Poets and Pancakes Summary Class 12 English Question Answers, Important Solutions & Explanation

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Poets and Pancakes Summary Class 12 English Question Answers, Important Solutions & Explanation

Class12th 
Chapter06
Chapter NamePoets and Pancakes
BoardCBSE & All Others boards
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Flamingo)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer

Poets and Pancakes Summary

This piece. Poets and Pancakes are taken from Asokamitran’s book ‘My Years with Boss’. Asokamitran worked in Gemini Studies. His duty was to ed out newspaper clippings on a wide variety of subjects and preserve them in Gemini Studios located in Madras (Chennai), Film making was in its fancy in India. Asokamitran writes humorously in a rambling style. 

He talks of the make-up department of the studios. It was in the up- grains of a building that was popularly supposed to have been Lord Clive’s cables. 

Then there are quite a few buildings that are supposed to have been Clive’s residences. Asokamitran does not believe this all to be true. Lord Cavex’s stay in India was very short. He lived in Madras for a still shorter time.

He couldn’t have lived in all these houses. Pancakes is a strange brand name for make-up material. The Gemini Sindios bought truckloads of this material. 

It was used by the make-up department. The author humorously says that it made decent-looking boys and girls ugly.

Talking of the make-up department he talks of its office boy. He was in that a grown-up man of forty. He aspired to be a director or a top star. But he remained an office boy. He blamed his neglect on Subbu, who was considered to be No. 2 in the Gemini Studios.

Now the author tells us about Kothamangalam Subbu. He was a talented person. He was a poet, novelist, actor, and filmmaker, all rolled into one. But he had no aspirations. He was loyal to the Boss.

Then he tells us about the legal adviser. He was a member of the story department. He wore Western clothes and looked odd among khadi-clad writers and poets, who were averse to communism. The legal adviser ruined the carrier of a talented actress unwittingly.

Talking of communism the author speaks of the arrival of the Moral Re-moment Army at the studios. It was a sort of counter-communism movement. It presented plays in the studios. 

Their plays influenced Tamil drama but their anti-communism had no effect. Later an English poet paid a visit to the studios. But nobody could understand what the poet said or what the purpose of his visit was.

Encounter. He wrote an essay on his disillusion with communism. His visit to The poet, the author discovered, was the editor of a periodical. The studios had been in this connection.

building. It was believed to have been Robert Clive’s stables. It had the look The make-up department of the Gemini Studios was upstairs of a hair-cutting saloon. There were incandescent lights at all angles around

half a dozen large mirrors. 

Those who were subjected to make-up faced an l misery due to heat and lights. It was headed by a Bengali who was succeeded by a Maharashtrian. He was assisted by men from Dharwar, Andhra, Burma, and the usual local Tamils. 

There was a great deal of national integration at the studios. These make-up men could turn any decent-looking person into s ugly looking crimson-colored monster Truckloads of pancakes (brand of the make-up material) and other locally made potions and lotions were used in the make-up.

Those were the days of mainly indoor shooting. A strict hierarchy was maintained in the make-up department. The chief make-up man made the chief actors and actresses ‘ugly’. His senior assistant did the make-up of the ‘second’ hero and heroine. 

The junior assistant was for the main comedian The players who played the crowd was the responsibility of the office boy, On the day of crowd-shooting he was seen mixing his paint in a big pot and slapping it on the crowd players. 

The office boy wasn’t exactly a ‘boy’: he was a man in his early forties. He entered the studios to become a star actor a top screenwriter, director, and lyrics writer. He was a bit of a poet (too). In those days the narrator worked in a cubicle. 

He was always seen sitting at his desk tearing newspapers a day in and day out. Most people thought he did practically nothing. The office ‘boy’ would advise him not to waste his literary talent in a department that was fit for barbers and perverts. 

The narrator wanted to avoid him. The narrator prayed for crowd-shooting all the time. That was the only way of escaping from a great bore,

Kothamangalam Subbu was the No. 2 at Gemini Studios. The ‘office boy didn’t like him. He considered Subbu the cause of all his woes and neglect Subbu entered the studio in more uncertain and difficult times. 

In education also, he was not more formally educated than the office boy. But he was 1 Brahmin. He had exposure to ‘more affluent situations and people’. Subbu was always cheerful. 

His sense of loyalty made him identify himself with his boss. He used all his energy and creativity to the advantage of his Boss. H was tailor-made for films. His aim was to satisfy the producer. If he was n satisfied, Subbu could come out with fourteen more alternatives. 

Film-making was so easy with a man like Subbu around. It was Subbu who gave ‘direction and definition’ to Gemini Studios during its golden years. Subbu was a poet He chose to write for the masses. His success in films overshadowed his literary achievements. 

He wrote truly original ‘story poems’ in folk-song style. He also wrote a huge novel with dozens of characters. Subbu was an amazing actor. He played secondary roles but performed better than the main players. 

Subbu had a genuine love for everyone and used to feed and support many people. He was always with the Boss and sometimes resembled a sycophant But even such a kind-hearted man had enemies. He was the ‘office boy’ of the

make-up department. He wished only terrible things for him (Subbu). Subbu was always with the Boss but he was grouped under the Story Department. It comprised a lawyer and a group of writers and poets. The was also known officially as the legal adviser but nobody was impressed with him. 

