The Enemy Summary, Question Answer Class 12 English Summary, Solutions & PDF

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The Enemy Summary, Question Answer Class 12 English Summary, Solutions & PDF

Class12th 
Chapter04
Chapter NameThe Enemy
AuthorPearl S. Buck
BoardCBSE & All Others boards
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Flamingo)
Medium English
Study MaterialsSupplementary Reader Very important question to answer

The Enemy Summary | The enemy class 12 question answer 

Pearl S. Buck was an American but was brought up in China. She knew China better than any other foreigner. She wrote about Chinese people, their attitudes, and customs. Her novel ‘The Good Earth’ won a Nobel prize in literature for her.

Pearl S. Buck had a humanistic attitude to the problems of life. She felt while nations were at war, individuals were human. They could feel for others.

Even they could help people from enemy countries. Human feelings of love and sympathy are universal.

The Enemy’ tells the story of a Japanese doctor who hates Americans because of his patriotism. America and Japan were openly at war. An American prisoner of war is washed ashore in front of the Japanese doctor’s house. The soldier is wounded and has evidently escaped from prison. 

There was no reason to save him. He could have bled to death. But Dr. Sadao helped him and saved his life because he was an excellent surgeon. He helped the American and kept him in his house at great risk to his own life and reputation. He finally helped him to escape. 

But he did it all despite hating the Americans all the time. He himself could not know why he had done so. Indeed Pearl S. Buck touched the human feeling and sympathy in her biography.

Sadao was a Japanese. His father, like all the Japanese, was every inch a patriot. He sent Sadao to America to study surgery. Sadao met Hana there. She too was a pure Japanese. They loved each other. They came back home and were married according to old Japanese customs. They had two children.

Dr. Sadao’s house was a solitary house on the seashore. One evening, an American soldier washed ashore in front of their house. The man crawled 3 few meters towards the house and then fell unconscious. Dr. Sadao and Hana were there. They found that the American had been shot in the back. 

He was bleeding. Dr. Sadao had no reason to save him. They thought of throwing him back into the sea. But they would not do so. Sadao plugged the wound to stop the bleeding. Then they carried him into one of the rooms.

The soldier was covered with slush. So Sadao asked Hana to bring hot water. They did not want to tell their servants about the white man. It was a crime to harbor an American. 

But Hana felt they could not keep it a secret for long. They wanted to tell the servants that they would hand him over to the police as soon as the man recovered. So they decided to tell the servants about the Americans. Hana went to Yumi and returned with Yumi carrying hot water.

Yumi looked at the American with repulsion. She puckered her lips. She said she had never washed a white man and she would not wash that dirty American. Hana shouted at her. But Yumi looked stubborn. So Hana let her go away to the children. She was angry at Yumi’s stupidity.

She washed the man herself. But she did not like him even when she washed him. Sadao returned with his surgeon’s emergency bag. He turned over the wounded soldier who lay unconscious. He washed his back. 

He asked Hana to help him. He wanted her to give the patient anesthetic. He removed the padding from the wound. The soldier began to bleed. Hana had never seen an operation. She felt like vomiting. She rushed out of the r and retched. e room

Then she came back. Sadao had probed the soldier’s wound. The bullet was there. He told Hana to saturate cotton with anesthetic and keep it close to the soldier’s nostrils, Hana observed that there were red scars on the soldier’s neck. Evidently, he had been tortured. 

He muttered about the torture in his deep sleep. But Sadao did not say a word about it. He was able to remove the bullet from the soldier’s wound. The soldier’s pulse had grown weak. Sada gave him an injection and soon the pulse was strong. He declared that the Americans would survive.

Sadao and Hana nursed the American. His wound was healing and he was gaining strength. But the servants were becoming restless. The gardener felt that Sadao should have allowed the American to bleed to death. 

But the cook felt that Sadao was so proud of his skill that he would save even an enemy. They spoke on purpose. They let Hana know their revulsion about the Americans. They wished the American was handed over to the police without any further delay.

At last, the servants decided to leave Sadao’s house. They did not work that morning! So Hana paid them their wages. They cried as they left. The gardener had been there since he was a boy. Yumi was attached to children. 

Hana held back her tears. She sat with the dignity of a mistress. Now she had to do all her household work by herself. Hana wanted Sadao to get rid of the Americans quickly. Sadao promised he would soon do something about it. 

In the evening a messenger in uniform arrived. Hana was paralyzed with fright. She felt the servants must have told the police about the American, and the messenger had come to arrest Sadao.

But her fears were unfounded. The old General had been suffering from an ailment. Sadao had been treating him. Now the General was in pain and he had sent for Sadao. ‘Sadao cannot be arrested’ The General trusted Sadao. He knew he might need to be operated upon. That is why Sadao had not been sent away with the troops.

