Practical Work in Geography Class 12 Solutions Chapter 5 Field Surveys

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If are you looking for questions and answers To the Practical Work in Geography Class 12 Solutions Chapter 5 then this website is for you.

So students, after reading this article, you will get very high marks in the exam from this chapter because all the exam-related questions are described in it, so read it completely.

I have been a 12th topper myself and I know what kind of questions are asked in the 12th exam. Presently, I am also playing the role of a teacher, and also make my students practice important information and topics of class 12th. I have written this article with my experience of more than 5 years. With the help of this post, you will be able to score very good marks in Geography from this chapter in the exam.

Practical Work in Geography Class 12 Solutions Chapter 5 Field Surveys

Chapter No05
ProvidingVvi questions & answers
Chapter NameField Surveys
Medium English / Political Science
Study MaterialsFree VVI Study Materials are Available
Pdf downloadClick Here

Meaning of Area Studies

After reaching a particular area, collecting information about its status, extent, geographical, social and economic conditions and preparing a report on the basis of them is called regional study.

India is a country of diversities. Topographical variation is found here, in which somewhere there are mountainous parts, somewhere there are plateau parts, somewhere there are desert parts and somewhere there are plain parts. Similarly geological variation is seen. The southern peninsular part of India is the world’s oldest hard rock formation, while the Himalayas are the newest and the highest. Fossils are found in the rocks here. 

India is also called the country of climates because many types of climates are found here. There is considerable regional variation in vegetation, soil, agriculture, industry, transport etc. in our country. Similarly, differences in language, religion, lifestyle, food, construction material and type etc. are visible here.

All these are studied under geography. There are many such geographical conditions which students study only in books, but nothing is known about their real and true nature. For example, if students are made to survey rural settlements, they can prepare a report by collecting data on employment, education, agricultural production, traffic, trade, etc. The data collected in this type of report can be displayed by graphs, bar graphs and circle graphs.

If the students are brought to the mountainous areas, they will observe the water flow, habitat, routes and social customs there and they will be taught about the origin of mountains, types of rocks found in them, origin of rivers, valleys and mountain living. There will be business knowledge of tolerance. In this way, they will also get information about the types of forests, their growth patterns, use of forest areas etc. in hilly areas.

Similarly, by studying other areas, all the environmental and cultural information is obtained here. It is said that the facts which we do not get by reading, can be obtained quickly and easily by seeing them. James Fairgreeve is of the opinion, “Knowledge of geography can be obtained only by rubbing the bottom of the shoes. 

(Geography comes through the soles of one’s shoes.) E.A. Freeman believes, “Geography is a matter of traveling and seeing with one’s own eyes. (Geography is the matter of travel, a matter of seeing things with our own eyes.)

It is necessary to study different areas to know about the natural and cultural environment and their mutual relations. Topographical sheets are also prepared only after conducting a geographical survey. There is a geographical survey of an area. After doing this, students get practice in land measurement, mapping and collecting statistical data.

Selection area for field study- It is often seen that the facts which we can understand by seeing, cannot be understood by reading. For example, if it is said that tides come in seas or oceans, then different types of questions arise in the mind that how are the oceans? How and why is their water salty? How are flora and fauna found in them, what is their color and what is the life like for the coastal inhabitants? 

Answers to all these questions can be found in books, but real joy will come when standing on the shore of the sea, watching the waves rising in it. Similarly, there is eagerness to see other areas. Therefore, the following areas should be selected for regional study or geographical tourism-

(1) Mountainous region, (2) Plateau region, (3) Desert region, (4) Rural region, (5) Urban region, (6) Industrial city, (7) Sea region, (8) Ancient religious center and

(9) Any multi-purpose planning area becomes the primary work or study area. After leaving, preparations have to be made. Before going out, it is important to make a list of the things to be taken with you, so that nothing is left out.

Generally Jagdevs are kept according to the region and season. As far as possible, clothes should be reduced so that unnecessary clothes can be avoided. Some snacks should also be kept with you because many times it happens that nothing else is available to eat on the way. In such a situation, there will be some relief. You should also have a First Aid Box with a water bottle and a bank.