Once a very talented but moody actress burst out on the sets. Everyone stood stunned. The lawyer quietly switched on the recording equipment When the actress relaxed for some time, the lawyer played back the recording. There was nothing objectionable and foul in the recording against the producer. But when the sound equipment was switched on and she heard her voice, she was struck dumb. 

So was everyone present there. That was the end of a brief and brilliant acting career. And the lawyer unwittingly brought that sad end. Everyone in the Department wore a khaki uniform. But the legal adviser wore pants and a tie and sometimes a coat. He looked alone and helpless. He was a ‘man of cold logic in a crowd of dreamers’. He also once made a flop film. The Boss closed down the Story Department. So the lawyer lost his job when the poets were asked to go home.

Gemini Studios was the favorite haunt of poets like S.D.S. Yogiar, Sangu Subramanyam, Krishna Sastry, and Harindranath Chattopadhyaya. The studio mess supplied good coffee most of the day. The studio radiated leisure-the first requirement for poetry. 

Most of them wore khadi and worshipped Gandhiji. The men at the Studios had a natural dislike for communism. They suffered from deep-rooted prejudices against it. They considered communists were godless people. They had no love for their children and wives. They were only ready to spread unrest and violence.

The people at the Studios entertained strongly anti-communist views. It was natural that they were a host to MRA, a kind of counter-movement to international communism. Frank Buchman’s Moral Re-Armament Army visited Madras in 1952. They couldn’t find a better host in India than Gemini Studios. It was a group of 200 strong people. Some called the group an international circus. 

They were not very good at acrobatic skills and their knowledge about animals was limited. But they presented two plays ‘Jotham Valley and The Forgotten Factor in a most professional manner. Their sets and costumes were first-rate and were copied for years.

There was news that an English poet was visiting Gemini Studios. But the rumor was that he was not a poet but an editor. Mr. Vasan, the Boss of Gemini Studio was also the editor of a popular Tamil weekly. At last at four in the afternoon, the poet or the editor arrived. He was a tall man, very English. The Boss read a long speech. 

He didn’t seem to know much about the English poet. The poet spoke in such an accent that none of the audience could make out what he was saying. Everyone was baffled and the English poet was baffled most. His visit remained a mystery to everyone.

A short story contest was organized by a British periodical (magazine) named “The Encounter. The people at the Studios had not heard of “The Encounter. The author went to the British Council Library to know more about the periodical. He also wanted to take part in the contest. When he saw the editor’s name, a bell started ringing in his heart. The editor was Stephen Spender. He was the same English poet who had visited the Gemini Studios.

Years later when the narrator was no more in the service of Gemini Studios, had much time but not much money. He generally bought books at a reduced price. He paid fifty paise and picked up a copy of the book, The God the Failed. It had six essays written by: six famous writers. 

All of them were followers of Communism. But all of them gave up Communism when they got disillusioned with it. Out of those six writers, was Stephen Spender. He was the same English poet who had visited Gemini Studios. Now was clear to the narrator. The Boss of the Gemini Studios may not have much to do with Spender’s poetry. But he had definitely nothing to do wit Communism-his God that failed. everything

poets and pancakes summary in hindi 

जेमिनी स्टूडियो का शृंगार-कक्ष एक भवन की सीढ़ियों के ऊपर था। यह विश्वास किए मुंगा जाता था कि यह रॉर्बट क्लाइव का अस्तबल रहा था। यह बाल काटने वाले सैलून की झलक देता था। लगभग आधा दर्जन बड़े शीशों के चारों ओर तापदीप्त लाइटें लगी हुई थी। जिन्हें करवाना पड़ता था उन्हें गर्मी और लाइटों की वजह से बहुत परेशानियों का सामना करना पड़त था। 

विभागाध्यक्ष एक बंगाली था और उसके बाद एक महाराष्ट्रीयन आया। उसकी धारवाड आन्ध्र वर्मा से आए लोगों और जैसा कि होता है स्थानीय तमिलों द्वारा सहायता की जाती थी। स्टूडियों में काफी राष्ट्रीय एकीकरण था। ये शृंगार करने वाले किसी भी भले दिखायी देने वाले। व्यक्ति को एक गूढ़े लाल रंग के मद्दे दैत्य में परिवर्तित कर सकते थे। काफी संख्या में ट्रक भर कर) पैनकेक (मैकअप सामान का ब्रांड नाम) और दूसरी स्थानीय दवाइयाँ और लोशन श्रृंगर में प्रयोग होते थे। से ये मुख्य रूप से स्टूडियो के अन्दर होने वाली शूटिंग के दिन थे। 

श्रृंगार विभाग में सख्ती पदानुक्रम का पालन किया जाता था। मुख्य श्रृंगारी मुख्य अदाकारों और अदाकाराओं को ‘कुरूप’ बनाता था। उसका वरिष्ठ सहायक ‘दूसरे नम्बर’ के नायक और नायिका का श्रृंगा करता था। कनिष्ट सहायक मुख्य हास्य अभिनेता के लिए था। जो कलाकार भीड़ के तिर भूमिका करते थे उनकी जिम्मेदारी ऑफिस ब्वाय की थी। भीड़ की शूटिंग के दिन, वह एक बड़े बर्तन में पेंट मिलाता हुआ और भीड़ के कलाकारों को हाथ से पौतता हुआ नजर आता था।

