VVI Ncert Unseen Passage For Class 12 With Easy Answers PDF

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Unseen Passage For Class 12 2023, VVI Ncert Unseen Passage For Class 12 With Answers PDF 2023, Factual and Descriptive Passages, Reading Comprehension


VVI Ncert Unseen Passage For Class 12 With Answers PDF


Class12th 
Chapter NameUnseen Passage
BoardCBSE
Book NCERT
SubjectEnglish Elective  (Kaleidoscope)
Medium English
Study MaterialsVery important question to answer
Download PDFCLICK HERE- Unseen Passage For Class 12 PDF

Q. 1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow in your own language: 

There is hardly a day when the newspapers don’t carry the headlines about some violent acts of blasts, riots, mass killings, attacks on important buildings etc. 

All such destructive activities aim at spreading terror in the minds of peace-loving innocent people. Do you know who commits such inhuman criminal acts? 

They are some religiously motivated fanatics, some perverted minds, some politically misguided people, some hired mercenaries or some anti-social elements who have no faith in democratic means and human values. 

They are known as terrorists, insurgents, Naxalites etc. The fanatics or fundamentalists spread communal violence and hatred against the followers of other religions. 

The terrorists want to overthrow the existing law and order machinery or destabilise the existing government to achieve their goals. 

The insurgents are involved in the struggle for secession and demand the creation of an independent state, separate from the main country. 

Whatever the aim or the target, one thing is common in all of them that they deliberately use violence against civilians, armed personnel and the government. 

More or less all of them are involved in criminal acts of violence, killings and destruction. However, there is some difference between insurgency and terrorism.

 Insurgency is confined to national boundaries to overthrow one’s own government. Terrorism may cross over to other countries and have an international impact.

(a) What headlines do the newspapers carry nowadays? 

(b) What is the aim of such news headlines?

(c) Who commits such inhuman criminal acts? 

(d) What is their aim and how do they try to achieve it?

(e) What is the difference between insurgency and terrorism? 

(F) Which criminal act has spread in almost all countries of the world?

Ans. 

(a) Inhuman criminal acts. 

(b) Such headlines alert the criminal and tell that it is harmful to our societies.

(c) Some religiously motivated fanatics, some perverted minds, some politically misguided, some lived machinery or some anti-social elements.

(d) To overthrow the existing laws and order machinery or destabilise the existing government to achieve its goals. 

(e) Terrorism produced by the terrorist. It makes violent acts of blasts, notes, mass killings etc. The insurgents are involved in the struggle session and demand the creation of an independent state.


VVI Ncert Unseen Passage For Class 12 With Easy Answers PDF

Q. 2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow in your own language.

All human beings deserve equal rights to a decent existence and proper development. 

Most countries have laws protecting the rights of individuals belonging to any race, religion, sex, colour or caste and ensuring that they are not discriminated against on those grounds. 

Universal respect for human rights is one of the main objectives of the United Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted on 10th December 1948 by the General Assembly.

 All the member states are expected to protect the human rights of their citizens. This Declaration has 30 articles, which include civil, political economic, social and cultural rights. 

For example, the right to life, liberty and security of person, freedom of thought, religion, peaceful assembly, right to take part in the government, right to work, education and leisure. 

The constitutions of democratic countries include most of these rights. Some civil and political rights have been guaranteed under our Constitution as Fundamental Rights. 

The Directive Principles of State Policy also list some of the important social and economic rights. 

(a) What do all human beings deserve?

(b) What can the laws of a country do for its people? 

(C) With what purpose was the Universal Declaration of Rights adopted?

(d) What are the rights included in the Declaration?

(e) What is right to life? 

(F) Where are these rights included or listed in the constitutions of democratic countries? 

Ans. 

(a) All human beings deserve equal rights to a decent existence and proper development.

(b) Country has laws protecting the rights of individuals belonging to any race, religion, sex, colour or caste and ensuring that they are not discriminated against on those grounds. 

(e) Universal respect for human rights is one of the main objectives or purposes of the United Nations.

(d) Human Rights Declaration has 30 articles which include civil political, economic, social and cultural rights. 

(e) Right to life means independent life in society. No one can influence or interfere with his/her personal life. He/she lives without any compulsion. His/her prosperity and development running smoothly. None can discriminate on caste religion, sex, colour, race, etc. in society.

(F) The constitutions of democratic countries include most of these rights. Some civil and political rights have been guaranteed under our constitution as Fundamental Rights. The Directive Principles of State Policy also list some of the important social and economic rights.


