Class 12 English Elective Important Questions and Answers PDF Download

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Class 12 English Elective Important Questions and Answers Pdf Download, class 12 english elective passage questions and answers, class 12 poem extract based questions, class 12 article writing

Class 12 English Elective Important Questions

Class12th 
Chapter Important Model Question Paper
BoardCBSE & All Others boards
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective
Medium English
Study MaterialsCBSE & All Other boards

class 12 reading comprehension

Class 12 English Elective Important Questions and Answers PDF Download

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: 

A short time ago an Englishman, without employment and financial reserves, was walking the streets of Philadelphia seeking a position. He entered the office of Mr. Paul Gibbons, a well-known businessman in that city, and asked for an interview. 

Mr. Gibbons looked at the stranger distrustfully. His appearance was emphatically against him. His clothes were shabby and threadbare, over all of him written largely the unmistakable signs of financial distress. 

Half out of curiosity, half out of pity, granted the interview. At first, he intended to listen for only a moment, but the moments grew into minutes, and the minutes mounted into an hour, and the conversation continued. 

It ended with Mr Gibbons telephoning Mr Roland Taylor, one of the leading financiers of that city, who invited this stranger to lunch and secured him a desirable position. How was this man, with the air and outward appearance of failure, able to effect such a prized connection within such a short time? 

The secret can be divulged in a single phrase, his command of the English language. He was, in reality, an Oxford man who had come to this country on a business mission that had ended in disaster, leaving him stranded, without funds and friends. 

But he spoke his mother tongue with such precision and beauty that his listeners soon forgot his rusty shoes, his frayed coat, and his unshaven face. His diction became an immediate passport into the best business circles.

This man’s story is somewhat extraordinary, but it illustrates a broad and fundamental truth, namely, that we are judged each day by our speech. 

Our words reveal our refinements; they tell the discerning listener of the company we have kept; they are the hallmarks of education and culture.

We have only four contacts with the world, you and I. We are evaluated and classified by four things: by what we do, by how we look, and by what we say and by how we say it. 

Yet many a man blunders through a long lifetime; after he leaves school, without any conscious effort to enrich his stock of words, to master their shades of meaning, to speak with precision and distinction. 

He habitually uses the overworked and exhausted phrases of the office and the street. Small wonder that his talk lacks distinction and individuality. Small wonder that he often violates the accepted traditions of pronunciation and that he sometimes transgresses the canons of English grammar itself. 

I have heard even college graduates say, “Ain’t” “he don’t” and “Between you and I”. And if men with academic degrees gracing their names commit such errors. 

What do we expect of those whose education has been cut short by the pressure of economic necessity?

Years ago, I stood one afternoon daydreaming in the Coliseum in Rome. A stranger approached me, an English colonial. He introduced himself and began talking about his experiences in the Eternal City. 

He had not spoken for three minutes until he had said, “You were”, and “I did”. That morning, when he arose, he had polished his shoes and put on spotless linen to maintain his self-respect and to win the respect of those with whom he came in contact; but he had not attempted whatsoever to polish his phrases and to speak spotless sentences. He would have been ashamed, for example, of compulsory. 

not raising his hat to a woman when he spoke, but he was not ashamed no, he was not even conscious of violating the usages of grammar, of offending the ears of discriminating auditors. By his own words, he stood revealed and placed and classified. His woeful use of the English language proclaimed to the world continually

questions are given below:

(a) Why did the Englishman go to Mr. Gibbons? 

Ans. The Englishman went to Mr. Gibbons in search of an

(b) Who was Me Taylor?

Ans. Mr. Taylor was one of the leading financiers of Philadelphia.

(c) What quality of the Englishman helped him secure a high position?

Ans. His command over the English language helped the Englishman secure a high position. 

(d) Why do people generally not tend to brush up on their mother Tongue and enrich their vocabulary?

Ans. People generally think that their well-maintained personality will serve the purpose, not their phrases. That is why they do not tend to brush up their mother tongue and enrich their vocabulary.