‘ऑफिस व्याय’ वास्तव में एक ‘लड़का’ नहीं था। वह अपने चालीसवें सालों के आर में था। उसने स्टूडियो में पदार्पण एक स्टार कलाकार या एक चोटी का पटकथा (स्क्रीन) लेखक डायरेक्टर, गीत-लेखक बनने के लिए किया था। वह एक छोटा-सा कवि (भी) था। उन दिनों कथाकार एक घनाकार कक्ष में काम करता था। वह सदैव दिन रात अपने डेस्क पर अखवारों को फाड़ते देखा जाता था। अधिकतर लोग सोचते थे कि वह लगभग कुछ नहीं करता। 

ऑफिस ब्याय उसे अपनी साहित्यिक प्रतिभा एक ऐसे विभाग में बर्बाद न करने की नसीहत देता था जो नाइयों और विकृत लोगों के लिए उपयुक्त हो। लेखक उसे टालना चाहता था। कथाकार प्रार्थना करता कि भीड़ की शूटिंग हर समय होती रहे। यही एक तरीका था जिससे यह उस महान बोर (करने वाले आदमी) से बच सकता था।

कोठमंगलम सुदू जेमिनी स्टूडियो में नम्बर दो पर था। ‘ऑफिस-व्याय’ उसे पसंद नहीं करता था। वह अपनी हर परेशानी और उपेक्षा का कारण सुब्बू को ही मानता था। सुब्बू ने और भी अनिश्चित और कठिन समय में स्टूडियो में पदार्पण किया था। शिक्षा में भी, वह ‘ऑफिस व्याय’ से अधिक औपचारिक रूप से नहीं पढ़ा हुआ था। लेकिन वह ब्राह्मण था। 

उसका और अधिक समृद्धिशाली अवस्थाओं और व्यक्तियों से सामना हुआ था। सुब्बू सदैव खुश रहता था। उसकी वफादारी की भावना उसे सदैव अपने ‘बॉस’ के साथ जोड़ती थी। वह अपनी सारी ऊर्जा रचनात्मकता का प्रयोग अपने ‘बॉस’ के फायदे के लिए किया करता था। यह फिल्मों के ही बना था। उसका उद्देश्य (अपने) प्रोड्यूसर को संतुष्ट करना था। यदि वह सन्तुष्ट नहीं। और 14 विकल्पों के साथ आ खड़ा होता था। सुब्बू जैसे व्यक्ति के आस-पास हो फिल्म निर्माण करना बहुत सहज था। 

यह सुब्बू ही था जिसने जेमिनी स्टूडियो को उसके वर्षों में दिशा और परिभाषा दी थी। सुब्बू एक कवि था। उसने लोगों के लिए लिखना 1 फिल्मों में कामयाबी मिलने ने उसकी साहित्यिक उपलब्धियों को ढक लिया था। उसने लोक ‘शैली में मूलभूत ‘कथा-कविताएँ लिखीं। उसने दर्जनों चरित्रों वाला एक बड़ा उपन्यास लिखा। सुब्बू एक गजब का अभिनेता था। 

वह उपभूमिकाएं करता था लेकिन मुख्य कलाकारों | बढ़िया अदाकारी करता था। सुब्बू को हर व्यक्ति के प्रति सच्चा प्रेम था और वह बहुत से देने को खाना खिलाया और सहारा दिया करता था। वह सदा ‘बॉस’ के साथ रहता था और ई बार एक चापलूस जैसा दिखायी देता था। लेकिन ऐसे दयालु आदमी के भी शत्रु थे। वह ‘विभाग का ‘ऑफिस ब्वाय’ था। वह उस (सुब्बू) के लिए केवल भयंकर चीजों की ही मना करता था।

‘सुब्बू सदा अपने ‘बॉस’ के साथ रहता था परन्तु उसे कहानी विभाग के अन्तर्गत जोड़ा था। इस विभाग में एक वकील और लेखकों और कवियों का एक समूह था। औपचारिक ह से वकील को एक कानूनी सलाहकार के रूप में जाना जाता था लेकिन कोई भी उससे भक्ति नहीं था। एक दिन एक बहुत ही मनमौजी परन्तु प्रतिभाशाली अभिनेत्री सेट पर भड़क हर एक भौंचक्का रह गया। 

वकील ने रिकार्ड मशीन को चुपचाप चालू कर दिया। जब उका थोड़ी सी फुरसत में हुई, वकील ने रिकॉर्डिंग को उलटा चला दिया। रिकार्डिंग में रेड्यूसर के खिलाफ कोई भी ऐतराजपूर्ण या भद्दी बात नहीं थी। लेकिन जब ध्वनि यंत्र को बताया गया और उसने अपनी आवाज सुनी वह गूंगी की तरह सुन्न हो गयी। इसी प्रकार हर कोई ऐसे हो गया जो वहाँ मौजूद था। 