Sadao told the General about the Americans. The General told him that he was indispensable, so he could not be arrested. But he suggested a way out. He told Sadao that he would send two of his private assassins to his house to kill the American quietly and remove the body. In this way, everything would be all right. Sadao agreed to the General’s plan to get rid of America

But Sadao waited for three nights. No assassins arrived. The American was getting better. In spite of himself, Sadao was helping him to recover. 1 American thanked Sadao for, saving his life. But Sadao did not want to talk about this. The

Sadao found it difficult to keep the American in his house any longer. He was tired of waiting for the assassins to come and do away with him. So he decided to help him to escape. Sadao provided him with his boat. He put food,

water, and quilts in the boat. He also gave the American his flashlight. There was an uninhabited island very close to the shore. He told the Americans to sail to the island. 

There he could live till he and a Korean fishing boat pass by the island. Then he could seek help and escape to freedom. He warned the Americans not to make any fire. He could

easily catch fish and eat it raw. It was a moonless night. The Americans sailed away to the island. Sadao had been once again called in. He operated on the General When the General was better, Sadao told him that the American prisoner had escaped. Then the General recalled that he had failed to send the assassins to kill the American. 

He told Sadao that he had forgotten to keep his promise. But he assured him that it was neither because of his lack of patriotism nor because of dereliction of duty. He was simply absorbed in his own affairs.

Sadao realized that he was safer than ever before. The General was in the palm of his hand. But Lie assured the General that he would never remain loyal to him. As the Americans had left, all the servants returned. Once again things were as usual. Sadao thought of the Americans he had known. He hated them all. He hated the soldier he had saved and helped to escape. But he did not understand why he could not kill him.

the enemy class 12 summary in Hindi | the enemy summary in hindi 

डॉ. सदाऊ होकी का मकान जापानी समुद्र तट पर बना हुआ था। उसके पिता उसके साथ कभी भी मजाक नहीं करते या खेलते नहीं थे। सदाऊ जानता था कि उसके पिता की मुख्य चिंता उसकी शिक्षा थी। इसी के लिए बाईस साल की आयु में उसने उसे शल्य-चिकित्सा और औषधि का अध्ययन करने के लिए अमेरिका भेजा था। वह तीस साल की आयु में वहाँ से वापस आ गया और इससे पहले कि उसके पिता का देहांत हो उसने सदाऊ को एक प्रसिद्ध शल्य चिकित्सक और वैज्ञानिक बनते देखा था।

सदाऊ, हना से अमेरिका में मिला परन्तु वह उससे तब तक प्रेम में नहीं पड़ा जब तक उसे वह निश्चय नहीं हो गया कि वह एक जापानी है। उसका पिता उसे कभी भी स्वीकार नहीं करता जब तक कि उसमें अपनी ‘नस्लीय शुद्धता’ नहीं होती। सदाऊ उससे एक अमेरिकन प्रोफेसर के घर पर मिला था। वे जापान में घर लौट आए। उनकी शादी पुराने जापानी ढंग से आयोजित की गयी। वे पूर्ण रूप से खुश थे और उनके दो बच्चे थे।

सदाऊ और हना ने धुंध से किसी चीज को निकलते देखा। एक आदमी अपने हाथों और घुटनों पर रेंगता हुआ दिखाई पड़ रहा था। फिर उन्होंने उसे अपने चेहरे के बल गिरते और वहाँ लेटे देखा। वह घायल था और रेत में निश्चल पड़ा था। वह एक श्वेत व्यक्ति था। उसकी निचली कमर के दाहिनी ओर सदाऊ ने देखा कि बन्दूक का एक घाव खुल गया था। उससे खून बह रहा था। उसने समुद्र की काई से घाव को भर दिया। व्यक्ति चिल्लाया परन्तु जागा नहीं। 

उन्होंने उसकी टोपी पर धुंधले अक्षरों में ‘अमेरिकन नौ सेना’ देखा। अमेरिकन एक युद्ध बंदी था। यदि वे उस श्वेत व्यक्ति को अपने घर में पनाह देते तो वे पकड़े जा सकते थे। लेकिन यदि वे एक कैदी के रूप में उसे सौंप देते हैं तो वह निश्चित रूप से मरेगा। दम्पति असमंजस में थे। सारे अमेरिकन उनके शत्रु थे। यदि वह स्वस्थ होता तो वे उसे पुलिस को सौंप देते। 

लेकिन वह जख्मी था। अगर उसका ऑपरेशन नहीं हुआ तो वह मर जाएगा। किसी भी रूप में उसके साथ कुछ न कुछ किया जाना था। जो उनके मालिक ने उन्हें तभी बताया था उससे दोनों नौकर डर गए दे। वे सोचते थे कि उनके मालिक को उस श्वेत व्यक्ति का पाव ठीक नहीं करना चाहिए। खूनी

ने भी इस श्वेत व्यक्ति के पाव को धोने से इन्कार कर दिया और अपने काम पर वापस चली गई। हना ने स्वयं टॉम की छाती और उसके चेहरे को गर्म भाप के पानी से धोया। अब उसका गुस्सा कम हो रहा था। सदाऊ ने हना को उस आदमी को पलटने में सहायता करने के लिए कहा। उसने