(e) What message does the writer intend to communicate to his readers?

Ans. The writer wants to communicate the message that people should make an attempt to speak their mother tongue correctly and fluently as far as possible.

Do you think the message of this passage is far more relevant today than it was a century ago? 

Ans. No, I do not think so because a century ago knowledge was valued more than today, outwardly appearance. 

(ii) Pick up words from the passage which mean similar to :

(a) With suspicion (Paragraph 1)

Ans. With suspicion – distrustfully

(b) Strange (Paragraph 3)

Ans. Strange Extraordinary 

(c) Clean (last Paragraph)

Ans. Clean-Polish/spotless

class 12 english elective passage questions and answers

Loans to the few individual students who find themselves in financial difficulties are a normal feature of academic life and raise

no special problems. Institutions have their techniques for ascertaining needs and arranging terms of repayment; we have heard no complaints on this score. 

But the suggestion that students in higher education should in general be financed either wholly or partly by loans rather than grants is a different matter. It is not completely novel for there is a good deal of this abroad, and it has been tried in this

country in the past for intending teachers, but its introduction on a large scale would be a break with recent tradition. The case must therefore be examined with some care. Apart from relief to the budget,

There are two arguments in favour of this form of loan finance. The first is an argument on the distribution of burdens. Higher education, it is argued, is an investment that, in many cases at least, carries with it the prospect of earnings substantially higher than the earnings of

those who have not had it. Admittedly, this privilege should not be confined to those whose family position enables the necessary finance to be forthcoming – la carriere ouverte aux talents is an important social objective. 

But if finance is provided by outright subsidy from public funds, it is said, that a new position of privilege is created. The recipient of the subsidy is being put in a position to command a higher income by taxes paid, in part at least, by those whose incomes are smaller. 

It is therefore urged that what is needed is not outright subsidy but a system whereby young men and women who have the prospect of being able to improve their talents by further study are provided with the necessary finance by loans repayable in the future on reasonable terms out of their taxable income, or, as a variant upon this, a provision in the tax law whereby those who have been thus helped are taxed at a suitably higher rate until the assistance can be judged to have been repaid.

The second argument is an argument of morals and incentive, It is said that the student financed by grants is sometimes apt to take this privilege for granted and that this may have as a by-product the lack of any particular sense of obligation and need to work. 

By contrast, the student financed by a loan is likely to have a greater sense of individual responsibility. He knows that he has to pay the price later on and is therefore all the keener to get the most out of what he is buying. 

The advocates of this plan point out that already in this country more spent from public funds on individual students in higher education than elsewhere in the world; and they ask whether, if the system is to be extended as we hope, it is not right that the students themselves should bear part of the burden as soon as they are in a position to do so.

(a) based on your reading of the above passage, make notes on it in points only, using headings and sub-headings. Also, use recognizable abbreviations wherever necessary. Supply a suitable title to it.

Ans. 1. Loans to students

(a) Normal feature

(b) Institution’s technique for repayment

(c) large-scale introduction breaks with tradition

(d) Care needed

2. Two arguments in favour

(a) Privilege for higher education, poor family

(b) Not as a subsidy, but as a loan

(c) Subsidy creates a new position

3. Moral argument: 

(a) Grants lack obligations

(b) loanee feels responsibility

(c) higher study loan greatest in India 

(d) Its extension is not favourable

Title-Loan for Higher Studies

(b) Write a summary of the above passage.

Ans. Loans for students raise no problems. No complaints have yet been received. Students should not be financed by grants. Higher education is an investment. There is a prospect of earning in it. 

But finance by subsidy may create some problems. But a loanee feels his responsibility for repayments. 

Student financed by grants lacks a sense of obligation on the contrary, those financed by loan has a greater sense of responsibility. He has to repay the loan.



class 12 writing section questions

3. You have been elected President of the Students’ Union of Marwari College, Ranchi. Write a notice to be put on the notice- board, thanking the students for their support in getting you elected.

Ans.