एक संक्षिप्त परन्तु शानदार अदाकारा के कैरियर का इस कार अंत हुआ। और वह दुखद अन्त वकील की बेवकूफी के कारण हुआ। विभाग में प्रत्येक आदमी खादी की वर्दी पहनता था। लेकिन यह कानूनी सलाहकार पैंट, एक टाई और कभी एक सेट पहनता था। वह अकेला और लाचार नजर आता था। वह स्वप्नदर्शिओं की भीड़ में एक तार्किक था। उसने एक बार फ्लॉप (असफल) फिल्म भी बनायी थी। ‘बॉस’ ने कहानी विभाग को बंद कर दिया। इस प्रकार उस समय वकील की नौकरी चली गयी जब कवियों को अपने घर जाने के लिए कह दिया गया।

जेमिनी स्टूडियो एस.डी.एस. योगियार, संगू सुब्रामनिअम, कृष्णा शास्त्री और हरिन्द्रनाथ चट्टोपाध्याय जैसे कवियों का चहेता अड्डा था। दिन के अधिकतर समय स्टूडियो का मेस इंडिया कॉफी प्रदान करता था। स्टूडियो फुर्सत का आभास देता था जो कि कविता की पहली जरूरत है। अधिकतर वे लोग खादी पहनते थे और गाँधीजी को पूजते थे। स्टूडियो के लोगों को साम्यवाद से स्वाभाविक घृणा थी। वह इसके विरुद्ध गहरी पैठ की हुई ईर्ष्या के शिकार थे। 

वे सोचते थे कि साम्यवादी नास्तिक लोग हैं। उनको अपनी औलाद और पलियों से कोई प्रेम नहीं है। वे सिर्फ अराजकता और हिंसा फैलाने के लिए तैयार रहते हैं।

स्टूडियो के लोग घोर साम्यवादी विरोधी दृष्टिकोण रखते थे। यह स्वाभाविक ही था कि दे एम.आर.ए. के मेजबान थे जो अंतर्राष्ट्रीय साम्यवाद के विरुद्ध एक प्रकार का आन्दोलन था। फ्रैंक बुचमन की मारल रि-अर्ममेन्ट सेना 1952 में मद्रास आयी। वह भारत में जैमिनी स्टूडियो से बेहतर मेजबान नहीं पा सकते थे। 

वह दो सौ लोगों का एक समूह था। कई लोग इस दल को अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय सर्कस कहते थे। वे कलाबाजी कला में बहुत अच्छे नहीं थे और जानवरों के बारे में उनका ज्ञान सीमित था। लेकिन उन्होंने ‘जोथम वैली’ और ‘द फार्गटन फैक्टर’ नामक थे नाटकों को काफी तैयारी से पेश किया। उनके सेट और पोशाक प्रथम श्रेणी के थे और उनकी मानबाद नकल की जाती रही। खबर यह थी कि एक अंग्रेजी कवि जेमिनी स्टूडियो में पधार रहा था। लेकिन अफ यह थी कि वह कवि नहीं लेकिन एक सम्पादक था। जैमिनी स्टुडियो के ‘बोस’ मि. वासन एक सर्वप्रिय मित साप्ताहिक पत्रिका के सम्पादक थे। 

आखिर दोपहर बाद चार बजे वह या सम्पादक आये वह एक लम्बा और पूरा अज था। ‘बॉस’ ने एक लम्बा भाषण दिया। उस अंग्रेजी कवि के बारे में कुछ अधिक नहीं जानता था। कवि इस उच्चारण के साथ कि श्रोताओं में से एक को भी यह पता नहीं लगा कि वह क्या कह रहा था। प्रत्येक परेशान हो गया और अंग्रेजी कदि सबसे अधिक परेशान था। उसका आना सबके लिए एक रहस्य चन्द्र रहा।

‘द एन्काउन्टर’ नामक एक अंग्रेजी पत्रिका ने छोटी कहानी की एक प्रतियोगिता का आयोजन किया। स्टूडियो में लोगों ने ‘द एन्काउन्टर’ के बारे में नहीं सुना था। लेखक ब्रिटिश काउंसिल पुस्तकालय में पत्रिका के बारे में और अधिक जानने के लिए गया। वह भी प्रतियोगिता में भाग लेना चाहता था। 

जब उसने सम्पादक का नाम देखा तो उसके दिल में घंटी बजनी शुरू हो गयी। सम्पादक स्टीफन स्पैन्डर था। वह यहीं अंग्रेज कवि था जो जैमिनी स्टूडियो में पाय था। सालों बाद जब कथाकार जेमिनी स्टूडियो की सेवा में नहीं था, उसके पास बहुत सा समय या परन्तु बहुत पैसा नहीं था। वह अक्सर घटी कीमत पर पुस्तकें खरीदता था। उसने 50 पैसे दिये और एक गाँड बैट फेल्ड’ की एक प्रति उठा ली। 

