of God’s name with words hardly listen to by others. Only lips are seen in motion and an obscure murmur is heard


STANZA NO.3

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

She told us how she rode her elephant

When she was ten of eleven Every Monday without fail

To the Siva shrine

And back to home again

And told us of the jewel box

And the brocade from the north And the perfumes and the oils

And the sandal for her breasts

And her marriage to a prince

Who loved her deeply for a lovely short year And died of fever, in her arms

She told us

That we had the oldest blood

My brother and she and The oldest blood in the world A blood thin and clear and fine

While in the veins of the always poor

And in the veins

Of the new-rich men Flowed a blood thick as gruel

And muddy as a ditch.

Questions:

(i) Why had grand Mother in her teens visited Lord Shiva’s temple only on Monday?

(ii) What does the poetess imply when she reveals all that she had listen from her grandmother? 

(iii) What implication do you gather from thin, clear and fine blood? 

(iv) Which poor veins have been indicated here? 

(v) How blood in the veins of new rich men as muddy as a ditch?

Answers:

(i) Monday in Hindu theology is considered, a day representing to Lord Shiva. It’s perhaps because of the moon studded on the matted hair of Shiva. It is called luna in glossary or psychology and an excess hold of luna on horoscope develops phobias and manias that culminate in lunacy.

(ii) The poetess could learn how an affinity for temporal and corporeal objects exterminates the possibility of entrance for cosmos- consciousness. 

(iii) The term “thin” exhibit industrious, the term clear means illustrious sacrosanct and “fine” denotes suave. Thus, its joint implication is an industrious, illustrious and civilized blood or the parental lineage.

(iv) “Veins” are vessels carrying impure blood from different organs and organelles including systems of the human body to twin ventricles in the heart. 

(v) It is muddy because of glucogen mixed excess. It is formed in excess within the liver due to calorie consumption more than the release of manual energy. 


STANZA NO.4

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow-

Finally she lay dying In her eighty sixth year

A woman wearied by compromise Her legs quilted with arthritis And with only a hard cough

For comfort I looked deep into her eyes

Her poor bleary eyes And prayed that she would not grieve So much about the hosue.

Questions:

(i) What is meant by the phrase “wearies by compromise”? 

(ii) Is arthritis a quilt? 

(iii) In what sense the term cough has been used here?

(iv) Why does the poetess say the eyes of the grandmother as poor and bleary eyes?

Answers:

(i) It denotes a depressed, state of mind. A submissive or meek nature irrespective of conscience, has to act upon something unwillingly as he or she is not allowed to involve in that doing. A compromising person is like a rolling stone. 

(ii) Quilt is generally called a bed cover filled with cotton inside. In the state of arthritis, the marrow and fat layer just beneath the joints is converted into a cotton-like formation in a quilt. 

(iii) “Cough” is a physical ailing condition when phlegm is formed inside a breathing tube and at the mouth of the pharynx. It is thrown outside by tensile muscles through the buccal cavity. 

(iv) “Poor bleary eyes”: refers to an outlook, obsolete and outdated. The poetess says here that she had duly pondered upon the things told by her grandmother. She looked or peep into the outlook of grandmother. So, it is clear that the eyes of the grandmother are as poor and bleary.


STANZA NO.5

Read the stanza carefully and answer the questions that follow- 

I had learnt by then Most lessons of defeat,

Had found out that to grow rich

Was a difficult feat.

The house was crouching On its elbows then,

It looked that night in the pallid moon

So grotesque and alive.

Questions:

(i) What does the poet mean by lessons of defeat? 

(ii) Do you also think to grow rich is a difficult feat?

(iii) What does the term “crouching “refer to here?

(iv) Why is the “house” house looked grotesque?

(v) In what sense has the pallid moon been used?

Answers:

(i) Passions or ardent desires have no systematic plan or strategy. These are not judged in favour of society viz valuer of individual actions. 

(ii) Yes, it is so because riches are made only when the individual is an expert in the management of many Ms’, viz. motors, monitoring of mind, motives, mastery in planning and organisation of means, material, money, machines, manpower, mission, menage, memoir etc, 

(iii) It refers to the physical condition of the poetess’s grandmother. 

(iv) As the term “house” has been used here to refer physical state of the grandmother her wrinkled face, pressed neck, protruded chin, bowed waist etc. part of the body is looked ugly.

(v) It denotes a helpless and depressed state of grand mother’s mind.


Question 


Q.1. What makes the depiction of a crumbling village house so authentic in the poem? Is this a common feature of most village houses in the context of rapid urbanisation? Is the poet speaking from actual experience? 

Ans. It is a reminiscence of the poetess when she was merely a child and lived with her grandmother in a dilapidated house. Images of children playing on the sand, flying birds and animals are abundantly found in the countryside. 