NOTICE

I am overjoyed with the support extended to me by the students in electing me President of the College Students’ Union. I assure all of you that I shall try my best to solve all the genuine difficulties. I also assure you that I will create a healthy academic atmosphere in the college.

Date: 10th December 2008

R. N. Singh President Students’ Union

Marwari College, Ranchi

Or Your school is going to celebrate its Annual Day, Draft an invitation on behalf of the Principal to be sent to the parents and guests. (Word limit: 50 words) 

The Principal and the Staff

Ans. 

ST. XAVIER SR. SEC. SCHOOL RANCHI requests your benign presence on the auspicious occasion of THE ANNUAL FUNCTION of the school at 10.00 am. on August 27, 2008 Shri Ajay Kumaram I.A. S. will be the Chief Guest and will give away the prizes to the students.

R.S.V.P.

Principal

St. Xavier Senior Secondary School, Ranchi 4. You are Saurabh/Sarita working for the Hindustan Times, Ranchi. Last week you attended a seminar on “The Importance of Blood Donation” organized by the Rotary Club, Ranchi. Write a report on the seminar in about 125 words to be published in the daily. 

Ans The Importance of Blood Donation A Report May 15: A Seminar on “The Importance of Blood Donation” was organized by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, last evening. Some very eminent doctors and philanthropists took part in the seminar. All the speakers underlined the importance of donating blood for the cause of saving valuable human lives. 

Blood donation was ranked as the highest form of service to humanity and the best form of worship of God. A blood donor, it was pointed out, loses nothing in terms of money or health. 

But he or she earns all blessings of the Almighty and unbounded gratitude of the one who receives this life-saving gift. Impressed by the views expressed by the speakers, many of the audience pledged to donate blood at least once a year. 

Or Describe your college/school building in about 125 words.

Ans. Our College Building I read in Marwari College, Ranchi. It is situated far from the din and bustle of the town. 

The building of our college is very attractive. Someone is impressed by it at first glance. The building consists of ten science blocks including departments of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology; Arts Department of Geography; Office Block including a staff room. Library etc. 

All the blocks are double-storeyed and well-electrified. We feel a sense of glory studying here. There are separate common rooms for boys and girls, where we spend our recess time. It has no parity in the state of Jharkhand. I am proud of my college building.

class 12 letter writing format

5. You are Tapas/Tapasi of Ranchi. Write a letter to the Health Minister, Government of Jharkhand complaining to him about the lack of facilities and malfunctioning Government hospitals in the city of Ranchi. 

Ans. Hon’ble Health Minister

Govt. of Jharkhand

Ranchi, PIN-834002

Subject: Inadequate and poor facilities in the Govt. Hospitals. 

Sir,

Through this letter, want to draw your kind attention towards the lack of facilities prevailing in the government hospitals in Ranchi. There is the reign of dirt and decay in the wards of RIMS and Sadar Hospital. There is no cleanliness at all in the wards.

The toilets and bathrooms are filthy. The floors are dirty. Bedsheets remain unchanged for weeks. The non-availability of life-saving drugs puts the patients in trouble. They have to buy them from the market.

Doctors and nurses are indifferent to the patients. Misappropriation and mismanagement prevail there. I request you to look into the matter personally. 

You are the only person who can save the government hospitals from being mismanaged and degenerated. An early step is welcomed and solicited.

With thanks.

Burdwan Compound Ranchi, PIN-834002

Tapas

class 12 letter writing format

Or, You are Ahmed / Anisha. You live at 38/C, Sector II, HEC Dhurwa, Ranchi. You are deeply troubled by the frequent news items of discrimination against girl children even in educated urban families. Write a letter to the editor of a national daily in about 150 words condemning such practices strongly.

Ans. Anisha

38/C, Sector-4

HEC, Dhurwa, Ranchi The Editor

Hindustan Times

Ranchi

Sir,

Shockingly, girls are looked down upon. What to speak of illiterate rural families, even urban educated families also possess this attitude. Frequently we come across heart-breaking items in newspapers about discrimination against girl children. 