उसमें 6 निबंध थे जिन्हें 6 प्रसिद्ध लेखकों द्वारा लिखा गया था। वे सभी कभी साम्यवाद के अनुयायी थे। लेकिन जब साम्यवाद से उनका मोह भंग हो गया तो उन्होंने इसे छोड़ दिया था। उन 6 लेखकों में से एक स्टीफन स्पेन्डर था। यह वही अंग्रेज कवि था जो जेमिनी स्टूडियो में जाया था। अब कथाकार को हर चीज स्पष्ट थी। जैमिनी स्टूडियो के ‘बॉस’ को स्पेन्डर की कविता से शायद कुछ न लेना हो। लेकिन निश्चित रूप से उसे साम्यवाद से उसके उस भगवान से जो असफल हो गया था, कुछ नहीं लेना था।

class 12th NotesMCQ
HistoryPolitical Science
EnglishHindi

WORD-MEANINGS

  • Pancakes-thin cake fried in pan (चिल्ला) Brandname-trade mark (ट्रेड मार्क): Make-up-cosmetics (बनाव-शृंगार); Remote distant (सुदूर); Saloon-hall (बड़ा कमरा): Incandescent-luminous by heat (तापदीप्त) Fiery intense heat (झुलसाने वाली गर्मी); 
  • Misery extreme pain (दुर्दशा); Integration-unity (एकता) Hideaus ugly (भयानक, पिनौना) Hued complexion (रंगवाला); Potions-drink (यूट); Lotions-lotions (लोशन); Sets-stage arrangements (मंच सज्जा); Present. abie-fit to be seen (सामने आने योग्य); Hierarchy-gradation (पदानुक्रम, क्रम परम्परा):- 
  • Maintained-kept up (बनाए रखा); Comedian-entertainer, one who tells jokes (हास्य-विनोद करने वाला): Office boy-boy who does minor jobs in an office (दफ्तरी); Slapping-smearing (लगाना); Pore opening of sweat gland (रोमकूप) 
  • Screen-writer-story-writer (फिल्म की कहानी लिखने वाला) Lyrics writer-song- writer (गीत लेखक); Cubicle-cell, small room (कोटरी) French window-door like window (दरवाजे जैसी बड़ी खिड़की); Likely-probably (सम्भवतः); Likewise- similarly (उसी प्रकार): Occupation work to do (काम-काज): 
  • Barge into-intrude (घुस आता) Extended-lengthy (लम्बा); Enlightened informed (जानकारी देना, ज्ञान देना); Perverts-debased (पथभ्रष्ट) Epics-long poem (महाकाव्य); Instance- example (उदाहरण); Frustration-disappointment (कुठा); Covertly-secretly (गुप्त रूप से), woes-troubles (मुसीबतें): Ignominy-dishonour (बदनामी); Neglect-disre-

poets and pancakes questions and answers

Very short answer type questions

Class 12 English Poets and Pancakes Summary
Class 12 English

1. What does the writer mean by ‘the fiery misery’ of those subjected to make-up?

Ans. By ‘the fiery misery’ the writer means the pain and trouble caused by the heat produced by the so many lights in the make-up room. Those subjected to makeup had to face bright light and a lot of heat there.

2. What is the example of national integration that the author refers to? 

Ans. The head of the make-up department was earlier a Bengali. He was succeeded by a Maharashtrian who was assisted by a Dharwar Kannadiga, an Andhra, a Madras Indian Christian, and Anglo-Burmese and the local Tamils. Thus there were persons belonging to different states, and religions and using different languages.

3. What work did the ‘office boy’ do in the Gemini Studios? Why did he the studios? Why was he disappointed?

Ans. The office boy made up the players who played the crowd. On the days of crowd-shooting, he mixed his paint in a very big vessel and plied it quickly and noisily on the faces of the crowd players. He had joined the studios in the hope of becoming a star actor or a top screenwriter, director, or lyrics writer. He was disappointed because he failed to do so and remained only a ‘boy’.

4. Why did the author appear to be doing nothing at the studios? 

Ans. The author’s duty was to cut out newspaper clippings on a wide variety of subjects and store them in files. Many of these had to be written out in hand. The onlookers noticed him merely tearing up newspapers. Hence to them, he seemed to be doing next to nothing. 

5. Why was the office boy frustrated? Who did he show his anger on?

Ans. The office boy was frustrated because, in spite of a good opening, he showed his anger on Kothamangalam Subbu, the No. 2 at Gemini Studios. was not satisfied, Subbu would come out with fourteen more alternatives.

6. Why was the legal adviser referred to as the opposite by others? 

Ans. The lawyer was in the Story Department. He was officially known as the legal adviser. However, his actions did nobody any good. He had unwittingly brought to an end the career of a promising young actress. Hence he was referred to as the opposite by others.

7. What made the lawyer stand out from the others at Gemini Studios? 

Ans. It was the lawyer’s dress that made him stand out from the others at Gemini Studios. He wore a pant and a tie and sometimes a coat also. Others put on a khadi dhoti with a slightly oversized and clumsily tailored white khadi shirt. These looked like a uniform.

08. Did the people at Gemini Studios have any particular political affiliations?

Ans. Most of the people at Gemini Studios were Gandhiites and Khadites, Le. They wore khadi and worshipped Gandhi, but beyond that, they did not have any particular political affiliations. However, they were all averse to communism.

9. Why was the Moral Rearmament Army welcomed at the Studio?

Ans. The Moral Rearmament Army was a kind of counter-movement to international Communism. Big bosses of Madras like Mr. Vasan simply played into their hands. So the Moral Rearmament Army was welcomed at the Gemini Studios.