Q. 3. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions in your own language:

When the Britishers left India, our country was in a shattered condition economically, socially and culturally. 

The main task before the government was to Improve its economy and provide welfare measures for the people. In order to achieve these objectives, 

India adopted the path of mixed economy Most of the capital goods industries were established by the government in the public sector. The private sector was also allowed to develop side by side. 

But the intended results were nowhere in sight due to the financial limitations. So, a lot of money was borrowed from other countries and spent. 

Besides this, slow development, technological backwardness, price rise, inadequate capital and extravagant expenses by the Government which were more than its revenue, created a crisis in the country.

On the advice of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, India opened its market to other countries in the world under the process of globalisation. 

A new Economic Policy (NEP) was formulated to improve the situation. Under the New Economic Policy (NEP), the process of globalisation started in 1991 and gained momentum year after year. 

The successive governments also contributed positively In this direction.

(a) What were the main tasks before the government after the Britishers left India and why? 

(b) What is a mixed economy?

(c) What were the factors that created a crisis in the country?

(d) What steps did India take on the advice of the World Bank and the IMF? 

(e) How did globalisation lead to the establishment of industries in India?

(F) Why was the New Economic Policy Formulated? 

Ans. 

(a) The main taxes before the government after the Britishers left India were to improve its economy and provide welfare measures for the people of India. Because welfare measures were necessary for the people of India.

(b) Mixed economy is an economy in which most of the capital goods. the govt establishes industries. in the public sector and also industries are established in the private sector.

(c) Slow development, technological backwardness, price rise, inadequate capital and extravagant expenses by the government which were more than its revenue, created a crisis in the country.

(d) On the advice of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, India opened its market to other countries of the world under the process of globalisation. A new Economy Policy (NEP) was formulated to improve the situation.

(e) Due to globalisation there are various industries established in India. The product can be sold in the international market. Also, international income can be grown.

(F) The New Economic Policy was formulated to improve the economic situation.

CLASS 12 NCERT SOLUTION IN ENGLISHCLASS12 NCERT SOLUTION IN HINDI
Historyइतिहास
Geography भूगोल
Political science राजनीति विज्ञान
English SubjectResult
Hindi SubjectHistory answer keys

 Q. 4. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions in your own language:

Foot racing is a popular activity in the United States. It is seen not only as a competitive sport but also as a way to exercise, to enjoy the camaraderie of like-minded people and to donate money to a good cause. 

Though serious runners may spend months training to compete other runners and walkers might not train at all. 

Those not completing might, run in an effort to beat their own time or simply to enjoy the fun and exercise. People of all ages, from those of less than one year (who may be pushed in strollers) to those in their eighties, enter this sport. 

The races are held on city streets, on college campuses, through parks and in suburban areas, and they are commonly 5 to 10 kilometres in length.

The largest foot race in the world is the 12 kilometres Bay to Breaker race is held in San Francisco every spring. 

This race being on the east side of the city near San Francisco Bay and ends on the west side at the Pacific Ocean. There may be 80,000 or more people running in this race through the streets and hills of San Francisco. 

In the front are the serious runners who compete to win and who might finish in as little as 34 minutes. Behind them are the thousands who take several hours to finish.

 In the back of the race are those who dress in costumes and come just for fun. One year there was a group of men who dressed as Elvis Presley, and another group consisted of firefighters who were tied together in a long line and were carrying a fire hose. 

There was even a bridal party in which the bride was dressed in a long white gown and the groom wore a tuxedo. The bride and the groom threw flowers to bystanders and they were actually married at some point along the route.

(a) What is the main purpose of the foot race? 

(b) How many kinds of runners participate in the race? 

(c) Where can the foot races be held?

(d) The foot race in San Francisco is the largest in the world. How?

(e) How were the fun-loving people dressed? 

Ans. 

(a) Food racing is a popular activity in the united states. It is seen not only as a competitive sport but also as a way to exercise enjoy the camaraderie of like-minded people and donate money to a good cause. 

(b) People of all ages, from those of less than one year to those in their eighties, enter into this sport. 

(c) The races are held on city streets on college campuses through parks and in suburban areas, and they are commonly 5 to 10 kilometres in length.

(d) The largest foot race in the world is the 12-kilometre Bay to Breakers race that is held in San Francisco every spring. 

This race begins on the east side of the city near San Francisco Bay and ends on the west side at the Pacific Ocean. There may be 80,000 or more people running in this race through the streets and hills of San Francisco. 