Someone left a girl child in a hospital, another threw it by the roadside. All these are heinous acts. The educated people must have read where women are worshipped, and gods dwell there (Yatra nary a buoyant remote later devata) but left it in the book.

Today girls are coming forward in all walks of life. Kiran Vedi, Kalapana Chawla, and Sunita William can be recited as examples. Now men should think that the scenario is changing. One who discriminates against girl children wants to take India back centuries. Such practices must be condemned strongly.

class 12 article writing

6. Write an article of about 180 words on “Physical Education in Schools” to be published in your school magazine.

Ans. The present education in schools does not make all-round development of students. It has several shortcomings Physical education is one of them. Physical education has not got due attention in schools yet. The present school education is limited to books only. It gives disastrous results. Only one gold medal has been won by India till now.

The government is negligent towards physical education. It must be made compulsory in schools. There is a lack of primary facilities for physical education in our schools. Many schools do not have good playgrounds or any playgrounds. National

integrity and unity of the nations increase through games and sports. Inter-state tournaments are organised in it. It increases the spirit of brotherhood and we come closer to one another and develop a feeling of cooperation. Sports and games make our body and mind strong. We know that a healthy mind resides in a healthy body. So with a view point of all round development of personality physical education must be included in the syllabus of schools.

class 12 article writing

Or, Write an article in about 180 words on “Books: the Best Friend” to be published in your school magazine. 

Ans. Books: The Best Friends Books are the best friends: particularly the student community. Though some persons other than students also like to read books they generally read novels. Some like to read the Ramayan, Some like ethical books, and some like comics. Almost all literate people like some kind of book or the other. But the topic indicates towards books for students.

Books are the best friends of students because all the knowledge of the world is in books. Friends of muscles and bones may deceive people but a book can never deceive. Reading any kind of book never goes in vain. So a person should read more and more books, But it does not mean to be a bookworm. It means that one should read more and more as far as possible while doing other work.

Books remove the monotony of life. They increase our knowledge It does not make us feel the monotony of the journey, time passes easily by reading books. The kingdom of books is as vast as the universe. There is no comer of it which they have left unexplored. They are a universal source of knowledge.

class 12 poem extract based questions

7. Read the following poem extract and answer the questions that follow:

It would be an exotic moment Without rush, without engines, We would all be together In a sudden strangeness. 

(1) Name the poem and the poet

Ans. The name of the poem is ‘Keeping Quiet’. The poet is Pablo Neruda.

(il) When will there be an exotic moment?

of Ans. It will be the exotic moment when there is no rush or the sound of the running of engines and machines.

(iii) How would all of us feel at that time? 

Ans. All of us will enjoy the unusualness and sudden strangeness of that moment 

class 12 poem extract based questions

Or When Aunt is dead, her terrified hands will lie Still ringed with ordeals she was mastered by. The tigers in the panel that she made Will go on prancing, proud and unafraid.

(1) What is the present status of Aunt Jennifer?

Ans. They are still ringed with those hard and testing difficulties that possessed her during her life. 

Why are the hands of Aunt Jennifer ‘terrified?

Ans. Her hands are called terrified because they passed through a very hard and bitter experience of married life. 

(ill) What will be the fate of the tigers after her death?

Ans. Her tigers will go on jumping ahead, proud and unafraid. 

8. Answer any three of the following questions in about 35 words each. 

(a) What is the grandeur of the dooms? How does John Keats link it with the mighty dead”?

Ans. The magnificence that we imagine for our mighty dead forefathers on the doomsday.

The mighty dead were the people who were powerful and dominating in their times. Their achievements made them

‘mighty’ and great. Their works dazzle our eyes. We imagine that such mighty dead forefathers will attain more grandeur on the doomsday. Hence grandeur is associated with the ‘mighty dead’. 

(b) What does the poetess feel her old familiar ache and what is her childhood fear?

Ans. When the poetess sees the pale and corpse-like face of her mother, her old familiar pain or the ache returns. Perhaps she has entertained this fear since her childhood. The fear of ageing and ultimate death/separation. 