माना उसे कहा गया कि यदि आवश्यकता पड़े तो उसे बेहोश किया जाएगा। गोली अभी भी कहना अन्दर थी। उसका बहुत सा खून निकल गया था। हना इस दृश्य को सहन नहीं कर पायी और कमरे से बाहर निकल गयी। उसने कभी भी ऑपरेशन नहीं देखा था। सदाऊ ने अपना काम जारी रखा। लेकिन वह एक बोतल और अपने हाथ में कुछ रूई लेकर आयी फिर उसने एक स्पष्ट और ठीक चीरा लगाकर गोली को निकाल लिया। आदमी काँपने लगा परन्तु वह अभी भी बेहोश था। उसने अंग्रेजी में कुछ एक शब्द केवल बुदबुदाए। डॉ. सदाऊ ने घोषणा की कि इन सभी के बावजूद वह व्यक्ति जीवित रहेगा।

नवयुवक जाग गया। वह बहुत कमजोर था। उसकी नीली आँखें यह देखकर कि वह कहाँ है घबरायी हुई थी। हना ने उसे न डरने की सांत्वना दी। उसने उसे चैन दिलाया कि वह शीघ्र ही शक्तिशाली हो जाएगा। तीसरे दिन सदाऊ ने घाव की जाँच-पड़ताल की। टॉम ने पूछा कि वे उसके साथ क्या करने जा रहे हैं। वह मुश्किल से 17 वर्ष का दिखायी देता था । क्षण

के लिए सदाऊ ने उत्तर नहीं दिया। टॉम युद्धबंदी था और उसे पुलिस को सौंप देना चाहिए था। नौकरों ने अनुभव किया कि यदि सदाऊ ने उस श्वेत व्यक्ति को अपने घर में और अधिक छुपाए रखा तो वे वहाँ नहीं ठहरेंगे। लोग ये समझेंगे कि वे अमेरिका के लोगों को पसंद करते हैं नौकर प्रतिदिन और अधिक चौकन्ने होते गए। सदाऊ चाहता था कि कैदी अपने पैरों पर खड़ा हो जाए। वह इसका रोज अभ्यास करे जब तक वह ताकतवर न हो जाए। उस आदमी ने उसका जीवन बचाने के लिए डाक्टर का धन्यवाद किया। डाक्टर ने उसे इतनी जल्दी धन्यवाद न देने की चेतावनी दी सदाऊ ने रोज ध्यानपूर्वक जख्म का निरीक्षण किया। आखिरी टीके निवाले जा चुके थे। नवयुवक 15 दिन में ठीक हो जाएगा सातवें दिन नौकर इकट्ठे होकर चले गये। हना डर गई परन्तु एक मालकिन होने के नाते अपना स्वाभिमान बनाए रखा। उसने उनका हिसाब चुकता कर जो भी उन्होंने उसके लिए किया उसके लिए उनका धन्यवाद किया।

वृद्ध जनरल बीमार था। वह जानता था कि उसका सदाऊ के बिना काम नहीं चल सकता था। वह नहीं चाहता था कि सदाऊ को पकड़ लिया जाए। माना कि क्या होगा यदि उसे मौत की सजा दे दी जाती है और अगले दिन उसका ऑपरेशन होना हो ? वह दूसरे सर्जनों पर विश्वास नहीं करता था। जनरल ने एक योजना सोची। यह सबसे बढ़िया बात होगी यदि अमेरीकन को चुपचाप ढंग से मार दिया जाए। इसके अपने निजी कत्ल करने वाले थे। वह रात को उनमें से दो आदमियों को उसके घर भेज सकता था। सदाऊ ने माना कि यह बिल्कुल सामान्य होगा।

सदाऊ ने जनरल की योजना के बारे में सोचा। सारी चीजें उसके हाथों से निकल सकती थीं। उसने हना को कुछ भी नहीं बताया। अगले दिन वह अतिथि के कक्ष में गया। उसने उस रात को अपनी किश्ती को तट पर भोजन और फालतू कपड़ों के साथ रखने को सोचा। वह अमेरिकन उस द्वीप से किश्ती में चल उस छोटे से द्वीप को जो तट से अधिक दूर नहीं था, जा सकता था। उस द्वीप पर कोई नहीं रहता था। उसने टॉम को सभी जरूरी निर्देश दे दिए थे। 

यदि किसी कोरियन किश्ती को पकड़ने से पहले उसका भोजन समाप्त हो जाता था तो वह द flashes में इशारा दे सकता था युवा अमेरिकन ने सदाऊ के हाथों को गर्मजोशी से हिला और बाग के अन्धेरे में गायब हो गया। सदाऊ ने जनरल को सूचना दी कि युवा बचकर निकल गया था। जनरल ने सदाऊ को वायदा कर रखा था कि वह उसे मरवा देगा। लेकिन अपनी बीमारी के कारण वह अपने वायदे का सम्मान नहीं रख सका। सदाऊ को अपना इनाम मिल गया। उसे

कोई भी संकेत नहीं मिला। द्वीप पर कोई भी नहीं था। कैदी सुरक्षित रूप से चला गया था। साऊ को याद आया कि उसे अमेरिका में रहने का स्थान ढूंढने में काफी कठिनाई हुई क्योंकि वह एक जापानी था। अमेरिका के लोग द्वेष से भरे हुए थे। श्वेत लोग घृणाप्रद थे। यह एक बड़े चैन की बात थी कि अन्ततः उनसे खुले रूप से युद्ध पर थे। फिर उसे ‘कैदी के कठोर बेहरे का ध्यान आया-सफेद और घृणाप्रद । “विचित्र” उसने कहा “मुझे हैरानी है कि मैं उसे -मार क्यों नहीं सका ?”