Yes, it is a common feature of most village houses due to rapid urbanisation. It is because land holdings have shrunk to smaller bits owing to the increase in population and people from rural India have settled in metro-cities. 

Yes, the poetess is speaking from her actual experience. She has aptly drawn a picture of deserted villages. 

Q. 2. What aspects of Indian society and history get highlighted in the poem?

Ans. Aspects of Indian society and history-Highlighted-It can be stated as follows-

(i) Indians were living in joint families in the past while these are dissolved and dissipated now to nucleus families. Here also, dissolution is all apparent as the poetess appears lonely and deserted which have had become the genesis of this poem.

(ii) Children in villages were in direct contact with nature i.c. playing on the

sand and drawing birds and animals while presently, they are like cage birds in RCC built and manipulated by Luman skill. 

(iii) Children were used to living with their grandparents those days but they are attracted to and used to cone with electronic toys, recreation, parks, etc, and grandparents are neglected.

(iv) Children were told their roots by grandparents in the past in the most natural way but in modern nuclear families. They are told the roots of Germans.

Q. 3. Does the poem bring out the contrast between tradition and modernity? Illustrate your answer with an example from the poem

Ans. Yes, the poetess has drawn a contrast between tradition and modernity in this poem. She highlights traditions through her grandmother and modernity is represented by she herself. 

Her grandmother used to worship snake deities. Her attachment to idolatry has been brought out by the lines – 

“All the snake gods in the shrine have lichen on their hoods. O’ it hurts me- She cried.” Traditional people are usually attached to emotionally their houses and hearts. 

The house in which her grandmother lived was as old as three hundred years and crumbling in bits yet she wanted it to get repaired and retrofitted. They talk about jewels, apparel, perfumes, oils etc.

There are victims of a superiority complex as the grandmother of the poetess tells her that theirs have the oldest blood in the world-a blood thin and clear and fine. Thus, they count people by their birth, not by virtues acquired and noble deeds performed.

Q.4. While the poet respected her grandmother’s sentiments of royal grandeur, we can also see that she revolts against it. Identify the lines 

Ans. These lines are as under- bring it out.

(i) I know the rats are running now across the darkened halls, they do not fear the dead. (Here the term has been used for living with modernity) 

(ii) I have plucked your soul like a pip from fruit and have flung it into your pyre.

(iii) Call me callous, call me selfish but do not blame my blood.

(iv) And have raised on walls strang totems for burial.

(v) For I thought I saw the windows close Like the closing of the eyes

(vi) I set forth again for other towns left the house with the shrine and the sands.

(vii) Had found out that growing rich was a difficult feat. 

Q.5. Which lines reveal the poet’s criticism of class distinction? 

Ans. These lines are as follows-

(1) A blood thin and clear and fine while in the veins of the always poor, And in the veins of new rich men, Flowed blood thick as gruel.  

(ii) And her marriage to a prince. Who loved her deeply for a lovely short a ditch.

(iii) All her feasts were monotonous. 

(vi) And all perfumes and the oils And the stately elephant ride……

Q.6. Is it ‘Selfishness’ and ‘callousness’ that makes the poet break her childhood promise to her grandmother of renovating the house? Why does she do nothing about rebuilding the house?

Ans. No, it was not so. Instead, as the poetess subsequently, when she was grown up; took the bitter experience of the unemployment situation in the country, and found it difficult to keep her word. She had prayed grandmother later on that she should not worry about the house. 

She did nothing about rebuilding the house because her personal sufferings had made her reluctant towards rebuilding. It has been referred to by the arrival of white ants in the home (viz. disposition). 

She tells that composure attained to that by her after self-realisation or cosmic consciousness has made her reluctant to see not if rats scamper passed or ran across the darkened halls of the house. It’s balanced state of feelings. The main reason she must have that of living always away from her village is because of her settlement in the city.

Q.7. What do you understand of the conflict in the poet’s conscience? 

Ans. The conflict in the poet’s conscience comprises the dissolution of joint and nuclear families, displacement of people from their house and hearth, from their roots (i.e. adoption of Western culture), division of society in rich and poor classes, discrimination, stereotypes, inequality, selfishness, a cold death of emotional build-up and environment do severe unemployment in the country. 


SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


Q. 1. Why does the poetess refer to her childhood here? Discuss. 

Ans. It is because she wants to explain that pre-adolescence and adolescence age is the most sensitive and parent alias guardians should express themselves truly as grandmother has done in this poem. 

We see she had hidden nothing about her while interacting with her grandson and daughter. This true explanation about oneself, at least; like the poetess in this poem, enables today’s adolescents and tomorrow’s youth to review, revise and introspect.

Q.2. What lichen does the poetess refer to here on hoods of snake good? 

Ans. Snake Gods are worshipped in Kerala, the state where the poetess was born. She, therefore, is familiar with the faith of the people there. 