10. Name one example to show that Gemini Studios influenced plays staged by MRA.

Ans. Madras and the Tamil drama community were influenced by the plays, the plays staged by MRA. For some years almost all Tamil plays had a scene of sunrise and sunset in the manner of Jotharn Valley’ with a bare stage, a white background curtain, and a tune played on the flute. 

11. Who was the Boss of Gemini Studios?

Ans. Mr. Vasan was the Boos of Gemini Studios. He ran a big establishment that employed more than six hundred persons. The Boss was a hard taskmaster. If he was not satisfied he could close down the whole department. The closure of the Story Department by Vasan proves that he was the real Boss. 

He was also the editor of the popular Tamil weekly ‘Ananda Vikatan’. His studio was the favorite haunt of poets and those who had aversion to Communism 

12. What caused the lack of communication between the Englishman and the people at Gemini Studios?

Ans. Most of the 600-odd people at Gemini Studios were Tamil speakers. The Englishman was addressing them in his own language-English. He had a peculiar accent. Hence there was a lack of communication between the Englishman and the people at the Gemini Studios.

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS:

Class 12 English  The Rattrap Summary
Class 12 English Question Answer

1. What misery did the people face in the make-up room when they were subjected to make-up?

Ans. The make-up room of the Gemini Studios had the look of a hair-cutting saloon. It had a dozen large mirrors. There were lights at all angles around them. They were all incandescent lights. So they had to face the immense heat radiated by the incandescent lights. Amid the dazzling lights and heat the people had to pass through the fiery misery in the make-up room. 

2. There was a great deal of national integration in the make-up department. Why does the narrator say so? 

Ans. The make-up department of the Gemini Studios attracted people from all parts of India. It was headed by a Bengali who was succeeded by a Maharashtrian. He was assisted by Kannadiga from Dharwar and a person from Andhra. The rest of the staff included a Madras Indian Christian and an Anglo-Burmese. Besides them, there were the usual local Tamils. The department presented a picture of national integration.

3. How was a strict hierarchy maintained in the make-up department? 

Ans. A strict hierarchy was maintained in the make-up department. The make-up of the chief actors and actresses was done by the chief make-up man. Then next in the hierarchy came his senior assistant. He made the make-up of the second hero and heroine. The junior assistant looked after the main comedian. The players who played the crowd were the responsibility of the ‘office boy.

4. Describe the job of the ‘office boy’ in the Studios. What dreams did he entertain when he entered the Gemini Studios?

Ans. The ‘office boy’ was not a ‘boy’ but a man in his early forties. It was his responsibility to do the make-up of those players who made the crowd. The ‘office boy’ had entertained the dreams of becoming a star actor or a top screenwriter when he entered the Studios. Being a director or a lyrics writer were his other preferences.

5. Compare and contrast Subbu and the ‘office boy’. 

Ans. Actually, they stand no comparison. Subbu was a many-sided genius. The ‘office boy’ on the other hand was disappointed because his dreams of becoming a top actor or director or a scriptwriter couldn’t be fulfilled. He considered Subbu the root cause of all his troubles and neglect. On the other hand, Subbu gave a new direction and definition and rose to be No. 2 in the Gemini Studios.

6. How did Subbu emerge in the No. 2 position in the Gemini Studios? 

Ans. Subbu was a many-sided genius. He was a self-made man. He had modest education and began his career in hard times. But he used all his money and creativity to the advantage of his ‘Boss’. If the producer did not be a scene, Subbu would come out with fourteen alternatives. He gave a new definition and direction to the Studios. So he justified his position of being No. 2 in the Gemini Studios.

7. Film-making must have been and was so easy with a man like Sabbu around’. Justify this statement.

Ans. Subbu was a many-sided genius. He understood all the intricacies of Ben’s making. He used all his energy and creativity for the benefit of many. If the producer was not satisfied with the setting, he would come up with fourteen other alternatives. So, filmmaking really became so easy when Subbu was around.

8. Could even such a charitable person like Subbu have enemies? Who considered him the root cause of all his troubles? 

Ans. Subbu had basic human goodness and genuine love for all. Such a charitable person must not have had any enemies. But the ‘office boy’ of the Studios considered him the root cause of all his troubles and neglect. He wished even the most horrible things for Subbu.

9. What did the lawyer do in the Story Department? What was his job? 

Ans. The lawyer was one of the members that made the Story Department of Gemini Studios. He was also known as the legal adviser but didn’t seem to justify his position. Therefore, everybody referred to him as the opposite. In every way, he was a misfit in the Story Department.

10. How did the lawyer unwittingly bring an end to a brief and brilliant career of a young actress?

Ans. The lawyer seemed to be a dead-wit. An extremely talented but moody actress once burst out on the sets. While everyone stood surprised and stunned, the lawyer switched on the recording equipment. When she heard her voice again through the sound equipment, she was struck dumb. She couldn’t recover from that shock. So unwittingly the lawyer ruined the bright career of a talented actress.

11. How was the lawyer completely out of tune with all others at Gemini Studios?

Ans. The lawyer didn’t share anything with other members of the Studios: All members wore a khaki uniform. But the lawyer wore pants, a tie, and sometimes a coat. He looked alone and helpless. He was a man of cold logic in a crowd of dreamers. He was a ‘neutral’ man in a group of Gandhiites or Khadiites.