class 12th NotesMCQ
HistoryPolitical Science
EnglishHindi

 WORD-MEANINGS

  • outlined-made the boundary, सीमा रेखा बनाती थी; pines-a kind of tree, चीड़ के पेड़ supporting-helping, सहारा देना; yonder at a distance in wiew, दही, सामने का दृष्टिगोचर infinite-limitless, असीमित: pains-great trouble cane, काट, बेहद ख्याल रखना; concern-anxiety, चिन्ता perfecting-making flawless, निपुण, दक्ष; 
  • remder-cause to be, बना देना; abroad-foreign lands, विदेश unexpected- unforeseen, sudden, arafern; mists-fog, ge, creeping-slowly and quietly, tit हुए; wreathing-coiling, लिपटना kimono-a japanese dressing gown, जापानी चोगा; affectionately स्नेह से; race-nation, जाति; 
  • casual-happening by chance, -अनियमित, अकस्मात्; literally to explicit meaning of the word, अक्षरश:; anx- jous eager, उत्सुक, व्याकुल, voluble-talkative, बातूनी heedlessly thoughtlessly. लापरवाही से; arranged-decided, निश्चित करना; beforehand in advance, पहले से। flung up-thrown up, निकाल फेंकना breaker-strong wave, जोरदार लहर staggered-walked unsteadily, लड़खड़ा कर चला, curled coiling. बल खाती हुई। airopped-let go, छोड़ दिया; 
  • leaned-bent, झुके, railing-fence of iron bars, जंगला; washed-carried away by flood, बहाकर ले जाना; surf-foam, समुद्री फेन; spiked- having sharp points, कीलदार, नुकीले। stain-spot, धब्बा soaking-absorbing, भीगा हुआ stuck-clung, चिपकी हुई थी tortured anguished सन्तापित, 
  • unconscious- Tainted, बेहोश expert-specialist, trained, निपुण: powder-gun powder वासद ended-looked after, देखभाल करना; struck-collided, टकरा गई थी। bleeding- flowing out of blood, खून बहना; solemn-earnest, serious, गम्भीर; screened-

the enemy class 12 question answer | the enemy class 12 question answers


Very short answer type questions

Class 12 English The Enemy Summary
Class 12 English

1. Who was Dr. Sadao? Where was his house?

Ans. Dr. Sadao was a Japanese surgeon who had been educated in America His house was on a spot on the Japanese coast.

2. Will Dr. Sadao be arrested on the charge of harboring an enemy

Ans. Japan is at war with America. Giving shelter to a sailor of the U.S. Nav is aa anti-national work. Dr. Sadao can be arrested and punished on the charge of harboring an enemy. 

But it will not happen. His servants will not disclose the matter to the police. The old General knows everything. But he can afford to lose the service of such a skilled surgeon. Hence, he sleeps over the matter.

3. Will Hana help the wounded man and wash him herself?

Ans. Certainly, Hana has initial hesitations. The man is a prisoner of war. H is a wounded sailor of the ‘U.S. Navy’. Hana is reluctant to help the wounded man and wash him herself. First, the man is her enemy, America is at war with Japan. Secondly, she thinks that by giving shelter to such a man they can be in danger of being arrested. But her essential humanity and obedience to her husband compelled her to help her husband to save Tom’s life.

4. What will Dr. Sadao and his wife do with the man? 

Ans. After being operated on, the young man wakes up weak and terrified. Hana assures him that he need not be afraid. She serves him herself as none of the servants would enter the room. Sadao instructs him to take more rest.

5. What will Dr. Sadao do to get rid of the man?

Ans. Dr. Sadao will provide him with his boat, clothes, food, and water and help him to escape to safety. 

 6. There are moments in life when we have to make hard choices between our roles as private individuals and as citizens with a sense of national loyalty. Discuss with reference to the story you have just read. 

Ans. There are moments in life when we find it difficult to make a choice. Our roles as private individuals sometimes come in conflict with our sense of national loyalty. The Enemy’ of Pearl S. Buck resolves this conflict. Dr. Sadao Hoki has to confront such conflicting realities of life. 

An American prisoner of war is washed ashore in a dying state. He is thrown into the doorstep of Dr. Sadao. For Sadao, the choice is really difficult. Should he hand over the prisoner of war to the Army as a patriót should do or save his life as a doctor? 

Dr. Sadao is a doctor first and last. Hence, he prepares himself to save the life of his enemy leaving aside all other considerations.

Dr. Sadao faces a lot of troubles. First of all, he has to convince himself and his wife about this eventuality. Sadao is full of patriotic feelings. While his stay in America he had quite an unpleasant experience with the white people. They suffer from racial prejudice. 

As a patriot, he thinks it a great relief that Japan is at war with America. But he can’t ignore his duties as a doctor. For a doctor, he has to save the life of a dying man first. It doesn’t matter whether he is a friend or an enemy. Here professional loyalty comes in conflict with a sense of national loyalty.