In its literal meaning, the old lady being unwell and the house being dilapidated the moistened walls in lack of day-to-day cleaning, have shown their impact on the metal icon of the snake gods. viz. presence of moisture in the room has reacted with the metallic idols.

The poetess has however, by imagery, tried to explain on the worldly is merely a state of concentration on worldly objects (Ripustha Dhyana) viz. the primary stage that leads to concentration beyond objects (Ripitata Dhyana). 

Q.3. Discuss why human beings are developed attachments to objects. 

Ans. Our body also is made of five giant elements (viz. ether, water, fire, air and earth). Like other mammals, our brethren, we all live a certain age unless cell function is critically decayed. 

Worldly objects of things, i.e. living and non-living also have a certain age and are made of the elements we have discussed above. It is, therefore, an easy affinity in living and non-living worlds. 

Hardly, do we imagine our body as merely a mean and not better anyway than a machine. Here, the grandmother of the poetess is at her death bed still her passions want to see the house renovated and retrofitted.

Q.4. What distinction can you find in first telling-“the rats come out of the holes and scamper past our doors” and at another time-“The rats are running now across the darkened halls”?

Ans. The poetess first sees that rats scamper past while at another time, she knows that they are running across the darkened halls. Thus, a balanced and an imbalanced state of mind has been aptly explained. 

When the house is under the command of its owner, passions in disguise of rats, fear to treas inside and past from door, while they don’t fear if owner/ control/ restraint is absent and there is dark (ignorance) everywhere. 

Q.5. Why is the blood thin, clear and fine till it flows in the veins of always poor but becomes as thick as gruel and as muddy as a ditch in nouveau riche? 

Ans. It happens due to sudden changes in diet, loss of physical labour, comforts and luxuries etc. Nouveau riche are the people who once were poor but owing to any windfall, mostly due to indulgence with unlawful acts or unfair means; became rich or socialites. 

It’s not having deep roots of labour appropriate, required for the promotion of financial status; these people are developed ego, ostentation, whim-whams, frenzy, fanaticism, cynicism etc. 

Q. 6. The poetess says “She had set for other towns”-What does this statement refer to? Discuss.

Ans. Watch, see and observe are the verbs that appear analogous but their

implication is with a sheer difference. The term “observe” embeds seeing and watching within itself. It’s a stage of perception when a scientific or rational eye merely snaps the things and events seen, and opens a file in C.PU. 

photograph so taken is affixed, time, conditions, place and time are simply recorded. Hereafter, starts the lab. work in which contemplation, muse and pondering are done, these all are invisible acts which an individual perseverant and inquisitive; perform and thus, conceives the best after a good practice on experiments. 

The poetess has gold here that after the death of her grandmother, she reviewed all that she could listen to, learn and watch while she was with her grandmother. It’s a stage after observing the things she had made within and expressed here.

Q.7. What did the poet resolve to do when she was older? What prompted her to take up the resolve? 

Ans. She had promised retrofitting and renovation of the three-hundred-year-old house. It was the attachment of the old lady to the old and dilapidated house which prompted the poetess to take up the resolve. 

Q.8.Describe some of the stories that the great-grandmother narrated to the poet and her brother. 

Ans. It was the story of childhood that my grandmother told them. She told how she rode her elephant when she was ten or eleven. The second story is that of a jewel box and brocade from the north. She told all about the feminine qualities considered ideal during grand mother’s time. 

She told about her couple’s life and the cause of separation. She also told that their clan was illustrious, gentle and suave since ages in the past. She differentiated the poor and rich approach and suggested a middle path to choose for life.

Q.9. What does the poet mean when she says that her great-grandmother was “fed on god for years” and that her only “dish was always God”? 

Ans. She refers to the obsession of the old lady for gods made of metals kept in a tiny room of the old house. It was mere obsession, not devotion because

it could not deplete the gross affection of the lady for temporal and corporeal objects even when she had attained eighty-six. The dish is ingested through a buccal cavity or mouth hence, the poetess refers to the continuous recitation of hymns and psalms by the old lady. 

Q.10. What do you think is the central theme of the poem blood or the family house? Or, are the two equally important? Do you think the poem is appropriately titled?

Ans So far as we could understand, in the text of this poem, the poetess discusses mainly the two ie, blood and family house. These are equally important because of genetic effect and environmental effects.

 A good quality seed requires well-prepared and naturally fertile land. The blood or the heredity is transcendent to time, place and circumstances if it is pure blood. Perseverance and dedication of sublime degree is seen in the man of blue- blood even in adverse situations.

 in case, the poetess was titled the poem as “Blood and family house”, it would have reflected some murder in the family house. It is, therefore, all right to see its title as “Blood”. Blood or heredity is first as it encompasses divine sparks and an ideal kind of contemplation fit for the performance of noble deeds.

Conclusion-On the basis of the above facts, it can be stated that the poetess is all fair in the selection of the title “Blood” for the poem. 



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