12. Why was the Gemini Studios the favorite haunt of poets? 

Ans. During those days the Gemini Studios was the favorite haunt of poets. It had an excellent mess which supplied good coffee at all times. Those were the days of Prohibition. Therefore, meeting over a cup of coffee was rather satisfying entertainment. The Studios radiated leisure, a pre-requisite to poetry. So poets like S.D.S. Yogiar, Sangu Subramanyam, Krishna Sastry, and Harindranath Chattopadhyaya used to frequent there.

13. Most of the people at the Studios had no affiliations to the political thought of any kind but they were all averse to the term ‘Communism’. Give a reasoned answer.

Ans. Most of the people at the Gemini Studios wore khadi and worshipped Gandhiji. But beyond that, they had no political affiliations. But they were all averse to the term ‘Communism’. They had all kinds of prejudices against them. They considered them Godless persons having no love for wives and children. They had no regret about killing their own parents. They were out to spread unrest and violence among innocent and ignorant people.

14. Describe Frank Buchman’s Moral Re-Armament Army st to the Gemini Studios.

Ans. Frank Buchman’s Moral Re-Armament Army was a group of two strong people. They belonged at least to 20 nationalities. The MRA kind of counter-movement to international Communism. Most of the apples at the Gemini Studios had a natural aversion to Communism. Therefore, MRA couldn’t get a better host in India than the Gemini Studios in 1952.

15. Describe the impact of the MRA’s shows on the Gemini family. 

Ans. To some, the MRA was nothing more than an international circus. hey were not good at acrobatics. But they presented two plays ‘Jotham ley’ and ‘The Forgotten Factor’ in a most professional manner. The Gemini of six hundred people saw the plays over and over again. Message 25 was simple but the sets and the costumes were first-rate. They were copied for ears

16. Describe how the visit of the English poet Stephen Spender was an al-flop and remained an unexplained mystery. 

Ans. The visit of the English poet Stephen Spender at the Gemini Studios is a total flop. No one knew the poet. Nor had the people at the Studios any for English poetry. Moreover, the poet’s accent was such that nobody could make out what he was saying. The audience remained confused and the et quite baffled. What was an English poet doing at the Studios? It remained an unexplained mystery.

17. No one knew what the English poet was talking about. The poet boked pretty I was baffled too. What was the reason for the total lack of communication between the two?

Ans. The visit of the English poet proved to be a great disaster. The people at the Gemini made Tamil films for the simplest sort of people. The had not cultivated any taste for English poetry. Moreover, the accent of the et posed a great problem. No one knew what he was talking about. The whole thing lasted for an hour. The poet was himself quite baffled.

18. How did the narrator discover who the English poet to Studio Pas is? 

Ans. No one was familiar with the English poet who visited the Gemini Indios. Even the ‘Boss’ didn’t know much about him. Once the narrator had gone to the British Council Library to get an idea of a British periodical ‘The Encounter. When he read the editor’s name, he heard a bell ringing in his art. He was Stephen Spender. He was the same poet who had visited the Gemini Studios.

19. Who was Stephen Spender? How was he connected with Communism’ (ii) ‘The Encounter’ (iii) ‘The God That Failed’? British periodical named ‘The Encounter’. Once he was attracted to Communism. But he went out of its fold when he was disillusioned with it. 

Ans. Stephen Spender was an English poet. He was also the editor of Spender and was one of the writers of the book ‘The God That Failed’. The six writers describe their journey into Communism and their disillusioned

20. What does the book ‘The God That Failed’ refer to? How is it connected with the English poet who had visited the Gemini Studios? 

Ans. The book ‘The God That Failed’ describes the attraction of six famous writers towards Communism during their earlier days. It also describes how that God’s Communism failed to deliver the good and left them disillusioned. Out of those six writers, one of them was Stephen Spender who had visited the Gemini Studios earlier.

21. Why did the ‘Boss’ have nothing to do with “The god that failed’? 

Ans. Most of the people at the Gemini Studios had a Natural aversion to Communism. So had ‘the Boss’ Mr. Vasan. They were a host to the MRA, a counter-movement to international Communism. The narrator says that Mr. Vasan might have had no interest in the poetry of Stephen Spender. But definitely, he had nothing to do with Spender’s god, Communism which had failed to change the world. 

22. What did the lawyer do when an extremely talented but temperamental actress once blew over the sets? What was its result?

Ans. The lawyer quietly switched on the recording equipment. When the actress paused for breath, he played back the recording. She was struck dumb on hearing her own voice. She never quite recovered from the terror she felt that day. It marked the end of a brief and brilliant acting career.

23. What made the lawyer lose his job? Why does the writer find it so funny about the situation?

Ans. One day the Boss closed down the Story Department. As a result, the lawyer, who was on the attendance rolls of the Story Department, lost his job along with other writers and poets. The writer calls it “the only instance in all human history where a lawyer lost his job because the poets were asked to go home.”

24. What does Asokamitran consider a pre-requisite for poetry? What evidence do you find of its existence at the Gemini Studios? 

Ans. According to Asokamitran, leisure is a prerequisite for poetry. The Gemini Studio had a relaxed and leisurely atmosphere. It was the favorite haunt of many distinguished poets, who met over a cup of coffee.