Dr. Sadao’s servants leave him. Even Yumi revolts. Dr. Sadao can be arrested for giving shelter to a prisoner of war. Even his life can be in danger. But human considerations overpower all other considerations. He performs an operation on Tom and helps him in escaping to freedom.

7. Dr. Sadao was compelled by his duty as a doctor to help the enemy soldier. What made Hana, his wife, sympathetic to him in the face of open defiance from the domestic staff?

Ans. Sadao Hoki was a doctor. He was compelled by his duty as a doctor to help a dying man. It mattered little whether the patient was a friend or a foe. No doubt Japan was at war with America. The prisoner of war Tom was an enemy. Hana, Dr. Sadao Hoki’s wife, was in a very precarious position. 

Being a kind-hearted lady, she developed a natural sympathy for the wounded and dying enemy. She had to face open defiance from the domestic staff. But she was not provoked. She maintained the dignity of the mistress of the house. 

She played her role as a dutiful wife and the mistress of the house with rare poise and dignity.. Hana knew it well that her husband could not throw the prisoner of war back to the sea. 

There was only one thing to be done. They were to carry him into the house and give him shelter. She was to think of the children and her position. The two servants were frightened at what their master had just told them. They wanted that “the white man ought to die”. Yumi refused to wash a white man. 

The fierce look on her face even frightened Hana. She faced this open revolt like a brave lady. She helped her husband in washing the wound arid face of the prisoner of war and in performing an operation on him. It was due to her immense sympathy and cooperation that Dr. Sadao could save the dying prisoner of war.

8. How would you explain the reluctance of the soldier to leave the shelter of the doctor’s home even when he knew he couldn’t stay there without risk to the doctor and himself?

Ans. The wounded soldier was an American. He was a prisoner of war. He has washed ashore near Dr. Sadao’s house. He was fortunate enough to get shelter and prompt medical treatment at Sadao’s house. Dr. Sadao brought Tom to life from the brink of death. He was operated upon and was soon out of danger. But he was reluctant to leave the shelter of the doctor’s home. 

He knew well that he couldn’t stay there without risk to the doctor and himself. The reasons were obvious. During his stay at Sadao’s house, he developed a good understanding of the couple. He had developed confidence in Hana and Sadao that they would not let him die again. Perhaps he was in the safest hands while he was with them. He had linked his fate with their fate. And he was rewarded. He got a new lease of life. 

Not only that. He also got a passport to freedom. Tom, being a prisoner of war, couldn’t risk leaving Dr. Sadao’s house. He could be arrested and even put to death. Moreover, he was totally new to the place. He couldn’t decide how, when, and where to escape. 

He was lucky enough to leave himself to the generosity of a very obliging couple. There were servants in the house. They didn’t want that a white man should be saved. Tom judged Hana and Sadao rightly. Dr. Sadao not only saved his life but also helped him to escape.

9. What explains the attitude of the General in the matter of the enemy soldier? Was it human consideration, lack of national loyalty, dereliction of duty, or simply self-absorption? 

Ans. The carelessness of the ‘ruthless General’ in the matter of Tom is difficult to be explained. The old General is ruthless like all Japanese generals of his times. But his reaction in the matter of the prisoner of war defies logic. 

He knows Sadao is so skilled that he can save anyone. He knows that he himself is ill and arid and can’t stand one more such attack. He doesn’t take any action against Dr. Sadao even after knowing that he has given shelter to an enemy. 

Perhaps his personal consideration outweighs all other considerations. He can’t allow anything to happen to Sadao. Suppose he was condemned to death and the next day he had to have his operation. Naturally, the old General compromises with national security by not taking action against the enemy. Is it human consideration?

 It is very difficult to say so. The General asks Sadao if the best way for them is to get the prisoner of war killed peacefully. He is ready to send two of his private assassins to kill the American soldier one night.

Generally, a Japanese general is highly patriotic and loyal to his country. But the General can’t be absorbed of dereliction of his duty. Being a general; he should have acted promptly and arrested the prisoner of war. The General can also be found guilty of self-absorption. 

He doesn’t want to offend Sadao. His arrest or death can deprive him of the services of such a good doctor. Hence, he sleeps over and doesn’t take any prompt action to arrest Tom.

10. While hatred against a member of the enemy race is justifiable, especially during wartime, what makes a human being rise above narrow prejudices?

Ans. They say everything is fair in love and war. War arouses passions. During the war, hatred against a member of the enemy race is justifiable. It is a natural reaction. We find it in the servants of Dr. 

Sadao against the American soldier. 

Even Yumi refuses to wash the wounded soldier. They can’t commit the sin of saving an enemy. Hence, they leave the house so long that the American lives there. It does not mean that Dr. Sadao loves and likes Americans. On the other hand, he had bitter experiences against them when he was in America. 

He faced great difficulty in getting a house. He knows that Americans suffer from racial prejudice. He considers it a great relief that his country Japan was at war with the white people. Even Hana is reluctant to wash the wound of the prisoner of war. 