(e) In the back of the race are those who dressed in costumes and come just for fun. One year there was a group of men who dressed as Elvis Presley and another group consisted of firefighters who were tied together a fire hose. 

There was even a bridal party in which the bride was dressed in a long white gown and the groom wore a tuxedo. 


Q. 5. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions in your own language:

When the India Today conclave posed the question ‘India Tomorrow’ Global Giant or Pigmy? I recalled an event that occurred while meeting students in Nagaland during my recent visit there. 

A class V student asked me, I would like to live in a happy, prosperous, peaceful and safe India. Tell me what will you do Mr. President? 

Also, tell me what I should do about that. During my interaction with school children of 17 States and three Union territories that I have visited a series of similar questions were raised. 

Reading an Unseen Passage & Poem Sometimes, I feel, a nation of billion people think like a nation of million

people. Why is it so? I consider no other nation has got the civilizational heritage like India to live a near peaceful life. 

Indian minds were capable of absorbing the best of cultures from successive invasions. Now we should not allow any religion or any individual, fanaticism to endanger our nation. 

Because the nation is more important compared to any individual or party or religion.

Even the rich and developed nations, in spite of their wealth and military strength, are afraid of virtual enemies and live with a fear complex. Economic prosperity and military strength do not bring peace to any nation, as we see from the dynamics of the world. 

In such a situation it is also very important to transform our religious forces into spiritual forces. The evolution of spiritual forces in addition to economic prosperity and military strength will bring happiness, peace and prosperity.

(a) Who showed its worries about the future of India? 

(b) What kind of questions were asked of the author during his visits?

(c) Where lies the pity of billion people? 

(d) What does the author suggest we do to keep our country free from dangers? 

(e) To which complex does the author refer? What is essential for the happiness, peace and prosperity of the nation? India.

Ans. 

(a) Indian president & writes showed it worries about the future of

(b) There are various kinds of questions were asked by the author during his visit. There are as under. 

During the visit to Nagaland, a class fifth student asked me, I would like to live in a happy, prosperous peaceful and safe India. Also, students tell me what I should do about that. 

During the visit to seventeen states & three Indian territories, a series of similar questions were asked by the children. 

(c) Sometimes the author feels a nation of billion people thinks like a nation of million people. So, it lies the pity of billion people.

(d) The author suggests to we should not allow any religion or any

individual, fanaticism to endanger our nation. It is because the nation is

more important compared to any individual or party or religion. Therefore, it is

clear that our country should be free from these dangers.

(e) Even the rich & developed nations. In spite of this, wealth & military strength are afraid of the virtual enemy & they live with a fear complex. 

Economic prosperity & military strength do not bring peace to any nation, as we see from the dynamics of the world. 

The evolution of spiritual forces in addition to economic prosperity and military strength will bring happiness, peace and prosperity to the nation.


Q. 6. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions

in your own language

This looks as if someone had been doing it himself. The sentence holds within it the key to the whole mystery of essay writing. 

An essay is a thing that someone does himself, and the point of the essay is not the subject, for any subject will suffice (enough), but the charm of personality.

 It must concern itself with something jolly, as the schoolboy says, something smelt, heard seen, perceived, invented, thought, but the essential thing is that the writer shall have formed his own impression and that it shall have taken shape in his

own mind that has conceived and recorded the impression

 It will be seen then, that die essay need not concern itself with anything definite; it need not have an intellectual or philosophical or a religious or humorous motif, but equally none of these subjects are ruled out. 

The only thing necessary is that the thing or the thought should be vividly apprehended, enjoyed felt to b beautiful and expressed with a certain gusto. 

It needs to conform to no particular rules—all literature answers to something in life, some habitual form of human expression.

The essay is the reverie, the frame of mind in which a man says, in the words of the old song “Says I to myself. Says I”. 

(a) What is an essay? 

(b) How does the charm of the essay depend upon the personality of the writer?

(c) What is important in essay writing?

(d) How does a thing totally apprehended resulting in a beautiful essay?

(e) Is essay writing totally subjective? If yes, how?

Ans. 

(a) An essay is a thing that someone does himself.

(b) The essential thing is that the writer forms his own impression and the essay takes shape in his own mind that can conceive and record the impression.

(e) The necessary thing in essay writing is that the thing or the thought should be vividly apprehended enjoyed, felt to be beautiful and expressed with a certain gusto.

(d) Thing is totally apprehended resulting in a beautiful essay because it is enjoyed, felt to be beautiful and expressed with a certain gusto. 

(e) Yes, essay writing is totally subjective, because the writer deal with every aspect of the topic whatever topic he chooses.



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