25. They were all averse to the term ‘Communism’. What notion prevailed in South India about Communists at that time? 

Ans. A communist was regarded as a Godless man. He had no love for children or his wife. He had no pricking of conscience about killing his own parents or his children. He was always out to cause and spread unrest and violence among innocent and ignorant people. 

26. What notion was in the air about the Moral-Rearmament Army? How did it prove absurd? What did the author learn later about the MRA?

Ans. Someone called this two-hundred-strong group an international trapeze. Secondly, their acquaintance with animals was only at the dinner table. Some years later, the author learned that the MRA was a kind of counter-movement to international communism.

27. How did the people of Madras and those at the Gemini Studios pond to the plays staged by the Moral Rearmament Army? 

Ans. The people of Madras and those at the Gemini Studios were ‘terribly’ used. Their two plays Jotham Valley’ and “The Forgotten Factor’ ran for real shows. The Gemini family of six hundred saw the plays over and over along with the other citizens. For some years almost all Tamil plays sent the scene of sunrise and sunset in the manner of ‘Jotham. Valley. 

28. How did the staff of Gemini Studios react to the MRA’s arrival?

Ans. The staff had a nice time hosting two hundred people of all hues and s of at least twenty nationalities. The author found it a pleasant change om the usual collection of crowd players waiting to be slapped with thick years of make-up by the office boy in the make-up department. 

29. What was the suspense about “another visitor” Gemini Studios’ welcome?

Ans. It was said that the visitor was a poet from England. The staff was eager to know about the poet. It was then said that he was not a poet but a tor. Vasan, the Boss, the editor of the popular Tamil weekly “Ananda Vikatan’ was giving him a big reception. Thus there was suspense about the visitor,

30. What do you learn about the literary taste of the staff of Gemini Studio as for English poetry was concerned?

Ans. The staff at Gemini Studios was quite simple. The only English poets they knew or heard of were Wordsworth and Tennyson. The more literate knew of Keats, Shelley, and Byron. One or two might have come to know about Eliot.

31. What did even “the most well-informed” among the staff come to know about the visiting poet?

Ans. The sunrise was that the poet was the editor of a daily. It was fuelled by the fact that top men of ‘The Hindu’ were taking the initiative. Even the most well-informed among the staff come to know that he was not from “The Manchester Guardian’ or the ‘London Times.’

32. ‘Prose-writing is not and cannot be the true pursuit of a genius.’ Who does the author think it fits and why?

Ans. The author thinks that prose-writing is for the patient, persistent, persevering hard worker. His heart is so shrunken that nothing can break it. Rejection slips do not mean anything to him. He at once sets about making a fresh copy of the long prose piece. Then he sends it to another editor, lie encloses postage for the return of the manuscript. He regards it as boring, tiring, and hard work.

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Class 12 English The Rattrap Summary
Class 12 English Question Answer

1. How did he unwittingly bring the end of a brief and brilliant acting career?

Ans. The Story Department of the Gemini Studios comprised a lawyer and a group of writers and poets. The lawyer was also known as the legal adviser. But everybody referred to him as the opposite doubting his legal ills. The lawyer was a dead wit and lacked common sense. He brought a sad end to the brief but brilliant acting career of a young actress. 

An extremely talented but moody actress once burst out on the sets. While everyone was shocked and surprised, the lawyer quietly switched on the recording equipment. When the actress paused, the lawyer played back the recording. There was nothing objectionable in it. 

But when she heard her voice once again through the sound equipment, she was shocked and stunned. It was nothing less than a tirade against the producer. She was a girl from the countryside. 

She had not yet cultivated urban sophistication. She never recovered from that terror. That was the end of a brief but brilliant career. That sad end was brought about by the lawyer.

The legal adviser was an odd man out in the Gemini Studios. While all others in the department wore khaki uniforms, the legal adviser wore pants and a tie, and sometimes a coat. 

Often he looked alone and helpless. He was a man of cold logic’ in a crowd of dreamers. The lawyer was a neutral man among Gandhiites and Khadiites. He was quite near the Boss and was allowed to produce a film. 

The film flopped. Then one day, the Boss closed down the Story Department and so the lawyer lost his job.



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FAQs

1. Why is the Englishman’s visit referred to as an unexplained mystery? 

Ans. During the Englishman’s speech, no one understood what he was talking about. The audience was baffled. They did not know what an English poet was doing in a film studio that made Tamil films for the simplest sort of people. His visit remained an unexplained mystery. 

2. Who was the English visitor to the studios?

Ans. The English visitor to the studios was Stephen Spender. He was an English poet and essayist who concentrated on themes of social injustice and class struggle. He was also the editor of ‘The Encounter”.

3. How did the author discover who the English visitor to the studios was?

Ans. The author went to the British Council library to get an idea about the periodical ‘The Encounter. He read the editor’s name. It was the poet who had visited the Gemini Studios. Thus the author discovered who the English visitor to the studios was.

4. What does “The God that Failed’ refer to?

Ans. The God that Failed’ was the collection of six essays by six eminent men of the letter. In these essays each of them described separately his journey into communism and his disillusioned return. In the last line of the extract, the expression refers to communism.

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