Only her human qualities and sense of devotion to her husband compelled her to look after the wounded enemy. So far Dr. Sadao is concerned, his duty as a doctor makes him operate on Tom and save him from dying.

Above all, it is basic humanity and human values that compel a man to rise above these petty and narrow prejudices. Love for humanity and human beings transcends all other narrow considerations. 

Both Sadao and Hana think that Americans are their enemies. But Dr. Sadao has been trained as a doctor not to let a man die if he can help it. So he will do his duty and his wife Hana will help him in every possible way.

11. Do you think the doctor’s final solution to the problem was the best possible one in the circumstances?

Ans. It is very difficult to say whether Dr. Sadao was a better doctor or a better man. Certainly, he was both. The doctor’s final solution to the problem was the best possible one in the circumstances. Some people might say that the doctor must have handed over that prisoner of war to the police. 

After all, he was an American and Japan was at war with America. Giving shelter to the enemy is an anti-national activity and must be punished. Many would object to the generosity that Sadao and Hana showed towards Tom. But Sadao not only gave Tom a new lease on life but also helped him in escaping to freedom.

Perhaps the doctor was left with no other option. He and his wife had taken so much pain and trouble to look after the wounded soldier. Dr. Sadao operated on him and saved him from dying. 

Handing him over to the police would have certainly been throwing him into the jaws of death. Dr. Sadao’s conscience would not have allowed him to take such a decision. So he provided the American soldier with his private boat with sufficient food and clothes to escape to a nearby island. 

From there he could find a Korean boat that could lead him to freedom. Perhaps that was the only sensible solution to the problem. 

12. Does the story remind you of ‘Birth’ by A.J. Cronin that you read in Snapshots last year? What are the similarities? 

Ans. No two things are exactly similar. But ‘The Enemy’ written by Pearl S. Buck provides a beautiful comparison with another story “Birth” written by A.J. Cronin. Both stories highlight the dedication and selfless service of doctors toward their patients. In ‘Birth’ the doctor saves almost a stillborn child from dying. 

Not only that he was to take a vital decision. Should he save the mother first or the child? The doctor took the right decision. First, he dedicated himself to saving the life of the mother. Even the nurse had abandoned the child thinking him to be stillborn and dead. But the doctor didn’t lose heart and finally snatched the child from the sure jaws of death.

In “The Enemy’ Dr. Sadao gives a new lease of life even to a prisoner of war. He performs an operation on Tom and saves him from dying. He rises above narrow racial considerations. Ultimately, human consideration outweighed all other petty considerations. In both the stories dedication and selfless service, the two common characteristics of this noble profession, have been highlighted.

13. Is there any film you have seen or novel you have read with a similar theme?

Ans. There are many films and novels which show how men rose above narrow considerations of race, color, and blind nationalism. But a Vietnamese film ‘The White Man’ that I saw at the International Film Festival last year left a deep impression on my mind. 

The film is based on a similar theme as is developed in Pearl S. Buck’s ‘The Enemy’. The storyline and characters of the film and The Enemy’ are strikingly similar.

Dr. Ho Chi and his wife Min Chi find a man washed away and flung up by the sea. The faint letters on his cap revealed that he was a sailor of the “U.S. Navy”. Those were the days when Vietnam was at war with America. 

The Vietnamese were fighting a heroic battle to liberate themselves from American imperialism. They found that the man was bleeding and lying unconscious on the coast. Dr. Ho Chi felt his pulse. He was alive. He had a bullet wound near his chest.

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Class 12 English Journey to the end of the Earth Important Questions
Class 12 English Question Answer

1. Justify the title of the story “The Enemy’

Ans. Pearl S. Buck has given a suitable title to the story. The title is quite appropriate and logical. The wounded American prisoner of war is a natural enemy of Dr. Sadao and his wife Hana. They should have handed him over to the police. But human consideration and his duty as a doctor made Dr. Sadao save the life of even a dying enemy.

2. “If all the Japs were like you there wouldn’t have been a war,” said Tom. Justify, his statement.

Ans. Japan was at war with America. The wounded American soldier was an enemy. In spite of all this Dr. Sadao gave him shelter in his house. He didn’t hand him over to the police. 

His wife Hana washed his wound and he operated on him. It was a rare gesture of human sympathy towards a prisoner of war. Dr. Sadao risked his own life but saved an enemy from dying. If all the Japanese were like him, there would not have been a war between America and Japan.

3. Who was Dr. Sadao Hoki and where did he live? 

Ans. Dr. Sadao was a famous Japanese surgeon. He had been sent at twenty-two to America to study surgery and medicine. By the time his father died, he had established himself as a surgeon and scientist. 

Dr. Sadao Hoki’s house was built on a spot on the Japanese coast. It was a low, square stone house above a narrow beach that was outlined with bent pines.

4. What was the chief concern of Sadao’s father? 

Ans. The influence of his father was quite dominating on Sadao. He followed everything that his father had said. His father never joked or played with him. Sadao’s education was his father’s chief concern. 

For this reason, he at 22 was sent to America to study surgery and medicine. By the time his father died, Sadao had established himself as a famous surgeon and scientist. 