(c) What do the parting words of the poetess and her smile signify?

Ans. The poetess’ parting words of assurance and her smiles present a stark contrast to the old familiar ache or childhood fear. Her words and smiles are a deliberate attempt to hide what is going on inside. 

(d) What was the plea of the people who had put up the roadside stand?

Ans. The men who had put up the roadside stand pleaded pathetically for some customers to come and they wanted to earn money from them. They wanted that the city folk passing through the countryside would stop there to buy something from them. It was the intention with which the roadside stand was set up. 

9. Answer the following questions in about 35 words each: 

(a) How did Mahatma Gandhi teach us a lesson in self-reliance? 

Ans. Gandhi wanted to mould a new free India’. He wanted Indians to stand on their own feet and thus make India free. Some of his followers wanted C.F. Andrews to stay in Champaran and help them. Gandhi opposed it. He didn’t want Indians to take the help of an Englishman in their struggle for freedom. self-reliance to his followers. 

(b) How did M. Hamel give the shocking news to the students and the villagers and with what effect?

Ans. The classroom was packed. The villagers sat along with the students on the back desks. M. Harmel mounted on the chair. He spoke in a grave and gentle tone. He made it clear that it was the last French lesson he would give to them. He disclosed that an order had come from Berlin. All the schools of Alsace and Lorraine would teach only German. The new teacher would join the next day. The news left everyone shocked and grieved. 

(c) How does the author use the metaphor of ‘rattrap’ effectively in the story?

Ans. The author uses the metaphor of ‘rattrap’ very often but effectively in the story. For him, this world is nothing but a big rattrap. Its only aim is to set traps for people. Riches or joys, food and shelter are just baits to tempt the people. If one is tempted to touch the bait, the trap closes in on him.

(D) What is the misadventure that William Douglas speaks about?

Ans. William O. Douglas had just learnt to swim. One day, an eighteen-year-old big bruiser picked him up and tossed him into the nine-foot-deep end of the Y.M.C.A. pool. He hit the water surface in a sitting position. He swallowed water and went at once to the bottom. He nearly died in this misadventure, 

(e) Why do you think that the servants thought Gandhiji to be another peasant?

Ans. Shukla led Gandhi to Rajendra Prasad’s house. The servants knew Shukla as a poor yeoman. Gandhi was also clad in a simple dhoti. He was the companion of a peasant. Hence the servants thought Gandhi to be another peasant.

class 12 english elective important questions and answers In 100 Words

(a) Why do you think Gandhiji considered the Champaran episode to be a turning point in his life? 

Ans. The Champaran episode was a turning point in Gandhi’s life. Gandhi himself accepted it. He explains: “What I did was a very ordinary thing. 

I declared that the British could not order me in my own country”. It was the first mass movement in India. Gandhi took up the cause of the poor peasants. He fought against the injustice of the cruel landlords. They extorted money from the poor sharecroppers. But Champaran didn’t begin as an act of defiance. 

The movement grew out of Gandhi’s attempt to remove the distress of thousands of poor peasants. It was a typical Gandhian movement. Gandhi’s politics was linked with the day-to-day problems of the poor millions. Its success paved the way for further non-violent mass movements and satyagraha.

The success of Champaran marked the first victory of the Civil Disobedience in modern India. The amount of the refund money was less important. More important was that English landlords were forced to surrender part of the money. Previously they behaved as lords above the law. Now the Indian peasants saw that they had rights. 

They had people to defend those rights. Most important was the fact that the Champaran episode was the beginning of their liberation from fear of the British.

(b) While Sophie has no touch with reality, Jansie’s feet are firmly planted on the ground. Draw a contrast between the two citing examples from the story “Going Places”.

Ans. Sophie and Jansie are class-fellows and friends. They belong to lower-middle-class families. Both of them are earmarked for biscuit factories. Jansie’s feet are firmly planted on the ground. But Sophie is blind to the harsh realities of life. 