Adequate care should be taken in order to have proper preparation, so that erroneous items are not taken along. Due to this, yoga and work will not be possible. The topographer assumes that he knows the topography of the area in which he works for the day arrangement.

Compass, minimum and maximum vermometer, aloride barometer etc. are also helpful for information about the related area, so they should also be kept. A camera is necessary to keep alive the information about vegetation, rocks, nature of people, etc., of an area. So don’t forget to keep it. Many times it happens that some part is out of reach, that is, it cannot be reached here. Therefore, binoculars are a must to see such inaccessible areas.

Along with all the above items, putik or note book, pencil, eraser, cutter, scale, alati, knife, drawing sheet, tracing paper, graph paper, etc. should also be kept. Apart from these, a route map should also be kept.

drawing details

 The orientation of the map means marking the north direction on your map with reference to the ground. If the direction of north is correctly marked on the map, then there is convenience in displaying other details. The map should be kept in such a way that it is in accordance with the orientation of the ground floor. This makes the details much easier to see.

The knowledge of direction comes from the Sun. Apart from this, the following are the means for its information- (1) Pole star, (2) Sun clock, (3) Shadow method, (4) Mosque, (5) Shiva temple, (6) Graveyard, (7) Church, (8) ) Compass.

Field Survey – Selected Studies (Field Survey: Case Study)

  • The selection of the subject for the selected study depends on the geographical location of the area concerned. For example, survey of drought in areas with low rainfall and survey of floods in areas with high rainfall, survey of pollution in industrial areas, survey work in agricultural areas according to the plan of land use, complete the survey by going to the area, student a survey according to the local conditions. can choose from.
  • (1) Pollution, (2) Ground Water Change, (3) Land-use and Land-use Pattern, (4) Poverty, (5) (1) Energy (6) Land Degradation (7) Drought and Flood.
  • Conclusion- The information given in the table should be represented by bar diagram and hand diagram.
  • Points to Remember: Basically field survey is conducted to get information about the selected problem of any area.
  • • Various types of questions are asked to the residents of an area to get information about it. This is called interview method. • Before starting the survey work, a sketch is prepared. It is a matter of special attention that Nothing should be left out. 
  • ● In order to make the various events and facts of an area more effective, they are made by drawing. Therefore, diagrams have an important contribution in their presentation.


Question 1. Vivan Voice 

1. What is meant by area study?

Answer- After reaching a particular area, collecting information about its status, extent, geographical, social, economic conditions and reporting on the basis of them

2. What are the main elements of Area Studies? 

Answer – The main elements of regional studies are general family settlement, economic activities, population, social and cultural and regional problems etc.

3. What are the benefits of area studies?

Answer – Through regional studies, students get detailed geographical information about some area or the other. Along with this, the knowledge of collecting data is acquired.

4. What happens in the first step of the survey process? 

Answer – In the first step of the survey process, the plan is made and the area is selected.

5. What is the orientation of the map? 

Ans- The process of arranging the map in the right direction according to Glogg is called orientation of the map. 

6. Which gases come out from the chimneys of the industries?

Ans- A large amount of gases like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide etc. come out from the chimneys of the industries.

7. What are the three main factors of pollution?

Answer- The three main factors of pollution are industries

8. Why is underground water falling? 

It is continuously falling due to water from the land. 

9. How much poverty is there in India?

Answer – The national percentage of poverty in India is 25.10. 

10. Name three environmentalists.

Ans-(1) air (2) (8) land 

11. What is the purpose of market survey? 

Ans: The biggest objective of conservation is the influence of the market. To obtain information about the number, description, type and arrangement of shops in the market.

12. What is the purpose of the household survey? 

Ans- The purpose of on-site survey is to find out the family size, education and sources of income.


  • 1. What is the importance of area studies? How will the area be selected for field study? 
  • 2. How is the report of a field study prepared?
  • 3. Give a detailed description of any area around you.
class 12th NotesMCQ
HistoryPolitical Science

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For what purpose can we use topographical maps in field surveys?

Essential physical features like relief, drainage, vegetation, land use, and cultural features like settlements, transport and communication lines, irrigation infrastructure, etc. can be traced out from the topographical maps.

Question 5. How many families are normally selected for conducting a household survey?

50 to 100 families are normally selected for conducting a household survey.

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