5. How and where did Sadao meet Hana and how were they married?

Ans. Sadao and Hana first met each other at an American professor’s house. But he had waited to fall in love with her until he was sure she was Japanese. His father would not have accepted her in the family unless she had been pure in her race.

6. What did Hana and Sadao see coming out of the mist?

Ans. Hana and Sadao were standing outside their house. Both of them saw something black come out of the mist. It was a man. He seemed to be flung up out of the ocean. 

He staggered a few steps. The man was on his hands and knees crawling. Then he fell on his face and lay there. Sadao thought him some fisherman having been washed from his boat. 

7. How did Sadao and Hana come to know that the man was an American, a prisoner of war, and an enemy?

Ans. Sadao and Hana came nearer and found some stains of blood on the sand, The man was wounded. He turned the man’s head and they saw his face. He was a white man. They read the faint writing on the cap: “U.S. Navy”. 

The man was a prisoner of war. He was an enemy soldier as Japan was at war with America. 

8. What was the initial reaction of Dr. Sadao and Hana on seeing the wounded man?

Ans. Sadao saw a gun wound reopened on the right side of his lower back. “Oh, how he is bleeding !” cried Hana. Then they thought about what they should do with that white man. 

Had he not been wounded, they could have put him back in the sea. Hana agreed that it was the best thing. But now there was only one thing to be done. They must carry him into the house. 

9. What was the reaction of the two servants and Yumi when they were told about the wounded American? 

Ans. The two servants were frightened at what their master had told them. They thought that their master should not heal the wound of that white man. The white man must die. If their master healed what the gun and the sea did, they would take revenge on them. Yumi refused to wash a white man. 

10. Why and how did Yumi defy her mistress Hana?

Ans, Hana told Yumi to fetch some hot water. When Yumi saw the American sbe become stubborn. She had never washed a white man. She was determined not to wash such a dirty man even now. 

It was not her job. Hana cried at her severely. She must do what her master commanded. But Yumi showed fierce resistance, and Hana asked her to return to her own work.

11. How did Hana help Sadao in operating on the wounded prisoner of war?

Ans. Hana dipped a small clean towel into the steaming hot water and washed his face carefully. Sadao came there with his surgeon’s emergency bag. She was asked to give the anesthetic if needed. 

The bullet was still there. Sadao proceeded swiftly. The doctor made a clean and precise incision. The bullet was out. Sadao declared that “the man would live in spite of all.”

12. Why did the servants refuse to stay in Dr. Sadao’s house? How did the doctor and his wife Hana face the situation?

Ans. Yumi told Hana that the servants felt that they couldn’t stay if their master hid that man anymore in the house. They thought that their master liked Americans. Sadao and Hana let the servants go. They behaved with dignity and continued nursing the wounded American.

13. Why did Hana say “Why are we different from other Japanese”? Were they really different? 

Ans. Hana thought that they couldn’t see as clearly as they should have seen. Even their servants saw more clearly than what they did. They were always in a state of conflict regarding the fate of the wounded American. They were really different from the other Japanese. No doubt both of them

considered Americans as their enemies. But they were trained in a different way. Being a doctor, Sadao couldn’t desert a dying man, 

14. How did the General react when Sadao informed him about the prisoner of war? 

Ans. The behavior of the General was quite surprising. He didn’t order the immediate arrest of the enemy. Nor did he take any action against Dr. Sadao who had given shelter to an American soldier. He only offered to send two private assassins to get him killed secretly. But he never sent those men. 

15. Did the old General lack national loyalty? Was it a case of dereliction of duty?

Ans. It was quite strange that the old General didn’t take the issue of the prisoner of war very seriously. Being an experienced general, he should have acted promptly in this matter. 

The American soldier should have been arrested at once. America was at war with Japan. It was also a case of dereliction of duty on the General’s part. The old General couldn’t take any action against Dr. Sadao as he needed his services.

16. What made Dr. Sadao sure that the wounded American soldier had escaped safely in darkness? 

Ans. Dr. Sadao had made elaborate arrangements for the safe escape of the American prisoner of war. He was made to row to a nearby island. All necessary things were provided to him. He was to signal two flashes if he ran short of food. He could find someplace in a Korean fishing boat and escape to freedom and safety. When no signal came, Dr. Sadao was convinced that Tom had escaped safely.

17. What did Dr. Sadao do to help Tom to escape to freedom? 

Ans. Dr. Sadao knew that the wounded American sailor could be arrested at any time. So he decided to help him in escaping. He decided to put his private boat on the shore at night with food and clothes in it. The man could row it to a little island not far from the coast. 

Nobody lived there. He could live there till he could find his place in a Korean fishing boat. In this way, he could escape to freedom.

18. Why did Dr. Sadao help in the escape of the American soldier? Was it an act of treachery? Can you justify his action? 

Ans. Dr. Sadao didn’t like white people. America was at war with Japan. He knew that Americans suffered from racial prejudice. He was happy that Japan was fighting against the white people. Had the young American been healthy, Sadao would have handed him over to the police. But here was a bleeding and dying man. He was a doctor and was trained to save a dying man. Human considerations dominated all other narrow considerations. 