She dreams of big and beautiful things. She wants to have a boutique. She thinks of becoming an actress as there is a lot of money in this profession. If need be, she can also be a fashion designer. In short, she loves to be grand and sophisticated. 

All her dreams are beyond her reach and resources. Jansie advises her to be sensible, but she remains a romantic dreamer. Sophie and Jansie differ in thinking and temperament. Sophie

is lost in her dream world, she shares her secret with only one person. He is her elder brother Geoff. Jansie is ‘nosey”. She takes an interest in learning new things about others. She can spread the story to the whole neighbourhood. So Sophie doesn’t want to share secrets with her

class 12 english elective important questions and answers in 100 words

(a) Both Derry and Mr Lamb suffer from physical disabilities but their attitude towards life and people is different. Highlight their contrasting traits in your own words 

Ans. Derry’s main problem is his burnt face. One side of his face was eaten up by acid. He got acid fall down that side of his face. He suffers from a tremendous sense of inferiority complex. He is always conscious of the fact that his face is “bad”, “terrible” and “the ugliest thing”. People are “afraid” of him. He tries to escape people. 

He allows himself to be alienated from the world. He is never in the mainstream of life. On the other hand, Mr. Lamb doesn’t allow his physical disability to come in his way. He accepts life as it comes. He has a positive attitude towards life, things and people. He doesn’t find solace in escapism but he remains in the mainstream of life. 

Children tease him by calling him “Laney-Lamb” but he doesn’t mind it. Even after that, he gives them jelly and toffees. One of his legs was blown off in the war. But he is full of life and enjoys it at his best. He enjoys sitting in the sun, reading books and growing weeds, plants

and flowers. He collects honey and makes jelly and sweet toffees. (b) Dr. Sadao was compelled by his duty as a doctor to help the enemy soldier, What made Hana sympathetic to him in the face of open defiance from the domestic staff? Ans. Dr. Sadao and Hana both loved their country. They didn’t

have any liking for the white people. On the other hand, Dr. Sadao still remembered how much difficulty he had faced in finding out an accommodation in America. He considered that Americans suffered from racial prejudice. 

Both of them were happy that Japan was fighting against the white people, But Dr. Sadao had been trained as a doctor even to save a dying enemy. Handing him over to the police would have meant throwing him into the jaws of death. Hence, he put aside all other considerations and respected the ethics of his profession. Hana was a woman and that too with a tender heart. 

She couldn’t bear the sight of a wounded and bleeding soldier. Once she asked her husband: “Come, are we able to put him back into the sea ?” She knew they couldn’t. Hence, she asked Sadao to carry the wounded man into the house.

No doubt, the behaviour of the old General defies logic. Certainly, he lacks national loyalty. He can also be accused of dereliction of duty. Being a General, it was his duty to get the prisoner of war arrested at once. After all, Japan was at war with America. Perhaps his sickness made Dr. Sadao indispensable to him. And he didn’t want to harm Dr. Sadao.

class 12 english elective important questions and answers 35 words each: 

(a) What is the aim of ‘Students on Ice programme?

Ans. The ‘Students on Ice’ programme aims at taking high school students to the ends of the world. It provides them with inspiring

educational opportunities. It fosters a new understanding and respect for our planet. It has been in operation for more than six years and is headed by a Canadian  Green. The programme has been a great success. 

(b) How did the Maharaja manage to retain his kingdom? 

Ans. The Maharaja and the dewan held deliberations over the issue of pleasing the British officer. Samples of expensive diamond rings of different designs were brought from a famous jeweller in Calcutta. The Maharaja sent all the 50 rings to the British officer’s good lady. He expected her to choose one or two rings but the lady accepted the whole lot. The Maharaja lost three lakh rupees but managed to retain his kingdom. 

(C) What kind of person was Evans?

So Ans. Evans was a young man. He was known as “Evans the Break” among the prison officers. Three times he had escaped from prison. He looked ‘scruffy’ and unshaven. He wore a filthy-looking red-and-white bobble hat on his head. He had a heavy Scottish accent.



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