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Class 12 English Journey to the end of the Earth Important Questions
Class 12 English

1. Dr Sadao was compelled by his duty as a doctor to save a dying enemy. What made Hana sympathize with the American sailor in spite of open defiance from the servants? How do you justify the behavior of the old General? Was it human consideration or lack of national loyalty or dereliction of duty?

Ans. Dr. Sadao and Hana both loved their country. They didn’t have any liking for white people. On the other hand, Dr. Sadao still remembered how much difficulty he had faced in finding out an accommodation in America. He considered that Americans suffered from racial prejudice. Both of them were happy that Japan was fighting against the white people. 

But Dr. Sadao had been trained as a doctor even to save a dying enemy. Handing him over to the police would have meant throwing him into the jaws of death. Hence, he put aside all other considerations and respected the ethics of his profession. Hana was a woman and that too with a tender heart. She couldn’t bear the sight of a wounded and bleeding soldier. Once she asked her husband: “Come, are we able to put him back into the sea ?” She knew they couldn’t. Hence, she

herself asked Sadao to carry the wounded man into the house. No doubt, the behavior of the old General defies logic. Certainly, he lacks national loyalty. He can also be accused of dereliction of duty. Being a General, it was his duty to get the prisoner of war arrested at once. After all, Japan was at war with America. Perhaps his own sickness made Dr. Sadao indispensable to him. And he didn’t want to harm Dr. Sadao.

2. How did Sadao and Hana see the man crawling on his hands and knees? Why did they bring him inside the house?

Ans. Sadao and Hana were standing outside their house. Soon they saw something black coming out of the mists. It was a man flung out of the ocean. He staggered a few steps. The man was on his hands and knees crawling. Then he lay down there. They thought him to be a fisherman who had been washed away from his boat. He was wounded and lay motionless on the sand. He was a white man.

His wet yellow hair had not been cut for many weeks. Upon his young and tortured face was a rough yellow beard. He was unconscious. The faint letters on his cap revealed that he was a sailor of the “U.S. Navy”. The man was a prisoner of war. In short, he was a soldier of a hostile nation, Japan was at war with America and so he was their enemy.

Dr. Sadao and Hana were in a fix. If they sheltered a white man in their house, they could be arrested. If they handed him over to the police, he would certainly die. “The kindest thing would be to put him back into the sea”. If the man were healthy, he could hand him over to the police without any difficulty. 

All Americans were his enemies. But he was a doctor and was trained to save the life of even a dying enemy. So there was only one thing to be done. They must carry him into the house and save him from dying. 

3. Why and how did Dr. Sadao help the prisoner of war to escape? Do you find him guilty of harboring an enemy?

Ans. Dr. Sadao had given a new lease of life to the American prisoner of war. He and his wife Hana took a lot of pains to save his life. 

He didn’t want to throw him into the jaws of death again. He asked the young soldier to take his private boat at night. He should row in the cover of darkness to a little island nearby. 

The island was deserted as nobody lived on it. The young American could live there until he saw a Korean fishing boat pass by. Many of them passed near the island. He put food, bottled water, and two quilts in it. If the food ran out before he caught a boat, he could signal two flashes. 

He was not to signal in darkness because he could be seen. The young American came down into the darkness of the garden and escaped. The prisoner had gone quite safe.

No, Dr. Sadao can’t be found guilty of harboring an enemy. No doubt, the nationals of countries at war are considered enemies. But we shouldn’t forget that Sadao was a doctor. And for a doctor saving a dying man is the foremost priority. It doesn’t matter if the dying man is an enemy.

4. What conflict did Dr. Sadao and his wife Hana face before the doctor operated on the wounded American soldier? 

Ans. Dr. Sadao and his wife Hana remained in a state of conflict for quite a long time. They couldn’t throw a wounded man again into the sea. If they gave shelter to him in their house, they could be arrested. Had they handed him over to the police, it would have meant throwing him into the jaws of death. 

Ultimately, the duty of a doctor overpowered all other petty considerations. Both of them carried the wounded man into the house. Hana asked Yumi to wash his wound. Yumi flatly refused to obey. She revolted at the idea of serving a white man. Hana herself washed the wound with a clean steaming towel. By this time Dr. Sadao had decided to operate on the unfortunate prisoner.

Hana obeyed her husband without a word. The doctor told that she would have to give the anaesthetic if the patient needed it. Dr Sadao knew that if he stopped now the man would surely die. Hana held the saturated cotton near his nostrils. 

Then the doctor made a clean and precise incision. The bullet was out. The man quivered but he was still unconscious. At last, Dr. Sadao declared “This man will live in spite of all”. So Dr. Sadao performed his noble duty as a doctor. He saved a dying man. Love for humanity and the ethics of a doctor won over petty and narrow racial considerations.




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FAQs

Q. What is the meaning of enemy?

opposed to another in some way. Especially: something damaging or lethal that aims to hurt, overturn, or confuse an adversary.

Q. is the first enemy of communication?

a Justification: The true assertion is that noise is communication’s number one opponent.

Q. Who is the author of the lesson the enemy?

Pulitzer Prize, Nobel Prize in Literature

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